Results for 'Robert L. Trivers'

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  1. On Representing True-in-L'in L Robert L. Martin and Peter W. Woodruff.Robert L. Martin - 1984 - In Robert Lazarus Martin (ed.), Recent essays on truth and the liar paradox. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 47.
     
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  2.  15
    Government formation and policy formulation : Patterns in Belgium and the Netherlands.Robert L. Peterson, Martine De Ridder, J. D. Hobbs & E. F. McClellan - 1983 - Res Publica 25 (1):49-82.
  3. Brian Ellis. Basic concepts of measurement. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge1966, ix + 220 pp.Robert L. Causey - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):310-311.
    The nature of measurement is a topic of central concern in the philosophy of science and, indeed, measurement is the essential link between science and mathematics. Professor Ellis's book, originally published in 1966, is the first general exposition of the philosophical and logical principles involved in measurement since N. R. Campbell's Principles of Measurement and Calculation, and P. W. Bridgman's Dimensional Analysis. Professor Ellis writes from an empiricist standpoint. His object is to distinguish and define the basic concepts in measurement, (...)
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  4.  53
    The Psychology of Art and the Evolution of the Conscious Brain.Robert L. Solso - 2003 - MIT Press.
    How did the human brain evolve so that consciousness of art could develop? In The Psychology of Art and the Evolution of the Conscious Brain, Robert Solso describes how a consciousness that evolved for other purposes perceives and creates art.Drawing on his earlier book Cognition and the Visual Arts and ten years of new findings in cognitive research, Solso shows that consciousness developed gradually, with distinct components that evolved over time. One of these components is an adaptive consciousness that (...)
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  5. Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition: Studies in the attribution of moral responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & John M. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):283-301.
  6. Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport.Robert L. Simon - 2010 - Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Addressing both collegiate and professional sports, the updated edition of Fair Play explores the ethical presuppositions of competitive athletics and their ...
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  7.  25
    The Psychology of Art and the Evolution of the Conscious Brain.Robert L. Solso - 2003 - Bradford.
    How did the human brain evolve so that consciousness of art could develop? In The Psychology of Art and the Evolution of the Conscious Brain, Robert Solso describes how a consciousness that evolved for other purposes perceives and creates art.Drawing on his earlier book Cognition and the Visual Arts and ten years of new findings in cognitive research, Solso shows that consciousness developed gradually, with distinct components that evolved over time. One of these components is an adaptive consciousness that (...)
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  8.  20
    Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition: Studies in the attribution of moral responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & John M. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):283-301.
  9.  30
    Kierkegaard: Construction of the Aesthetic.Robert L. Perkins - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (3):262-263.
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  10. On representing ‘true-in-L’ in L.Robert L. Martin - 1975 - Philosophia 5 (3):213-217.
  11.  33
    Fair Play : The Ethics of Sport.Robert L. Simon, Cesar R. Torres & Peter F. Hager - 2015 - Boulder, CO: Westview Pres.
    Addressing both collegiate and professional sports, the updated edition of Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport explores the ethical presuppositions of competitive athletics and their connection both to ethical theory and to concrete moral dilemmas that arise in actual athletic competition. This fourth edition has been updated with new examples, including a discussion of Spygate by the New England Patriots and recent discoveries on the use of performance enhancing drugs by top athletes. Two additional authors, Cesar R. Torres and Peter (...)
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  12. Social Learning Strategies in Networked Groups.Thomas N. Wisdom, Xianfeng Song & Robert L. Goldstone - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1383-1425.
    When making decisions, humans can observe many kinds of information about others' activities, but their effects on performance are not well understood. We investigated social learning strategies using a simple problem-solving task in which participants search a complex space, and each can view and imitate others' solutions. Results showed that participants combined multiple sources of information to guide learning, including payoffs of peers' solutions, popularity of solution elements among peers, similarity of peers' solutions to their own, and relative payoffs from (...)
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  13. Reuniting perception and conception.Robert L. Goldstone & Lawrence W. Barsalou - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):231-262.
  14. Perceptual learning.Robert L. Goldstone & Lisa A. Byrge - 2015 - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  15. Internalism and Internal Values in Sport.Robert L. Simon - 2000 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 27 (1):1-16.
  16.  86
    Microdeterminism and concepts of emergence.Robert L. Klee - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (March):44-63.
    Contemporary scientific theories assume a primarily micro-deterministic view of nature. This paper explores the question of whether micro-determinism is incompatible with the alleged emergence of properties and laws that some biologists and philosophers assert occurs in various biological systems. I argue that a preferable unified treatment of these emergence claims takes properties, rather than laws, to be the units of emergence. Four distinct conceptions of emergence are explored and three shown to be compatible with micro-determinism. The remaining concept of emergence, (...)
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  17.  37
    Types of Constraints on Development: An Interactivist Approach.Robert L. Campbell, Mark H. Bickhard, PO Box & Chandler-Ullmann Hall - unknown
    The interactivist approach to development generates a framework of types of constraints on what can be constructed. The four constraint types are based on: (1) what the constructed systems are about; (2) the representational relationship itself; (3) the nature of the systems being constructed; and (4) the process of construction itself. We give illustrations of each constraint type. Any developmental theory needs to acknowledge all four types of constraint; however, some current theories conflate different types of constraint, or rely on (...)
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  18.  27
    The Structure of Scientific Inference.Robert L. Causey - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (1):137.
  19.  85
    Reasonable expectations of privacy.Robert L. McArthur - 2001 - Ethics and Information Technology 3 (2):123-128.
    Use of the concept of `areasonable person and his or her expectations'is widely found in legal reasoning. This legalconstruct is employed in the present article toexamine privacy questions associated withcontemporary information technology, especiallythe internet. In particular, reasonableexpectations of privacy while browsing theworld-wide-web and while sending and receivinge-mail are analyzed.
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  20. Experimental Philosophy: A Methodological Critique.Robert L. Woolfolk - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):79-87.
    This article offers a critique of research practices typical of experimental philosophy. To that end, it presents a review of methodological issues that have proved crucial to the quality of research in the biobehavioral sciences. It discusses various shortcomings in the experimental philosophy literature related to (1) the credibility of self-report questionnaires, (2) the validity and reliability of measurement, (3) the adherence to appropriate procedures for sampling, random assignment, and handling of participants, and (4) the meticulousness of study reporting. It (...)
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  21.  31
    On War and Morality.Robert L. Holmes - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
    The threat to the survival of humankind posed by nuclear weapons has been a frightening and essential focus of public debate for the last four decades and must continue to be so if we are to avoid destroying ourselves and the natural world around us. One unfortunate result of preoccupation with the nuclear threat, however, has been a new kind of "respectability" accorded to conventional war. In this radical and cogent argument for pacifism, Robert Holmes asserts that all war--not (...)
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  22. Unity of Science.Robert L. Causey - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (4):656-657.
     
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  23.  38
    How to think about environmental studies.Robert L. Chapman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (1):59–74.
    It is not possible to date when environmental studies became ‘Environmental Studies’. Nevertheless it has had a turbulent history marked by inconsistency, conflict and change. It is not surprising that at present it lacks disciplinary coherence and is subject to various definitions, often contradictory. There is ongoing speculation as to the cause of this identity crisis: ‘curricular universalism’ (absence of a unifying concept), academic territorialism and pedagogical clashes. I argue that a philosophical inquiry into the role of values in Environmental (...)
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  24. Western Ethics: An Historical Introduction.Robert L. Arrington - 1998 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This volume provides a wide-ranging and lucid introduction to the major ethical theories found in the history of Western philosophy.
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  25. Act Utilitarianism and Decision Procedures: Robert L. Frazier.Robert L. Frazier - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):43-53.
    A standard objection to act utilitarian theories is that they are not helpful in deciding what it is morally permissible for us to do when we actually have to make a choice between alternatives. That is, such theories are worthless as decision procedures. A standard reply to this objection is that act utilitarian theories can be evaluated solely as theories about right-making characteristics and, when so evaluated, their inadequacy as decision procedures is irrelevant. Even if somewhat unappealing, this is an (...)
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  26. Good Competition and Drug-Enhanced Performance.Robert L. Simon - 1984 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 11 (1):6-13.
  27.  86
    Toward a solution to the liar paradox.Robert L. Martin - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (3):279-311.
  28. How to Think about Environmental Studies.Robert L. Chapman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (1):59-74.
    It is not possible to date when environmental studies became ‘Environmental Studies’. Nevertheless it has had a turbulent history marked by inconsistency, conflict and change. It is not surprising that at present it lacks disciplinary coherence and is subject to various definitions, often contradictory. There is ongoing speculation as to the cause of this identity crisis: ‘curricular universalism’ (absence of a unifying concept), academic territorialism and pedagogical clashes. I argue that a philosophical inquiry into the role of values in Environmental (...)
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  29.  85
    Wittgenstein and Quine.Robert L. Arrington & Hans-Johann Glock (eds.) - 1996 - New York: Routledge.
    This unique study brings together for the first time two of the most important philosophers of this century. Never before have these two thinkers been compared - and commentators' opinions on their relationship differ greatly. Are the views of Wittgenstein and Quine on method and the nature of philosophy comparable or radically opposed? Does Wittgenstein's concept of language engender that of Quine, or threaten its philosophical foundations? An understanding of the similarities and differences between the thought of Wittgenstein and of (...)
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  30. Advertising and behavior control.Robert L. Arrington - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):3 - 12.
    Advertisers often have been accused of using techniques which manipulate and control the behavior of consumers and hence violate their autonomy. Some of these techniques are puffery, subliminal advertising, and indirect information transfer. After examining both criticisms and defenses of such practices, this paper presents an analysis of four of the concepts involved in the debate — the concepts of autonomous desire, rational desire, free choice, and control. Applying the results to the case of advertising, it is shown that advertising (...)
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  31.  33
    Axiomatizability by a schema.Robert L. Vaught - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):473-479.
  32. Parapsychology and the demarcation problem.Robert L. Morris - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):241 – 251.
    Many writers have attempted to develop criteria to demarcate between competent science and pseudo?science. Such attempts can be aimed at sizeable, organized endeavours, such as mesmerism and astrology, or at the level of individual practice. The latter is seen by some, such as Lugg, as more likely to be feasible and useful. This paper argues that parapsychology, due to its complexity and diversity, illustrates some of the problems of attempting to develop demarcation criteria for extensive endeavours. It is also suggested (...)
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  33.  26
    Review: The Sociobiology Muddle. [REVIEW]Robert L. Simon - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):327-340.
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  34. Relative Truth and Semantic Categories. A Reply to J. F. Post.Robert L. Martin - 1974 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):149.
  35.  55
    Relative truth and semantic categories.Robert L. Martin - 1974 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):149 - 153.
  36.  55
    Uniform microreductions.Robert L. Causey - 1972 - Synthese 25 (1-2):176 - 218.
  37.  55
    The Ethics of Strategic Fouling:A Reply to Fraleigh.Robert L. Simon - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 32 (1):87-95.
  38.  49
    Sketches from a Design Process: Creative Cognition Inferred From Intermediate Products.Robert L. Goldstone, Steven A. Sloman, David A. Lagnado, Mark Steyvers, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Saskia Jaarsveld, Cees van Leeuwen, Murray Shanahan, Terry Dartnall & Simon Dennis - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (1):79-101.
    Novice designers produced a sequence of sketches while inventing a logo for a novel brand of soft drink. The sketches were scored for the presence of specific objects, their local features and global composition. Self‐assessment scores for each sketch and art critics' scores for the end products were collected. It was investigated whether the design evolves in an essentially random fashion or according to an overall heuristic. The results indicated a macrostructure in the evolution of the design, characterized by two (...)
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  39.  37
    Can anything be an aesthetic object?Robert L. Zimmerman - 1966 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 25 (2):177-186.
  40. Cognitive Control and Flexibility in the Context of Stress and Depressive Symptoms: The Cognitive Control and Flexibility Questionnaire.Robert L. Gabrys, Nassim Tabri, Hymie Anisman & Kimberly Matheson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  41.  89
    Attribute identities in microreductions.Robert L. Causey - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (14):407-422.
  42.  35
    Fitting perception in and to cognition.Robert L. Goldstone, Joshua R. de Leeuw & David H. Landy - 2015 - Cognition 135 (C):24-29.
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  43.  70
    Kant: The aesthetic judgment.Robert L. Zimmerman - 1963 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 21 (3):333-344.
  44. On War and Morality.Robert L. Holmes - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):900-901.
     
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  45.  16
    III. Nozick on Anarchism.Robert L. Holmes - 1977 - Political Theory 5 (2):247-256.
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  46.  69
    Nozick on anarchism.Robert L. Holmes - 1977 - Political Theory 5 (2):247-256.
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  47.  26
    From Ethnocentrism to Realism: Can Discourse Ethics Bridge the Gap?Robert L. Simon - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):122-141.
  48.  30
    Regarding Rocky: A Theoretical and Ethnographic Exploration of Interspecies Intersubjectivity.Robert L. Young - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (3):294-313.
    Both theoretical and empirical work in a variety of disciplines has resulted in a recent turn away from Cartesian and Meadian anthropocentrism in the direction of a radical reconsideration of nonhuman animal mind and agency. Central to sociology’s role in envisioning a repopulated social world is the analysis of nonhuman-human social interaction. Because all social action is predicated on certain assumptions regarding the minds of others, a theory of intersubjectivity must be at the core of any such project. It is (...)
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  49. Art Talk and Art Things.Robert L. Zimmerman - 1985 - Philosophical Forum 17 (2):105-126.
     
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  50.  34
    Ethics in Agriculture: Where Are We and Where Should We Be Going?Robert L. Zimdahl & Thomas O. Holtzer - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (6):751-753.
    Agriculture’s dominant focus is feeding the human population. From an ethical perspective, this is clearly very positive, but it does not absolve agriculture from critical, ethical examination of the totality of agriculture’s effects. To earn the public’s ongoing support, agriculture must be trusted to vigilantly examine its full range of effects and be sure they align with the highest ethical values. Agriculture’s record is enviable in the science and technology associated with its primary ethical concern, but we need to do (...)
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