Results for 'Robert Hadley Hall'

999 found
Order:
  1. The reaction of the American Protestant churches to the Darwinian philosophy, 1860-1900.Windsor Hall Roberts - 1936 - Chicago,: Chicago University Press.
  2. Sartre and his critics.Thomas Flynn, Robert Bernasconi & Henry Somers-Hall - 2006 - Philosophy Today 50:106-132.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  43
    The J. H. B. bookshelf.Robert C. Frank & Diana Long Hall - 1977 - Journal of the History of Biology 10 (2):365-371.
  4.  28
    The J. H. B. bookshelf.Robert G. Frank & Diana Long Hall - 1979 - Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):203-210.
  5.  27
    The J. H. B. Bookshelf.Robert G. Frank & Diana L. Hall - 1978 - Journal of the History of Biology 11 (2):395-400.
  6.  33
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Robert D. Heslep, S. Pike Hall, Denise Twohey, Francis Schrag, Joseph S. Malikail, Dennis L. Carlson, Thomas A. Brindley & Thomas P. Thomas - 1993 - Educational Studies 24 (2):158-196.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  15
    CUF 101, a new variety of alfalfa is resistant to the blue alfalfa aphid.William F. Lehman, Mervin W. Nielson, Vern L. Marble, Ernest H. Stanford, Edmond C. Loomis, Russell E. Fontaine, Robert M. Boardman, Robert N. Campbell, Robert W. Scheuerman & Dennis H. Hall - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. [New York]: Random House.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  15
    Lying to patients: Ethics of deception in nursing.Drew A. Curtis, Jennifer M. Braziel, Robert A. Redfearn & Jaimee Hall - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (4):341-346.
    While the ethical use of deception has been discussed in literature, the ethics and acceptability of nursing deception has yet to be studied. The current study examined nurses’ and nursing students’ ratings of the ethics and acceptability of nursing deception. We predicted that nurses and nursing students would rate a truthful vignette as more ethical than a deceptive vignette. We also predicted that participants would rate nursing deception as unethical and unacceptable. A mixed design was used to examine ethics scores (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  7
    Second look at first things: a case for conservative politics: the Hadley Arkes festschrift.Hadley Arkes, Francis Beckwith, Robert P. George & Susan Jane McWilliams (eds.) - 2013 - South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine's Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  90
    Strong semantic systematicity from Hebbian connectionist learning.Robert F. Hadley & M. B. Hayward - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (1):1-55.
    Fodor's and Pylyshyn's stand on systematicity in thought and language has been debated and criticized. Van Gelder and Niklasson, among others, have argued that Fodor and Pylyshyn offer no precise definition of systematicity. However, our concern here is with a learning based formulation of that concept. In particular, Hadley has proposed that a network exhibits strong semantic systematicity when, as a result of training, it can assign appropriate meaning representations to novel sentences (both simple and embedded) which contain words (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  11.  14
    Strong Semantic Systematicity from Hebbian Connectionist Learning.Robert Hadley & Michael Hayward - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (1):1-37.
    Fodor's and Pylyshyn's stand on systematicity in thought and language has been debated and criticized. Van Gelder and Niklasson, among others, have argued that Fodor and Pylyshyn offer no precise definition of systematicity. However, our concern here is with a learning based formulation of that concept. In particular, Hadley has proposed that a network exhibits strong semantic systematicity when, as a result of training, it can assign appropriate meaning representations to novel sentences (both simple and embedded) which contain words (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  12.  22
    Systematicity Revisited: Reply to Christiansen and Chater and Niklasson and van Gelder.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-444.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  13.  51
    Systematicity revisited.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-44.
  14.  81
    Cognition, systematicity, and nomic necessity.Robert F. Hadley - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):137-53.
    In their provocative 1988 paper, Fodor and Pylyshyn issued a formidable challenge to connectionists, i.e. to provide a non‐classical explanation of the empirical phenomenon of systematicity in cognitive agents. Since the appearance of F&P's challenge, a number of connectionist systems have emerged which prima facie meet this challenge. However, Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) advance an argument, based upon a general principle of nomological necessity, to show that one of these systems (Smolensky's) could not satisfy the Fodor‐Pylyshyn challenge. Yet, if Fodor (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  15.  36
    Cognition, Systematicity and Nomic Necessity.Robert F. Hadley - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):137-153.
    In their provocative 1988 paper, Fodor and Pylyshyn issued a formidable challenge to connectionists, i.e. to provide a non‐classical explanation of the empirical phenomenon of systematicity in cognitive agents. Since the appearance of F&P's challenge, a number of connectionist systems have emerged which prima facie meet this challenge. However, Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) advance an argument, based upon a general principle of nomological necessity, to show that one of these systems (Smolensky's) could not satisfy the Fodor‐Pylyshyn challenge. Yet, if Fodor (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  16.  30
    A Default‐Oriented Theory of Procedural Semantics.Robert F. Hadley - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):107-137.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  17.  84
    Systematicity in connectionist language learning.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):247-72.
  18.  67
    Connectionism, explicit rules, and symbolic manipulation.Robert F. Hadley - 1993 - Minds and Machines 3 (2):183-200.
    At present, the prevailing Connectionist methodology forrepresenting rules is toimplicitly embody rules in neurally-wired networks. That is, the methodology adopts the stance that rules must either be hard-wired or trained into neural structures, rather than represented via explicit symbolic structures. Even recent attempts to implementproduction systems within connectionist networks have assumed that condition-action rules (or rule schema) are to be embodied in thestructure of individual networks. Such networks must be grown or trained over a significant span of time. However, arguments (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  19.  7
    Explaining Systematicity: A Reply to Kenneth Aizawa.Robert F. Hadley - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (4):571-579.
    In his discussion of results which I (with Michael Hayward) recently reported in this journal, Kenneth Aizawa takes issue with two of our conclusions, which are: (a) that our connectionist model provides a basis for explaining systematicity “within the realm of sentence comprehension, and subject to a limited range of syntax” (b) that the model does not employ structure-sensitive processing, and that this is clearly true in the early stages of the network's training. Ultimately, Aizawa rejects both (a) and (b) (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20. The 'explicit-implicit' distinction.Robert F. Hadley - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
    Much of traditional AI exemplifies the explicit representation paradigm, and during the late 1980''s a heated debate arose between the classical and connectionist camps as to whether beliefs and rules receive an explicit or implicit representation in human cognition. In a recent paper, Kirsh (1990) questions the coherence of the fundamental distinction underlying this debate. He argues that our basic intuitions concerning explicit and implicit representations are not only confused but inconsistent. Ultimately, Kirsh proposes a new formulation of the distinction, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  21.  26
    Plato.Robert William Hall - 1981 - Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.
    First published in 1981 this unique study discusses the evolution of Plato's thought through the actual developments in Athenian democracy, the book also demonstrates Plato's continuing responses to changes in political theory and argues for a new understanding of Plato's goals for the state and his ultimate concern for the moral well-being of the citizens.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  37
    Types of Constraints on Development: An Interactivist Approach.Robert L. Campbell, Mark H. Bickhard, PO Box & Chandler-Ullmann Hall - unknown
    The interactivist approach to development generates a framework of types of constraints on what can be constructed. The four constraint types are based on: (1) what the constructed systems are about; (2) the representational relationship itself; (3) the nature of the systems being constructed; and (4) the process of construction itself. We give illustrations of each constraint type. Any developmental theory needs to acknowledge all four types of constraint; however, some current theories conflate different types of constraint, or rely on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  34
    A sense-based, process model of belief.Robert F. Hadley - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (3):279-320.
    A process-oriented model of belief is presented which permits the representation of nested propositional attitudes within first-order logic. The model (NIM, for nested intensional model) is axiomatized, sense-based (via intensions), and sanctions inferences involving nested epistemic attitudes, with different agents and different times. Because NIM is grounded upon senses, it provides a framework in which agents may reason about the beliefs of another agent while remaining neutral with respect to the syntactic forms used to express the latter agent's beliefs. Moreover, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24. On the proper treatment of semantic systematicity.Robert F. Hadley - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):145-172.
    The past decade has witnessed the emergence of a novel stance on semantic representation, and its relationship to context sensitivity. Connectionist-minded philosophers, including Clark and van Gelder, have espoused the merits of viewing hidden-layer, context-sensitive representations as possessing semantic content, where this content is partially revealed via the representations'' position in vector space. In recent work, Bodén and Niklasson have incorporated a variant of this view of semantics within their conception of semantic systematicity. Moreover, Bodén and Niklasson contend that they (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25. Consistency, Turing Computability and Gödel’s First Incompleteness Theorem.Robert F. Hadley - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (1):1-15.
    It is well understood and appreciated that Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems apply to sufficiently strong, formal deductive systems. In particular, the theorems apply to systems which are adequate for conventional number theory. Less well known is that there exist algorithms which can be applied to such a system to generate a gödel-sentence for that system. Although the generation of a sentence is not equivalent to proving its truth, the present paper argues that the existence of these algorithms, when conjoined with Gödel’s (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  4
    Plato.Robert William Hall - 1981 - Boston: Routledge.
    First published in 1981 this unique study discusses the evolution of Plato's thought through the actual developments in Athenian democracy, the book also demonstrates Plato's continuing responses to changes in political theory and argues for a new understanding of Plato's goals for the state and his ultimate concern for the moral well-being of the citizens.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  55
    Bridging the gap between developmental systems theory and evolutionary developmental biology†.Jason Scott Robert, Brian K. Hall & Wendy M. Olson - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):954-962.
    Many scientists and philosophers of science are troubled by the relative isolation of developmental from evolutionary biology. Reconciling the science of development with the science of heredity preoccupied a minority of biologists for much of the twentieth century, but these efforts were not corporately successful. Mainly in the past fifteen years, however, these previously dispersed integrating programmes have been themselves synthesized and so reinvigorated. Two of these more recent synthesizing endeavours are evolutionary developmental biology and developmental systems theory. While the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  28.  12
    The just and happy man of the.Robert William Hall - 1971 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 9 (2):147-158.
  29.  28
    The Just and Happy Man of the Republic : Fact or Fallacy?Robert William Hall - 1971 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 9 (2):147-158.
  30. Connectionism, rule-following, and symbolic manipulation.Robert F. Hadley - 1990 - Proc AAAI 3 (2):183-200.
  31.  29
    Godel, Lucas, and mechanical models of mind.Robert F. Hadley - 1987 - Computational Intelligence 3:57-63.
  32.  73
    The many uses of 'belief' in AI.Robert F. Hadley - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (1):55-74.
    Within AI and the cognitively related disciplines, there exist a multiplicity of uses of belief. On the face of it, these differing uses reflect differing views about the nature of an objective phenomenon called belief. In this paper I distinguish six distinct ways in which belief is used in AI. I shall argue that not all these uses reflect a difference of opinion about an objective feature of reality. Rather, in some cases, the differing uses reflect differing concerns with special (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  37
    Neural circuits, matrices, and conjunctive binding.Robert F. Hadley - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):80-80.
    It is argued that van der Velde and de Kamps employ binding circuitry that effectively constitutes a form of conjunctive binding. Analogies with prior systems are discussed and hypothetical origins of binding circuitry are examined for credibility.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  63
    Possibility, Necessity, and Logical Truth.Robert F. Hadley - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):182 - 186.
    An earlier article by the author, "quine and strawson on logical theory" ("analysis" volume 34, pages 207-208), is expanded and defended against criticisms made by charles sayward in "the province of logic" ("analysis" volume 36, pages 47-48). it is shown that quine's definition of logical truth presupposes an understanding of "possibility," even if the term 'sentence' is used set-theoretically, and that if quine is allowed the concept of "possibility," then strawson must be allowed modal concepts for his purposes. the traditional (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35. Possibility, necessity, and logical truth.Robert F. Hadley - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):182.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  78
    Quine and Strawson on Logical Theory.Robert F. Hadley - 1974 - Analysis 34 (6):207 - 208.
  37. Quine and Strawson on logical theory.Robert F. Hadley - 1974 - Analysis 34 (6):207.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Truth conditions and procedural semantics.Robert F. Hadley - 1990 - In Philip P. Hanson (ed.), Information, Language and Cognition. University of British Columbia Press.
  39.  25
    The essential role of consciousness in mathematical cognition.Robert Hadley - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):1-2.
    In his most comprehensive book on the subject , Roger Penrose provides arguments to demonstrate that there are aspects of human understanding which could not, in principle, be attained by any purely computational system. His central argument relies crucially on oft-cited theorems proven by Gödel and Turing. However, that key argument has been the subject of numerous trenchant critiques, which is unfortunate if one believes Penrose's conclusions to be plausible. In the present article, alternative arguments are offered in support of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Zenon Pylyshyn, ed., The Robot's Dilemma: The Frame Problem in Artificial Intelligence Reviewed by.Robert Hadley - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (1):33-36.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Robert W. Hall, Plato Reviewed by.Robert Hahn - 1983 - Philosophy in Review 3 (5):223-225.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  11
    Clinical law: what do clinicians want to know? The demography of clinical law.Robert Wheeler & Nigel Hall - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (4):229-234.
    This is the first description of the questions that clinicians ask a department of clinical law, relating to the legal rules applicable to the care of their patients.ObjectivesTo describe in detail the demography of clinical legal enquiries made by clinicians of all professions concerning the care of their patients. To collate and categorise the varieties of enquiry, to identify phenotypic patterns. To provide colleges, regulators, commissioners, educators and the NHS with an insight into hitherto undescribed subject matter, better to understand (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  93
    Explaining systematicity: A reply to Kenneth Aizawa. [REVIEW]Robert F. Hadley - 1997 - Minds and Machines 12 (4):571-79.
    In his discussion of results which I (with Michael Hayward) recently reported in this journal, Kenneth Aizawa takes issue with two of our conclusions, which are: (a) that our connectionist model provides a basis for explaining systematicity within the realm of sentence comprehension, and subject to a limited range of syntax (b) that the model does not employ structure-sensitive processing, and that this is clearly true in the early stages of the network''s training. Ultimately, Aizawa rejects both (a) and (b) (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  54
    Chinese Pidgin English Grammar and Texts.Robert A. Hall - 1944 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 64 (3):95-113.
  45.  34
    Plato's political analogy: Fallacy or analogy?Robert William Hall - 1974 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (4):419.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Plato's Political Analogy: Fallacy or Analogy? ROBERT W. HALL THE INTERPRETATIONOf the familiar political analogy between the state and the soul is crucial to a proper understanding of Plato's conception of the individual and his relation to the polls. Interpretations which, consciously or not, tend to identify the justice of the individual with that of the state result either in a subordination of justice of the individual (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  62
    Connectionism and novel combinations of skills: Implications for cognitive architecture. [REVIEW]Robert F. Hadley - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (2):197-221.
    In the late 1980s, there were many who heralded the emergence of connectionism as a new paradigm – one which would eventually displace the classically symbolic methods then dominant in AI and Cognitive Science. At present, there remain influential connectionists who continue to defend connectionism as a more realistic paradigm for modeling cognition, at all levels of abstraction, than the classical methods of AI. Not infrequently, one encounters arguments along these lines: given what we know about neurophysiology, it is just (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47.  45
    Pidgin and Creole Languages.H. M. H. & Robert A. Hall - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (2):210.
  48. Village Japan.Richard K. Beardsley, John W. Hall & Robert H. Ward - 1960 - Science and Society 24 (1):92-95.
  49.  19
    Plato — A Minority Report.Robert W. Hall - 1964 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):168-173.
  50.  58
    Two apparent 'counterexamples' to Marcus: A closer look. [REVIEW]Marius Vilcu & Robert F. Hadley - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):359-382.
    Marcus et al.’s experiment (1999) concerning infant ability to distinguish between differing syntactic structures has prompted connectionists to strive to show that certain types of neural networks can mimic the infants’ results. In this paper we take a closer look at two such attempts: Shultz and Bale [Shultz, T.R. and Bale, A.C. (2001), Infancy 2, pp. 501–536] Altmann and Dienes [Altmann, G.T.M. and Dienes, Z. (1999) Science 248, p. 875a]. We were not only interested in how well these two models (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 999