Results for 'Robin J. Mermelstein'

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  1.  79
    Human Participants Challenges in Youth Tobacco Cessation Research: Researchers' Perspectives.Kathleen R. Diviak, Susan J. Curry, Sherry L. Emery & Robin J. Mermelstein - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):321 – 334.
    Recruiting adolescents into smoking cessation studies is challenging, particularly given institutional review board (IRB) requirements for research conducted with adolescents. This article provides a brief review of the federal regulations that apply to research conducted with adolescents, and describes researchers' experiences of seeking IRB approval for youth cessation research. Twenty-one researchers provided information. The most frequently reported difficulty involved obtaining parental consent. Solutions to commonly reported problems with obtaining IRB approval are also identified. Waivers of parental consent can facilitate recruitment (...)
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  2.  53
    John Stuart Mill and Royal India: Robin J. Moore.Robin J. Moore - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):85-106.
    Though John Stuart Mill's long employment by the East India Company did not limit him to drafting despatches on relations with the princely states, that activity must form the centrepiece of any satisfactory study of his Indian career. As yet the activity has scarcely been glimpsed. It produced, on average, about a draft a week, which he listed in his own hand. He subsequently struck out items that he sought to disown in consequence of substantial revisions made by the Company's (...)
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  3.  9
    Complexity Theory Applied to Itself.Robin J. Nunn - 2007 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 9.
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  4.  10
    On Closed Subsets of the Intuitionistic Reals.Robin J. Grayson - 1983 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 29 (1):7-9.
  5.  30
    Emotion and False Memory.Robin L. Kaplan, Ilse Van Damme, Linda J. Levine & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (1):8-13.
    Emotional memories are vivid and lasting but not necessarily accurate. Under some conditions, emotion even increases people’s susceptibility to false memories. This review addresses when and why emotion leaves people vulnerable to misremembering events. Recent research suggests that pregoal emotions—those experienced before goal attainment or failure —narrow the scope of people’s attention to information that is central to their goals. This narrow focus can impair memory for peripheral details, leaving people vulnerable to misinformation concerning those details. In contrast, postgoal emotions—those (...)
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  6.  5
    Craig Smith, Adam Ferguson and the Idea of Civil Society: Moral Science in the Scottish Enlightenment.Robin J. W. Mills - 2019 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 17 (3):252-256.
  7.  7
    Constructive Well‐Orderings.Robin J. Grayson - 1982 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 28 (33‐38):495-504.
  8.  22
    Constructive Well-Orderings.Robin J. Grayson - 1982 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 28 (33-38):495-504.
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  9.  19
    Gene–Culture Theory and Inherited Individual Differences in Personality.J. Philippe Rushton & Robin J. H. Russell - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):740.
  10.  52
    Culture and Organizational Climate: Nurses' Insights Into Their Relationship With Physicians.David Cruise Malloy, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Elizabeth Fahey McCarthy, Robin J. Evans, Dwight H. Zakus, Illyeok Park, Yongho Lee & Jaime Williams - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (6):719-733.
    Within any organization (e.g. a hospital or clinic) the perception of the way things operate may vary dramatically as a function of one’s location in the organizational hierarchy as well as one’s professional discipline. Interorganizational variability depends on organizational coherence, safety, and stability. In this four-nation (Canada, Ireland, Australia, and Korea) qualitative study of 42 nurses, we explored their perception of how ethical decisions are made, the nurses’ hospital role, and the extent to which their voices were heard. These nurses (...)
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  11.  14
    A Note on Thomas Graham, Surgeon, Author of Botanical Lectures Delivered at the Royal Polytechnic Institution, London.Robin J. Spring - 1977 - Annals of Science 34 (1):43-47.
  12. Empirically Designing and Evaluating a New Revision-Based Model for Summary Generation.J. Robin & K. McKeown - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 84 (1-2):356.
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  13. Absolutism, Relativism and Metaepistemology.J. Adam Carter & Robin McKenna - 2019 - Erkenntnis:1-21.
    This paper is about two topics: metaepistemological absolutism and the epistemic principles governing perceptual warrant. Our aim is to highlight – by taking the debate between dogmatists and conservativists about perceptual warrant as a case study – a surprising and hitherto unnoticed problem with metaepistemological absolutism, at least as it has been influentially defended by Paul Boghossian (2006a) as the principal metaepistemological contrast point to relativism. What we find is that the metaepistemological commitments at play on both sides of this (...)
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  14. Skepticism Motivated: On the Skeptical Import of Motivated Reasoning.J. Adam Carter & Robin McKenna - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy (6):1-17.
    Empirical work on motivated reasoning suggests that our judgments are influenced to a surprising extent by our wants, desires and preferences (Kahan 2016; Lord, Ross, and Lepper 1979; Molden and Higgins 2012; Taber and Lodge 2006). How should we evaluate the epistemic status of beliefs formed through motivated reasoning? For example, are such beliefs epistemically justified? Are they candidates for knowledge? In liberal democracies, these questions are increasingly controversial as well as politically timely (Beebe et al. 2018; Lynch forthcoming, 2018; (...)
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  15.  8
    Hierarchical Processing in Balint’s Syndrome: A Failure of Flexible Top-Down Attention.Carmel Mevorach, Lilach Shalev, Robin J. Green, Magda Chechlacz, M. Jane Riddoch & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  16.  16
    Opiate Written Behavioral Agreements: A Case for Abandonment.Paul R. Helft, Jessica R. Williams & Robin J. Bandy - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (3):415-423.
    Written behavioral agreements came into clinical use more than 40 years ago, originally for the purpose of contracting for safety among patients expressing suicidal ideation. The first identified reference to the concept of contracting with suicidal patients appeared in the psychiatric literature in 1967. They have gained substantial popularity since then and are commonly employed across diverse medical settings, most notably in psychiatry, pain medicine, and addiction medicine.Because of the epidemic of harm from prescription medications, especially opiates, the popularity of (...)
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  17. Sosa Versus Kornblith on Grades of Knowledge.J. Adam Carter & Robin McKenna - forthcoming - Synthese.
    In a series of works Ernest Sosa (see Sosa 1991, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2017) has defended the view that there are two kinds or ‘grades’ of knowledge, animal and reflective. One of the most persistent critics of Sosa’s attempts to bifurcate knowledge is Hilary Kornblith (see Kornblith 2004, 2009, 2012). Our aim in this paper is to outline and evaluate Kornblith’s criticisms. We will argue that, while they raise a range of difficult (exegetical and substantive) questions about Sosa’s (...)
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  18.  6
    Condensation Coefficients in Metal Vapour Deposition.V. N. E. Robinson & J. L. Robins - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (6):1419-1423.
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  19.  9
    Motivation Matters: Differing Effects of Pre-Goal and Post-Goal Emotions on Attention and Memory.Robin L. Kaplan, Ilse Van Damme & Linda J. Levine - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  20.  19
    An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions.R. H. Robins, Jerrold J. Katz & Paul M. Postal - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):391.
  21.  29
    The Entropic Brain: A Theory of Conscious States Informed by Neuroimaging Research with Psychedelic Drugs.Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Robert Leech, Peter J. Hellyer, Murray Shanahan, Amanda Feilding, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Dante R. Chialvo & David Nutt - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  22.  18
    Economics in Christian Perspective: Theory, Policy and Life Choices. By Victor V. Claar and Robin J. Klay.Timothy Harvie - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (4):711-712.
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  23.  10
    Confidence in Judgment: Persistence of the Illusion of Validity.Hillel J. Einhorn & Robin M. Hogarth - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (5):395-416.
  24.  14
    The Future.Robin LePoidevin & J. R. Lucas - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):333.
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  25. In Memory of J.R. Firth.J. R. Firth, C. E. Bazell, J. C. Catford, M. A. K. Halliday & R. H. Robins - 1969 - Foundations of Language 5 (3):391-408.
     
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  26.  9
    Stepovers and Signal Detection: Response Sensitivity and Bias in the Differentiation of Genuine and Deceptive Football Actions.Robin C. Jackson, Hayley Barton, Kelly J. Ashford & Bruce Abernethy - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27.  6
    Scale and Pattern of Atrophy in the Chronic Stages of Moderate-Severe TBI.Robin E. A. Green, Brenda Colella, Jerome J. Maller, Mark Bayley, Joanna Glazer & David J. Mikulis - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  28. Promising, Intending and Moral Automony.Michael H. Robins & N. J. H. Dent - 1986 - Mind 95 (378):268-272.
     
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  29.  18
    Ambiguity and Uncertainty in Probabilistic Inference.Hillel J. Einhorn & Robin M. Hogarth - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (4):433-461.
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  30.  59
    Emotion and Memory Narrowing: A Review and Goal-Relevance Approach.Linda J. Levine & Robin S. Edelstein - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):833-875.
  31.  16
    Diplomacy in Ancient Greece.Robin Seager, F. Adcock & D. J. Mosley - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:223-223.
  32.  7
    Symptom Control During the Last Week of Life on a Palliative Care Unit.Robin Fainsinger, Melvin J. Miller, Eduardo Bruera & John Hanson - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
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  33.  34
    Economics in Christian Perspective: Theory, Policy and Life Choices. By Victor V. Claar and Robin J. Klay. Pp. 255, InterVarsity Press, 2007, $13.94. [REVIEW]Timothy Harvie - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):890-892.
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  34.  20
    The Suffix Effect: Postcategorical Attributes in a Serial Recall Paradigm.Rochelle L. Harris, John Gausepohl, Robin J. Lewis & Kathryn T. Spoehr - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):35-37.
  35.  51
    Genome Editing Technologies and Human Germline Genetic Modification: The Hinxton Group Consensus Statement.Sarah Chan, Peter J. Donovan, Thomas Douglas, Christopher Gyngell, John Harris, Robin Lovell-Badge, Debra J. H. Mathews & Alan Regenberg - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):42-47.
    The prospect of using genome technologies to modify the human germline has raised profound moral disagreement but also emphasizes the need for wide-ranging discussion and a well-informed policy response. The Hinxton Group brought together scientists, ethicists, policymakers, and journal editors for an international, interdisciplinary meeting on this subject. This consensus statement formulated by the group calls for support of genome editing research and the development of a scientific roadmap for safety and efficacy; recognizes the ethical challenges involved in clinical reproductive (...)
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  36.  56
    A Model of the Effects of Self-Efficacy on the Perceived Ethicality and Performance of Fear Appeals in Advertising.Robin L. Snipes, Michael S. LaTour & Sara J. Bliss - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (3):273 - 285.
    The primary purpose of this study was to better understand the effects of consumers' perceived self-efficacy on their perceptions of the ethicality of a fear appeal and subsequent attitudes towards the ad, the brand, and purchase intentions. In this study, a total of 305 consumer responses were investigated to determine attitudes toward a fear appeal ad. The results suggest that the use of strong fear appeals may not be perceived as unethical if consumers feel they can use the recommended product (...)
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  37.  11
    Chrestomathia.Robin Barrow, Jeremy Bentham, M. J. Smith & W. H. Burston - 1985 - British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (1):87.
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  38.  18
    Increased Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Decreased Zygomaticus Activation in Response to Disliked Smiles Suggest Top-Down Inhibition of Facial Mimicry.Sebastian Korb, Robin Goldman, Richard J. Davidson & Paula M. Niedenthal - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  24
    Grid Cells on Steeply Sloping Terrain: Evidence for Planar Rather Than Volumetric Encoding.Robin M. A. Hayman, Giulio Casali, Jonathan J. Wilson & Kate J. Jeffery - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40.  78
    PhD by Publication: A Student's Perspective.Lisa M. Robins & Peter J. Kanowski - 2008 - Journal of Research Practice 4 (2):Article M3.
    This article presents the first author's experiences as an Australian doctoral student undertaking a PhD by publication in the arena of the social sciences. She published nine articles in refereed journals and a peer-reviewed book chapter during the course of her PhD. We situate this experience in the context of current discussion about doctoral publication practices, in order to inform both postgraduate students and academics in general. The article discusses recent thinking about PhD by publication and identifies the factors that (...)
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  41.  38
    Spitzer, Robert J. S.J., Ph.D., with Robin A. Bernhoft, M.D., and Camille E. De Blasi, M.A. Healing the Culture: A Commonsense Philosophy of Happiness, Freedom, and the Life Issues. [REVIEW]S. J. Koterski - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (4):658-660.
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  42.  13
    Placental Endogenous Retrovirus (ERV): Structural, Functional, and Evolutionary Significance.J. Robin Harris - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (4):307-316.
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  43.  14
    Case Vignette: Premature Surrender.H. T. Mermelstein, G. J. Annas & R. J. Levine - 1992 - Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):63-71.
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  44.  26
    Introduction to Turing Categories.J. Robin B. Cockett & Pieter Jw Hofstra - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 156 (2):183-209.
    We give an introduction to Turing categories, which are a convenient setting for the categorical study of abstract notions of computability. The concept of a Turing category first appeared in the work of Longo and Moggi; later, Di Paolo and Heller introduced the closely related recursion categories. One of the purposes of Turing categories is that they may be used to develop categorical formulations of recursion theory, but they also include other notions of computation, such as models of combinatory logic (...)
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  45.  19
    A Pragmatist Philosophy of Psychological Science and its Implications for Replication.Ana Gantman, Robin Gomila, Joel E. Martinez, J. Nathan Matias, Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Jordan Starck, Sherry Wu & Nechumi Yaffe - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  46.  7
    Léon Robin.J. Moreau - 1947 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 2:221.
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  47.  25
    Anxiety, Anticipation and Contextual Information: A Test of Attentional Control Theory.Adam J. Cocks, Robin C. Jackson, Daniel T. Bishop & A. Mark Williams - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  48.  31
    Navigating in a Three-Dimensional World.Kathryn J. Jeffery, Aleksandar Jovalekic, Madeleine Verriotis & Robin Hayman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):523-543.
    The study of spatial cognition has provided considerable insight into how animals (including humans) navigate on the horizontal plane. However, the real world is three-dimensional, having a complex topography including both horizontal and vertical features, which presents additional challenges for representation and navigation. The present article reviews the emerging behavioral and neurobiological literature on spatial cognition in non-horizontal environments. We suggest that three-dimensional spaces are represented in a quasi-planar fashion, with space in the plane of locomotion being computed separately and (...)
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  49.  5
    Realizing Informed Consent in Times of Controversy: Lessons From the SUPPORT Study.Robert J. Morse & Robin Fretwell Wilson - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (3):402-418.
    This Essay examines the elegantly simple idea that consent to medical treatment or participation in human research must be “informed” to be valid. It does so by using as a case study the controversial clinical research trial known as the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial. The Essay begins by charting, through case law and the adoption of the common rule, the evolution of duties to secure fully informed consent in both research and treatment. The Essay then utilizes the (...)
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  50.  54
    Review of Robin Le Poidevin Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time (Oxford University Press, 2003). [REVIEW]Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):527-30.
    Book Information Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time. Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time Robin Le Poidevin , Oxford : Clarendon Press , 2003 , xvii + 275 , £14.99 ( cloth ); £8.99 ( paper ) By Robin Le Poidevin. Clarendon Press. Oxford. Pp. xvii + 275. £14.99 (cloth:); £8.99 (paper:).
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