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Robert Phillips [17]Robert A. Phillips [14]Robert L. Phillips [14]Robert E. Phillips [3]
Robert G. Phillips [2]Robert T. M. Phillips [2]Robert J. Phillips [2]Robert W. Phillips [1]

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Robert Phillips
University of Connecticut
  1.  69
    Stakeholder Legitimacy.Robert Phillips - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (1):25-41.
    This paper is a preliminary attempt to better understand the concept of legitimacy in stakeholder theory. The normative componentof stakeholder theory plays a central role in the concept of legitimacy. Though the elaboration of legitimacy contained hereinapplies generally to all “normative cores” this paper relies on Phillips’s principle of stakeholder fairness and therefore begins with a brief description of this work. This is followed by a discussion of the importance of legitimacy to stakeholder theory as well as the general ambiguity (...)
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  2. Stakeholder Theory and A Principle of Fairness.Robert A. Phillips - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):51-66.
    Stakeholder theory has become a central issue in the literature on business ethics / business and society. There are, however, a number of problems with stakeholder theory as currently understood. Among these are: 1) the lack of a coherent justificatory framework, 2) the problem of adjudicating between stakeholders, and 3) the problem of stakeholder identification. In this essay, I propose that a possible source of obligations to stakeholders is the principle of fairness (or fair play) as discussed in the political (...)
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  3. Stakeholder Theory: A Libertarian Defense.R. Edward Freeman & Robert A. Phillips - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):331-350.
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to suggest that at least one strain of what has come to be called “stakeholder theory” has roots that are deeply libertarian. We begin by explicating both “stakeholder theory” and “libertarian arguments.” We show how there are libertarian arguments for both instrumental and normative stakeholder theory, and we construct a version of capitalism, called “stakeholder capitalism,” that builds on these libertarian ideas. We argue throughout that strong notions of “freedom” and “voluntary action” are (...)
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  4.  21
    Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory1.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind (Harvard Business School Press, Boston)]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic (...)
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  5.  41
    New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401-425.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  6.  90
    The Environment as a Stakeholder? A Fairness-Based Approach.Robert A. Phillips & Joel Reichart - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):185 - 197.
    Stakeholder theory is often unable to distinguish those individuals and groups that are stakeholders from those that are not. This problem of stakeholder identity has recently been addressed by linking stakeholder theory to a Rawlsian principle of fairness. To illustrate, the question of stakeholder status for the non-human environment is discussed. This essay criticizes a past attempt to ascribe stakeholder status to the non-human environment, which utilized a broad definition of the term "stakeholder." This paper then demonstrates how, despite the (...)
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  7.  10
    Value Chain Responsibility: A Farewell to Arm's Length.Robert Phillips & Craig B. Caldwell - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (4):345-370.
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  8.  2
    Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind ]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic human rights - is (...)
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  9.  33
    Ethics and Network Organizations.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):533-543.
    As value chains become longer with increases in outsourcing and subcontracting, the challenges of fi xing responsibility become more diffi cult. Using concepts from the literature on social networks, this paper considers issues of diffusion of responsibility and plausible deniability in such relationships. Specifi cally, this paper isolates three sources of denial of – or defense against – attributions of responsibility: connection, control and knowledge. It goes on to consider the effects on network density and actor centrality as third parties (...)
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  10.  8
    History Teaching, Nationhood and the State: A Study in Educational Politics.Robert Phillips - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (4):458-460.
  11. On Stakeholder Delimitation.Robert Phillips - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (1):32-4.
     
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  12.  19
    European and American Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility.Robert Phillips - 2008 - Business Ethics 17 (1):69-73.
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  13.  30
    Contesting the Past, Constructing the Future: History, Identity and Politics in Schools.Robert Phillips - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (1):40-53.
    This paper examines the ways in which the history curriculum in UK schools has been subject to contestation in recent years and considers the implications of the impact of postmodernism -particularly consumption - upon history teaching. It explores the relationship between 'official history' taught in schools and the 'unofficial histories' which influence children in the community, in the media and through the heritage industry. It argues that the powerful images gained outside the 'official' environment have profound implications for the ways (...)
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  14.  2
    Business Ethis Quarterly Twentieth Anniversary Forum, Part I: New Directions for Business New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Heather Elms, Stephen Brammer, Jared D. Harris & Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  15.  28
    Private Security Companies and Institutional Legitimacy: Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility.Heather Elms & Robert A. Phillips - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (3):403-432.
    The private provision of security services has attracted a great deal of recent attention, both professional and popular. Much of that attention suggests the questioned moral legitimacy of the private vs. public provision of security. Linking the literature on moral legitimacy and responsibility from new institutional and stakeholder theories, we examine the relationship between moral legitimacy and responsible behavior by both private security companies and their stakeholders. We ask what the moral-legitimacy-enhancing responsibilities of both might be, and contribute to both (...)
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  16.  41
    Report From the President.Robert Phillips - 2008 - The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 19 (2):3-3.
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  17. Humanitarian Intervention: Just War Vs. Pacifism.Robert L. Phillips & Duane L. Cady - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    American and international involvement in war-torn regions such as Bosnia and Somalia has come under increasing scrutiny by politicians and scholars. Here, two distinguished philosophers debate military intervention from just-war and pacifist perspectives. Describing the range of values and issues facing governments as they consider intervening in the affairs of other nations, each scholar makes his case and then responds to the opposing argument.
     
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  18.  39
    Communitarianism, the Vatican, and the New Global Order.Robert L. Phillips - 1991 - Ethics and International Affairs 5:135–147.
    Phillips traces the history of communitarianism through Aristotelian and Judeo-Christian writings, clarifying the proper function of the community in helping individuals help themselves by mobilizing church resources and countering anti-religious movements such as Nazism and communism.
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  19.  22
    Nuclear Deterrence and Just War Theory.Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Analyse & Kritik 9 (1-2):142-154.
    The just war tradition stands as the moral and prudential alternatie to both pacifism and realism. It forms the only reasonable ethical basis for the understanding of state initiated force. As applied to questions of nuclear deterrence, just war theory is incompatible with Mutual Assured Destruction and with the threat of MAD. Just war theory entails a move toward counterforce with discriminate targeting of military capabilities and away from city targeting. This is now becoming possible technically and is morally indicated. (...)
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  20. Issues in History Teaching.James Arthur & Robert Phillips - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (4):469-470.
     
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  21.  15
    What Is the State of the American Regime: A Response.Robert J. Phillips - 2000 - Catholic Social Science Review 5:111-120.
    The three papers interpret the American regime in different ways. Stack thinks that the American regime is the best of available alternatives, and may evenbe fundamentally healthy. Shankman finds the regime presently in ill health, but suggests how a neglected thread of American political thought could help to restore its health. Holloway, while silent on the direct issue of the American regime, argues that modernity is deeply flawed and thus suggests that the American regime is systemically unhealthy. Phillips addresses these (...)
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  22.  33
    Brief Remarks on the Evolutionary Method.Robert A. Phillips - 2004 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:235-238.
    There are explicit claims to Darwinian thinking in numerous fields of study. A common temptation associated with this method across disciplines is to call some attributes “natural” and others “cultural” in origin. But this distinction can be dangerous—particularly when applied to ethics. When employing the Darwinian method, ideas should be evaluated in the same way whether the characteristics are described as natural or as cultural. We should ascertain the moral usefulness of a trait irrespective of its genetic basis or lack (...)
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  23. Special Issue on" The Accountable Corporation": Guest Editors' Introduction.Shawn L. Berman & Robert A. Phillips - forthcoming - Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
     
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  24. The War Against Pluralism.Robert L. Phillips - 2003 - In James Sterba (ed.), Terrorism and International Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 101--113.
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  25.  15
    Is There an Ethic to NATO?Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Ethics International Affairs 1 (1):211-219.
    Phillips suggests ways to reaffirm the rule of law and the commitment to social justice and to build such values into Western foreign policy, rather than use them as public relations tinsel.
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  26.  32
    Brave New World and the Liberal Concept of Freedom.Robert L. Phillips - 1973 - Journal of Value Inquiry 7 (3):198-203.
  27.  11
    Is There an Ethic to NATO?Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Ethics and International Affairs 1:211-219.
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  28.  8
    Austin and Berkeley on Perception.Robert L. Phillips - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (148):161 - 163.
  29.  9
    Mr. Aune on Strawson.Robert L. Phillips - 1965 - Mind 74 (296):588-589.
  30.  22
    Physicians Should Treat Mentally Ill Death Row Inmates, Even If Treatment Is Refused.Melissa McDonnell & Robert T. M. Phillips - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):774-788.
    Competency to be executed evaluations are conducted with a clear understanding that no physician-patient relationship exists. Treatment however, is not so neatly re-categorized in large measure because it involves the physician's active provision of the healing arts. A natural tension exists between what practices may be legally permissible and what are ethically acceptable. We present an overview of the existing positions on this matter in the process of framing our argument.
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  31.  25
    Intuitonism Revisited.Robert L. Phillips - 1972 - Journal of Value Inquiry 6 (3):185-199.
  32.  18
    A Farewell to Arm’s Length in Value Chain Responsibilities.Craig B. Caldwell & Robert Phillips - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16 (4):87-92.
    The trend toward increased levels of business interconnectedness in the value chain has clouded the issue of responsibility for business practices. Firms havehistorically denied responsibility for many questionable practices by suggesting that such acts were committed somewhere else in the value chain and that, because they are separated by an arm’s length transaction, they are not responsible. Emerging evidence suggests that in light of the interconnected and networked business environment, the arm’s length defense is growing less effective. We discuss the (...)
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  33.  12
    The Principle of Self-Determination.Robert Phillips - 1989 - Social Philosophy Today 2:60-67.
  34.  9
    The Gothic Architecture of The Member of the Wedding.Robert S. Phillips - 1964 - Renascence 16 (2):59-72.
  35.  10
    Guest Editors' Introduction.Robert Phillips - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):3-6.
  36.  9
    The Market for Virtue.Robert Phillips - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (2):367-367.
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  37.  5
    Brief Remarks on the Evolutionary Method.Robert A. Phillips - 2004 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 4:235-238.
    There are explicit claims to Darwinian thinking in numerous fields of study. A common temptation associated with this method across disciplines is to call some attributes “natural” and others “cultural” in origin. But this distinction can be dangerous—particularly when applied to ethics. When employing the Darwinian method, ideas should be evaluated in the same way whether the characteristics are described as natural or as cultural. We should ascertain the moral usefulness of a trait irrespective of its genetic basis or lack (...)
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  38.  8
    Current Events Periodicals and Business Ethics.Robert A. Phillips & James G. Clawson - 1998 - Teaching Business Ethics 2 (2):165-174.
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  39.  15
    State Tort Reforms and Hospital Malpractice Costs.Charles R. Ellington, Martey Dodoo, Robert Phillips, Ronald Szabat, Larry Green & Kim Bullock - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):127-133.
    This study explored the relation between state medical liability reform measures, hospital malpractice costs, and hospital solvency. It suggests that state malpractice caps are desirable but not essential for improved hospital financial solvency or viability.
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  40.  15
    Classical and Contemporary Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Edited by John Hick. Prentice Hall, Englewood, N. J. And Scarborough, Ont. 1964. Pp. Xv, 494. $8.60. [REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips - 1964 - Dialogue 3 (3):337-338.
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  41.  4
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Shawn Berman & Robert Phillips - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):3-6.
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  42.  7
    "Vicarious Reinforcement and Imitation in a Verbal Learning Situation": Erratum.Robert E. Phillips - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3, Pt.1):524-524.
  43.  12
    Philosophy and Ordinary Language. Edited by C. E. Caton. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1963. Pp. 246. $6.00. Paper $1.95. [REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips - 1964 - Dialogue 2 (4):481-482.
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  44. Splitting the Difference—Patient Preference Vs Conservation of Resources.Robert Phillips - 2004 - AMA Journal of Ethics 6 (6):258-260.
  45.  5
    Comparison of Direct and Vicarious Reinforcement and an Investigation of Methodological Variables.Robert E. Phillips - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):666.
  46.  6
    Review: R. MacDowell, E. Specker, Modelle der Arithmetik. [REVIEW]Robert G. Phillips - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4):651-652.
  47.  5
    Vicarious Reinforcement and Limitation in a Verbal Learning Situation.Robert E. Phillips - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (4p1):669.
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  48.  3
    MacDowell R. And Specker E.. Modelle der Arithmetik. Infinitistic Methods, Proceedings of the Symposium on Foundations of Mathematics, Warsaw, 2–9 September 1959, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, and Pergamon Press, Oxford, London, New York, and Paris, 1961, Pp. 257–263. [REVIEW]Robert G. Phillips - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4):651-652.
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  49.  2
    The American Myth of Religious Freedom by Kenneth R. Craycraft. [REVIEW]Robert J. Phillips - 2000 - Catholic Social Science Review 5:317-320.
  50.  6
    Justus Hartnack, Philosophical Problems. Scandinavian University Books, Copenhagen, 1962. 130 Pp. D. Kr. 22:50. [REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (2):228-229.
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