34 found
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  1.  73
    Robert K. Shope (1983). The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research. Princeton: New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
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  2. Robert K. Shope (1978). The Conditional Fallacy in Contemporary Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 75 (8):397-413.
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  3.  10
    Robert K. Shope (2002). Conditions and Analyses of Knowing. In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 25--70.
    In “Conditions and Analyses of Knowledge”, Robert Shope focuses on the conditions that must be satisfied for a person to have knowledge, specifically knowledge that something is so. Traditionally, knowledge has been analyzed in terms of justified true belief. Shope addresses philosophers’ disagreements concerning the truth and belief conditions. After introducing the justification condition, he presents challenges that have provoked several attempts to replace or to supplement the justification condition for knowledge. Shope presents and assesses several of these, including early (...)
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  4. Robert K. Shope (1973). Remembering, Knowledge, and Memory Traces. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (March):303-22.
  5. Robert K. Shope (1988). Powers, Causation, and Modality. Erkenntnis 28 (3):321 - 362.
    A complex theory concerning powers, natures, and causal necessity has emerged from the writings of P. H. Hare, E. H. Madden, and R. Harré. In the course of rebutting objections that other critics have raised to the power account of causation, I correct three of its genuine difficulties: its attempt to analyze power attributions in terms of conditional statements; its characterization of the relation between something's powers and its nature; and its doctrines concerning conceptual necessity. The resulting interpretation of causal (...)
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  6.  49
    Robert K. Shope (1984). Cognitive Abilities, Conditionals, and Knowledge: A Response to Nozick. Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):29-48.
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  7.  12
    Robert K. Shope (2004). The Analysis of Knowing. In M. Sintonen, J. Wolenski & I. Niiniluoto (eds.), Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 283--329.
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  8. Robert K. Shope (1999). The Nature of Meaningfulness: Representing, Powers, and Meaning. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Shope presents a unified perspective on meaningfulness, spanning such varied topics as the meaningfulness of linguistic expressions and conventional signs, Freud's conception of the meaningfulness of various mental phenomena and instances of behavior, a person's meaning to do something, meaning in the arts, and even life's having a meaning. Shope's perspective is based upon a 'constitutive' analysis of what it is for one item to represent another. Criticizing the views of philosophers who attempt to analyze such representing in causal terms, (...)
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  9.  12
    Robert K. Shope (1974). Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):46-55.
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  10.  23
    Robert K. Shope (1978). Rawls, Brandt, and the Definition of Rational Desires. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):329 - 340.
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  11.  9
    Robert K. Shope (1968). The Stratification of Behaviour: A System of Definitions Propounded and Defended. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 65 (23):763-772.
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  12.  12
    Robert K. Shope (1967). Explanation in Terms of "the Cause". Journal of Philosophy 64 (10):312-320.
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  13.  17
    Robert K. Shope (1979). Knowledge and Falsity. Philosophical Studies 36 (4):389 - 405.
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  14.  22
    Robert K. Shope (1996). Nondeviant Chains in Intentional Action. Journal of Philosophical Research 21:15-49.
    When employing causal terminology in analyzing intentional action, and sometimes in analyzing additional phenomena, philosophers have required that relevant causal chains be free of what they call causal deviance or waywardness. But there is a wider type of deviance that needs to be excluded, of which causal deviance is only a species. Carl Ginet’s On Action considers examples of both types of deviance. A criticism of his treatment of such examples leads to a more satisfactory general analysis of nondeviant chains (...)
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  15.  23
    Robert K. Shope (1991). Non-Deviant Causal Chains. Journal of Philosophical Research 16:251-291.
    Causal processes that are technically called deviant or wayward causal chains must be ruled out when analyzing various phenomena, including intentional action, perception, and the operation of causal mechanisms involved in the manifesting of causal powers. Irving Thalberg is incorrect in arguing that this problem does not arise when analyzing intentional action. After criticizing solutions proposed by Christopher Peacocke and David Lewis, I provide a general analysis of non-deviance. In application to intentional action, the account is seen to be preferable (...)
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  16.  29
    Robert K. Shope (1979). Eliminating Mistakes About Eliminative Materialism. Philosophy of Science 46 (4):590-612.
    Richard Rorty's eliminative materialism is an attack on dualism that has frequently been misrepresented and incorrectly criticized. By taking account of the mistakes that philosophers have made concerning eliminative materialism, a proper definition of the doctrine and a clarification of its relation to traditional materialism will emerge, as well as an understanding of its true strengths and weaknesses. The discussion centers around the original manner in which Rorty defended eliminative materialism by means of analogies to the elimination of talk about (...)
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  17.  10
    Robert K. Shope (1987). An Interpretation of Conditionals, If-Sentences, and Since-Sentences in Terms of Power Manifestations. Erkenntnis 27 (3):379 - 432.
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  18.  26
    Robert K. Shope (1989). Justification, Reliability, and Knowledge. Philosophia 19 (2-3):133-154.
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  19.  17
    Robert K. Shope (1990). A Causal Theory of Intending. Journal of Philosophical Research 15:361-394.
    Having an intention can be analyzed in terms of certain causal powers possessed by an instance of one’s having a thought of a certain state of affairs, where a certain preference is what causes those powers to be present. A suitable understanding of such a prcference emerges from a discussion of Wayne A. Davis’ analysis of intending. However, Davis’ emphasis on belief and desire rather than on instances of having a thought leads to difficulties for his analysis of intending. After (...)
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  20.  25
    Robert K. Shope (1965). Prima Facie Duty. Journal of Philosophy 62 (11):279-287.
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  21.  6
    Robert K. Shope (1967). The Psychoanalytic Theories of Wish‐Fulfilment and Meaning. Inquiry 10 (1-4):421-438.
    Psychoanalysis regards many previously inexplicable phenomena as wish?fulfilments, which have meaning inasmuch as they express the person's wishes or affects. This might appear to make such psychoanalytic explanations rather like ordinary explanations of conduct and to enlarge the area of intentional and possibly that of responsible behavior. But a critique of these psychoanalytic accounts will show that they are very unlike accounts in terms of ordinary notions of fulfilling or expressing wishes and that the psychoanalytic concept of wish?fulfilment differs sufficiently (...)
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  22.  8
    Robert K. Shope (2002). The Truth Condition. In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 26.
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  23.  3
    Robert K. Shope (1970). Dispositional Treatment of Psychoanalytic Motivation Terms. Journal of Philosophy 67 (7):195-208.
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  24.  17
    Robert K. Shope (1992). You Know What You Falsely Believe (Or: Pollock, Know Thyself!). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):405-410.
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  25.  11
    Robert K. Shope (1991). Firth's Critique of Epistemological Rule-Utilitarianism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):129-135.
  26.  11
    Robert K. Shope (1971). Physical and Psychic Energy. Philosophy of Science 38 (1):1-12.
    In order to assess the tenacity of psychoanalysts in continuing to use a concept of psychic energy, it is advisable to consider whether, as they sometimes claim, the concepts of energy, force, and work in psychoanalysis are akin to those in the natural sciences. Strong disanalogies suggest that the psychoanalytic concepts are quite different and used equivocally even within psychoanalysis. However, they may not be subject to the objections which certain critical psychoanalysts have raised.
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  27.  2
    Robert K. Shope (1985). "Reason, Truth and History" by Hilary Putnam. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):644.
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  28.  5
    Robert K. Shope (1972). The Neutrality of Experiential Statements. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (3):377-383.
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  29.  2
    Robert K. Shope (1975). Geoffrey Clive 1927-1975. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 49:154 - 155.
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  30. Robert K. Shope (1984). Cognitive Abilities, Conditionals, and Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):29-48.
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  31. Robert K. Shope, Carl Wellman & Joel J. Kupperman (1974). Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics.Ethical Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):46.
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  32. Robert K. Shope (1973). Functional Equivalence and the Defense of Materialism. Philosophical Forum 4 (4):500-12.
  33. Robert K. Shope (1979). Knowledge as Justified Belief in a True, Justified Proposition. Philosophy Research Archives 5:35-72.
    When analyzing 'justified factual knowledge that h', we must speak of justified belief in h and also of h's being a justified proposition. Gettier-type problems can be dealt with by requiring that the belief in h be justified through its connection with a 'justification-explaining chain' related to h. The social aspects of knowledge can be encompassed by analyzing what it is for h to be a justified proposition in terms of h's relation to the rationality of an 'epistemic community'.The discussion (...)
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  34. Robert K. Shope (1985). Recent Publications. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):651.
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