Results for 'Robert J. Lederman'

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  1.  75
    Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure.Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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  2.  26
    The Argument From Evil: ROBERT J. RICHMAN.Robert J. Richman - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):203-211.
    The traditional problem of evil is set forth, by no means for the first time, in Part X of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in these familiar words: ‘Is [God] willing to prevent evil, but not able? then he is impotent. Is he able, but not willing? then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? whence then is evil?’ This formulation of the problem of evil obviously suggests an argument to the effect that the existence of evil in (...)
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  3.  18
    Robert J. Fogelin 233.Robert J. Fogelin - 1976 - In J. P. Cleave & Stephan Körner (eds.), Philosophy of Logic: Papers and Discussions. University of California Press. pp. 233.
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  4. Entitlement Theories of Justice: From Nozick to Roemer and Beyond: Robert J. Van der Veen & Philippe Van Parijs.Robert J. van der Veen - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):69-81.
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick contrasts entitlement theories of justice and “traditional” theories such as Rawls', utilitarianism or egalitarianism, and advocates the former against the latter. What exactly is an entitlement theory of justice? Nozick's book offers two distinct characterizations. On the one hand, he explicitly describes “the general outlines of the entitlement theory” as maintaining “that the holdings of a person are just if he is entitled to them by the principles of justice in acquisition and (...)
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  5.  72
    Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research.Robert J. Levine - 1986 - Urban & Schwarzenberg.
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  6.  25
    Consciousness and the Limits of Objectivity: The Case for Subjective Physicalism.Robert J. Howell - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert J. Howell offers a new account of the relationship between conscious experience and the physical world, based on a neo-Cartesian notion of the physical and careful consideration of three anti-materialist arguments. His theory of subjective physicalism reconciles the data of consciousness with the advantages of a monistic, physical ontology.
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  7. Productivity Growth, Inflation, and Unemployment: The Collected Essays of Robert J. Gordon.Robert J. Gordon & Robert M. Solow - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The seventeen seminal essays by Robert J. Gordon collected here, including three previously unpublished works, offer sharply etched views on the principal topics of macroeconomics - growth, inflation, and unemployment. The author re-examines their salient points in a uniquely creative, accessible introduction that serves on its own as an introduction to modern macroeconomics. Each of the four parts into which the essays are grouped also offers a new introduction. The papers in Part I explore different key aspects of the (...)
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  8. Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus a Transcendental Critique of Ethics /by Robert J. Cavalier. --. --.Robert J. Cavalier - 1980 - University Press of America, [] 1980.
     
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  9.  34
    Geography as the Eye of Enlightenment Historiography: Robert J. Mayhew.Robert J. Mayhew - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):611-627.
    Whilst Edward Gibbon's Memoirs of My Life comprise a notoriously complex document of autobiographical artifice, there is no reason to question the honesty of its revelation of his attitudes to geography and its relationship to the historian's craft. Writing of his boyhood before going up to Oxford, Gibbon commented that his vague and multifarious reading could not teach me to think, to write, or to act; and the only principle, that darted a ray of light into the indigested chaos, was (...)
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  10. Against Luck-Free Moral Responsibility.Robert J. Hartman - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (10):2845-2865.
    Every account of moral responsibility has conditions that distinguish between the consequences, actions, or traits that warrant praise or blame and those that do not. One intuitive condition is that praiseworthiness and blameworthiness cannot be affected by luck, that is, by factors beyond the agent’s control. Several philosophers build their accounts of moral responsibility on this luck-free condition, and we may call their views Luck-Free Moral Responsibility (LFMR). I offer moral and metaphysical arguments against LFMR. First, I maintain that considerations (...)
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  11.  13
    Taking Wittgenstein at His Word: A Textual Study.Robert J. Fogelin - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    Taking Wittgenstein at His Word is an experiment in reading organized around a central question: What kind of interpretation of Wittgenstein's later philosophy emerges if we adhere strictly to his claims that he is not in the business of presenting and defending philosophical theses and that his only aim is to expose persistent conceptual misunderstandings that lead to deep philosophical perplexities? Robert Fogelin draws out the therapeutic aspects of Wittgenstein's later work by closely examining his account of rule-following and (...)
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  12. Hume's Skepticism in the Treatise of Human Nature.Robert J. Fogelin - 1985 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Examines the skeptical arguments in David Hume's major work and analyzes the place of skepticism in his philosophy.
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  13.  41
    Wittgenstein: The Arguments of the Philosophers.Robert J. Fogelin - 1987 - Routledge.
    This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection.
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  14. Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification: Studies in the Foundation of a Theological Tradition.Robert J. Fogelin - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    This work, written from a neo-Pyrrhonian perspective, is an examination of contemporary theories of knowledge and justification. It takes ideas primarily found in Sextus Empiricus's Outlines of Pyrrhonism, restates them in a modern idiom, and then asks whether any contemporary theory of knowledge meets the challenges they raise. The first part, entitled "Gettier and the Problem of Knowledge," attempts to rescue our ordinary concept of knowledge from those philosophers who have assigned burdens to it that it cannot bear. Properly understood, (...)
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  15.  74
    Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification.Robert J. Fogelin - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):395-400.
  16.  30
    The Things We Mean.Robert J. Stainton - 2003 - Philosophical Review 115 (1):124-127.
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  17.  66
    Understanding Arguments: An Introduction to Informal Logic.Robert J. Fogelin - 1991 - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
    Now in its Eighth Edition, UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENTS: AN INTRODUCTION TO INFORMAL LOGIC, 8th Edition. has proven itself to be an exceptional guide to understanding and constructing arguments in the context of students' academic studies as well as their subsequent professional careers. Its tried and true strengths include multiple approaches to the analysis of arguments; a thorough grounding on the uses of language in everyday discourse; and chapters in the latter half of the book that apply abstract concepts to concrete legal, (...)
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  18.  89
    The Child's Right to an Open Future: Is the Principle Applicable to Non-Therapeutic Circumcision?Robert J. L. Darby - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):463-468.
    The principle of the child's right to an open future was first proposed by the legal philosopher Joel Feinberg and developed further by bioethicist Dena Davis. The principle holds that children possess a unique class of rights called rights in trust—rights that they cannot yet exercise, but which they will be able to exercise when they reach maturity. Parents should not, therefore, take actions that permanently foreclose on or pre-empt the future options of their children, but leave them the greatest (...)
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  19. The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution.Robert J. Matthews - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
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  20.  27
    Visual Imagery for Words: The Hebb Test.Robert J. Weber & Roger Harnish - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):409-414.
  21.  48
    Women on Corporate Boards of Directors and Their Influence on Corporate Philanthropy.Robert J. Williams - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):1 - 10.
    This study examined the relationship between the proportion of women serving on firms' boards of directors and the extent to which these same firms engaged in charitable giving activities. Using a sample of 185 Fortune 500 firms for the 1991-1994 time period, the results provide strong support for the notion that firms having a higher proportion of women serving on their boards do engage in charitable giving to a greater extent than firms having a lower proportion of women serving on (...)
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  22.  79
    Corporate Philanthropy, Criminal Activity, and Firm Reputation: Is There a Link? [REVIEW]Robert J. Williams & J. Douglas Barrett - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (4):341 - 350.
    This study examined the influence of corporate giving programs on the link between certain categories of corporate crime and corporate reputation. Specifically, firms that violate EPA and OSHA regulations should, to some extent, experience a decline in their reputations, while firms that contribute to charitable causes should see their reputations enhanced. The results of this study support both of these contentions. Further, the results suggest that corporate giving significantly moderates the link between the number of EPA and OSHA violations committed (...)
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  23.  15
    Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong.Robert J. Stainton - 2000 - Synthese 123 (1):131-151.
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  24. The Measure of Mind.Robert J. Matthews - 1994 - Mind 103 (410):131-46.
  25.  8
    Hume's Morals Theory.Robert J. Fogelin - 1983 - Mind 92 (365):129-132.
    First Published in 1980. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  26.  2
    Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding.Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger & George V. Coyne (eds.) - 1988 - University of Notre Dame Press [Distributor].
  27.  57
    Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study.Robert J. Fogelin - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Of knowledge and probability: a quick tour of part 3, book 1. Of knowledge ; Of probability; and of the idea of cause and effect ; Why a cause is always necessary? ; Of the component parts of our reasonings concerning causes and effects ; Of the impressions of the senses and memory ; Of the inference from the impression to the idea ; Of the nature of the idea, or belief ; Of the causes of belief ; Of the (...)
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  28. Hume and the Missing Shade of Blue.Robert J. Fogelin - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (December):263-272.
  29.  14
    Is Visual Image Sequencing Under Verbal Control?Robert J. Weber, Joe Kelley & Susan Little - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):354-362.
  30.  68
    Measurement and Computational Skepticism.Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner - 2017 - Noûs 51 (4):832-854.
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  31.  2
    A Defense of Hume on Miracles.Robert J. Fogelin - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    Since its publication in the mid-eighteenth century, Hume's discussion of miracles has been the target of severe and often ill-tempered attacks. In this book, one of our leading historians of philosophy offers a systematic response to these attacks. Arguing that these criticisms have--from the very start--rested on misreadings, Robert Fogelin begins by providing a narrative of the way Hume's argument actually unfolds. What Hume's critics have failed to see is that Hume's primary argument depends on fixing the appropriate standards (...)
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  32. Measurement‐Theoretic Accounts of Propositional Attitudes.Robert J. Matthews - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):828-841.
    In the late 1970s and early 1980s a number of philosophers, notably Churchland, Field, Stalnaker, Dennett, and Davidson, began to argue that propositional attitude predicates are a species of measure predicate, analogous in important ways to numerical predicates by which we attribute physical magnitudes. Other philosophers, including myself, have subsequently developed the idea in greater detail. In this paper I sketch the general outlines of measurement‐theoretic accounts of propositional attitudes, explaining in the briefest terms the basic idea of such accounts, (...)
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  33. Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model.Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
  34.  95
    A Defense of Hume on Miracles.Robert J. Fogelin - 2003 - Princeton Univ Pr.
    Arguing that criticisms have--from the very start--rested on misreadings, Fogelin begins by providing a narrative of the way Hume’s argument actually unfolds. What Hume’s critics (and even some of his defenders) have failed to see is that Hume’s primary argument depends on fixing the appropriate standards of evaluating testimony presented on behalf of a miracle. Given the definition of a miracle, Hume quite reasonably argues that the standards for evaluating such testimony must be extremely high. Hume then argues that, as (...)
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  35.  19
    The Plausibility of Rationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492.
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  36.  1
    The Nature of Human Intelligence.Robert J. Sternberg (ed.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The study of human intelligence features many points of consensus, but there are also many different perspectives. In this unique book Robert J. Sternberg invites the nineteen most highly cited psychological scientists in the leading textbooks on human intelligence to share their research programs and findings. Each chapter answers a standardized set of questions on the measurement, investigation, and development of intelligence - and the outcome represents a wide range of substantive and methodological emphases including psychometric, cognitive, expertise-based, developmental, (...)
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  37.  6
    Schopenhauer.Robert J. Wicks - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This innovative volume presents an insightful philosophical portrait of the life and work of Arthur Schopenhauer. Focuses on the concept of the sublime as it clarifies Schopenhauer’s aesthetic theory, moral theory and asceticism Explores the substantial relationships between Schopenhauer’s philosophy and Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity Defends Schopenhauer’s position that absolute truth can be known and described as a blindly striving, all-permeating, universal “Will” Examines the influence of Asian philosophy on Schopenhauer Describes the relationships between Schopenhauer’s thought and that of Hegel, (...)
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  38.  51
    Moral Outrage and Opposition to Harm Reduction.Robert J. MacCoun - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):83-98.
    Three public opinion studies examined public attitudes toward prevalence reduction (PR; reducing the number of people engaging in an activity) and harm reduction (HR; reducing the harm associated with an activity) across a wide variety of domains. Studies 1 and 2 were telephone surveys of California adults’ views on PR and HR strategies for a wide range of risk domains (heroin, alcoholism, tobacco, skateboarding, teen sex, illegal immigration, air pollution, and fast food). “Moral outrage” items (immoral, disgusting, irresponsible, dangerous) predicted (...)
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  39. Emerging From Imaginary Time.Robert J. Deltete & Reed A. Guy - 1996 - Synthese 108 (2):185 - 203.
    Recent models in quantum cosmology make use of the concept of imaginary time. These models all conjecture a join between regions of imaginary time and regions of real time. We examine the model of James Hartle and Stephen Hawking to argue that the various no-boundary attempts to interpret the transition from imaginary to real time in a logically consistent and physically significant way all fail. We believe this conclusion also applies to quantum tunneling models, such as that proposed by Alexander (...)
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  40.  10
    Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model.Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
  41.  30
    Human Lactation, Pair-Bonds, and Alloparents.Robert J. Quinlan & Marsha B. Quinlan - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (1):87-102.
    The evolutionary origin of human pair-bonds is uncertain. One hypothesis, supported by data from forgers, suggests that pair-bonds function to provision mothers and dependent offspring during lactation. Similarly, public health data from large-scale industrial societies indicate that single mothers tend to wean their children earlier than do women living with a mate. Here we examine relations between pair-bond stability, alloparenting, and cross-cultural trends in breastfeeding using data from 58 “traditional” societies in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). Analyses show that stable (...)
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  42. Categorization in the Wild.Robert J. Glushko, Paul P. Maglio, Teenie Matlock & Lawrence W. Barsalou - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):129-135.
  43.  48
    Non-Sentential Assertions and Semantic Ellipsis.Robert J. Stainton - 1995 - Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (3):281 - 296.
    The restricted semantic ellipsis hypothesis, we have argued, is committed to an enormous number of multiply ambiguous expressions, the introduction of which gains us no extra explanatory power. We should, therefore, reject it. We should also spurn the original version since: (a) it entails the restricted version and (b) it incorrectly declares that, whenever a speaker makes an assertion by uttering an unembedded word or phrase, the expression uttered has illocutionary force.Once rejected, the semantic ellipsis hypothesis cannot account for the (...)
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  44.  9
    Wittgenstein.Robert J. Fogelin - 1995 - Routledge.
    No serious philosopher or student of philosophy can afford to neglect Wittgenstein's work. Professor Fogelin provides an authoritative critical evaluation of both the _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_ and _Philosophical Investigations_, enabling the reader to come to grips with these difficult yet key works. Fogelin explains Wittgenstein's attempt in the _Tractatus_ to combine a picture theory of propositional structure, and also explores Wittgenstein's own criticisms of the Tractarian synthesis. He gives particular attention to topics in the philosophy of language, logic, psychology and the (...)
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  45.  1
    Love and Objectivity in Virtue Ethics: Aristotle, Lonergan, and Nussbaum on Emotions and Moral Insight.Robert J. Fitterer - 2008 - University of Toronto Press.
    Drawing on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and the work of Bernard Lonergan and Martha Nussbaum, Robert J. Fitterer tests the assumption that the inclusion of the emotions leads to bias in objective judgments or when determining moral truths.
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  46. Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction.Robert J. Yanal - 1999 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    How can we experience real emotions when viewing a movie or reading a novel or watching a play when we know the characters whose actions have this effect on us do not exist? This is a conundrum that has puzzled philosophers for a long time, and in this book Robert Yanal both canvasses previously proposed solutions to it and offers one of his own. First formulated by Samuel Johnson, the paradox received its most famous answer from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, (...)
     
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  47.  16
    Speed and Accuracy of Sentence Recall: Effects of Ear of Presentation, Semantics, and Grammar.Robert J. Jarvella & Steven J. Herman - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):108.
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  48.  29
    I Like You, I Like You Not: Understanding the Formation of Context-Dependent Automatic Attitudes.Robert J. Rydell & Bertram Gawronski - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1118-1152.
    (2009). I like you, I like you not: Understanding the formation of context-dependent automatic attitudes. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 1118-1152.
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  49.  44
    Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research.Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  50.  10
    Clarifying the Concepts of Research Ethics.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (3):21-26.
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