Results for 'Robert H. Fletcher'

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  1.  25
    Evidence for the Effectiveness of Peer Review.Robert H. Fletcher & Suzanne W. Fletcher - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):35-50.
    Scientific editors’ policies, including peer review, are based mainly on tradition and belief. Do they actually achieve their desired effects, the selection of the best manuscripts and improvement of those published? Editorial decisions have important consequences—to investigators, the scientific community, and all who might benefit from correct information or be harmed by misleading research results. These decisions should be judged not just by intentions of reviewers and editors but also by the actual consequences of their actions. A small but growing (...)
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  2.  9
    Evidence for the Effectiveness of Peer Review.Professor Robert H. Fletcher & Professor Suzanne W. Fletcher - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):35-50.
    Scientific editors’ policies, including peer review, are based mainly on tradition and belief. Do they actually achieve their desired effects, the selection of the best manuscripts and improvement of those published? Editorial decisions have important consequences—to investigators, the scientific community, and all who might benefit from correct information or be harmed by misleading research results. These decisions should be judged not just by intentions of reviewers and editors but also by the actual consequences of their actions. A small but growing (...)
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  3.  41
    A New Contractarian View of Tax and Regulatory Policy in the Emerging Market Economies*: ROBERT H. FRANK.Robert H. Frank - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):258-281.
    Recent decades have seen a resurgence of contractarian thinking about the nature and origins of the state. Scholars in this tradition ask what constraints rational, self-interested actors might deliberately impose upon themselves. In response, Hobbes, Rousseau, Locke, and other early contractarians answered that laws of property were an attractive alternative to “the war of all against all.” More recently, James Buchanan, Russell Hardin, Mancur Olson, Gordon Tullock, and others have used contractarian principles to justify laws that solve a variety of (...)
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  4.  19
    Passions Within Reason: The Strategic Role of Emotions.Robert H. Frank - 1988 - Norton.
    In this book, I make use of an idea from economics to suggest how noble human tendencies might not only have survived the ruthless pressures of the material world, but actually have been nurtured by them.
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  5.  4
    Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen - 2016 - Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays into broader metaphysical and epistemological issues, and eventually into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions concerning semantic normativity (...)
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  6.  15
    The Conceivability of God: ROBERT H. KING.Robert H. King - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (1):11-22.
    In the continuing dialogue between Western philosophy and the Christian religion, the central issue has generally been the existence of God. There has however been a discernible shift in the focus of the discussion in recent years. Rather than the existence of God, the issue now seems to be the concept of God. It is increasingly argued by philosophers critical of religion that the concept of God is basically incoherent, and that therefore the question of God's existence or non-existence does (...)
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  7.  17
    Letters From Ernst Mach to Robert H. Lowie.Ernst Mach & Robert H. Lowie - 1947 - Isis 37 (1/2):65-68.
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  8.  7
    A Preface to Economic Democracy.Robert H. Dahl (ed.) - 1985 - University of California Press.
    Tocqueville pessimistically predicted that liberty and equality would be incompatible ideas. Robert Dahl, author of the classic _A Preface to Democratic Theory,_ explores this alleged conflict, particularly in modern American society where differences in ownership and control of corporate enterprises create inequalities in resources among Americans that in turn generate inequality among them as citizens. Arguing that Americans have misconceived the relation between democracy, private property, and the economic order, the author contends that we can achieve a society of (...)
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  9.  21
    Brain Death and the Anencephalic Newborn.Robert D. Truog & John C. Fletcher - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):199–215.
  10. Enumerative Induction and Best Explanation.Robert H. Ennis - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (18):523-529.
  11.  25
    The Conservative Mode: Robert A. Millikan and the Twentieth-Century Revolution in Physics.Robert H. Kargon - 1977 - Isis 68 (4):509-526.
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  12.  81
    Identifying Implicit Assumptions.Robert H. Ennis - 1982 - Synthese 51 (1):61 - 86.
  13. Introduction: The Contours of Contemporary Free Will Debates.Robert H. Kane - 2002 - In The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  14. The Tension in Critical Compatibilism.Robert H. Wallace - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (1):321-332.
    (Part of a symposium on an OUP collection of Paul Russell's papers on free will and moral responsibility). Paul Russell’s The Limits of Free Will is more than the sum of its parts. Among other things, Limits offers readers a comprehensive look at Russell’s attack on the problematically idealized assumptions of the contemporary free will debate. This idealization, he argues, distorts the reality of our human predicament. Herein I pose a dilemma for Russell’s position, critical compatibilism. The dilemma illuminates the (...)
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  15. Critical Thinking Dispositions: Their Nature and Assessability.Robert H. Ennis - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (2).
    Assuming that critical thinking dispositions are at least as important as critical thinking abilities, Ennis examines the concept of critical thinking disposition and suggests some criteria for judging sets of them. He considers a leading approach to their analysis and offers as an alternative a simpler set, including the disposition to seek alternatives and be open to them. After examining some gender-bias and subject-specificity challenges to promoting critical thinking dispositions, he notes some difficulties involved in assessing critical thinking dispositions, and (...)
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  16. Some Neglected Pathways in the Free Will Labyrinth.Robert H. Kane - 2002 - In The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
     
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  17. The Dual Regress of Free Will and the Role of Alternative Possibilities.Robert H. Kane - 2000 - Philosopical Perspectives 14 (s14):57-80.
  18.  18
    Knowing Blue: Early Buddhist Accounts of Non-Conceptual Sense.Robert H. Sharf - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (3):826-870.
    And I find myself knowing the things that I knew Which is all that you can know on this side of the blueIs there such a thing as direct, non-conceptual experience, or is all experience, by its very nature, conceptually mediated? Is some notion of non-conceptual sensory awareness required to account for our ability to represent and negotiate our physical environment, or is it merely an artifact of deep-seated but ultimately misguided Cartesian metaphysical assumptions? Perhaps conscious experience in humans is (...)
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  19.  36
    Thalamic Pathways for Active Vision.Robert H. Wurtz, Kerry McAlonan, James Cavanaugh & Rebecca A. Berman - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):177-184.
  20.  36
    Argument Appraisal Strategy: A Comprehensive Approach.Robert H. Ennis - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (2).
    A popular three-stage argument appraisal strategy calls for (1) identifying the parts of the argument, (2) classifYing the argument as deductive, inductive, or some other type, and (3) appraising the argument using the standards appropriate for the type. This strategy fails for a number of reasons. I propose a comprehensive alternative approach that distinguishes between inductive, deductive, and other standards; calls for the successive application of standards combined with assumption-ascription, according to policies that depend for their selection on the goals (...)
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  21. Is Critical Thinking Culturally Biased?Robert H. Ennis - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (1):15-33.
    This paper attempts to respond to the critique that critical thinking courses may reflect a cultural bias. After elaborating a list of constitutive dispositions and abilities taught in the critical thinking curriculum , the author considers arguments for why several of these might reflect Western, non-universal values. In each case, the author argues for the conclusion that these values, though they could be applied in ways that reflect a cultural bias, are not inherently biased. Next, the author offers an outline (...)
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  22. A Conception of Rational Thinking.Robert H. Ennis - forthcoming - Philosophy of Education.
     
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  23.  53
    End-of-Life Decision Making Across Cultures.Robert H. Blank - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):201-214.
    Even more so than in other areas of medicine, issues at the end of life elucidate the importance of religion and culture, as well as the role of the family and other social structures, in how these issues are framed. This article presents an overview of the variation in end-of-life treatment issues across 12 highly disparate countries. It finds that many assumptions held in the western bioethics literature are not easily transferred to other cultural settings.
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  24.  6
    On the Emotions.Robert H. Haraldsson & Richard Wollheim - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):466.
    It is a daunting task to tell the story of the lives emotions lead, how they are rooted in the deeper folds of the person’s psyche and wax and wane over a lifetime. Wollheim’s book is at times a daring attempt to cast an analytic philosopher in the role of narrator of this fascinating but hard to follow story. Two related story lines run through his book. One repeatedly criticizes contemporary philosophers for turning a blind eye to the psychological reality (...)
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  25.  33
    The Role of Business Schools in Managing the Incongruence Between Doing What is Right and Doing What It Takes to Get Ahead.Robert H. Schwartz, Sami Kassem & Dean Ludwig - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (6):465 - 469.
    This paper accepts as given that business students want to get ahead. It criticizes business schools for their failure to reduce the incongruence between doing what is right and doing what it takes to get ahead. Because of this failure business school graduates carry negative ideas, attitudes and behaviors vis-à-vis social responsibility from business schools into the business world. Recommendations are made for increasing the social responsibility of business schools.
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  26.  17
    End-of-Life Decision Making Across Cultures.Robert H. Blank - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):201-214.
    As is evident from the other articles in this special issue, end-of-life treatment has engendered a vigorous dialogue in the United States over the past few decades because decision making at the end of life raises broad and difficult ethical issues that touch on health professionals, patients, and their families. This concern is exacerbated by the high cost related to the end of life in the U.S. Moreover, in light of demographic patterns, progressively scarce health care resources, and an expanding (...)
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  27.  34
    Equality of Educational Opportunity.Robert H. Ennis - 1976 - Educational Theory 26 (1):3-18.
  28.  11
    Probably.Robert H. Ennis - unknown
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  29.  4
    Theoretical Roots of Early Behaviourism: Functionalism, the Critique of Introspection, and the Nature and Evolution of Consciousness.Robert H. Wozniak (ed.) - 1884 - Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
    While John B. Watson articulated the intellectual commitments of behaviorism with clarity and force, wove them into a coherent perspective, gave the perspective a name, and made it a cause, these commitments had adherents before him. To document the origins of behaviorism, this series collects the articles that set the terms of the behaviorist debate, includes the most important pre-Watsonian contributions to objectivism, and reprints the first full text of the new behaviorism. Contents: Functionalism, the Critque of Introspection, and the (...)
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  30.  32
    What’s Wrong with Argumentum Ad Baculum? Reasons, Threats, and Logical Norms.Robert H. Kimball - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (1):89-100.
    A dialogue-based analysis of informal fallacies does not provide a fully adequate explanation of our intuitions about what is wrong with ad baculum and of when it is admissible and when it is not. The dialogue-based analysis explains well why mild, benign threats can be legitimate in some situations, such as cooperative bargaining and negotiation, but does not satisfactorily account for what is objectionable about more malicious uses of threats to coerce and to intimidate. I propose an alternative deriving partly (...)
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  31.  6
    Temporal Man: The Meaning and Uses of Social Time.Robert H. Lauer - 1981 - Praeger.
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  32.  65
    Hume, Newton, and the Design Argument.Robert H. Hurlbutt - 1965 - Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press.
  33.  64
    A Plea for Pity.Robert H. Kimball - 2004 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 37 (4):301-316.
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  34.  32
    Teaching Engineering Ethics Using Role-Playing in a Culturally Diverse Student Group.Robert H. Prince - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):321-326.
    The use of role-playing (“active learning”) as a teaching tool has been reported in areas as diverse as social psychology, history and analytical chemistry. Its use as a tool in the teaching of engineering ethics and professionalism is also not new, but the approach develops new perspectives when used in a college class of exceptionally wide cultural diversity. York University is a large urban university (40,000 undergraduates) that draws its enrolment primarily from the Greater Toronto Area, arguably one of the (...)
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  35. Egoism Versus Rights.Robert H. Bass - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2):329-349.
    I develop an argument that key theses from Ayn Rand's ethics and political philosophy are incompatible with one another. Her ethical egoism is not compatible with her rights theory. Though Rand's version of rights theory is libertarian, the argument does not depend upon any claims peculiar to her theory, but would apply to the (in)compatibility of ethical egoism and almost any plausible rights theory.
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  36.  27
    On Noncontextual, Non-Kolmogorovian Hidden Variable Theories.Benjamin H. Feintzeig & Samuel C. Fletcher - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (2):294-315.
    One implication of Bell’s theorem is that there cannot in general be hidden variable models for quantum mechanics that both are noncontextual and retain the structure of a classical probability space. Thus, some hidden variable programs aim to retain noncontextuality at the cost of using a generalization of the Kolmogorov probability axioms. We generalize a theorem of Feintzeig to show that such programs are committed to the existence of a finite null cover for some quantum mechanical experiments, i.e., a finite (...)
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  37.  14
    Alzheimer's Disease — Perspective From Political Science: Public Policy Issues.Robert H. Blank - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):724-743.
    The paper outlines the policy context and summarizes the numerous policy issues that AD raises from the more generic to the unique. It posits that strong public fears of AD and its future prevalence projections and costs, raise increasingly difficult policy dilemmas. After reviewing the costs in human lives and money and discussing the latest U.S. policy initiatives, the paper presents two policy areas as examples the demanding policy decisions we face. The first focuses on the basic regulatory function of (...)
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  38.  45
    Finding Value in Davidson.Robert H. Myers - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):107 - 136.
    Can an effective argument against scepticism about objective values be modelled on Donald Davidson’s familiar argument against scepticism about external things?
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  39.  49
    Applying Soundness Standards to Qualified Reasoning.Robert H. Ennis - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (1):23-39.
    Defining qualified reasoning as reasoning containing such loose qualifying words as 'probably,' 'usually,' 'probable, 'likely,' 'ceteris paribus,' and 'primafacie, Ennis argues that typical cases of qualified reasoning, though they might be good arguments, are deductively invalid, implying that such arguments fail soundness standards. He considers and rejects several possible alternative ways of viewing such cases, ending with a proposal for applying qualified soundness standards, which requires employment of sufficient background knowledge, sensitivity, experience and understanding of the situation. All of this (...)
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  40.  71
    The Rhetoric of Experience and the Study of Religion.Robert H. Sharf - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):11-12.
    The use of the concept ‘religious experience’ is exceedingly broad, encompassing a vast array of feelings, moods, perceptions, dispositions, and states of consciousness. Some prefer to focus on a distinct type of religious experience known as ‘mystical experience', typically construed as a transitory but potentially transformative state of consciousness in which a subject purports to come into immediate contact with the divine, the sacred, the holy. We will return to the issue of mystical experience below. Here I would only note (...)
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  41.  20
    The Unexplored Potential of Hope to Level the Playing Field: A Multilevel Perspective. [REVIEW]Robert H. Schwartz & Frederick R. Post - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (2):135 - 143.
    A multilevel view of social change is presented in which socially responsible organizations, society, and high-hope individuals interact in support of hopefulness – thereby leveling the playing field. Suggestions are made about future research and the roles of organizations and society in eliciting hope in organizational and societal cultures.
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  42.  98
    Choosing a Definition of Entropy That Works.Robert H. Swendsen - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (4):582-593.
    Disagreements over the meaning of the thermodynamic entropy and how it should be defined in statistical mechanics have endured for well over a century. In an earlier paper, I showed that there were at least nine essential properties of entropy that are still under dispute among experts. In this paper, I examine the consequences of differing definitions of the thermodynamic entropy of macroscopic systems.Two proposed definitions of entropy in classical statistical mechanics are (1) defining entropy on the basis of probability (...)
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  43.  20
    The Vulnerability of Immigrants in Research: Enhancing Protocol Development and Ethics Review.Robert H. McLaughlin & Theresa Alfaro-Velcamp - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (1):27-43.
    Vulnerabilities often characterize the availability of immigrant populations of interest in social behavioral science, public health, and medical research. Refugees, asylum seekers, and undocumented immigrants present unique vulnerabilities relevant to protocol development as well as ethics review procedures and criteria. This paper describes vulnerable populations in relation to the Belmont Report and US federal regulations for the protection of human subjects, both of which are commonly used in international research contexts. It argues for safeguards for immigrants comparable to protections for (...)
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  44.  12
    Sale Catalogues of Libraries of Eminent Persons. Volume XI: Scientists--Elias Ashmole, Edmond Halley, Robert Hooke, John Ray. H. A. Feisenberger. [REVIEW]Robert H. Kargon - 1976 - Isis 67 (3):486-487.
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  45.  44
    Does Payment For Order Flow To Your Broker Help Or Hurt You?Robert H. Battalio & Tim Loughran - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):37-44.
    The presumption is that a broker executing a stock trade for a retail investor will get the investor the best possible price execution for the transaction. In fact, the broker often sells the retail investor’s trade to an intermediary for cash payment. The broker’s motivation to generate dealer profits seems to overcome the broker’s fiduciary responsibility to obtain the best execution price for the customer, raising ethical questions. Purchasers and internalizers of order flow in the market may cause prices quoted (...)
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  46.  16
    Quantum Measurements, Sequential and Latent.Robert H. Dicke - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (4):385-395.
    The results of a hypothetical experiment requiring a sequence of quantum measurements are obtained retrospectively, after the experiment has been completed, from a single reading of an “apparatus register.” The experiment is carried out reversibly and Schrödinger's equation is satisfied until the terminal reading of the register. The technique is illustrated using a feasible method of measuring photon spin as the quantum “object” observable and using the photon energy as the “apparatus register.” The technique is used to discuss the “watchdog” (...)
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  47. Oxford Handbook on Free Will.Robert H. Kane (ed.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    This comprehensive reference provides an exhaustive guide to current scholarship on the perennial problem of Free Will--perhaps the most hotly and voluminously debated of all philosophical problems. While reference is made throughout to the contributions of major thinkers of the past, the emphasis is on recent research. The essays, most of which are previously unpublished, combine the work of established scholars with younger thinkers who are beginning to make significant contributions. Taken as a whole, the Handbook provides an engaging and (...)
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  48.  44
    A Conception of Deductive Logic Competence.Robert H. Ennis - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (3/4):337-385.
  49.  60
    Nationwide Testing of Critical Thinking for Higher Education: Vigilance Required.Robert H. Ennis - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (1):1-26.
    The Spellings Commission recommends widespread critical-thinking testing to help determine the “value added” by higher education institutions—with the data banked and made available in order to enable parents, students, and policy makers to compare institutions and hold them accountable. Because of the likely and desirable promotion of critical thinking that would result from the Commission’s program, I recommend cooperation by critical-thinking faculty and administrators, but only if there is much less comparability and considerably deeper transparency of the tests and their (...)
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  50.  32
    Problems in Testing Informal Logic Critical Thinking Reasoning Ability.Robert H. Ennis - 1984 - Informal Logic 6 (1).
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