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Roderick Long [56]Roderick T. Long [48]Roderick Tracy Long [1]
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Roderick Long
Auburn University
  1. Realism and Abstraction in Economics: Aristotle and Mises Versus Friedman.Roderick Long - manuscript
    Associate Professor | Director and President Department of Philosophy | Molinari Institute 6080 Haley Center, Auburn University Auburn AL 36849 USA email: [email protected] URL: praxeology.net..
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  2. Social Class and State Power: Exploring an Alternative Radical Tradition.D. M. Hart, G. Chartier, R. M. Kenyon & Roderick T. Long - 2018 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This collection seeks to excavate the tradition of radical liberal class analysis, which predated and inspired Marx's reflections on class. Liberal class theory is distinctive because it regards relationship with the state as constitutive rather than just indicative of social class membership. Along with an introduction that frames the discussion historically and conceptually, Social Class and State Power provides readers with easy access to provocative texts from the early modern period to the present.
     
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  3. A Plea for Public Property.Roderick T. Long - 2011 - In Gary Chartier and Charles W. Johnson (ed.), Markets Not Capitalism: Individualist Anarchism Against Bosses, Inequality, Corporate Power, and Structural Poverty. London, UK: pp. 157-168.
    Libertarians often assume that a free society will be one in which all (or nearly all) property is private. I have previously expressed my dissent from this consensus, arguing that libertarian principles instead support a substantial role for public property. (" In Defense of Public Space ," Formulations, Vol. III, No. 3 (Spring 1996).) In this article I develop this heretical position further.
     
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  4.  2
    Anarchism/Minarchism: Is a Government Part of a Free Country?Roderick T. Long & Tibor R. Machan (eds.) - 2008 - Ashgate.
    Robert Nozick sharply distinguished his vision of the free society from egalitarian liberals such as John Rawls. Less remarked upon is the distinction he drew between the free society governed by a strictly limited government and the society without any government at all. In this volume, the editors have brought together a selection of specially commissioned essays from key theorists actively involved in this debate.
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  5.  75
    The Irrelevance of Responsibility: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):118-145.
    Responsibility is often thought of as primarily a legal concept. Even when it is moral responsibility that is at issue, it is assumed that it is above all in moralities based on law-centered patterns and models that responsibility takes center stage, so that responsibility is a legal concept at its core, and is applicable to the realm of private morality only by extension and analogy.
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  6.  2
    Hunting the Pseudo-Philosopher.Roderick T. Long - 2021 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 21 (2):247-288.
    In False Wisdom, Gary H. Merrill develops criteria for distinguishing genuine from pseudo-philosophy, and then applies his criteria to several case studies, including Ayn Rand, all of whom he finds to be pseudo-philosophers. While offering a mostly helpful overview of better and worse ways of doing philosophy, Merrill fails to motivate adequately his way of distinguishing pseudo-philosophy from mere philosophical vices, errors, or failings. He is inconsistent in his characterization of the criteria for pseudo-philosophy and his application of those criteria, (...)
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  7.  14
    From Defiant Egoist to Submissive Citizen: Is There a Bridge? Why the Hell Is There a Bridge?Roderick T. Long - 2020 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 20 (2):372-399.
    The author reviews Foundations of a Free Society: Reflections on Ayn Rand’s Political Philosophy, edited by Gregory Salmieri and Robert Mayhew, and finds it to be a rich and provocative anthology. However, the author is unpersuaded by the arguments, from a number of the contributors, for separating the prohibition on initiatory force as an ethical principle, from individual rights as a political principle—a separation that, on the ethical side, unduly discards the Aristotelean ethical approach with which Randian ethics claims affiliation, (...)
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  8. The Libertarian Case Against Intellectual Property Rights.Roderick Long - 2011 - In Gary Chartier and Charles W. Johnson (ed.), Markets Not Capitalism: Individualist Anarchism Against Bosses, Inequality, Corporate Power, and Structural Poverty. London, UK: pp. 187-198.
  9. Realism and Abstraction in Economics: Aristotle and Mises Versus Friedman.Roderick Long - 2006 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 9 (3):3-23.
  10.  16
    Practical Reflection.Roderick T. Long - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):903.
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  11. Toward a Libertarian Theory of Class: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):303-349.
    Libertarianism needs a theory of class. This claim may meet with resistance among some libertarians. A few will say: “The analysis of society in terms of classes and class struggles is a specifically Marxist approach, resting on assumptions that libertarians reject. Why should we care about class?” A greater number will say: “We recognize that class theory is important, but libertarianism doesn't need such a theory, because it already has a perfectly good one.”.
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  12. Mill's Higher Pleasures and the Choice of Character*: Roderick T. Long.Roderick T. Long - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):279-297.
    J. S. Mill's distinction between higher and lower pleasures is often thought to conflict with his commitment to psychological and ethical hedonism: if the superiority of higher pleasures is quantitative, then the higher/lower distinction is superfluous and Mill contradicts himself; if the superiority of higher pleasures is not quantitative, then Mill's hedonism is compromised.
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  13. Left-Libertarianism, Market Anarchism, Class Conflict, and Historical Theories of Distributive Justice.Roderick Long - 2012 - Griffith Law Review 2 (12):413-431.
  14. Libertarian Anarchism: Responses to ten Objections.Roderick T. Long - unknown
    I want to talk about some of the main objections that have been given to libertarian anarchism and my attempts to answer them. But before I start giving objections and trying to answer them, there is no point in trying to answer objections to a view unless you have given some positive reason to hold the view in the first place. So, I just want to say briefly what I think the positive case is for it before going on to (...)
     
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  15.  39
    Praxeology: Who Needs It.Roderick T. Long - 2005 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 6 (2):299 - 316.
    Despite her admiration for the economic theories of Ludwig von Mises, Ayn Rand rejects Mises's central concept of "praxeology," the science of human action. Yet the features of Misesian praxeology that Rand finds most objectionable— its aprioristic methodology, its value-subjectivism, and its claims about motivational psychology— can be reinterpreted in ways that make them congenial to Rand's philosophical principles while still preserving the essential points that Mises wishes to make.
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  16.  2
    Reason and Value: Aristotle Versus Rand.Roderick T. Long - 2000 - Poughkeepsie, NY, USA: Objectivist Center.
  17.  19
    The Nathaniel Branden Annotated Bibliography.Roger E. Bissell, Stephen Cox, Robert L. Campbell, Roderick T. Long & Chris Matthew Sciabarra - 2016 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 16 (1-2):260.
    This bibliography constitutes the most extensive compilation of references on Nathaniel Branden yet published.
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  18. Land-Locked: A Critique of Carson on Property Rights.Roderick T. Long - 2006 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (1):87-95.
  19.  15
    Reply to Stephen Cox: Anarchism and the Problems of Rand and Paterson.Roderick T. Long - 2013 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 13 (2):210-223.
    In his essay “Rand, Paterson, and the Problem of Anarchism,” which appeared in The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Stephen Cox argues that the principles of consent and non-initiation of force on which anarchists rely are too strong, and would require undue violation of the principle of non-sacrifice unless modified. But properly interpreted, these principles do not generate the conflicts that Cox describes, and such modifications as are defensible still do not rule out anarchism; hence Cox's case against anarchism fails.
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  20. Anti-Psychologism in Economics: Wittgenstein and Mises.Roderick Long - 2004 - Review of Austrian Economics 17 (4):345-369.
  21.  77
    Rule-Following, Praxeology, and Anarchy.Roderick T. Long - 2006 - New Perspectives on Political Economy 1 (2):36-46.
    JEL Classification: B41, B53, B31, B2, P48, A12 Abstract: Wittgenstein’s rule-following paradox has important implications for two aspects of Austrian theory. First, it makes it possible to reconcile the Misesian, Rothbardian, and hermeneutical approaches to methodology; second, it provides a way of defending a stateless legal order against the charge that such an order lacks, yet needs, a final arbiter.
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  22. Wittgenstein on Rule-Following.Roderick Long - 2010 - In Kelly Dean Jolley (ed.), Wittgenstein: Key Concepts. Stocksfield NE43, UK: pp. 81-91.
  23.  99
    Immanent Liberalism: The Politics of Mutual Consent.Roderick T. Long - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):1-31.
    Part One of Marx's “On the Jewish Question” is a communitarian manifesto, one of the finest and subtlest ever penned. But has it anything valuable to offer defenders of liberalism? I think it does; for in “On the Jewish Question” Marx points to a potential danger into which communitarians are liable to fall, and I shall argue that his discussion sheds light on an analogous peril for liberals. Specifically, Marx distinguishes between a genuine and a spurious form of communitarianism, and (...)
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  24.  98
    Libertarian Feminism: Can This Marriage Be Saved?Roderick Long & Charles Johnson - unknown
    An earlier, abbreviated version was presented as remarks for the inaugural symposium of the Molinari Society, at the American Philosophical Association Eastern Division meeting, on 27 December 2004. Replies and comments on matters of style, content, and argument in this essay are welcome.
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  25.  69
    Reference and Necessity: A Rand-Kripke Synthesis? [REVIEW]Roderick T. Long - 2000 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (1):209 - 228.
    The widespread assumption among academic philosophers that no truth can be simultaneously necessary and factual, founded on the analytic-synthetic dichotomy, was challenged from outside the profession by Ayn Rand and Leonard Peikoff in the 1960s, and from within the profession by Saul Kripke and Hilary Putnam in the 1970s. Gregory M. Browne's book Necessary Factual Truth represents a long-overdue attempt to synthesize the Rand-Peikoff and Kripke-Putnam approaches into an integrated theory. While Browne's project is partially successful, it gives up one (...)
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  26.  32
    Civil Society in Ancient Greece: The Case of Athens.Roderick T. Long - unknown
    Some writers have so confounded government with society, as to leave little or no distinction between them; whereas they are not only different, but have different origins. Society is produced by our wants, and government by our wickedness; the former promotes our happiness positively by uniting our affections, the latter negatively by restraining our vices. The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher. Society in every state is a blessing, but government (...)
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  27. Defending a Free Nation.Roderick T. Long - 2007 - In Edward P. Stringham (ed.), Anarchy and the Law: The Political Economy of Choice. New Brunswick, NJ, USA: pp. 149-162.
    This question presupposes a prior question: would a free nation need to defend itself from foreign aggression? Some would answer no: the rewards of cooperation outweigh the rewards of aggression, and so a nation will probably not be attacked unless it first acts aggressively itself.
     
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  28.  54
    Market Anarchism as Constitutionalism.Roderick T. Long - 2008 - In Roderick T. Long & Tibor R. Machan (eds.), Anarchism/Minarchism: Is a Government Part of a Free Country? Ashgate. pp. 133-154.
    A legal system is any institution or set of institutions in a given society that provides dispute resolution in a systematic and reasonably predictable way. it does so through the exercise of three functions: the judicial, the legislative, and the executive. The judicial function, the adjudication of disputes, is the core of any legal system; the other two are ancillary to this. The legislative function is to determine the rules that will govern the process of adjudication (this function may be (...)
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  29. Wittgenstein, Austrian Economics, and the Logic of Action: Praxeological Investigations.Roderick Long - 2005 - Routledge.
    Fascinating and thought-provoking, this book shows how the methodology of Austrian economics can be justified and strengthened by grounding it in the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Frege and Wittgenstein argued that whatever counts as thought must embody logical principles. Their arguments also support the conclusion that whatever constitutes action must embody economic principles. In this incisive text, the author shows that this confirms the claims of Austrian economists such as Mises and Hayek that the laws of economics are a priori rather (...)
     
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  30.  75
    Abortion, Abandonment, and Positive Rights: The Limits of Compulsory Altruism*: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):166-191.
    We began with three propositions: that people have a right not to be treated as mere means to the ends of others, that a woman who voluntarily becomes pregnant nevertheless has the right to an abortion, and that a woman who voluntarily gives birth does not have a right to abandon her child until she finds a substitute caretaker. These propositions initially seemed inconsistent, for the prohibition on treating others as mere means appeared to rule out the possibility of positive (...)
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  31. The Justice and Prudence of War: Toward A Libertarian Analysis.Roderick Long - 2006 - Reason Papers 28:51-60.
  32.  59
    Ayn Rand.Roderick Long & Neera K. Badhwar - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  33. Why Do so Many Modern Jobs Seem Pointless? [REVIEW]Roderick T. Long & Roderick Long - 2019 - Reason 50:58-59.
  34. Rituals of Freedom: Austro-Libertarian Themes in Early Confucianism.Roderick Long - manuscript
    Philosophy – Auburn University 8th Austrian Scholars Conference 15-16 March 2002 [email protected]
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  35. Grammatical Investigations.Roderick Long & Kelly Dean Jolley - 2010 - In Kelly Dean Jolley (ed.), Wittgenstein: Key Concepts. Stocksfield NE43, UK: pp. 169-174.
     
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  36.  17
    The Benefits and Hazards of Dialectical Libertarianism. [REVIEW]Roderick T. Long - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):395 - 448.
    Roderick T. Long reviews Total Freedom: Toward a Dialectical Libertarianism, the long-awaited final volume of Chris Sciabarra's "Dialectics and Liberty" trilogy. Long finds Total Freedom to be an impressive scholarly achievement that makes a compelling case for the existence of, and the need to further promote, affinities between the seemingly disparate intellectual traditions of libertarianism and dialectics. However, Long argues that Sciabarra's neglect of certain crucial distinctions vitiates to some extent his case for dialectics, his critique of Murray Rothbard's anarchism, (...)
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  37. Thrasymachus and the Relational Conception of Authority.Roderick Long - 2009 - In Patricia Hanna (ed.), An Anthology of Philosophical Studies, Vol. 3. Athens, Greece: pp. 27-36.
  38.  60
    Review of Review of Leland Yeager, Ethics as Social Science. [REVIEW]Roderick Long - 2003 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 6:89-98.
    Like feuding relatives at a family barbecue, economists and moral philosophers often like to pretend they have nothing to do with each other. Economists pose as value-neutral scientists who have no need for airy-fairy moral theory; yet they regularly dispense the sorts of prescription and advice that cry out for ethical analysis. Philosophers likewise view themselves as having loftier concerns than vulgar economics; but by conducting their ethical and political theorizing in ignorance of economic principles, they are unable to avoid (...)
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  39. Virtual Cantons.Roderick T. Long - 2016 - In Aviezer Tucker & Gian Piero de Bellis (eds.), Panarchy: Political Theories of Non-Territorial States. Routledge. pp. 227-233.
    What would the constitution of a free nation look like? In trying to answer that question we immediately think in terms of a Bill of Rights, restrictions on governmental power, and so forth. And any constitution worth having would certainly include those things. But if a constitution is to be more than a wish list, it must also specify the political structure necessary to ensure that these freedoms are not eroded or ignored. Consider the old Soviet Constitution, which guaranteed all (...)
     
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  40.  55
    Anarchy Defended: Reply to Schneider.Roderick T. Long - 2007 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (1):111-121.
  41. Wittgenstein, Austrian Economics, and the Logic of Action: Praxeological Investigations.Roderick T. Long - 2008 - Psychology Press.
    Fascinating and thought-provoking, this book shows how the methodology of Austrian economics can be justified and strengthened by grounding it in the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Frege and Wittgenstein argued that whatever counts as thought must embody logical principles. Their arguments also support the conclusion that whatever constitutes action must embody economic principles. In this incisive text, the author shows that this confirms the claims of Austrian economists such as Mises and Hayek that the laws of economics are a priori rather (...)
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  42.  61
    A Beauty Contest for Dichotomies: Browne's Terminological Revolutions. Rejoinder to Gregory M. Browne, "The 'Grotesque' Dichotomies Still Unbeautified" (Fall 2006): A Beauty Contest for Dichotomies: Browne's Terminological Revolutions.Roderick T. Long - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (1):143 - 162.
    While regarding Gregory M. Browne as mainly on target in his Rand-inspired treatment of reference and necessity, as well as in his rejection of the analyticsynthetic dichotomy, Long argues, first, that Browne is mistaken in rejecting some other vital distinctions, such as the a priori / a posteriori distinction; second, that Browne is nevertheless implicitly committed, under different terminology, to these very distinctions that he purportedly rejects; and third, that Browne's treatment of kinds and definitions leads him to misdescribe and (...)
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  43. Aristotle's Conception of Freedom.Roderick T. Long - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):775 - 802.
    In particular, Miller argues persuasively for attributing to Aristotle the following theses--theses traditionally rejected by communitarians as liberal innovations antithetical to the Aristotelian point of view.
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  44.  73
    The Classical Roots of Radical Individualism.Roderick T. Long - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):262-297.
    While the classical Greco-Roman tradition is not ordinarily thought of as associated with radical individualism, many of the central concerns of such radical individualists as Frédéric Bastiat, Herbert Spencer, Benjamin Tucker, Ludwig von Mises, F. A. Hayek, and Ayn Rand—including their views on human sociality, spontaneous order, and the relation between self-interest and non-instrumental concern for others—are shown to be inheritances from and developments of Platonic, Aristotelian, Epicurean, and Stoic ideas. Hence those working in the classical tradition have reason to (...)
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  45. Why Objective Law Requires Anarchy.Roderick T. Long - 1998 - Formulations 16 (1).
  46. Anarchism.Roderick Long - 2012 - In Fred D’Agostino and Gerald F. Gaus (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy. pp. 217-230.
  47. Anarchism and Libertarianism.Roderick Long - 2017 - In Nathan Jun (ed.), Brill's Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy. pp. 285-317.
  48. Aristotle’s Egalitarian Utopia: The Polis Kat’ Euchen.Roderick Long - 2005 - In Mogens Herman Hansen (ed.), The Imaginary Polis: Symposium, January 7-10, 2004. Acts of the Copenhagen Polis Centre 7. Copenhagen, Denmark: pp. 164-196.
  49. A Florentine In Baghdad: Codevilla on the War on Terror.Roderick Long - 2006 - Reason Papers 28:19-33.
  50. Ayn Rand and Indian Philosophy.Roderick Long - 2006 - In Tibor Machan (ed.), Ayn Rand at 100. Delhi, India:
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