Results for 'Robert James Henning'

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  1. A Case for Machine Ethics in Modeling Human-Level Intelligent Agents.Robert James M. Boyles - 2018 - Kritike 12 (1):182–200.
    This paper focuses on the research field of machine ethics and how it relates to a technological singularity—a hypothesized, futuristic event where artificial machines will have greater-than-human-level intelligence. One problem related to the singularity centers on the issue of whether human values and norms would survive such an event. To somehow ensure this, a number of artificial intelligence researchers have opted to focus on the development of artificial moral agents, which refers to machines capable of moral reasoning, judgment, and decision-making. (...)
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  2.  88
    Why Friendly AIs Won’T Be That Friendly: A Friendly Reply to Muehlhauser and Bostrom.Robert James M. Boyles & Jeremiah Joven Joaquin - 2019 - AI and Society:1–3.
    In “Why We Need Friendly AI”, Luke Muehlhauser and Nick Bostrom propose that for our species to survive the impending rise of superintelligent AIs, we need to ensure that they would be human-friendly. This discussion note offers a more natural but bleaker outlook: that in the end, if these AIs do arise, they won’t be that friendly.
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  3.  18
    Why Friendly AIs Won’T Be That Friendly: A Friendly Reply to Muehlhauser and Bostrom.Robert James M. Boyles & Jeremiah Joven Joaquin - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):505-507.
    In “Why We Need Friendly AI”, Luke Muehlhauser and Nick Bostrom propose that for our species to survive the impending rise of superintelligent AIs, we need to ensure that they would be human-friendly. This discussion note offers a more natural but bleaker outlook: that in the end, if these AIs do arise, they won’t be that friendly.
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  4. Artificial Qualia, Intentional Systems and Machine Consciousness.Robert James M. Boyles - 2012 - In Proceedings of the DLSU Congress 2012. pp. 110a–110c.
    In the field of machine consciousness, it has been argued that in order to build human-like conscious machines, we must first have a computational model of qualia. To this end, some have proposed a framework that supports qualia in machines by implementing a model with three computational areas (i.e., the subconceptual, conceptual, and linguistic areas). These abstract mechanisms purportedly enable the assessment of artificial qualia. However, several critics of the machine consciousness project dispute this possibility. For instance, Searle, in his (...)
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  5.  12
    The Perils of Post-Persons.Robert James Sparrow - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):80-81.
    The willingness of some scientists, futurists … and now philosophers to contemplate—or even actively pursue—their own obsolescence is a source of genuine wonder. Writers such as Hans Moravec,1 Ray Kurzweil2 and Nick Bostrom3 blithely maintain that we will soon be outclassed by our own cybernetic creations as though this were a prospect that could only be celebrated and not feared. In this context, one can only applaud Agar's clearheaded investigation4 of the prospects for creating ‘post-persons’ and his eminently sensible conclusion (...)
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  6.  12
    Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever, "Bad Language: Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy of Language.".Robert James Stainton - 2021 - Philosophy in Review 41 (1):4-6.
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  7.  4
    The Relationship Between Theory of Mind and Aggression.Robert James Richard Blair - 2003 - In B. Repacholi & V. Slaughter (eds.), Individual Differences in Theory of Mind: Implications for Typical and Atypical Development. Hove, E. Sussex: Psychology Press.
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  8. Powers of the Mind.Robert James M. Boyles, Jeremiah Joven Joaquin & Mark Anthony Dacela - 2016 - In Elizabeth M. Nuncio (ed.), Personal Development. Anvil Publishing, Inc. pp. 61–81.
    This article is a general introduction to the psychology of reasoning. Specifically, it focuses on the dual process theory of human cognition. Proponents of the said two-system view hold that human cognition involves two processes (viz., System 1 and System 2). System 1 is an automatic, intuitive thinking process where judgments and reasoning rely on fast thinking and ready-to-hand data. On the other hand, System 2 is a slow, logical cognitive process where our judgments and reasoning rely on reflective, careful (...)
     
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  9. Philosophical Signposts for Artificial Moral Agent Frameworks.Robert James M. Boyles - 2017 - Suri 6 (2):92–109.
    This article focuses on a particular issue under machine ethics—that is, the nature of Artificial Moral Agents. Machine ethics is a branch of artificial intelligence that looks into the moral status of artificial agents. Artificial moral agents, on the other hand, are artificial autonomous agents that possess moral value, as well as certain rights and responsibilities. This paper demonstrates that attempts to fully develop a theory that could possibly account for the nature of Artificial Moral Agents may consider certain philosophical (...)
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  10. The Enemy: A Thought Experiment on Patriarchies, Feminisms and Memes.Robert James M. Boyles - 2011 - In Jeane Peracullo & Noelle Leslie Dela Cruz (eds.), Feminista: Gender, Race, and Class in the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc. pp. 53–64.
    This article examines who or what should be the target of feminist criticism. Throughout the discussion, the concept of memes is applied in analyzing systems such as patriarchy and feminism itself. Adapting Dawkins' theory on genes, this research puts forward the possibility that patriarchies and feminisms are memeplexes competing for the limited energy and memory space of humanity.
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  11.  7
    Objectivity and Aesthetic Education in Its Social Context.Robert James Brownhill - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 21 (3):29.
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  12.  34
    Christian and Pragmatic Visions of Time in the Lonigan Trilogy.Robert James Butler - 1980 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 55 (4):461-475.
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  13. Robert James Branham, Debate and Critical Analysis: The Harmony of Conflict.T. A. Hollihan - 1995 - Argumentation 9:681-684.
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  14.  9
    Robert James Forbes – Chemicus-Archeoloog, Techniekhistoricus, Wetenschapshistoricus.Ernst Homburg - 2013 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 6 (3):276.
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  15.  8
    Epistemic Contextualism: A Normative Approach.Robert James McKenna - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
    I develop and argue for a version of epistemic contextualism - the view that the truth-values of ‘knowledge’ ascriptions depend upon and vary with the context in which they are uttered - that emphasises the roles played by both the practical interests of those in the context and the epistemic practices of the community of which they are part in determining the truth-values of their ‘knowledge’ ascriptions. My favoured way of putting it is that the truth of a ‘knowledge’ ascription (...)
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  16.  17
    England Imported Into Late Eighteenth-Century La Rochelle: Economic Consumption and Paradoxes of Cultural Exchange.Robert James Merrett - 1996 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 15:115.
  17.  10
    PrefacePréface.Robert James Merrett - 2000 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 19:v.
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  18. Pascal, Adversary and Advocate.Robert James Nelson - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
     
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  19.  9
    The Motion of Small Bodies in Space‐Time.Robert Geroch & James Owen Weatherall - unknown
    We consider the motion of small bodies in general relativity. The key result captures a sense in which such bodies follow timelike geodesics. This result clarifies the relationship between approaches that model such bodies as distributions supported on a curve, and those that employ smooth fields supported in small neighborhoods of a curve. This result also applies to "bodies" constructed from wave packets of Maxwell or Klein-Gordon fields. There follows a simple and precise formulation of the optical limit for Maxwell (...)
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  20.  99
    The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Routledge.
    Newton's bucket, Einstein's elevator, Schrödinger's cat – these are some of the best-known examples of thought experiments in the natural sciences. But what function do these experiments perform? Are they really experiments at all? Can they help us gain a greater understanding of the natural world? How is it possible that we can learn new things just by thinking? In this revised and updated new edition of his classic text _The Laboratory of the Mind_, James Robert Brown continues (...)
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  21.  37
    Robert Grosseteste.James McEvoy - 2000 - Oup Usa.
    Robert Grosseteste was the initiator of the English scientific tradition, one of the first chancellors of Oxford University, and a famous teacher and commentator on the newly discovered works of Aristotle. In this book, James McEvoy provides the first general, inclusive overview of the entire range of Grosseteste's massive intellectual achievement.
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  22.  31
    A Theory of Humor Elicitation.Robert S. Wyer & James E. Collins - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (4):663-688.
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  23.  36
    Thalamic Pathways for Active Vision.Robert H. Wurtz, Kerry McAlonan, James Cavanaugh & Rebecca A. Berman - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):177-184.
  24. Promoting Coherent Minimum Reporting Guidelines for Biological and Biomedical Investigations: The MIBBI Project.Chris F. Taylor, Dawn Field, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Jan Aerts, Rolf Apweiler, Michael Ashburner, Catherine A. Ball, Pierre-Alain Binz, Molly Bogue, Tim Booth, Alvis Brazma, Ryan R. Brinkman, Adam Michael Clark, Eric W. Deutsch, Oliver Fiehn, Jennifer Fostel, Peter Ghazal, Frank Gibson, Tanya Gray, Graeme Grimes, John M. Hancock, Nigel W. Hardy, Henning Hermjakob, Randall K. Julian, Matthew Kane, Carsten Kettner, Christopher Kinsinger, Eugene Kolker, Martin Kuiper, Nicolas Le Novere, Jim Leebens-Mack, Suzanna E. Lewis, Phillip Lord, Ann-Marie Mallon, Nishanth Marthandan, Hiroshi Masuya, Ruth McNally, Alexander Mehrle, Norman Morrison, Sandra Orchard, John Quackenbush, James M. Reecy, Donald G. Robertson, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Henry Rodriguez, Heiko Rosenfelder, Javier Santoyo-Lopez, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith & Jason Snape - 2008 - Nature Biotechnology 26 (8):889-896.
    Throughout the biological and biomedical sciences there is a growing need for, prescriptive ‘minimum information’ (MI) checklists specifying the key information to include when reporting experimental results are beginning to find favor with experimentalists, analysts, publishers and funders alike. Such checklists aim to ensure that methods, data, analyses and results are described to a level sufficient to support the unambiguous interpretation, sophisticated search, reanalysis and experimental corroboration and reuse of data sets, facilitating the extraction of maximum value from data sets (...)
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  25.  3
    Studies in Ancient Technology by Robert James Forbes. [REVIEW]Lynn White Jr - 1957 - Isis 48:77-77.
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  26. The Nature of Truth.Jeremiah Joven Joaquin, Robert James M. Boyles, Mark Anthony Dacela & Victorino Raymundo Lualhati - 2013 - In Leni Garcia (ed.), Exploring the Philosophical Terrain. C&E Publishing. pp. 38–50.
    This article surveys different philosophical theories about the nature of truth. We give much importance to truth; some demand to know it, some fear it, and others would even die for it. But what exactly is truth? What is its nature? Does it even have a nature in the first place? When do we say that some truth-bearers are true? Philosophers offer varying answers to these questions. In this article, some of these answers are explored and some of the problems (...)
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  27. Teaching Syllogistic Logic Via a Retooled Venn Diagrammatical Technique.Jeremiah Joven Joaquin & Robert James M. Boyles - 2017 - Teaching Philosophy 40 (2):161–180.
    In elementary logic textbooks, Venn diagrams are used to analyze and evaluate the validity of syllogistic arguments. Although the method of Venn diagrams is shown to be a powerful analytical tool in these textbooks, it still has limitations. On the one hand, such method fails to represent singular statements of the form, “a is F.” On other hand, it also fails to represent identity statements of the form, “a is b.” Because of this, it also fails to give an account (...)
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  28. James Robert Brown: Thought Experiments and Platonism. Part Two.Nancy J. Nersessian, Dunja Jutronic, Ksenija Puskaric, Nenad Miscevic, Andreas K. A. Georgiou & James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (20):125-268.
     
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  29.  3
    Monasteries and Culture Change in Inner Mongolia.Henry Serruys & Robert James Miller - 1959 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (4):303.
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  30. Emotion Elicitation Using Films.James J. Gross & Robert W. Levenson - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (1):87-108.
  31.  51
    Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 1994 - Routledge.
    In Smoke and Mirrors , James Robert Brown fights back against figures such as Richard Rorty, Bruno Latour, Michael Ruse and Hilary Putnam who have attacked realistic accounts of science. This enlightening work also demonstrates that science mirrors the world in amazing ways. The metaphysics and epistemology of science, the role of abstraction, abstract objects, and a priori ways of getting at reality are all examined in this fascinating exploration of how science reflects reality. Both a defense of (...)
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  32.  17
    A Delay of Reinforcement Gradient and Correlated Reinforcement in the Instrumental Conditioning of Conversational Behavior.Robert F. Weiss, Jenny L. Boyer, James T. Colwick & Dennis J. Moran - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):33.
  33. The Works of Francis Bacon.James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis & Douglas Denon Heath (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Francis Bacon, the English philosopher, statesman and jurist, is best known for developing the empiricist method which forms the basis of modern science. Bacon's writings concentrated on philosophy and judicial reform. His most significant work is the Instauratio Magna comprising two parts - The Advancement of Learning and the Novum Organum. The first part is noteworthy as the first major philosophical work published in English. James Spedding and his co-editors arranged this fourteen-volume edition, published in London between 1857 and (...)
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  34.  56
    Computability and Physical Theories.Robert Geroch & James B. Hartle - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (6):533-550.
    The familiar theories of physics have the feature that the application of the theory to make predictions in specific circumstances can be done by means of an algorithm. We propose a more precise formulation of this feature—one based on the issue of whether or not the physically measurable numbers predicted by the theory are computable in the mathematical sense. Applying this formulation to one approach to a quantum theory of gravity, there are found indications that there may exist no such (...)
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  35. James Robert Brown, Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars Reviewed. [REVIEW]K. Brad Wray - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (2):84-86.
    A critical examination of James Brown's Who Rules in Science?
     
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  36. Platonism, Naturalism, and Mathematical Knowledge.James Robert Brown - 2011 - Routledge.
    This study addresses a central theme in current philosophy: Platonism vs Naturalism and provides accounts of both approaches to mathematics, crucially discussing Quine, Maddy, Kitcher, Lakoff, Colyvan, and many others. Beginning with accounts of both approaches, Brown defends Platonism by arguing that only a Platonistic approach can account for concept acquisition in a number of special cases in the sciences. He also argues for a particular view of applied mathematics, a view that supports Platonism against Naturalist alternatives. Not only does (...)
     
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  37. Questions, Quantifiers and Crossing. Higginbotham, James & Robert May - 1981 - Linguistic Review 1:41--80.
     
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  38.  73
    Philosophy of Mathematics: A Contemporary Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Routledge.
    1. Introduction : the mathematical image -- 2. Platonism -- 3. Picture-proofs and Platonism -- 4. What is applied mathematics? -- 5. Hilbert and Gödel -- 6. Knots and notation -- 7. What is a definition? -- 8. Constructive approaches -- 9. Proofs, pictures and procedures in Wittgenstein -- 10. Computation, proof and conjecture -- 11. How to refute the continuum hypothesis -- 12. Calling the bluff.
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  39.  12
    Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars.James Robert Brown - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
    This eye-opening book reveals how little we've understood about the ongoing pitched battles between the sciences and the humanities--and how much may be at ...
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  40.  45
    The Rational and the Social.James Robert Brown - 1989 - Routledge.
    THE SOCIOLOGICAL TURN The problem we are concerned with is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge (or ...
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  41.  13
    Multialternative Decision Field Theory: A Dynamic Connectionst Model of Decision Making.Robert M. Roe, Jermone R. Busemeyer & James T. Townsend - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):370-392.
  42. Peeking Into Plato’s Heaven.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1126-1138.
    Examples of classic thought experiments are presented and some morals drawn. The views of my fellow symposiasts, Tamar Gendler, John Norton, and James McAllister, are evaluated. An account of thought experiments along a priori and Platonistic lines is given. I also cite the related example of proving theorems in mathematics with pictures and diagrams. To illustrate the power of these methods, a possible refutation of the continuum hypothesis using a thought experiment is sketched.
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  43.  76
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Mathematics_ is an excellent introductory text. This student friendly book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. It includes the following topics: * the mathematical image * platonism * picture-proofs * applied mathematics * Hilbert and Godel * knots and nations * definitions * picture-proofs and Wittgenstein * computation, proof and conjecture. The book is ideal for courses on philosophy of mathematics and logic.
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  44.  89
    Thought Experiments Since the Scientific Revolution.James Robert Brown - 1986 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 (1):1 – 15.
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  45. Using Action Research to Improve Instruction: An Interactive Guide for Teachers.John E. Henning, Jody M. Stone & James L. Kelly - 2008 - Routledge.
    Action research is increasingly used as a means for teachers to improve their instruction, yet for many the idea of doing "research" can be somewhat intimidating. _Using Action Research to Improve Instruction_ offers a comprehensive, easy-to-understand approach to action research in classroom settings. This engaging and accessible guide is grounded in sources of data readily available to teachers, such as classroom observations, student writing, surveys, interviews, and tests. Organized to mirror the action research process, the highly interactive format prompts readers (...)
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  46.  16
    The Philosophy of Right and Left.James Van~Cleve & Robert E. Frederick (eds.) - 1991 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    INTRODUCTION TO THE ARGUMENT OF 1768 Some ordinary facts about the world we live in can be readily explained by other ordinary facts. One can, for example, explain the fact that when we are facing north the sun rises on the right and ...
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  47.  85
    A Minimalist Approach to the Development of Episodic Memory.James Russell & Robert Hanna - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (1):29-54.
    Episodic memory is usually regarded in a Conceptualist light, in the sense of its being dependent upon the grasp of concepts directly relevant to the act of episodic recollection itself, such as a concept of past times and of the self as an experiencer. Given this view, its development is typically timed as being in the early school-age years. We present a minimalist, Non-Conceptualist approach in opposition to this view, but one that also exists in clear contrast to the kind (...)
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  48.  26
    Adaptationism and Molecular Biology: An Example Based on ADHD.James Swanson, Robert Moyzis, John Fossella, Jin Fan & Michael I. Posner - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):530-531.
    Rather than starting with traits and speculating whether selective forces drove evolution in past environments, we propose starting with a candidate gene associated with a trait and testing first for patterns of selection at the DNA level. This can provide limitations on the number of traits to be evaluated subsequently by adaptationism as described by Andrews et al.
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  49.  6
    Henning Schmidgen. Die Helmholtz-Kurven: Auf der Spur der verlorenen Zeit. 270 pp., illus., figs., bibl. Berlin: Merve Verlag, 2010. [REVIEW]Robert M. Brain - 2011 - Isis 102 (3):578-579.
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  50.  10
    Henning Schmidgen. Bruno Latour in Pieces: An Intellectual Biography. Translated by Gloria Custance. Xiv + 175 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015. $22. [REVIEW]Robert P. Crease - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):677-679.
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