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Robert M. French [30]Robert French [12]Robert Stanton French [5]Robert Heath French [2]
Robert E. French [2]
  1.  73
    Active Symbols and Internal Models: Towards a Cognitive Connectionism. [REVIEW]Stephen Kaplan, Mark Weaver & Robert French - 1990 - AI and Society 4 (1):51-71.
    In the first section of the article, we examine some recent criticisms of the connectionist enterprise: first, that connectionist models are fundamentally behaviorist in nature (and, therefore, non-cognitive), and second that connectionist models are fundamentally associationist in nature (and, therefore, cognitively weak). We argue that, for a limited class of connectionist models (feed-forward, pattern-associator models), the first criticism is unavoidable. With respect to the second criticism, we propose that connectionist modelsare fundamentally associationist but that this is appropriate for building models (...)
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  2.  8
    TRACX: A Recognition-Based Connectionist Framework for Sequence Segmentation and Chunk Extraction.Robert M. French, Caspar Addyman & Denis Mareschal - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (4):614-636.
  3. Subcognition and the Limits of the Turing Test.Robert M. French - 1990 - Mind 99 (393):53-66.
  4.  9
    What Is the Good of It—Ethical Controls of Human Subject Health Research?Robert French - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (4):589-602.
    The term “ethics” covers a multitude of virtues and possibly some sins where ethical perspectives differ. Given the diversity of ethical philosophies there is a question about what common ground can, or should, inform health research ethics. At a minimum it must be consistent with the law. Beyond that, ethics embraces a variety of possible approaches. This raises the question—what criteria are applied in determining the appropriate approach and what standards by way of quality control are applied to its decisional (...)
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  5. The Turing Test: The First Fifty Years.Robert French - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):115-121.
    The Turing Test, originally proposed as a simple operational definition of intelligence, has now been with us for exactly half a century. It is safe to say that no other single article in computer science, and few other articles in science in general, have generated so much discussion. The present article chronicles the comments and controversy surrounding Turing's classic article from its publication to the present. The changing perception of the Turing Test over the last fifty years has paralleled the (...)
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  6.  59
    The Computational Modeling of Analogy-Making.Robert M. French - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (5):200-205.
  7.  36
    Implicit Learning and Consciousness: An Empirical, Philosophical, and Computational Consensus in the Making.Robert M. French - 2002 - Psychology Press.
    Implicit Learning and Consciousness challenges conventional wisdom and presents the most up-to-date studies to define, quantify and test the predictions of the main models of implicit learning. The chapters include a variety of research from computer modeling, experimental psychology and neural imaging to the clinical data resulting from work with amnesics. The result is a topical book that provides an overview of the debate on implicit learning, and the various philosophical, psychological and neurological frameworks in which it can be placed. (...)
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  8.  11
    The Role of Bottom-Up Processing in Perceptual Categorization by 3- to 4-Month-Old Infants: Simulations and Data.Robert M. French, Denis Mareschal, Martial Mermillod & Paul C. Quinn - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (3):382-397.
  9. High-Level Perception, Representation, and Analogy:A Critique of Artificial Intelligence Methodology.David J. Chalmers, Robert M. French & Douglas R. Hofstadter - 1992 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intellige 4 (3):185 - 211.
    High-level perception--”the process of making sense of complex data at an abstract, conceptual level--”is fundamental to human cognition. Through high-level perception, chaotic environmen- tal stimuli are organized into the mental representations that are used throughout cognitive pro- cessing. Much work in traditional artificial intelligence has ignored the process of high-level perception, by starting with hand-coded representations. In this paper, we argue that this dis- missal of perceptual processes leads to distorted models of human cognition. We examine some existing artificial-intelligence models--”notably (...)
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  10.  32
    Was Aldo Leopold a Pragmatist? Rescuing Leopold From the Imagination of Bryan Norton.J. Baird Callicott, William Grove-Fanning, Jennifer Rowland, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French & Kerry Walker - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (4):453 - 486.
    Aldo Leopold was a pragmatist in the vernacular sense of the word. Bryan G. Norton claims that Leopold was also heavily influenced by American Pragmatism, a formal school of philosophy. As evidence, Norton offers Leopold's misquotation of a definition of right (as truth) by political economist, A.T. Hadley, who was an admirer of the philosophy of William James. A search of Leopold's digitised literary remains reveals no other evidence that Leopold was directly influenced by any actual American Pragmatist or by (...)
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  11.  79
    Computational Modeling in Cognitive Science: A Manifesto for Change.Caspar Addyman & Robert M. French - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):332-341.
    Computational modeling has long been one of the traditional pillars of cognitive science. Unfortunately, the computer models of cognition being developed today have not kept up with the enormous changes that have taken place in computer technology and, especially, in human-computer interfaces. For all intents and purposes, modeling is still done today as it was 25, or even 35, years ago. Everyone still programs in his or her own favorite programming language, source code is rarely made available, accessibility of models (...)
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  12.  44
    Understanding Bilingual Memory: Models and Data.Robert M. French & Maud Jacquet - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):87-93.
  13.  12
    Asymmetric Interference in 3‐ to 4‐Month‐Olds' Sequential Category Learning.Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn & Robert M. French - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (3):377-389.
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  14.  33
    Interactive Effects of Explicit Emergent Structure: A Major Challenge for Cognitive Computational Modeling.Robert M. French & Elizabeth Thomas - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):206-216.
    David Marr's three-level analysis of computational cognition argues for three distinct levels of cognitive information processing—namely, the computational, representational, and implementational levels. But Marr's levels are—and were meant to be—descriptive, rather than interactive and dynamic. For this reason, we suggest that, had Marr been writing today, he might well have gone even farther in his analysis, including the emergence of structure—in particular, explicit structure at the conceptual level—from lower levels, and the effect of explicit emergent structures on the level that (...)
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  15.  77
    The Dynamical Hypothesis in Cognitive Science: A Review Essay of Mind As Motion.Robert M. French & Elizabeth Thomas - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (1):101-111.
  16.  7
    A Recurrent Connectionist Model of Group Biases.Dirk Van Rooy, Frank Van Overwalle, Tim Vanhoomissen, Christophe Labiouse & Robert French - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):536-563.
  17.  24
    The Geometry Of Vision And The Mind Body Problem.Robert E. French - 1987 - Lang.
    In this thesis, I both analyze the phenomenology of vision from a geometrical point of view, and also develop certain connections between that geometrical analysis and the mind body problem. In order to motivate the need for such an analysis, I first show, by means of a refutation of direct realism, that visual space is never identical with any of the physical objects being indirectly "seen" by constituting color arrangements in it. It thus follows that the geometry of visual space (...)
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  18.  53
    Peeking Behind the Screen: The Unsuspected Power of the Standard Turing Test.Robert M. French - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):331-340.
    No computer that had not experienced the world as we humans had could pass a rigorously administered standard Turing Test. We show that the use of “subcognitive” questions allows the standard Turing Test to indirectly probe the human subcognitive associative concept network built up over a lifetime of experience with the world. Not only can this probing reveal differences in cognitive abilities, but crucially, even differences in _physical aspects_ of the candidates can be detected. Consequently, it is unnecessary to propose (...)
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  19.  14
    Computational Models of Analogy-Making.Boicho Kokinov & Robert M. French - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group. pp. 1--113.
  20.  1
    The Turing Test: The First 50 Years.Robert M. French - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):115-122.
  21.  33
    Reply to Norton, Re: Aldo Leopold and Pragmatism.J. Baird Callicott, William Grove-Fanning, Jennifer Rowland, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French & Kerry Walker - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (1):17 - 22.
    As a conservation policy advocate and practitioner, Leopold was a pragmatist (in the vernacular sense of the word). He was not, however, a member of the school of philosophy known as American Pragmatism, nor was his environmental philosophy informed by any members of that school. Leopold's environmental philosophy was radically non-anthropocentric; he was an intellectual revolutionary and aspired to transform social values and institutions.
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  22.  99
    The Geometry of Visual Space.Robert French - 1987 - Noûs 21 (2):115-133.
  23.  34
    Interactively Converging on Context-Sensitive Representations: A Solution to the Frame Problem.Patrick Anselme & Robert M. French - 1999 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 53 (209):365-385.
    While we agree that the frame problem, as initially stated by McCarthy and Hayes (1969), is a problem that arises because of the use of representations, we do not accept the anti-representationalist position that the way around the problem is to eliminate representations. We believe that internal representations of the external world are a necessary, perhaps even a defining feature, of higher cognition. We explore the notion of dynamically created context-dependent representations that emerge from a continual interaction between working memory, (...)
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  24.  25
    Maturity and Education, Citizenship and Enlightenment: An Introduction to Theodor Adorno and Hellmut Becker, 'Education for Maturity and Responsibility'.Robert French & Jem Thomas - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (3):1-19.
    In a series of radio broadcasts, one of which is translated for the first time in this issue (pp. 21-34), Adorno and Becker claimed that modern education is profoundly inadequate. Their views on education draw heavily on Kant’s notion of Enlightenment as a process for the development of personal and social maturity and responsibility. As such, education cannot just be a training but must itself be a developmental process which takes into account not only social and political realities but also (...)
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  25.  58
    The Inverted Turing Test: How a Mindless Program Could Pass It.Robert French - 1996 - Psycoloquy 7 (39).
    This commentary attempts to show that the inverted Turing Test could be simulated by a standard Turing test and, most importantly, claims that a very simple program with no intelligence whatsoever could be written that would pass the inverted Turing test. For this reason, the inverted Turing test in its present form must be rejected.
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  26.  43
    From Chicken Squawking to Cognition: Levels of Description and the Computational Approach in Psychology.Axel Cleeremans & Robert M. French - 1996 - Psychologica Belgica 36:5-29.
  27.  16
    Relational Priming is to Analogy-Making as One-Ball Juggling is to Seven-Ball Juggling.Robert M. French - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):386-387.
    Relational priming is argued to be a deeply inadequate model of analogy-making because of its intrinsic inability to do analogies where the base and target domains share no common attributes and the mapped relations are different. Leech et al. rely on carefully handcrafted representations to allow their model to make a complex analogy, seemingly unaware of the debate on this issue fifteen years ago. Finally, they incorrectly assume the existence of fixed, context-independent relations between objects.
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  28. Implicit Learning and Consciousness: An Empirical.Robert M. French & Axel Cleeremans (eds.) - 2002 - Psychology Press.
  29.  9
    The Discrimination of Dot Patterns as a Function of Number and Average Separation of Dots.Robert Stanton French - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (1):1.
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  30.  18
    An Analogy Between Western Legal Traditions and Approaches to Artificial Intelligence.Robert M. French - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (3):229-234.
  31.  28
    Apparent Distortions in Photography and the Geometry of Visual Space.Robert French - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):523-529.
    In this paper I contrast the geometric structure of phenomenal visual space with that of photographic images. I argue that topologically both are two-dimensional and that both involve central projections of scenes being depicted. However, I also argue that the metric structures of the spaces differ inasmuch as two types of “apparent distortions”—marginal distortion in wide-angle photography and close-up distortions—which occur in photography do not occur in the corresponding visual experiences. In particular, I argue that the absence of marginal distortions (...)
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  32.  4
    The Geometry of Vision and the Mind Body Problem. [REVIEW]David Hilbert & Robert E. French - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (2):293.
  33. Refocusing the Debate on the Turing Test: A Response.Robert M. French - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):59-60.
     
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  34.  17
    Refocusing the Debate on the Turing Test: A Reply to Jacquette.Robert M. French - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):59 - 60.
  35.  14
    All Cases of Word Production Are Not Created Equal: Reply to Costa and Santesteban.Robert M. French & Maud Jacquet - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):254.
  36.  35
    Natura Non Facit Saltum: The Need for the Full Continuum of Mental Representations.Robert M. French - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):339-340.
    Natura non facit saltum (Nature does not make leaps) was the lovely aphorism on which Darwin based his work on evolution. It applies as much to the formation of mental representations as to the formation of species, and therein lies our major disagreement with the SOC model proposed by Perruchet & Vinter.
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  37.  34
    The Dynamical Hypothesis: One Battle Behind.Robert M. French & Elizabeth Thomas - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):640-641.
    What new implications does the dynamical hypothesis have for cognitive science? The short answer is: None. The _Behavior and Brain Sciences _target article, “The dynamical hypothesis in cognitive science” by Tim Van Gelder is basically an attack on traditional symbolic AI and differs very little from prior connectionist criticisms of it. For the past ten years, the connectionist community has been well aware of the necessity of using (and understanding) dynamically evolving, recurrent network models of cognition.
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  38.  19
    New-Feature Learning: How Common is It?Robert M. French & Mark Weaver - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):26-26.
    The fixed-feature viewpoint Schyns et al. are opposing is not a widely held theoretical position but rather a working assumption of cognitive psychologists – and thus a straw man. We accept their demonstration of new-feature acquisition, but question its ubiquity in category learning. We suggest that new-feature learning (at least in adults) is rarer and more difficult than the authors suggest.
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  39.  22
    Is Euclidean Geometry Analytic?Robert French - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 49 (2):213 - 217.
  40.  8
    Number of Common Elements and Consistency of Reinforcement in a Discrimination Learning Task.Robert Stanton French - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (1):25.
  41.  17
    Why Localist Connectionist Models Are Inadequate for Categorization.Robert M. French & Elizabeth Thomas - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):477-477.
    Two categorization arguments pose particular problems for localist connectionist models. The internal representations of localist networks do not reflect the variability within categories in the environment, whereas networks with distributed internal representations do reflect this essential feature of categories. We provide a real biological example of perceptual categorization in the monkey that seems to require population coding (i.e., distributed internal representations).
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  42.  8
    Pattern Recognition in the Presence of Visual Noise.Robert Stanton French - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):27-31.
  43.  6
    Function, Sufficiently Constrained, Implies Form: Commentary on Green on Connectionist Explanation.Robert M. French & Axel Cleeremans - unknown
    Green's target article is an attack on most current connectionist models of cognition. Our commentary will suggest that there is an essential component missing in his discussion of modeling, namely, the idea that the appropriate level of the model needs to be specified. We will further suggest that the precise form of connectionist networks will fall out as ever more detailed constraints are placed on their function.
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  44.  6
    The Effect of Instruction on the Length-Difficulty Relationship for a Task Involving Sequential Dependency.Robert Stanton French - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):89.
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  45.  5
    Identification of Dot Patterns From Memory as a Function of Complexity.Robert Stanton French - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):22-26.
  46.  12
    Constrained Connectionism and the Limits of Human Semantics: A Review Essay of Terry Regier's the Human Semantic Potential. [REVIEW]Robert M. French - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):515 – 523.
    Taking to heart Massaro's [(1988) Some criticisms of connectionist models of human performance, Journal of Memory and Language, 27, 213-234] criticism that multi-layer perceptrons are not appropriate for modeling human cognition because they are too powerful (i.e. they can simulate just about anything, which gives them little explanatory power), Regier develops the notion of constrained connectionism. The model that he discusses is a distributed network but with numerous constraints added that are (more or less) motivated by real psychophysical and neurophysical (...)
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  47.  11
    A New Manifesto for Child Development Research.Robert M. French - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):339-340.
    This book is an excellent manifesto for future work in child development. It presents a multidisciplinary approach that clearly demonstrates the value of integrating modeling, neuroscience, and behavior to explore the mechanisms underlying development and to show how internal context-dependent representations arise and are modified during development. Its only major flaw is to have given short shrift to the study of the role of genetics on development.
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  48.  2
    Internationalisation of the Legal Profession.Robert French - 2013 - Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory 227:26.
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  49. Direct Versus Indirect Realism: A Neurophilosophical Debate on Consciousness.Robert French & John R. Smythies (eds.) - 2018 - Elsevier.
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  50. Faithful Departed the Dublin of James Joyce's Ulysses.Kieran Hickey, Robert French & National Library of Ireland - 1982 - Ward River Press.
     
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