Results for 'Robert Wilt'

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  1.  33
    Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies.Vinata Vedam-Mai, Karl Deisseroth, James Giordano, Gabriel Lazaro-Munoz, Winston Chiong, Nanthia Suthana, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jay Gill, Wayne Goodman, Nicole R. Provenza, Casey H. Halpern, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Tricia N. Cunningham, Sameer A. Sheth, Nader Pouratian, Katherine W. Scangos, Helen S. Mayberg, Andreas Horn, Kara A. Johnson, Christopher R. Butson, Ro’ee Gilron, Coralie de Hemptinne, Robert Wilt, Maria Yaroshinsky, Simon Little, Philip Starr, Greg Worrell, Prasad Shirvalkar, Edward Chang, Jens Volkmann, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Andrea A. Kühn, Luming Li, Matthew Johnson, Kevin J. Otto, Robert Raike, Steve Goetz, Chengyuan Wu, Peter Silburn, Binith Cheeran, Yagna J. Pathak, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Aysegul Gunduz, Joshua K. Wong, Stephanie Cernera, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Wissam Deeb, Addie Patterson, Kelly D. Foote & Michael S. Okun - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15:644593.
    We estimate that 208,000 deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices have been implanted to address neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders worldwide. DBS Think Tank presenters pooled data and determined that DBS expanded in its scope and has been applied to multiple brain disorders in an effort to modulate neural circuitry. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 providing a space where clinicians, engineers, researchers from industry and academia discuss current and emerging DBS technologies and logistical and ethical issues facing the field. (...)
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  2. Andreas Wilts, Beginen im Bodenseeraum. (Bodensee-Bibliothek, 37.) Sigmaringen: Jan Thorbecke, 1994. Pp. 508 plus 1 color plate; maps, tables, graphs. DM 78. [REVIEW]Robert E. Lerner - 1997 - Speculum 72 (4):1223-1225.
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  3. Entitlement Theories of Justice: From Nozick to Roemer and Beyond.Robert J. van der Veen - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):69-81.
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick contrasts entitlement theories of justice and “traditional” theories such as Rawls', utilitarianism or egalitarianism, and advocates the former against the latter. What exactly is an entitlement theory of justice? Nozick's book offers two distinct characterizations. On the one hand, he explicitly describes “the general outlines of the entitlement theory” as maintaining “that the holdings of a person are just if he is entitled to them by the principles of justice in acquisition and (...)
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  4. Robert Nozick and wilt Chamberlain: How patterns preserve liberty. [REVIEW]G. A. Cohen - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):5 - 23.
    Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State and Utopia is in large measure an ingenious elaboration of an argument for capitalism adumbrated by Plekhanov. The capitalism Nozick advocates is more pure than the one we know today. It lacks taxation for social welfare, and it permits degrees of inequality far greater than most apologists for contemporary bourgeois society would countenance. The present paper paper is only indirectly a critique of Nozick's defense of capitalism. Its immediate aim is to refute Nozick's major argument (...)
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  5.  69
    The tables turned: Wilt Chamberlain versus Robert Nozick on rectification.Adam James Tebble - 2001 - Economics and Philosophy 17 (1):89-108.
    Recently the demand for rectification of past injustices has become an increasingly important issue. Each of the last three decades has witnessed democratization processes in the Mediterranean basin, Latin America, in Central and Eastern Europe and in Africa where debates have arisen over rectification of past wrongs which naturally include the unjust expropriation of property. Most recently, moreover, the idea of land restitution to indigenous people, particularly in Australia, Canada and Zimbabwe, has become a prominent, if not always equanimous, part (...)
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  6.  69
    Wilt Chamberlain Redux?Gordon Barnes - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):79-85.
    According to Eric Mack, the Wilt Chamberlain Argument makes two distinct points against all patterned and end-state theories of justice. First, the pattern theorist cannot explain how innocuous actions can give rise to an injustice. Second, the enforcement of a pattern theory requires constant redistribution of holdings, and that prevents people from forming legitimate expectations about their future holdings. This paper responds to both of these points. Mack’s first point denies or disregards the relevance of harmful consequences to the (...)
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  7. Wilt Chamberlain Redux: Thinking Clearly about Externalities and the Promises of Justice.Lamont Rodgers & Travis Joseph Rodgers - 2018 - Reason Papers 39 (2):90-114.
    Gordon Barnes accuses Robert Nozick and Eric Mack of neglecting, in two ways, the practical, empirical questions relevant to justice in the real world.1 He thinks these omissions show that the argument behind the Wilt Chamberlain example—which Nozick famously made in his seminal Anarchy, State, and Utopia—fails. As a result, he suggests that libertarians should concede that this argument fails. In this article, we show that Barnes’s key arguments hinge on misunderstandings of, or failures to notice, key aspects (...)
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  8.  27
    Hume’s “Wilt Chamberlain Argument” and taxation.Kenneth Henley - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (S1):148-160.
    Robert Nozick addresses the idea of egalitarian redistribution in an argument standardly considered original: the “Wilt Chamberlain Argument”. However, this argument is found in David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, first published in 1751. Placing this argument within a Humean and Hayekian, rather than a Lockean or Kantian, perspective radically changes its import for issues of economic justice. Rather than vindicating the radical individualism of Nozick and other libertarians, applied to our circumstances using Hume's conventionalist (...)
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  9. Nozick's Wilt Chamberlain argument.Fabian Wendt - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 254–257.
    Presents Robert Nozick's Wilt Chamberlain argument in premise-conclusion form.
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  10. Phenomenology of the human person.Robert Sokolowski - 2008 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Robert Sokolowski argues that being a person means to be involved with truth. He shows that human reason is established by syntactic composition in language, pictures, and actions and that we understand things when they are presented to us through syntax. Sokolowski highlights the role of the spoken word in human reason and examines the bodily and neurological basis for human experience. Drawing on Husserl and Aristotle, as well as Aquinas and Henry James, Sokolowski here employs (...)
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  11.  6
    Wilamowitz-Bildnisse.Wilt Aden Schröder - 2007 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 151 (2):335-374.
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  12.  5
    Zu Ovids 'Ars Amatoria' 1,665.Wilt Schröder - 1990 - Hermes 118 (2):242-247.
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  13.  6
    The subversive Simone Weil: a life in five ideas.Robert Zaretsky - 2021 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Simone Weil is one of the most challenging and yet beguiling thinkers of the twentieth century. There is a highly charged mystical current that runs through her life and works that seems almost timeless. And yet Weil was a keen observer of the modern condition, coming of age as she did during the 1930s. Amid the recurrent indignities and inhumanities of modern life, she wondered what is to become of the precious space we have for grace, for friendship, and for (...)
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  14. Inquiry.Robert C. Stalnaker - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    The abstract structure of inquiry - the process of acquiring and changing beliefs about the world - is the focus of this book which takes the position that the "pragmatic" rather than the "linguistic" approach better solves the philosophical problems about the nature of mental representation, and better accounts for the phenomena of thought and speech. It discusses propositions and propositional attitudes (the cluster of activities that constitute inquiry) in general and takes up the way beliefs change in response to (...)
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  15. Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - New York: Basic Books.
    Winner of the 1975 National Book Award, this brilliant and widely acclaimed book is a powerful philosophical challenge to the most widely held political and social positions of our age--liberal, socialist, and conservative.
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  16. Common ground.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):701-721.
  17.  15
    Rereading the Stone: Desire and the Making of Fiction in Dream of the Red Chamber.Wilt L. Idema & Anthony C. Yu - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (2):368.
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  18.  20
    Articulating Reasons: An Introduction to Inferentialism.Robert Brandom - 2000 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Robert B. Brandom is one of the most original philosophers of our day, whose book Making It Explicit covered and extended a vast range of topics in metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of language--the very core of analytic philosophy. This new work provides an approachable introduction to the complex system that Making It Explicit mapped out. A tour of the earlier book's large ideas and relevant details, Articulating Reasons offers an easy entry into two of the main themes of Brandom's (...)
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  19.  21
    Identities and Preferences in Corporate Political Strategizing.Arnold Wilts - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (4):441-463.
    This conceptual article draws on structuration theory and social identity theory to isolate firm-internal institutionalization processes as antecedents and drivers of corporate political strategizing. Path dependencies in corporate routines and actors' knowledgeability about these path dependencies are singled out as primary factors structuring strategic decision making within the firm. The concepts of path dependency and knowledgeability, respectively, refer to the institutional and cognitive dimension of corporate political strategizing. These two dimensions come together in actors' identities. Identities on their turn shape (...)
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  20.  62
    A Spirit of Trust: A Reading of Hegel’s phenomenology.Robert Brandom - 2019 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    In a new retelling of the romantic rationalist adventure of ideas that is Hegel's classic The Phenomenology of Spirit, Robert Brandom argues that when our self-conscious recognitive attitudes take Hegel's radical form of magnanimity and trust, we can overcome a troubled modernity and enter a new age of spirit.
  21. The Nazi doctors: medical killing and the psychology of genocide.Robert Jay Lifton - 2017 - New York: Basic Books.
    Winner of the Los Angeles Times Book Prize With a new preface by the author In his most powerful and important book, renowned psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton presents a brilliant analysis of the crucial role that German doctors played in the Nazi genocide. Now updated with a new preface, The Nazi Doctors remains the definitive work on the Nazi medical atrocities, a chilling exposé of the banality of evil at its epitome, and a sobering reminder of the darkest side (...)
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  22. On the representation of context.Robert Stalnaker - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):3-19.
    This paper revisits some foundational questions concerning the abstract representation of a discourse context. The context of a conversation is represented by a body of information that is presumed to be shared by the participants in the conversation – the information that the speaker presupposes a point at which a speech act is interpreted. This notion is designed to represent both the information on which context-dependent speech acts depend, and the situation that speech acts are designed to affect, and so (...)
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  23.  29
    Appropriation and Representation: Feng Menglong and the Chinese Vernacular Story.Wilt L. Idema & Shuhui Yang - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):303.
  24.  15
    Ameliorative Satire and the Seventeenth-Century Chinese Novel: Xingshi yinyuan zhuan-Marriage as Retribution, Awakening the World.Wilt L. Idema & Yenna Wu - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):151.
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  25.  20
    Historian of the Strange: Pu Songling and the Chinese Classical Tale.Wilt L. Idema & Judith T. Zeitlin - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):510.
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  26.  11
    Literati Identity and Its Fictional Representations in Late Imperial China.Wilt L. Idema & Stephen J. Roddy - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (2):369.
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  27.  9
    Monstrosity and Chinese Cultural Identity: Xenophobia and the Reimagination of Foreignness in Vernacular Literature since the Song Dynasty. By isaac Yue.Wilt L. Idema - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Monstrosity and Chinese Cultural Identity: Xenophobia and the Reimagination of Foreignness in Vernacular Literature since the Song Dynasty. By isaac Yue. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2020. Pp. xii + 199. $110 ; $40.
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  28.  5
    Novel Medicine: Healing, Literature, and Popular Knowledge in Early Modern China. By Andrew Schonebaum.Wilt L. Idema - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 138 (4).
    Novel Medicine: Healing, Literature, and Popular Knowledge in Early Modern China. By Andrew Schonebaum. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2016. Pp. viii + 283. $50.
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  29.  8
    The Resurrected Skeleton: From Zhuangzi to Lu Xun.Wilt L. Idema - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    The early Chinese text _Master Zhuang_ is well known for its relativistic philosophy and colorful anecdotes. In the work, Zhuang Zhou ca. 300 B.C.E.) dreams that he is a butterfly and wonders, upon awaking, if he in fact dreamed that he was a butterfly or if the butterfly is now dreaming that it is Zhuang Zhou. The text also recounts Master Zhuang's encounter with a skull, which praises the pleasures of death over the toil of living. This anecdote became popular (...)
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  30.  19
    The Story of Stone: Intertextuality, Ancient Chinese Stone Lore, and the Stone Symbolism of Dream of the Red Chamber, Water Margin, and The Journey to the West.Wilt Idema & Jing Wang - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1):83.
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  31. The structure of justification.Robert Audi - 1993 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of papers (including three completely new ones) by one of the foremost philosophers in epistemology transcends two of the most widely misunderstood positions in philosophy--foundationalism and coherentism. Audi proposes a distinctively moderate, internalist foundationalism that incorporates some of the virtues of both coherentism and reliabilism. He develops important distinctions between positive and negative epistemic dependence, substantively and conceptually naturalistic theories, dispositional beliefs and dispositions to believe, episodically and structurally inferential beliefs, first and second order internalism, and rebutting as (...)
  32. Marxian crisis theory and causality.Robert Albritton - 2008 - In Ruth Groff (ed.), Revitalizing causality: realism about causality in philosophy and social science. New York: Routledge.
  33.  5
    Plato for beginners.Robert J. Cavalier - 1990 - Danbury, CT: For Beginners. Edited by Eric Lurio.
    All philosophy is a footnote to Plato. No other person so shaped the Western world and the way we think about it. Plato’s questions remain as real for us today as they were 2500 years ago, and as human beings, we can not avoid their presence nor shirk our responsibility to attempt to answer them: What is Justice? What is Truth? What is Beauty? What kind of society should we build? How do we know what we know? Plato For Beginners (...)
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  34.  8
    L'homme connaissant: quatre essais de philosophie critique.Robert Forest - 2016 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    Parler de l'homme connaissant, c'est poser des questions, notamment : une perspective scientifique unifiée sur l'esprit ("cognitivisme") est-elle légitime? En quoi l'intuition et la construction de concepts peuvent-elles rendre compte des mathématiques, mais aussi, analogiquement, de l'art et de la langue? Quel rapport y a-t-il entre la connaissance et les normativités morale et juridique? Les présents essais – "L'esprit pensé", "Ce que nous devons à Augustin", "L'intuition et après", "La morale et la fable" – abordent ces questions fondatrices à partir (...)
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  35. Remarks on the Present State of the World, Inspired by the Philosophy of Thomas Paine.Robert Muller - 2009 - In Joyce Chumbley (ed.), Thomas Paine: in search of the common good. Nottingham, England: Spokesman Books.
  36. Perspectives on pragmatism: classical, recent, and contemporary.Robert Brandom - 2011 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Classical American pragmatism: the pragmatist -- Enlightenment-and its problematic semantics -- Analyzing pragmatism: pragmatics and pragmatisms -- A Kantian rationalist pragmatism: pragmatism -- Inferentialism, and modality in Sellars's arguments against -- Empiricism -- Linguistic pragmatism and pragmatism about norms: an arc of -- Thought from Rorty's eliminative materialism to his pragmatism -- Vocabularies of pragmatism: synthesizing naturalism and -- Historicism -- Towards an analytic pragmatism: meaning-use analysis -- Pragmatism, expressivism, and anti-representationalism: -- Local and global possibilities.
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  37.  9
    Data, Instruments, and Theory: A Dialectical Approach to Understanding Science.Robert John Ackermann - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
    Robert John Ackermann deals decisively with the problem of relativism that has plagued post-empiricist philosophy of science. Recognizing that theory and data are mediated by data domains (bordered data sets produced by scientific instruments), he argues that the use of instruments breaks the dependency of observation on theory and thus creates a reasoned basis for scientific objectivity. Originally published in 1985. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished (...)
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  38.  14
    A Success Model for Low-Income Students.Richard W. Wilt - 2006 - Inquiry (ERIC) 11 (1):65-73.
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  39.  25
    Corporate Political Strategizing.Arnold Wilts - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:232-236.
    The question that this paper sets out to answer is: How do political processes within the firm structure corporate political strategy? In answering this question thepaper starts to address the research problem of the congruence between processes of consensus building and conflict resolution within the firm and on the other hand corporate attempts to influence political processes taking place outside the firm. The paper argues that power-dependence relations between firm-internal stakeholders are an explanatory factor in examining empirical variation in corporate (...)
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  40.  9
    Desperately Seeking Verena: A Resistant Reading of "The Bostonians".Judith Wilt - 1987 - Feminist Studies 13 (2):293.
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  41. Evolutionäre Ethik oder Christliche Ethik?H. -J. Wilting - 1997 - Wissenschaft Und Weisheit 60 (2):257-273.
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  42.  22
    Health care and the principle of fair equality of opportunity.Gert Jan van der Wilt - 1994 - Bioethics 8 (4):329-349.
    ABSTRACT In The Netherlands, the public funding of a number of health care services is controversial. What can we learn from this about the moral concerns that underlie these judgements? And, if there is anything to learn, can we use this improved understanding to scrutinise the adequacy of particular decisions concerning the public funding of health care services? In the present paper, I will analyse three cases: corrective surgey, In Vitro Fertilisation and liver transplantation. I will summarise the arguments that (...)
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  43.  9
    Health technology assessment: Trying to bring empirical and ethical inquiry together.G. Wilt - 2004 - Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):195-206.
    A comprehensive assessment of a health technology requires that a wide variety of questions are addressed. These range from whether the use of a technology results in achievement of its intended effects at acceptable costs and without incurring undue risks to the patient, to whether its use may challenge existing social arrangements and values. Clearly, this is a major challenge, since it requires the use of quite different methods of inquiry. In the past decades, we have rarely witnessed assessments where (...)
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  44.  9
    Looking into the sea urchin embryo you can see local cell interactions regulate morphogenesis.Fred H. Wilt - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (8):665-668.
    The transparent sea urchin embryo provides a laboratory for study of morphogenesis. The calcareous endoskeleton is formed by a syncytium of mesenchyme cells in the blastocoel. The locations of mesenchyme in the blastocoel, the size of the skeleton, and even the branching pattern of the skeletal rods, are governed by interactions with the blastula wall. Now Guss and Ettensohn(1) show that the rate of deposition of CaCO3 in the skeleton is locally controlled in the mesenchymal syncytium, as is the pattern (...)
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  45.  17
    The Tragic Mind: Fear, Fate, and the Burden of Power.Robert D. Kaplan - 2023 - New Haven ;: Yale University Press.
    _A moving meditation on recent geopolitical crises, viewed through the lens of ancient and modern tragedy__ “Spare, elegant and poignant.... If there is a single contemporary book that should be pressed into the hands of those who decide issues of war and peace, this is it.”—John Gray, _New Statesman_ “It is tragic that Robert D. Kaplan’s luminous _The Tragic Mind_ is so urgently needed.”—George F. Will_ Some books emerge from a lifetime of hard-won knowledge. Robert D. Kaplan has (...)
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  46. Imagining the Past: on the nature of episodic memory.Robert Hopkins - 2018 - In Fiona MacPherson Fabian Dorsch (ed.), Memory and Imagination. Oxford University Press.
    What kind of mental state is episodic memory? I defend the claim that it is, in key part, imagining the past, where the imagining in question is experiential imagining. To remember a past episode is to experientially imagine how things were, in a way controlled by one’s past experience of that episode. Call this the Inclusion View. I motive this view by appeal both to patterns of compatibilities and incompatibilities between various states, and to phenomenology. The bulk of the paper (...)
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  47. Kant Does Not Deny Resultant Moral Luck.Robert J. Hartman - 2019 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 43 (1):136-150.
    It is almost unanimously accepted that Kant denies resultant moral luck—that is, he denies that the lucky consequence of a person’s action can affect how much praise or blame she deserves. Philosophers often point to the famous good will passage at the beginning of the Groundwork to justify this claim. I argue, however, that this passage does not support Kant’s denial of resultant moral luck. Subsequently, I argue that Kant allows agents to be morally responsible for certain kinds of lucky (...)
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  48. The Nature of Rationality.Robert Nozick - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 186 (1):187-189.
     
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  49.  67
    The Concept of Voluntary Consent.Robert M. Nelson, Tom Beauchamp, Victoria A. Miller, William Reynolds, Richard F. Ittenbach & Mary Frances Luce - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):6-16.
    Our primary focus is on analysis of the concept of voluntariness, with a secondary focus on the implications of our analysis for the concept and the requirements of voluntary informed consent. We propose that two necessary and jointly sufficient conditions must be satisfied for an action to be voluntary: intentionality, and substantial freedom from controlling influences. We reject authenticity as a necessary condition of voluntary action, and we note that constraining situations may or may not undermine voluntariness, depending on the (...)
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  50. Love De Re.Robert Kraut - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):413-430.
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