Results for 'Roberta Gilchrist'

913 found
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  1.  70
    Gender and Archaeology: Contesting the Past.Roberta Gilchrist - 1999 - Routledge.
    Is gender determined by biology, society or experience? How have notions of gender and sexuality differed in past societies? Addressing such questions, Gender and Archaeology is the first critical introduction to the field of gender archaeology as it has evolved over the last two decades. It examines the impact of feminist perspectives on archaeology and shows the unique insights that gender archaeology offers on topics like the sexual division of labor, issues of sexuality, and the embodiment of gender identity. A (...)
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  2.  59
    Roberta Dreon (Università degli Studi di Venezia) Merleau-Ponty. una concezione non soggettocentrica dell’empatia?Roberta Dreon - 2012 - Chiasmi International 14:439-449.
    Merleau-Ponty. Une conception de l’empathie non centrée sur le sujet?Cet article étudie l’émergence du terme « empathie » dans les textes de Merleau-Ponty. Il souligne que le concept n’est pas avant tout présenté comme une catégorie épistémologique, remettant en question si et comment nous pouvons éventuellement connaître les autres. Au contraire, il est conçu comme une catégorie ontologique, pour dire notre appartenance à une nature commune. De ce point de vue, il propose une façon sensible pour comprendre les autres, basée (...)
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  3.  11
    Roberta Dreon (Università degli Studi di Venezia) Merleau-Ponty. una concezione non soggettocentrica dell’empatia?Roberta Dreon - 2012 - Chiasmi International 14:439-449.
    Merleau-Ponty. Une conception de l’empathie non centrée sur le sujet?Cet article étudie l’émergence du terme « empathie » dans les textes de Merleau-Ponty. Il souligne que le concept n’est pas avant tout présenté comme une catégorie épistémologique, remettant en question si et comment nous pouvons éventuellement connaître les autres. Au contraire, il est conçu comme une catégorie ontologique, pour dire notre appartenance à une nature commune. De ce point de vue, il propose une façon sensible pour comprendre les autres, basée (...)
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  4. Lynn Hershman and the Creation of Multiple Robertas.Roberta Mock - 2012 - In Susan Broadhurst & Josephine Machon (eds.), Identity, Performance and Technology: Practices of Empowerment, Embodiment and Technicity. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  5.  1
    Book Review: Roberta Piazza, Louann Haarman and Anne Carbon (Eds), Values and Choices in Television Discourse: A View From Both Sides of the Screen. [REVIEW]Roberta Facchinetti - 2017 - Discourse and Communication 11 (4):433-436.
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  6. A Law by Any Other Name Would Smell as Sweet. [REVIEW]Roberta L. Millstein - 2010 - Science 330:1048-1049.
    A review of _Biology’s First Law: The Tendency for Diversity and Complexity to Increase in Evolutionary Systems_, by Daniel W. McShea and Robert N. Brandon. This review argues that the supposed "Zero-Force Evolutionary Law”" (ZFEL) is neither a law nor zero-force.
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  7. Filosofia: metodi e orientamenti contemporanei.Roberta Lanfredini (ed.) - 2022 - Roma: Carocci editore.
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  8. Exploring RoBERTa's Theory of Mind Through Textual Entailment.Michael Cohen - manuscript
    Within psychology, philosophy, and cognitive science, theory of mind refers to the cognitive ability to reason about the mental states of other people, thus recognizing them as having beliefs, knowledge, intentions and emotions of their own. In this project, we construct a natural language inference (NLD) dataset that tests the ability of a state of the art language model, RoBERTa-large finetuned on the MNLI dataset, to make theory of mind inferences related to knowledge and belief. Experimental results suggest that (...)
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  9. Roberta Bampton and Christopher J. Cowton.James Agarwal & David Cruise Malloy - 2002 - Teaching Business Ethics 6:497-499.
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  10. Pedacitos de una inmensa historia.Roberta Bacic Herzfeld - 2000 - Límite: Revista de Filosofía y Psicología 7:112-119.
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  11. Quine on Modality.Roberta Ballarin - 2018 - In Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Modality. Routledge.
  12. Relative Luminance is Not Derived From Absolute Luminance.J. Schubert & Al Gilchrist - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):526-526.
  13.  20
    Las Desventuras Del Conocimiento Matemático.Roberta Zucchello - 2008 - Análisis Filosófico 28 (2):303-306.
    El empirismo puede ser caracterizado, por un lado, como una teoría acerca de los orígenes del conocimiento empírico; por otro, como una concepción epistémica acerca de la justificación de las creencias empíricas. Actualmente, esta última dimensión del empirismo ha sido criticada por diversos filósofos. Paradigmáticamente, Rorty ha sostenido que la experiencia es únicamente la causa de las creencias, pero no su justificación. La tesis de Rorty es que las creencias se relacionan con el mundo sólo causalmente. Este artículo posee dos (...)
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  14.  45
    Objective and Subjective Sides of Perception.Alan Gilchrist - 2012 - In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 105.
    Every perceptual experience has an objective and a subjective side. We see object size, independent of distance, but we also see that distant objects project smaller images. Early modern conceptions focused on local stimulation and thus on the subjective aspect. Helmholtz and Hering emphasized the objective aspect. Helmholtz split visual experience into two stages, with sensation representing the subjective side and perception, through cognitive processes, the objective side. Gestalt theory denied this dualism, rejecting both sensory and cognitive stages. Despite contrary (...)
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  15.  85
    The Concepts of Population and Metapopulation in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology.Roberta L. Millstein - 2010 - In M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes & J. S. Levinton (eds.), Evolution Since Darwin: The First 150 Years. Sinauer.
    This paper aims to illustrate one of the primary goals of the philosophy of biology⎯namely, the examination of central concepts in biological theory and practice⎯through an analysis of the concepts of population and metapopulation in evolutionary biology and ecology. I will first provide a brief background for my analysis, followed by a characterization of my proposed concepts: the causal interactionist concepts of population and metapopulation. I will then illustrate how the concepts apply to six cases that differ in their population (...)
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  16. The Ethics of Genetic Engineering.Roberta M. Berry - 2007 - Routledge.
    Human genetic engineering may soon be possible. The gathering debate about this prospect already threatens to become mired in irresolvable disagreement. After surveying the scientific and technological developments that have brought us to this pass, _The Ethics of Genetic Engineering_ focuses on the ethical and policy debate, noting the deep divide that separates proponents and opponents. The book locates the source of this divide in differing framing assumptions: reductionist pluralist on one side, holist communitarian on the other. The book argues (...)
     
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  17. Modern Origins of Modal Logic.Roberta Ballarin - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  18. Przesądy Roberta Nisbeta.Krzysztof Pacuła - 1999 - Sztuka I Filozofia (Art and Philosophy) 17.
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  19. Animal Control: A Preliminary Bibliography.Roberta Palen - 1980 - Vance Bibliographies.
    Indigenous knowledge is the dynamic information base of a society, facilitating communication and decision-making. It is the cornerstone of many modern-day innovations in science and technology. It is also a ready and valuable resource for sustainable and resilient livelihoods, and attracts increasing public interest due to its applications in bio-technology, health, bioprospecting, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, food preparation, mathematics and astronomy. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE OF NAMIBIA is a fascinating compendium aimed at a wide readership of academics and students, government officials, policy makers, and (...)
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  20. The Nature of Man in St. Thomas Aquinas Compared with the Nature of Man in American Sociology.Roberta Snell - 1942 - Washington: The Catholic University of American Press.
  21.  13
    An Anchoring Theory of Lightness Perception.Alan Gilchrist, Christos Kossyfidis, Frederick Bonato, Tiziano Agostini, Joseph Cataliotti, Xiaojun Li, Branka Spehar, Vidal Annan & Elias Economou - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (4):795-834.
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  22. Natural Selection as a Population-Level Causal Process.Roberta L. Millstein - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (4):627-653.
    Recent discussions in the philosophy of biology have brought into question some fundamental assumptions regarding evolutionary processes, natural selection in particular. Some authors argue that natural selection is nothing but a population-level, statistical consequence of lower-level events (Matthen and Ariew [2002]; Walsh et al. [2002]). On this view, natural selection itself does not involve forces. Other authors reject this purely statistical, population-level account for an individual-level, causal account of natural selection (Bouchard and Rosenberg [2004]). I argue that each of these (...)
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  23.  28
    Ethical Issues in Medical Research in the Developing World: A Report on a Meeting Organised by Fondation Mérieux.Christophe Perrey, Douglas Wassenaar, Shawn Gilchrist & Bernard Ivanoff - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (2):88-96.
  24.  22
    Pioneering in Ethics Teaching: The Case of Management Accounting in Universities in the British Usles.Roberta Bampton & Christopher J. Cowton - 2002 - Teaching Business Ethics 6 (3):279-295.
  25.  98
    Probability in Biology: The Case of Fitness.Roberta L. Millstein - 2016 - In A. Hájek & C. R. Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 601-622.
    I argue that the propensity interpretation of fitness, properly understood, not only solves the explanatory circularity problem and the mismatch problem, but can also withstand the Pandora’s box full of problems that have been thrown at it. Fitness is the propensity (i.e., probabilistic ability, based on heritable physical traits) for organisms or types of organisms to survive and reproduce in particular environments and in particular populations for a specified number of generations; if greater than one generation, “reproduction” includes descendants of (...)
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  26.  65
    Is Aldo Leopold's 'Land Community' an Individual?Roberta L. Millstein - 2018 - In O. Bueno, R. Chen & M. B. Fagan (eds.), Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices. Oxford University Press. pp. 279-302.
    The “land community” (or “biotic community”) that features centrally in Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic has typically been equated with the concept of “ecosystem.” Moreover, some have challenged this central Leopoldean concept given the multitude of meanings of the term “ecosystem” and the changes the term has undergone since Leopold’s time (see, e.g., Shrader-Frechette 1996). Even one of Leopold’s primary defenders, J. Baird Callicott, asserts that there are difficulties in identifying the boundaries of ecosystems and suggests that we recognize that their (...)
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  27.  64
    Counterfactual Reasoning.Roberta Ferrario - 2001 - In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 170--183.
    Primary goal of this paper is to show that counterfactual reasoning, as many other kinds of common sense reasoning, can be studied and analyzed through what we can call a cognitive approach, that represents knowledge as structured and partitioned into different domains, everyone of which has a specific theory, but can exchange data and information with some of the others. Along these lines, we are going to show that a kind of ``counterfactual attitude'' is pervasive in a lot of forms (...)
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  28. Straniero: percorsi di analisi in sociologia.Roberta Cipollini (ed.) - 2018 - Canterano (RM): Aracne editrice.
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  29.  6
    Festschrift for Nicola Guarino.Roberta Ferrario, Stefano Borgo, Laure Vieu & Claudio Masolo (eds.) - 2019 - Amsterdam: IOS Publications.
    Nicola Guarino is widely recognized as one of the founders of applied ontology. His deep interest in the subtlest details of theoretical analysis and his vision of ontology as the Rosetta Stone for semantic interoperability guided the development and understanding of this domain. His motivations in research stem from the conviction that all science must be for the benefit of society at large, and his motto has always been that ontologies are not just for making information systems interoperable, but – (...)
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  30.  6
    Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference (FOIS 2016).Roberta Ferrario & Werner Kuhn (eds.) - 2016 - Amsterdam: IOS Pres.
    This volume collects the papers presented at the 9th edition of the Formal Ontology in Information Systems conference, FOIS 2016, held July 6–9, 2016, in Annecy, France. As in the previous editions, FOIS 2016 included keynote addresses, full paper presentations, an Ontology Competition, an Early Career Symposium in its scientific program and was preceded by the Interdisciplinary Summer School on Ontological Analysis, now at its third edition and held June 27–July 1 in Bolzano-Bozen, Italy.
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  31. Gorgia E la definizione Del colore: Menone 76 a 8-e 4.Roberta Ioli - 2008 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 4 (1):72-82.
     
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  32.  5
    The Ethics Bowl Way: Answering Questions, Questioning Answers, and Creating Ethical Communities.Roberta Israeloff & Karen Mizell (eds.) - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Ethics Bowl espouses a new way to engage in discussions about complex ethical issues.
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  33. Libertà e moralità. A partire da Kant. [REVIEW]Roberta Picardi - 2011 - Studi Kantiani 24.
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  34. Filosofare con i bambini.Roberta Vicentini - 2005 - Encyclopaideia 17:103-116.
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  35. Prima Dell'evoluzione: Le Radici Politiche Della Filosofia di Spencer E la Social Statics Del 1850.Roberta Visone - 2010 - Le Cáriti.
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  36.  11
    Review of Sanford Shieh, Necessity Lost. [REVIEW]Roberta Ballarin - 2022 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 10 (3).
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  37. Are Random Drift and Natural Selection Conceptually Distinct?Roberta L. Millstein - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):33-53.
    The latter half of the twentieth century has been marked by debates in evolutionary biology over the relative significance of natural selection and random drift: the so-called “neutralist/selectionist” debates. Yet John Beatty has argued that it is difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish the concept of random drift from the concept of natural selection, a claim that has been accepted by many philosophers of biology. If this claim is correct, then the neutralist/selectionist debates seem at best futile, and at worst, (...)
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  38.  28
    Formal Ontologies for Communicating Agents.Roberta Ferrario & Laurent Prévot - 2007 - Applied Ontology 2 (3):209-216.
    The growth of the Semantic Web resulted in the emergence of various kinds of artificial agents navigating the web, sharing resources and communicating among each other in a more and more sophisticated fashion. No one denies the relevance of research concerning the establishment of architectures and models for representing and enabling interaction and communication among agents. In another domain, ontologies have been consecrated as an essential tool to structure information in order to facilitate shareability and re-usability of knowledge resources like (...)
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  39.  36
    Framing Cognition: Dewey’s Potential Contributions to Some Enactivist Issues.Roberta Dreon - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):485-506.
    It is well known that John Dewey was very far from embracing the traditional idea of cognition as something happening inside one’s own mind and consisting in a pictorial representation of the alleged purely external reality out there. His position was largely convergent with enactivist accounts of cognition as something based in life and consisting in human actions within a natural environment. The paper considers Dewey’s conception of cognition by focusing on its potential contributions to the current debate with enactivism. (...)
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  40.  37
    Genetic Drift.Roberta L. Millstein - 2016 - Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy.
    Genetic drift (variously called “random drift”, “random genetic drift”, or sometimes just “drift”) has been a source of ongoing controversy within the philosophy of biology and evolutionary biology communities, to the extent that even the question of what drift is has become controversial. There seems to be agreement that drift is a chance (or probabilistic or statistical) element within population genetics and within evolutionary biology more generally, and that the term “random” isn’t invoking indeterminism or any technical mathematical meaning, but (...)
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  41.  81
    Debunking Myths About Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic.Roberta L. Millstein - 2018 - Biological Conservation 217:391–396.
    Aldo Leopold's land ethic has been extremely influential among people working in conservation biology, environmental ethics, and related fields. Others have abandoned the land ethic for purportedly being outdated or ethically untenable. Yet, both acceptance of the land ethic and rejection of the land ethic are often based on misunderstandings of Leopold's original meaning – misunderstandings that have become so entrenched as to have the status of myths. This essay seeks to identify and then debunk six myths that have grown (...)
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  42.  81
    Populations as Individuals.Roberta L. Millstein - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (3):267-273.
    Biologists studying ecology and evolution use the term “population” in many different ways. Yet little philosophical analysis of the concept has been done, either by biologists or philosophers, in contrast to the voluminous literature on the concept of “species.” This is in spite of the fact that “population” is arguably a far more central concept in ecological and evolutionary studies than “species” is. The fact that such a central concept has been employed in so many different ways is potentially problematic (...)
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  43.  34
    Embeddedness in Action: Saffron and the Making of the Local in Southern Tuscany. [REVIEW]Roberta Sonnino - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (1):61-74.
    Despite the widespread use of the concept of embeddedness in the literature on agri-food networks, not much has been written on the process through which a food economy becomes embedded. To explore this dynamic and contribute to a more critical perspective on the meanings and implications of embeddedness in the context of food, this paper analyzes the emergence of saffron as a local food network in southern Tuscany. By adopting a constructivist approach, the analysis shows that embeddedness assumes simultaneously a (...)
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  44. Roberta Kevelson, "Charles S. Peirce's Method of Methods". [REVIEW]Joseph Ransdell - 1989 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 25 (1):74.
     
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  45. Roberta Sala, Bioetica E Pluralismo Dei Valori: Tolleranza, Principi, Ideali Morali (Bioethics and Pluralism of Values: Toleration, Principles, Moral.Massimo Reichlin - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8:199-203.
     
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  46.  1
    La Verità Sospesa: Ragionevolezza E Irragionevolezza Nella Filosofia Politica di John Rawls.Roberta Sala - 2012 - Liguori.
  47. principi, ideali morali (Bioethics and pluralism of values: Toleration, principles, moral ideals)(Naples: Liguori, 2003), 384 pp.Roberta Sala - 2003
     
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  48.  76
    Taking Stock of Accounting Ethics Scholarship: A Review of the Journal Literature. [REVIEW]Roberta Bampton & Christopher J. Cowton - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):549-563.
    The proportion of business ethics literature devoted to accounting and the proportion of academic accounting literature devoted to ethical issues are both small, yet over the past two decades there has been a steady accumulation of research devoted to ethical issues in accounting. Based on a database of more than 500 articles gathered from a wide range of accounting and business ethics academic journals, this paper describes and analyses the characteristics of what has been published in the past 20 years (...)
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  49.  55
    Natural Selection and Causal Productivity.Roberta L. Millstein - 2013 - In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Szu-Ting Chen & Roberta L. Millstein (eds.), Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics,. Springer.
    In the recent philosophical literature, two questions have arisen concerning the status of natural selection: (1) Is it a population-level phenomenon, or is it an organism-level phenomenon? (2) Is it a causal process, or is it a purely statistical summary of lower-level processes? In an earlier work (Millstein, Br J Philos Sci, 57(4):627–653, 2006), I argue that natural selection should be understood as a population-level causal process, rather than a purely statistical population-level summation of lower-level processes or as an organism-level (...)
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  50.  10
    A ‘Religious’ Reading of Rawls’s Works. Paul Weithman’s Rawls, Political Liberalism and Reasonable Faith.Roberta Sala - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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