Results for 'Rod J. L. Adams'

1000+ found
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  1.  25
    Recursive Functions and Metamathematics: Problems of Completeness and Decidability, Gödel's Theorems.Rod J. L. Adams & Roman Murawski - 1999 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    Traces the development of recursive functions from their origins in the late nineteenth century to the mid-1930s, with particular emphasis on the work and influence of Kurt Gödel.
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  2.  44
    Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: a reply to P. J. Squire.Roger J. L. Murphy & Robert M. Adams - 1979 - Educational Studies 5 (3):225-230.
    (1979). Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: a reply to P. J. Squire. Educational Studies: Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 225-230.
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  3.  79
    The Appeal to Expert Opinion: Quantitative Support for a Bayesian Network Approach.Adam J. L. Harris, Ulrike Hahn, Jens K. Madsen & Anne S. Hsu - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1496-1533.
    The appeal to expert opinion is an argument form that uses the verdict of an expert to support a position or hypothesis. A previous scheme-based treatment of the argument form is formalized within a Bayesian network that is able to capture the critical aspects of the argument form, including the central considerations of the expert's expertise and trustworthiness. We propose this as an appropriate normative framework for the argument form, enabling the development and testing of quantitative predictions as to how (...)
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  4. Argument Content and Argument Source: An Exploration.Ulrike Hahn, Adam J. L. Harris & Adam Corner - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (4):337-367.
    Argumentation is pervasive in everyday life. Understanding what makes a strong argument is therefore of both theoretical and practical interest. One factor that seems intuitively important to the strength of an argument is the reliability of the source providing it. Whilst traditional approaches to argument evaluation are silent on this issue, the Bayesian approach to argumentation (Hahn & Oaksford, 2007) is able to capture important aspects of source reliability. In particular, the Bayesian approach predicts that argument content and source reliability (...)
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  5.  51
    James is polite and punctual (and useless): A Bayesian formalisation of faint praise.Adam J. L. Harris, Adam Corner & Ulrike Hahn - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):414-429.
  6.  78
    Because Hitler did it! Quantitative tests of Bayesian argumentation using ad hominem.Adam J. L. Harris, Anne S. Hsu & Jens K. Madsen - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):311 - 343.
    Bayesian probability has recently been proposed as a normative theory of argumentation. In this article, we provide a Bayesian formalisation of the ad Hitlerum argument, as a special case of the ad hominem argument. Across three experiments, we demonstrate that people's evaluation of the argument is sensitive to probabilistic factors deemed relevant on a Bayesian formalisation. Moreover, we provide the first parameter-free quantitative evidence in favour of the Bayesian approach to argumentation. Quantitative Bayesian prescriptions were derived from participants' stated subjective (...)
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  7.  92
    Public Reception of Climate Science: Coherence, Reliability, and Independence.Ulrike Hahn, Adam J. L. Harris & Adam Corner - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):180-195.
    Possible measures to mitigate climate change require global collective actions whose impacts will be felt by many, if not all. Implementing such actions requires successful communication of the reasons for them, and hence the underlying climate science, to a degree that far exceeds typical scientific issues which do not require large-scale societal response. Empirical studies have identified factors, such as the perceived level of consensus in scientific opinion and the perceived reliability of scientists, that can limit people's trust in science (...)
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  8.  18
    Descartes dans la philosophie universitaire allemande du XVIII E siècle.Wolfgang Röd & J. -L. Marion - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
  9.  24
    Unrealistic optimism about future life events: A cautionary note.Adam J. L. Harris & Ulrike Hahn - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):135-154.
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  10.  68
    How many laypeople holding a popular opinion are needed to counter an expert opinion?Jos Hornikx, Adam J. L. Harris & Jordy Boekema - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (1):117-128.
    ABSTRACTIn everyday situations, people regularly receive information from large groups of people and from single experts. Although lay opinions and expert opinions have been studied extensively in isolation, the present study examined the relationship between the two by asking how many laypeople are needed to counter an expert opinion. A Bayesian formalisation allowed the prescription of this quantity. Participants were subsequently asked to assess how many laypeople are needed in different situations. The results demonstrate that people are sensitive to the (...)
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  11.  35
    Estimating the probability of negative events.Adam J. L. Harris, Adam Corner & Ulrike Hahn - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):51-64.
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  12.  59
    Rational argument, rational inference.Ulrike Hahn, Adam J. L. Harris & Mike Oaksford - 2012 - Argument and Computation 4 (1):21 - 35.
    (2013). Rational argument, rational inference. Argument & Computation: Vol. 4, Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology, pp. 21-35. doi: 10.1080/19462166.2012.689327.
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  13.  35
    Plausibility matters: A challenge to Gilbert's “Spinozan” account of belief formation.Marion Vorms, Adam J. L. Harris, Sabine Topf & Ulrike Hahn - 2022 - Cognition 220 (C):104990.
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  14.  85
    The illusion of control: A Bayesian perspective.Adam J. L. Harris & Magda Osman - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):29-38.
    In the absence of an objective contingency, psychological studies have shown that people nevertheless attribute outcomes to their own actions. Thus, by wrongly inferring control in chance situations people appear to hold false beliefs concerning their agency, and are said to succumb to an illusion of control (IoC). In the current article, we challenge traditional conceptualizations of the illusion by examining the thesis that the IoC reflects rational and adaptive decision making. Firstly, we propose that the IoC is a by-product (...)
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  15.  21
    Understanding the coherence of the severity effect and optimism phenomena: Lessons from attention.Adam J. L. Harris - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 50:30-44.
  16.  33
    JERK, an event-based Kinetic Monte Carlo model to predict microstructure evolution of materials under irradiation.J. Dalla Torre, J. -L. Bocquet, N. V. Doan, E. Adam & A. Barbu - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):549-558.
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  17.  18
    JERK, an event-based Kinetic Monte Carlo model to predict microstructure evolution of materials under irradiation.J. Dalla Torre *, Bocquet J. -L., N. V. Doan, E. Adam & A. Barbu - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):549-558.
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  18.  14
    Testing the adaptability of people's use of attribute frame information.Adam J. L. Harris, Sarah C. Jenkins, Gloria W. S. Ma & Aloysius Oh - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104720.
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  19.  82
    The Hiddenness Argument.J. L. Schellenberg - 2021 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 69 (3):63-66.
    * This is a fragment of J. L. Schellenberg’s paper “Divine Hiddenness and Human Philosophy” originally published in Adam Green and Eleonore Stump, Hidden Divinity and Religious Belief, 23–25, 28. Reprinted by permission of the author.
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  20.  26
    Maintaining credibility when communicating uncertainty: the role of directionality.Sarah C. Jenkins & Adam J. L. Harris - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 27 (1):97-123.
    Risk communicators often need to communicate probabilistic predictions. On occasion, an event with 10% likelihood will occur, or one with 90% likelihood will not – a probabilistically unexpected ou...
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  21.  15
    The Achieved Weights of Examination Components.Robert M. Adams & Roger J. L. Murphy† - 1982 - Educational Studies 8 (1):15-22.
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  22.  25
    Novel aspects of the neuropathology of the vegetative state after Blunt head.D. I. Graham, W. L. Maxwell, J. H. Adams & Bryan Jennett - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  23.  12
    Risky Decision Making Under Stressful Conditions: Men and Women With Smaller Cortisol Elevations Make Riskier Social and Economic Decisions.Anna J. Dreyer, Dale Stephen, Robyn Human, Tarah L. Swanepoel, Leanne Adams, Aimee O'Neill, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Men often make riskier decisions than women across a wide range of real-life behaviors. Whether this sex difference is accentuated, diminished, or stable under stressful conditions is, however, contested in the scientific literature. A critical blind spot lies amid this contestation: Most studies use standardized, laboratory-based, cognitive measures of decision making rather than complex real-life social simulation tasks to assess risk-related behavior. To address this blind spot, we investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on risk decision making in men (...)
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  24.  9
    Optimism where there is none: Asymmetric belief updating observed with valence-neutral life events.Jason W. Burton, Adam J. L. Harris, Punit Shah & Ulrike Hahn - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104939.
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  25.  18
    Modeling Measurement as a Sequential Process: Autoregressive Confirmatory Factor Analysis.Ozlem Ozkok, Michael J. Zyphur, Adam P. Barsky, Max Theilacker, M. Brent Donnellan & Frederick L. Oswald - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  26.  20
    Adam Smith on the public provision of education.J. L. Z. Rauwald - forthcoming - History of European Ideas.
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  27.  44
    Rational approximations to rational models: Alternative algorithms for category learning.Adam N. Sanborn, Thomas L. Griffiths & Daniel J. Navarro - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1144-1167.
  28.  4
    Adam Ferguson and the Beginnings of Modern Sociology. [REVIEW]J. L. Woodward - 1933 - Philosophical Review 42 (3):327-329.
  29.  20
    Ethics and Education.J. W. L. Adams - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (71):186-187.
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  30.  50
    Feasibility of Motor Imagery Training for Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder – A Pilot Study.Imke L. J. Adams, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Jessica M. Lust, Peter H. Wilson & Bert Steenbergen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  31.  18
    Enhancing “theory of mind” through behavioral synchrony.Adam Baimel, Rachel L. Severson, Andrew S. Baron & Susan A. J. Birch - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  26
    The Essence of Plato's Philosophy. By Constantin Ritter. Translated by Adam Alles. (London: G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1933. Pp. 413. Price 16s.). [REVIEW]J. L. Stocks - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (36):484-.
  33.  36
    Cambodian Linguistics, Literature and History: Collected ArticlesThe Tai Dialect of Lungming: Glossary, Texts, and Translations.Karen L. Adams, Judith Jacob, David A. Smyth, William J. Gedney & Thomas John Hudak - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (3):580.
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  34. Finding meaning from mutability: making sense and deriving significance through counterfactual thinking.D. Galinsky Adam, A. Liljenquist Katie, L. Kray Laura & J. Roese Neal - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  35. Note: Page numbers in italics refer to bibliography pages.M. J. Adams, R. J. Adams, E. H. Adelson, C. J. Aine, M. L. Albert, M. P. Alexander, J. M. Alklman, J. Allman, J. M. Allman & R. A. Andersen - 1994 - In Martha J. Farah & G. Ratcliff (eds.), The Neuropsychology of High-Level Vision. Lawrence Erlbaum.
     
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  36.  10
    Education for Maturity.J. W. L. Adams - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (32):287-288.
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  37.  20
    Pädagogischer Humanismus.J. W. L. Adams - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (30):78-79.
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  38.  11
    Le Droit, Les Sciences Humaines Et La Philosophie.L. Husson, J. Carbonnier, A. Adam, J. Ellul, C. Morazé & B. Goldman - 1973 - Vrin.
    L. Husson. XXIX' SEMAINE DE SYNTHÈSE DROIT PÉNAL ET CRIMINOLOGIE Exposé de M. Albert CHAVANNE Professeur à la Faculté de Droit et des Sciences économiques de Lyon Pour traiter des rapports entre droit pénal et criminologie ...
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  39.  26
    Physical attractiveness, self-awareness, and mirror-gazing behavior.Adam L. Lipson, David P. J. Przybyla & Donn Byrne - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (2):115-116.
  40.  33
    Ancient Education.J. W. L. Adams & William A. Smith - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (23):188.
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  41.  10
    The Intermediate Neutrino Program.C. Adams, Alonso Jr, A. M. Ankowski, J. A. Asaadi, J. Ashenfelter, S. N. Axani, K. Babu, C. Backhouse, H. R. Band, P. S. Barbeau, N. Barros, A. Bernstein, M. Betancourt, M. Bishai, E. Blucher, J. Bouffard, N. Bowden, S. Brice, C. Bryan, L. Camilleri, J. Cao, J. Carlson, R. E. Carr, A. Chatterjee, M. Chen, S. Chen, M. Chiu, E. D. Church, J. I. Collar, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. R. Convery, R. L. Cooper, D. Cowen, H. Davoudiasl, A. De Gouvea, D. J. Dean, G. Deichert, F. Descamps, T. DeYoung, M. V. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, M. J. Dolinski, J. Dolph, B. Donnelly, S. da DwyerDytman, Y. Efremenko, L. L. Everett, A. Fava, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, B. Fleming, A. Friedland, B. K. Fujikawa, T. K. Gaisser, M. Galeazzi, D. C. Galehouse, A. Galindo-Uribarri, G. T. Garvey, S. Gautam, K. E. Gilje, M. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. C. Goodman, H. Gordon, E. Gramellini, M. P. Green, A. Guglielmi, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, F. Halzen, K. Han, S. Hans, D. Harris, K. M. Heeger, M. Herman, R. Hill, A. Holin & P. Huber - unknown
    The US neutrino community gathered at the Workshop on the Intermediate Neutrino Program at Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4-6, 2015 to explore opportunities in neutrino physics over the next five to ten years. Scientists from particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics participated in the workshop. The workshop examined promising opportunities for neutrino physics in the intermediate term, including possible new small to mid-scale experiments, US contributions to large experiments, upgrades to existing experiments, R&D plans and theory. The workshop was organized into (...)
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  42.  26
    The Nihilism of John Dewey.J. W. L. Adams & Paul K. Crosser - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (24):276.
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  43.  19
    The Unity of Mankind in Greek Thought.J. W. L. Adams - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (67):168-169.
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  44.  33
    Financial Impact of Incentive Spirometry.Adam E. M. Eltorai, Grayson L. Baird, Joshua Pangborn, Ashley Szabo Eltorai, Valentin Antoci, Katherine Paquette, Kevin Connors, Jacqueline Barbaria, Kimberly J. Smeals, Barbara Riley, Shyam A. Patel, Saurabh Agarwal, Terrance T. Healey, Corey E. Ventetuolo, Frank W. Sellke & Alan H. Daniels - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801879499.
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  45.  3
    The science of fake news.David M. J. Lazer, Matthew A. Baum, Yochai Benkler, Adam J. Berinsky, Kelly M. Greenhill, Filippo Menczer, Miriam J. Metzger, Brendan Nyhan, Gordon Pennycook, David Rothschild, Michael Schudson, Steven A. Sloman, Cass R. Sunstein, Emily A. Thorson, Duncan J. Watts & Jonathan L. Zittrain - 2018 - Science 359 (6380):1094-1096.
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  46.  75
    Teaching Research Methods and Statistics in eLearning Environments: Pedagogy, Practical Examples, and Possible Futures.Adam J. Rock, William L. Coventry, Methuen I. Morgan & Natasha M. Loi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  47.  93
    Measures of Mentoring, Department Climate, and Graduate Student Preparedness in the Responsible Conduct of Psychological Research.Sabrina J. Goodman, Kaori Kubo Germano, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (3):227-252.
    Drawing upon two independent national samples of 201 and 241 psychology graduate students, this article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of 4 Web-based student self-report scales tapping student socialization in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) with human participants. The Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research Scale (MRCR) is composed of 2 subscales assessing RCR instruction and modeling by research mentors. The 2 subscales of the RCR Department Climate Scale (RCR-DC) assess RCR department policies and faculty and student RCR (...)
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  48.  53
    Criteria for determining the appropriate method for an ethics consultation.Martin L. Smith, Annette K. Bisanz, Ana J. Kempfer, Barbie Adams, Toya G. Candelari & Roxann K. Blackburn - 2004 - HEC Forum 16 (2):95-113.
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  49. Storywrangler: A massive exploratorium for sociolinguistic, cultural, socioeconomic, and political timelines using Twitter.Thayer Alshaabi, Jane L. Adams, Michael V. Arnold, Joshua R. Minot, David R. Dewhurst, Andrew J. Reagan, Christopher M. Danforth & Peter Sheridan Dodds - manuscript
    In real-time, Twitter strongly imprints world events, popular culture, and the day-to-day; Twitter records an ever growing compendium of language use and change; and Twitter has been shown to enable certain kinds of prediction. Vitally, and absent from many standard corpora such as books and news archives, Twitter also encodes popularity and spreading through retweets. Here, we describe Storywrangler, an ongoing, day-scale curation of over 100 billion tweets containing around 1 trillion 1-grams from 2008 to 2020. For each day, we (...)
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  50.  23
    Categorization as nonparametric Bayesian density estimation.Thomas L. Griffiths, Adam N. Sanborn, Kevin R. Canini & Daniel J. Navarro - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
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