Results for 'Robert G. Loeb'

999 found
Order:
  1.  7
    Monitoring Vital Signs with Time-Compressed Speech.Penelope M. Sanderson, Birgit Brecknell, SokYee Leong, Sara Klueber, Erik Wolf, Anna Hickling, Tsz-Lok Tang, Emilea Bell, Simon Y. W. Li & Robert G. Loeb - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 25 (4):647-673.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  50
    In Search of a Way of Life. By Robert G. Stephens.Robert G. Stephens - 1948 - Ethics 59 (1):71-72.
  3.  10
    Biological Emergences: Evolution by Natural Experiment.Robert G. B. Reid - 2009 - MIT Press.
    Natural selection is commonly interpreted as the fundamental mechanism of evolution. Questions about how selection theory can claim to be the all-sufficient explanation of evolution often go unanswered by today's neo-Darwinists, perhaps for fear that any criticism of the evolutionary paradigm will encourage creationists and proponents of intelligent design.In Biological Emergences, Robert Reid argues that natural selection is not the cause of evolution. He writes that the causes of variations, which he refers to as natural experiments, are independent of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  4.  4
    The Divine Relativity: A Social Conception of God. By Robert G. Stephens.Robert G. Stephens - 1949 - Ethics 60 (2):146-147.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  14
    Naturalistička Analiza Epistemičkih Pojmova (Robert G. Meyers,'Naturalizing Epistemic Teiras', U: Naturalism and Rationality, Eds, N. Gamer and PH Hare, Promettheus Books, Buffalo, New York, 1986). [REVIEW]Robert G. Mejers - 1991 - Theoria 34 (2):87-98.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. A Theory of Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Elizabeth Barnes & J. Robert G. Williams - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 6. Oxford University Press. pp. 103-148.
    If the world itself is metaphysically indeterminate in a specified respect, what follows? In this paper, we develop a theory of metaphysical indeterminacy answering this question.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   73 citations  
  7. Decision-Making Under Indeterminacy.J. Robert G. Williams - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    Decisions are made under uncertainty when there are distinct outcomes of a given action, and one is uncertain to which the act will lead. Decisions are made under indeterminacy when there are distinct outcomes of a given action, and it is indeterminate to which the act will lead. This paper develops a theory of (synchronic and diachronic) decision-making under indeterminacy that portrays the rational response to such situations as inconstant. Rational agents have to capriciously and randomly choose how to resolve (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  8.  6
    The Metaphysics of Representation.J. Robert G. Williams - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    How do thought and language manage to be 'about' aspects of the world? J. Robert G. Williams investigates how representation arises out of a fundamentally non-representational world, showing the explanatory relations between the representational properties of language, of thought, and of perception and intention.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. Eligibility and Inscrutability.J. Robert G. Williams - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):361-399.
    Inscrutability arguments threaten to reduce interpretationist metasemantic theories to absurdity. Can we find some way to block the arguments? A highly influential proposal in this regard is David Lewis’ ‘ eligibility ’ response: some theories are better than others, not because they fit the data better, but because they are framed in terms of more natural properties. The purposes of this paper are to outline the nature of the eligibility proposal, making the case that it is not ad hoc, but (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  10.  14
    Book Review:Ethics. P. H. Nowell-Smith. [REVIEW]Robert G. Stephens - 1954 - Ethics 65 (2):141-.
  11. Ontic Vagueness and Metaphysical Indeterminacy.J. Robert G. Williams - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):763-788.
    Might it be that world itself, independently of what we know about it or how we represent it, is metaphysically indeterminate? This article tackles in turn a series of questions: In what sorts of cases might we posit metaphysical indeterminacy? What is it for a given case of indefiniteness to be 'metaphysical'? How does the phenomenon relate to 'ontic vagueness', the existence of 'vague objects', 'de re indeterminacy' and the like? How might the logic work? Are there reasons for postulating (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  12. Normative Reference Magnets.J. Robert G. Williams - 2018 - Philosophical Review 127 (1):41-71.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13. Rational Illogicality.J. Robert G. Williams - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (1):127-141.
    Many accounts of structural rationality give a special role to logic. This paper reviews the problem case of clear-eyed logical uncertainty. An account of rational norms on belief that does not give a special role to logic is developed: doxastic probabilism.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  14.  6
    Ethics: A Textbook in Moral Philosophy. By Robert G. Stephens.Robert G. Stephens - 1951 - Ethics 62 (4):298-299.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Indeterminate Oughts.J. Robert G. Williams - 2017 - Ethics 127 (3):645-673.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16. Illusions of Gunk.J. Robert G. Williams - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):493–513.
    Worlds where things divide forever ("gunk" worlds) are apparently conceivable. The conceivability of such scenarios has been used as an argument against "nihilist" or "near-nihilist" answers to the special composition question. I argue that the mereological nihilist has the resources to explain away the illusion that gunk is possible.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  17. Defending Conditional Excluded Middle.J. Robert G. Williams - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):650-668.
    Lewis (1973) gave a short argument against conditional excluded middle, based on his treatment of ‘might’ counterfactuals. Bennett (2003), with much of the recent literature, gives an alternative take on ‘might’ counterfactuals. But Bennett claims the might-argument against CEM still goes through. This turns on a specific claim I call Bennett’s Hypothesis. I argue that independently of issues to do with the proper analysis of might-counterfactuals, Bennett’s Hypothesis is inconsistent with CEM. But Bennett’s Hypothesis is independently objectionable, so we should (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  18. Gradational Accuracy and Nonclassical Semantics.J. Robert G. Williams - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):513-537.
    Joyce (1998) gives an argument for probabilism: the doctrine that rational credences should conform to the axioms of probability. In doing so, he provides a distinctive take on how the normative force of probabilism relates to the injunction to believe what is true. But Joyce presupposes that the truth values of the propositions over which credences are defined are classical. I generalize the core of Joyce’s argument to remove this presupposition. On the same assumptions as Joyce uses, the credences of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  19. Nonclassical Minds and Indeterminate Survival.J. Robert G. Williams - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (4):379-428.
    Revisionary theories of logic or truth require revisionary theories of mind. This essay outlines nonclassically based theories of rational belief, desire, and decision making, singling out the supervaluational family for special attention. To see these nonclassical theories of mind in action, this essay examines a debate between David Lewis and Derek Parfit over what matters in survival. Lewis argued that indeterminacy in personal identity allows caring about psychological connectedness and caring about personal identity to amount to the same thing. The (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  20. Generalized Probabilism: Dutch Books and Accuracy Domi- Nation.J. Robert G. Williams - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (5):811-840.
    Jeff Paris proves a generalized Dutch Book theorem. If a belief state is not a generalized probability then one faces ‘sure loss’ books of bets. In Williams I showed that Joyce’s accuracy-domination theorem applies to the same set of generalized probabilities. What is the relationship between these two results? This note shows that both results are easy corollaries of the core result that Paris appeals to in proving his dutch book theorem. We see that every point of accuracy-domination defines a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  21.  30
    Aristotle's Debt to the `Natural Philosophy' of the Phaedo.Robert G. Turnbull - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (31):131-143.
  22.  64
    Chances, Counterfactuals, and Similarity.J. Robert G. Williams - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):385-420.
    John Hawthorne in a recent paper takes issue with Lewisian accounts of counterfactuals, when relevant laws of nature are chancy. I respond to his arguments on behalf of the Lewisian, and conclude that while some can be rebutted, the case against the original Lewisian account is strong. I develop a neo-Lewisian account of what makes for closeness of worlds. I argue that my revised version avoids Hawthorne's challenges. I argue that this is closer to the spirit of Lewis's first (non-chancy) (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  23. The Cognitive Role of Fictionality.J. Robert G. Williams & Richard Woodward - forthcoming - Wiley: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  70
    On the Quantum Mechanics of Consciousness, with Application to Anomalous Phenomena.Robert G. Jahn & Brenda J. Dunne - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (8):721-772.
    Theoretical explication of a growing body of empirical data on consciousness-related anomalous phenomena is unlikely to be achieved in terms of known physical processes. Rather, it will first be necessary to formulate the basic role of consciousness in the definition of reality before such anomalous experience can adequately be represented. This paper takes the position that reality is constituted only in the interaction of consciousness with its environment, and therefore that any scheme of conceptual organization developed to represent that reality (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  25. Conversation and Conditionals.J. Robert G. Williams - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 138 (2):211 - 223.
    I outline and motivate a way of implementing a closest world theory of indicatives, appealing to Stalnaker's framework of open conversational possibilities. Stalnakerian conversational dynamics helps us resolve two outstanding puzzles for a such a theory of indicative conditionals. The first puzzle -- concerning so-called 'reverse Sobel sequences' -- can be resolved by conversation dynamics in a theoryneutral way: the explanation works as much for Lewisian counterfactuals as for the account of indicatives developed here. Resolving the second puzzle, by contrast, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  26.  31
    Business Ethics and the Brain.Rommel Salvador & Robert G. Folger - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):1-31.
    Neuroethics, the study of the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying ethical decision-making, is a growing field of study. In this review, we identify and discuss four themes emerging from neuroethics research. First, ethical decision-making appears to be distinct from other types of decision-making processes. Second, ethical decision-making entails more than just conscious reasoning. Third, emotion plays a critical role in ethical decision-making, at least under certain circumstances. Lastly, normative approaches to morality have distinct, underlying neural mechanisms. On the basis of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  27.  31
    Pore Types, Pore-Network Analysis, and Pore Quantification of the Lacustrine Shale-Hydrocarbon System in the Late Triassic Yanchang Formation in the Southeastern Ordos Basin, China.Robert G. Loucks, Stephen C. Ruppel, Xiangzeng Wang, Lucy Ko, Sheng Peng, Tongwei Zhang, Harry D. Rowe & Patrick Smith - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (2):SF63-SF79.
    Continental Upper Triassic Yanchang “black shales” in the southeastern Ordos Basin have been proven to be unconventional gas reservoirs. Organic-matter-lean and organic-matter-rich argillaceous mudstones form reservoirs that were deposited in a deeper water lacustrine setting during lake highstands. In the stratified lake, the bottom waters were dysaerobic to anoxic. This low-energy and low-oxygen lake-bottom setting allowed types II and III organic matter to accumulate. Interbedded with the argillaceous mudstones are argillaceous arkosic siltstones deposited by gravity-flow processes. Rock samples from the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  28.  17
    The Role of Culture in the Emergence of Decision‐Making Roles: An Example Using Cultural Algorithms.Robert G. Reynolds, Bin Peng & Mostafa Z. Ali - 2008 - Complexity 13 (3):27-42.
  29.  21
    Imperatives, Logic, and Moral Obligation.Robert G. Turnbull - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (4):374-390.
    It is claimed that 'Do x!' means 'Then you will do x'. Answering a "Why?" question concerning the former may take either of two forms, viz., 'Because --' or 'If you wish to --'. The second answer completes the truncated hypothetical. "Ought" sentences are treated as a species of imperatives involving universality in the "if" clause ('If anyone wished to --'). Moral "ought" sentences involve a double universality, viz., the one mentioned above and universality connecting the action with social harmony (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  30.  12
    Influence on Extreme Peripheral Vision of Attention to a Visual or Auditory Task.Robert G. Webster & George M. Haslerud - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):269.
  31.  41
    Being Well Together? Promoting Health and Well-Being Through More Than Human Collaboration and Companionship.Robert G. W. Kirk, Neil Pemberton & Tom Quick - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (1):75-81.
    Being well together, an inaugural Research Forum, will critically examine the myriad ways humans have formed partnerships with non-human species to improve health across time and place. Across the humanities and social sciences, a growing body of scholarship has begun to rethink the prominence of the ‘human’ in our accounts of the world by exploring the category less as an individualised essence and more as a temporal process of becoming. From this perspective, being human becomes a process of ‘becoming with’, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  32. Competing Gospels: Public Theology and Economic Theory.Robert G. Simons - 1995 - Distributed in the United States by Morehouse.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33. The Parmenides and Plato's Late Philosophy Translation of and Commentary on the Parmenides with Interpretative Chapters on the Timaeus, the Theaetetus, the Sophist, and the Philebus.Robert G. Turnbull & Plato - 1998
  34.  9
    Regression Effect and Individual Power Functions Over Sessions.Robert G. Wanschura & William E. Dawson - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):806.
  35. The Possibility of Onion Worlds: Rebutting an Argument for Structural Universals.J. Robert G. Williams - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):193 – 203.
    Some argue that theories of universals should incorporate structural universals, in order to allow for the metaphysical possibility of worlds of 'infinite descending complexity' ('onion worlds'). I argue that the possibility of such worlds does not establish the need for structural universals. So long as we admit the metaphysical possibility of emergent universals, there is an attractive alternative description of such cases.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  36. Degree Supervaluational Logic.J. Robert G. Williams - 2011 - Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (1):130-149.
    Supervaluationism is often described as the most popular semantic treatment of indeterminacy. There???s little consensus, however, about how to fill out the bare-bones idea to include a characterization of logical consequence. The paper explores one methodology for choosing between the logics: pick a logic that norms belief as classical consequence is standardly thought to do. The main focus of the paper considers a variant of standard supervaluational, on which we can characterize degrees of determinacy. It applies the methodology above to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  37. Margins of Reality: The Role of Consciousness in the Physical World.Robert G. Jahn & Brenda J. Dunne - 1987 - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
    The scientific, personal, and social implications of this revolutionary work are staggering. MARGINS OF REALITY is nothing less than a fundamental reevaluation of how the world really works.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  38. Requirements on Reality.J. Robert G. Williams - 2012 - In Fabrice Correia Benjamin Schnieder (ed.), Metaphysical Grounding: Understanding the Structure of Reality. Cambridge University Press. pp. 165-185.
    There are advantages to thrift over honest toil. If we can make do without numbers we avoid challenging questions over the metaphysics and epistemology of such entities; and we have a good idea, I think, of what a nominalistic metaphysics should look like. But minimizing ontology brings its own problems; for it seems to lead to error theory— saying that large swathes of common-sense and best science are false. Should recherche philosophical arguments really convince us to give all this up? (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39.  30
    Working across species down on the farm: Howard S. Liddell and the development of comparative psychopathology, c. 1923–1962.Robert G. W. Kirk & Edmund Ramsden - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):24.
    Seeking a scientific basis for understanding and treating mental illness, and inspired by the work of Ivan Pavlov, American physiologists, psychiatrists and psychologists in the 1920s turned to nonhuman animals. This paper examines how new constructs such as “experimental neurosis” emerged as tools to enable psychiatric comparison across species. From 1923 to 1962, the Cornell “Behavior Farm” was a leading interdisciplinary research center pioneering novel techniques to experimentally study nonhuman psychopathology. Led by the psychobiologist Howard Liddell, work at the Behavior (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. COLODNY, ROBERT G. -"Frontiers of Science and Philosophy". [REVIEW]Robert H. Stoothoff - 1965 - Philosophy 40:261.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  2
    Robert Sternfeld and Harold Zyskind, "Plato's "Meno": A Philosophy of Man as Acquisitive". [REVIEW]Robert G. Turnbull - 1981 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (4):497.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  28
    Eidos/idea in Isocrates.Robert G. Sullivan - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (1):79 - 92.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43.  16
    Visual Evoked Potential Correlates of Early Neural Filtering During Selective Attention.Robert G. Eason - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (4):203-206.
  44.  15
    Objectivity in Logic: A Phenomenological Approach.Robert G. Wolf - 1977 - In Don Ihde & Richard M. Zaner (eds.), Interdisciplinary Phenomenology. M. Nijhoff. pp. 169--185.
  45. Part‐Intrinsicality.J. Robert G. Williams - 2013 - Noûs 47 (3):431-452.
    In some sense, survival seems to be an intrinsic matter. Whether or not you survive some event seems to depend on what goes on with you yourself —what happens in the environment shouldn’t make a difference. Likewise, being a person at a time seems intrinsic. The principle that survival seems intrinsic is one factor which makes personal fission puzzles so awkward. Fission scenarios present cases where if survival is an intrinsic matter, it appears that an individual could survive twice over. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  14
    Systems and Principles in Memory Theory: Another Critique of Pure Memory.Robert G. Crowder - 1993 - In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.), Theories of Memory. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 5.
  47.  28
    G. B. Kerferd, "The Sophistic Movement". [REVIEW]Robert G. Turnbull - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (2):282.
  48.  14
    Virgil G. Hinshaw, Jr. 1920-1995.Robert G. Turnbull - 1995 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69 (2):112 - 113.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  5
    Eugenic Considerations in the Theory and Practice of Genetic Counseling.Robert G. Resta - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (3-4):431-438.
    The ArgumentIs genetic counseling a form of eugenics? To some extent, the answer depends upon how the terms “eugenics” and “genetic counseling” are defined. This paper reviews the eugenic implications of four models of genetic counseling. The complexities of slapping the eugenic label on genetic counseling are illustrated with three cases drawn from clinical practice. However, even though genetic counseling is not always a eugenic activity, genetic counselors work in a medical/ financial setting that has the net eugenic effect of, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50. Representational Scepticism: The Bubble Puzzle.J. Robert G. Williams - 2016 - Philosophical Perspectives 30 (1):419-442.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 999