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  1.  11
    Ethics and regulation of clinical research.Robert J. Levine - 1981 - Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenberg.
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  2.  5
    Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model.Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
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  3.  14
    Building a New Consensus: Ethical Principles and Policies for Clinical Research on HIV / AIDS.Carol Levine, Nancy Neveloff Dubler & Robert J. Levine - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 13 (1/2):194-210.
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  4.  6
    Clarifying the Concepts of Research Ethics.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (3):21-26.
  5.  4
    Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model.Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
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  6.  16
    Pharmaceutical research involving the homeless.Tom L. Beauchamp, Bruce Jennings, Eleanor D. Kinney & Robert J. Levine - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (5):547 – 564.
    Discussions of research involving vulnerable populations have left the homeless comparatively ignored. Participation by these subjects in drug studies has the potential to be upsetting, inconvenient, or unpleasant. Participation occasionally produces injury, health emergencies, and chronic health problems. Nonetheless, no ethical justification exists for the categorical exclusion of homeless persons from research. The appropriate framework for informed consent for these subjects of pharmaceutical research is not a single event of oral or written consent, but a multi-staged arrangement of disclosure, dialogue, (...)
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  7.  7
    Editorial: The "Best Proven Therapeutic Method" Standard in Clinical Trials in Technologically Developing Countries.Robert J. Levine - 1998 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 20 (1):5.
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  8.  3
    The Impact of HIV Infection on Society's Perception of Clinical Trials.Robert J. Levine - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):93-98.
    All international codes of research ethics and virtually all national legislation and regulation in the field of research involving human subjects project an attitude of protectionism. Written with the aim of avoiding a repetition of atrocities like those committed by the Nazi physician-researchers, calamities like the thalidomide experience, or ethical violations like those of the Tuskegee syphilis study, their dominant concerns are the protection of individuals from injury and from exploitation. In recent years, however, society's perception of clinical research has (...)
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  9.  15
    Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research.Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  10.  4
    The “Best Proven Therapeutic Method” Standard in Clinical Trials in Technologically Developing Countries.Robert J. Levine - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (2):167-172.
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  11.  6
    The Use of Placebos in Randomized Clinical Trials.Robert J. Levine - 1985 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 7 (2):1.
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  12. Research ethics committees.Robert J. Levine - 1995 - Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3:2311-2316.
     
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  13.  3
    Uncertainty in Clinical Research.Robert J. Levine - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 16 (3-4):174-182.
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  14.  5
    The Nature, Scope, and Justification of Clinical Research.Robert J. Levine - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 211.
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  15.  2
    Uncertainty in Clinical Research.Robert J. Levine - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 16 (3-4):174-182.
  16.  5
    Advice on Compensation: One IRB's Response to DHEW's 'Interim Final Regulation'.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (1):5.
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  17.  4
    Advice on Compensation: More Responses to DHEW's 'Interim Final Regulation'.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (2):5.
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  18.  4
    Commentary.Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):27-29.
  19.  6
    FDA's New Rule on Treatment Use and Sale of Investigational New Drugs.Robert J. Levine - 1987 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 9 (4):1.
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  20.  7
    Research that could yield marketable products from human materials: the problem of informed consent.Robert J. Levine - 1985 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 8 (1):6-7.
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  21.  4
    What Should Consent Forms Say about Cash Payments?Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (6):7.
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  22.  4
    Commentary: The Ambiguities of 'Deferred Consent'.Tom L. Beauchamp & Robert J. Levine - 1980 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 2 (7):6.
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  23.  6
    Case Studies: Can a Healthy Subject Volunteer to Be Injured in Research?Anthony Breuer, Robert J. Levine, George A. Kanoti & Douglas P. Lackey - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (4):31.
  24.  2
    Research on Human Populations: National and International Ethical Guidelines.Bernard M. Dickens, Larry Gostin & Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):157-161.
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  25.  2
    Research on Human Populations: National and International Ethical Guidelines.Bernard M. Dickens, Larry Gostin & Robert J. Levine - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):157-161.
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  26.  6
    More on Making Consent Forms More Readable.T. M. Grundner, Robert J. Levine & Alan Meisel - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (1):8.
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  27.  6
    An IRB-approved protocol on the use of human fetal tissue.Robert J. Levine - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (2):7-8.
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  28.  3
    A Novelist's View of Scientific Fraud.Robert J. Levine & Carl Djerassi - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):422-422.
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  29.  7
    A Novelist's View of Scientific Fraud.Robert J. Levine & Carl Djerassi - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):422-422.
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  30.  5
    According to Protocol.Robert J. Levine - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (6):9.
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  31.  12
    Biomedical research ethics: updating international guidelines: a consultation: Geneva, Switzerland, 15-17 March 2000.Robert J. Levine, Samuel Gorovitz & James Gallagher (eds.) - 2000 - Geneva: CIOMS.
    Records the papers and commentaries, with an edited discussion, presented at an international consultation convened by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) to guide revision of the CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. The Guidelines, first issued in 1982 and then revised in 1993, are being updated and expanded to address a number of new and especially challenging ethical issues. These include issues raised by international collaborative trials of drugs in developing countries, especially (...)
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  32.  5
    Commentary: A Primary Reviewer System.Robert J. Levine - 1981 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 3 (6):9.
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  33.  11
    Changing Federal Regulation of IRBs: The Commission's Recommendations and the FDA's Proposals.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (1):1.
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  34.  5
    Changing Federal Regulation of IRBs, Part II: DHEW's and FDA's Proposed Regulations.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (7):1.
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  35.  7
    Can (Or Should) the IRB Assume the FDA's Functions at Early Stages of the IND Process?Robert J. Levine - 1981 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 3 (10):4.
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  36.  4
    Commentary: The IRB and the Virtuous Investigator.Robert J. Levine - 1985 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 7 (1):8.
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  37.  5
    Consent to Incomplete Disclosure as an Alternative to Deception.Robert J. Levine - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (10):9.
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  38.  5
    Deceiving Dentists: Health Care Providers as 'Subjects at Risk'.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (5):7.
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  39.  2
    Ethical Principles for the Conduct of Research Involving Human Subjects: Historical Considerations.Robert J. Levine - 2004 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 15 (1):13-21.
  40.  5
    [How Many Subjects Are Required for a Study?]: Commentary.Robert J. Levine - 1987 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 9 (5):3.
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  41.  7
    Inconsistency and IRBs: Flaws in the Goldman-Katz Study.Robert J. Levine - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (1):4.
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  42.  2
    Medical Ethics and Personal Doctors: Conflicts Between What We Teach and What We Want.Robert J. Levine - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (1):23-29.
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  43.  6
    Medical Students as Social Scientists: Are There Role Conflicts?Robert J. Levine - 1980 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 2 (1):6.
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  44.  4
    Negotiating with George.Robert J. Levine - 1992 - Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):68 – 71.
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  45.  5
    Proposed Regulations for Research Involving Those Institutionalized as Mentally Infirm: A Consideration of Their Relevance in 1996.Robert J. Levine - 1996 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 18 (5):1.
  46. Randomized clinical trials: ethical considerations.Robert J. Levine - 1999 - Advances in Bioethics 5:113-145.
     
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  47.  6
    Research Involving Children: An Interpretation of the New Regulations.Robert J. Levine - 1983 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 5 (4):1.
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  48.  8
    Research on Prisoners: Why Not?Robert J. Levine - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (5):6.
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  49.  7
    Reflections on 'rethinking research ethics'.Robert J. Levine - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):1 – 3.
  50.  8
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research”.Robert J. Levine, Judith B. Gordon, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller & John L. Young - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):W1-W2.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. “Social context” refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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