Results for 'Robert M. Brownstone'

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  1. Target Populations for First-In-Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Spinal Cord Injury.Frederic Bretzner, Frederic Gilbert, Françoise Baylis & Robert M. Brownstone - 2011 - Cell Stem Cell 8 (5):468-475.
    Geron recently announced that it had begun enrolling patients in the world's first-in-human clinical trial involving cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). This trial raises important questions regarding the future of hESC-based therapies, especially in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. We address some safety and efficacy concerns with this research, as well as the ethics of fair subject selection. We consider other populations that might be better for this research: chronic complete SCI patients for a safety trial, subacute (...)
     
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  2.  63
    The Concept of Voluntary Consent.Robert M. Nelson, Tom Beauchamp, Victoria A. Miller, William Reynolds, Richard F. Ittenbach & Mary Frances Luce - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):6-16.
    Our primary focus is on analysis of the concept of voluntariness, with a secondary focus on the implications of our analysis for the concept and the requirements of voluntary informed consent. We propose that two necessary and jointly sufficient conditions must be satisfied for an action to be voluntary: intentionality, and substantial freedom from controlling influences. We reject authenticity as a necessary condition of voluntary action, and we note that constraining situations may or may not undermine voluntariness, depending on the (...)
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  3.  19
    Determined: a science of life without free will.Robert M. Sapolsky - 2023 - New York: Penguin Press.
    One of our great behavioral scientists, the bestselling author of Behave, plumbs the depths of the science and philosophy of decision-making to mount a devastating case against free will, an argument with profound consequences Robert Sapolsky's Behave, his now classic account of why humans do good and why they do bad, pointed toward an unsettling conclusion: We may not grasp the precise marriage of nature and nurture that creates the physics and chemistry at the base of human behavior, but (...)
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  4.  12
    Death, Dying, and the Biological Revolution: Our Last Quest for Responsibility.Robert M. Veatch - 1976 - Yale University Press.
  5.  17
    How an Addiction Ontology Can Unify Competing Conceptualizations of Addiction.Robert M. Kelly, Robert West & Janna Hastings - 2022 - In Nick Heather, Matt Field, Anthony Moss & Sally Satel (eds.), Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction.
    Disagreement about the nature of ‘addiction’, such as whether it is a brain disease, arises in part because the label is applied to a wide range of phenomena. This creates conceptual and definitional confusions and misunderstandings, often leading to researchers talking past one another. Ontologies have been successfully implemented in other fields to help solve these problems by creating unifying frameworks that can accommodate divergence while clarifying the basis for it. We argue that ontologies can help transform the way we (...)
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  6. Takwīn al-dawlah.Robert M. MacIver - 1966 - Bayrūt: Dār al-ʻIlm lil-Malāyīn. Edited by Ḥasan Ṣaʻb.
     
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  7.  22
    Studies in Ch'an and Hua-Yen.Robert M. Gimello & Peter N. Gregory (eds.) - 1983 - University of Hawaii Press.
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  8.  8
    The unmasking of English dictionaries.Robert M. W. Dixon - 2017 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    When we look up a word in a dictionary, we want to know not just its meaning but also its function and the circumstances under which it should be used in preference to words of similar meaning. Standard dictionaries do not address such matters, treating each word in isolation. R. M. W. Dixon puts forward a new approach to lexicography that involves grouping words into 'semantic sets', to describe what can and cannot be said, and providing explanations for this. He (...)
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  9.  5
    Handed Down from Goof to Goof.Robert M. Mentyka - 2019-10-03 - In Richard B. Davis (ed.), Disney and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 207–216.
    Goofy is one of the most beloved and enduring members of the Disney family. In the course of A Goofy Movie, Goofy passes on to his son, Max, a fishing pole that is “been handed down from Goof to Goof to Goof.” Obviously, this pole is one of Goofy's prized possessions and he takes great pride in gifting it to Max. Unfortunately, in doing so, he violates Kant's categorical imperative, since the handing on of this pole is not something that (...)
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  10.  5
    Real Signature Figures.Robert M. Mentyka - 2017-07-26 - In William Irwin & Roy T. Cook (eds.), LEGO® and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 123–132.
    This chapter discusses the versatile LEGO minifigure to introduce some major themes, questions, and problems tackled in the "philosophy of the human person". It begins with the question of just what parts are involved in making a human person. After that, the chapter considers the problems surrounding any individual's continued existence over time, and also discusses the philosophical view according to which the acts of decision‐making and imaginative creation are the very things. The cheerful yellow LEGO minifig presents a wonderful (...)
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  11.  4
    SHODAN vs. the Many.Robert M. Mentyka - 2015-05-26 - In Luke Cuddy (ed.), BioShock and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 27–37.
    If there's one element that glues together the various games connected to the BioShock series, it's a willingness to challenge players to think. Traditionally, philosophers have chosen one of two general candidates to serve as the criterion of personal identity, the feature or characteristic that makes a person who they are and not someone else. These two criteria are (1) our physical bodies and (2) our conscious experiences as a “psychological continuity.” SHODAN was the protagonist in the original System Shock (...)
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  12.  7
    The Alien as Übermensch.Robert M. Mentyka - 2017-06-23 - In Jeffrey Ewing & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), Alien and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 187–197.
    During the android Ash's confession in Alien, peope learn a lot about the creature that has been stalking the crew of the Nostromo. Rather than give the human survivors some hope about their chances of overcoming the Xenomorph, Ash waxes poetic about the alien's nature, describing it as the “perfect organism”. The nature of the Xenomorph illustrates some of the core principles of Nietzschean philosophy. This chapter focuses on the idea of the Übermensch and how the aliens from this beloved (...)
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  13.  8
    Meaningful Sex and Moral Respect.Robert M. Stewart - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Michael Bruce & Robert M. Stewart (eds.), College Sex ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 185–197.
    This chapter contains sections titled: College Sex Today Meaning and Sexuality Meaning and Morality Respect and Higher Value Making Love Meaningfully.
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  14.  5
    Archetypes in Religion and Beyond.Robert M. Ellis - 2022 - Sheffield: Equinox.
    The Jungian concept of archetypes is of immense value for critically distinguishing what is potentially of universal practical value in religious and other cultural traditions, and separating this from the dogmatic elements. However, Jung encumbered the concept of archetypes with debatable constructions like the 'collective unconscious' that are unnecessary for understanding their practical function. This book puts forward a far-reaching new theory of archetypes that is functional without being reductive. At the centre of this is the idea that archetypes are (...)
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  15.  3
    The sovereign God and the Christian disciple.Robert M. Solomon - 2020 - Singapore: Genesis.
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  16.  12
    The five principles of middle way philosophy: living experientially in a world of uncertainty.Robert M. Ellis - 2023 - Bristol, CT: Equinox Publishing.
    This second book in the 'Middle Way Philosophy' series develops five general principles that are distinctive to the universal Middle Way as a practical response to absolutization. These begin with the consistent acknowledgement of human uncertainty (scepticism), and follow through with openness to alternative possibilities (provisionality), the importance of judging things as a matter of degree (incrementality), the clear rejection of polarised absolute claims (agnosticism) and the cultivation of cognitive and emotional states that will help us resolve conflict (integration).
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  17. Jāmiʻah va ḥukūmat =.Robert M. MacIver - 1965 - Tihrān: Bungāh-i Tarjumah va Nashr-i Kitāb. Edited by Ibrāhīm ʻAlī Kanī.
     
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  18. Negara modern.Robert M. MacIver - 1962 - Djakarta: Ichtiar. Edited by Moertono.
     
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  19. Conclusion : about evidence and the use and misuse of data.Robert M. Hauser - 2023 - In Robert Mason Hauser & Adrianna Link (eds.), Evidence: the use and misuse of data. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society Press.
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  20.  8
    The modern state.Robert M. MacIver - 1926 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
    A fascinating study of the modern state as a collection of associations and a tool that has to be given power by the people but musty follow checks and balances put in place. A relevant text when written and still relevant in this day.
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  21.  8
    On quality: an inquiry into excellence: unpublished and selected writings.Robert M. Pirsig - 2022 - Boston: Mariner Books. Edited by Wendy K. Pirsig.
    For the first time, readers are granted access to fifty years of the author's personal writings in this posthumous collection that includes previously unpublished texts, speeches, letters, interviews and private notes, as well as key excerpts from the multi-million-copy-selling classic Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.
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  22.  76
    The Locus of Decision Making for Severely Impaired Newborn Infants.Robert M. Sade - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):39 - 40.
    Expert analysis is indispensable, especially in medical decision making, because it helps both physicians and patients in making rational decisions. In fact, medical expertise is the very reason pe...
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  23.  9
    Absolutization: the source of dogma, repression, and conflict.Robert M. Ellis - 2022 - Bristol, CT: Equinox Publishing.
    This book puts forward a theory of absolutization, bringing together a multi-disciplinary understanding of this central flaw in human judgement, and what we can do about it. This approach, drawing on Buddhist thought and practice, philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, embodied meaning and systems theory, offers a rigorous introduction to absolutization as the central problem addressed in Middle Way Philosophy, which is a synthetic approach developed by the author over more than twenty years in a series of books. It challenges disciplinary boundaries (...)
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  24.  4
    The meaning of language.Robert M. Martin - 2018 - London, England: The MIT Press. Edited by Heidi Savage & Melissa Ebbers.
    Written in a straightforward and explanatory way and filled with examples, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, suitable for students with no background in the philosophy of language or formal logic.
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  25. Forgoing nutrition in infants and children with intellectual disabilities.Robert M. Veatch - 2010 - In Sandra L. Friedman & David T. Helm (eds.), End-of-life care for children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Washington, DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
     
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  26. Jumping to Conclusions About the Beads Task? A Meta-analysis of Delusional Ideation and Data-Gathering.Robert Ross, McKay M., Coltheart Ryan, Langdon Max & Robyn - 2015 - Schizophrenia Bulletin 41 (5):1183–91.
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  27. Folk psychology as mental simulation.Luca Barlassina & Robert M. Gordon - 2017 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Mindreading (or folk psychology, Theory of Mind, mentalizing) is the capacity to represent and reason about others’ mental states. The Simulation Theory (ST) is one of the main approaches to mindreading. ST draws on the common-sense idea that we represent and reason about others’ mental states by putting ourselves in their shoes. More precisely, we typically arrive at representing others’ mental states by simulating their mental states in our own mind. This entry offers a detailed analysis of ST, considers theoretical (...)
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  28. Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century.Robert M. Young & Nils Roll-Hansen - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  29.  6
    Responsible belief: limitations, liabilities, and melioration.Robert M. Frazier - 2015 - Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.
    Tackles the problem of fixing the tenacity of believers in forming, holding, and modifying beliefs. in conversation with the history of philosophy and religion, the author attempts to expose and refute some aspects of the dominant epistemological framework for engaging belief fixation and improvement. In contrast to this framework, Dr. Frazier provides a model of responsible believing agent rooted in an ethic of the intellectual virtue tradition. In dialog with Aristotle, he proposes three principal virtues, which he calls the generative, (...)
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  30.  23
    Darwin's Metaphor Does Nature Select ?Robert M. Young - 1971 - Dept. Of Philosophy, San Jose College.
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  31. Folk psychology as simulation.Robert M. Gordon - 1986 - Mind and Language 1 (2):158-71.
  32. Darwin's Metaphor: Nature's Place in Victorian Culture.Robert M. Young - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 20 (1):131-132.
  33.  81
    Darwin’s Metaphor.Robert M. Young - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):442-503.
    It is not too great an exaggeration to claim that On the Origin of Species was, along with Das Kapital, one of the two most significant works in the intellectual history of the nineteenth century. As George Henry Lewes wrote in 1868, ‘No work of our time has been so general in its influence’. However, the very generality of the influence of Darwin’s work provides the chief problem for the intellectual historian. Most books and articles on the subject assert the (...)
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  34. Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century.Robert M. Young - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (2):200-202.
     
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  35.  17
    Theory Medicl Ethics.Robert M. Veatch - 1983 - Basic Books.
    Assesses the ethical problems that doctors face every day and advocates a more universal code of medical ethics, one that draws on the traditions of religion and philosophy.
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  36.  32
    Animal psychology and criteria of the psychic.Robert M. Yerkes - 1905 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 2 (6):141-149.
  37. Motive Utilitarianism.Robert M. Adams - 1998 - In James Rachels (ed.), Ethical Theory 2: Theories About How We Should Live. Oxford University Press UK.
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  38. The simulation theory: Objections and misconceptions.Robert M. Gordon - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):11-34.
  39.  23
    Rule-plus-exception model of classification learning.Robert M. Nosofsky, Thomas J. Palmeri & Stephen C. McKinley - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (1):53-79.
  40.  54
    The impending collapse of the whole-brain definition of death.Robert M. Veatch - 2009 - In John P. Lizza (ed.), Defining the Beginning and End of Life: Readings on Personal Identity and Bioethics. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 18-24.
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  41.  10
    The Basics of Bioethics.Robert M. Veatch - 2012 - Routledge.
  42.  48
    Reconciling Lists of Principles in Bioethics.Robert M. Veatch - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (4-5):540-559.
    In celebration of the fortieth anniversary of the publication of Beauchamp and Childress’s Principles of Biomedical Ethics, a review is undertaken to compare the lists of principles in various bioethical theories to determine the extent to which the various lists can be reconciled. Included are the single principle theories of utilitarianism, libertarianism, Hippocratism, and the theories of Pellegrino, Engelhardt, The Belmont Report, Beauchamp and Childress, Ross, Veatch, and Gert. We find theories all offering lists of principles numbering from one to (...)
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  43.  34
    Scholarship and the History of the Behavioural Sciences.Robert M. Young - 1966 - History of Science 5 (1):1-51.
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  44.  20
    The Impending Collapse of the Whole-Brain Definition of Death.Robert M. Veatch - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (4):18.
    No one really believes that literally all functions of the entire brain must be lost for an individual to be dead. A better definition of death involves a higher brain orientation.
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  45.  10
    Darwin’s Metaphor.Robert M. Young - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):442-503.
    It is not too great an exaggeration to claim that On the Origin of Species was, along with Das Kapital, one of the two most significant works in the intellectual history of the nineteenth century. As George Henry Lewes wrote in 1868, ‘No work of our time has been so general in its influence’. However, the very generality of the influence of Darwin’s work provides the chief problem for the intellectual historian. Most books and articles on the subject assert the (...)
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  46.  75
    Abandoning Informed Consent.Robert M. Veatch - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (2):5-12.
    Clinicians cannot obtain valid consent to treatment because they cannot guess which treatment option will serve a particular patient's best interests. These guesses could be made more accurately if patients were paired with providers who share their deep values.
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  47.  13
    An exemplar-based random walk model of speeded classification.Robert M. Nosofsky & Thomas J. Palmeri - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (2):266-300.
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  48. Simulation without introspection or inference from me to you.Robert M. Gordon - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell.
  49.  32
    Controversies in defining death: a case for choice.Robert M. Veatch - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (5):381-401.
    When a new, brain-based definition of death was proposed fifty years ago, no one realized that the issue would remain unresolved for so long. Recently, six new controversies have added to the debate: whether there is a right to refuse apnea testing, which set of criteria should be chosen to measure the death of the brain, how the problem of erroneous testing should be handled, whether any of the current criteria sets accurately measures the death of the brain, whether standard (...)
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  50.  27
    Models for Ethical Medicine in a Revolutionary Age.Robert M. Veatch - 1972 - Hastings Center Report 2 (3):5-7.
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