Results for 'Rodrigues Abilio'

733 found
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  1. Towards a Philosophical Understanding of the Logics of Formal Inconsistency.Walter Carnielli & Abílio Rodrigues - 2015 - Manuscrito 38 (2):155-184.
    In this paper we present a philosophical motivation for the logics of formal inconsistency, a family of paraconsistent logics whose distinctive feature is that of having resources for expressing the notion of consistency within the object language in such a way that consistency may be logically independent of non-contradiction. We defend the view according to which logics of formal inconsistency may be interpreted as theories of logical consequence of an epistemological character. We also argue that in order to philosophically justify (...)
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  2.  9
    Measuring Evidence: A Probabilistic Approach to an Extension of Belnap–Dunn Logic.Abilio Rodrigues, Juliana Bueno-Soler & Walter Carnielli - 2020 - Synthese 198 (S22):5451-5480.
    This paper introduces the logic of evidence and truth \ as an extension of the Belnap–Dunn four-valued logic \. \ is a slightly modified version of the logic \, presented in Carnielli and Rodrigues. While \ is equipped only with a classicality operator \, \ is equipped with a non-classicality operator \ as well, dual to \. Both \ and \ are logics of formal inconsistency and undeterminedness in which the operator \ recovers classical logic for propositions in its (...)
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  3.  61
    An Epistemic Approach to Paraconsistency: A Logic of Evidence and Truth.Walter Carnielli & Abilio Rodrigues - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3789-3813.
    The purpose of this paper is to present a paraconsistent formal system and a corresponding intended interpretation according to which true contradictions are not tolerated. Contradictions are, instead, epistemically understood as conflicting evidence, where evidence for a proposition A is understood as reasons for believing that A is true. The paper defines a paraconsistent and paracomplete natural deduction system, called the Basic Logic of Evidence, and extends it to the Logic of Evidence and Truth. The latter is a logic of (...)
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  4.  10
    On Epistemic and Ontological Interpretations of Intuitionistic and Paraconsistent Paradigms.W. Carnielli & Abilio Rodrigues - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    From the technical point of view, philosophically neutral, the duality between a paraconsistent and a paracomplete logic lies in the fact that explosion does not hold in the former and excluded middle does not hold in the latter. From the point of view of the motivations for rejecting explosion and excluded middle, this duality can be interpreted either ontologically or epistemically. An ontological interpretation of intuitionistic logic is Brouwer’s idealism; of paraconsistency is dialetheism. The epistemic interpretation of intuitionistic logic is (...)
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  5.  17
    Paraconsistent Logic: Consistency, Contradiction and Negation.Abilio Rodrigues - 2021 - History and Philosophy of Logic 42 (3):300-306.
    The book Paraconsistent Logic: Consistency, Contradiction and Negation by Walter Carnielli and Marcelo Coniglio is the most thorough study of Logics of Formal Inconsistency...
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  6.  4
    Paraconsistent Logic: Consistency, Contradiction and Negation: Walter Carnielli and Marcelo E. Coniglio, New York, Springer International Publishing, 2016, Xxiv + 398 Pp., US$109.99 (Pbk) ISBN-13: 978-3319814537. [REVIEW]Abilio Rodrigues - 2021 - History and Philosophy of Logic 42 (3):300-306.
    The book Paraconsistent Logic: Consistency, Contradiction and Negation by Walter Carnielli and Marcelo Coniglio is the most thorough study of Logics of Formal Inconsistency...
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  7.  7
    Foreword: Consistency, Contradiction, and Consequence.Abílio Rodrigues & Federico Matías Pailos - 2018 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 22 (1):01-05.
    Foreword : Consistency, Contradiction, and Consequence.
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  8. On Philosophical Motivations for Paraconsistency: An Ontology-Free Interpretation of the Logics of Formal Inconsistency.Walter Carnielli & Abilio Rodrigues - manuscript
    In this paper we present a philosophical motivation for the logics of formal inconsistency, a family of paraconsistent logics whose distinctive feature is that of having resources for expressing the notion of consistency within the object language in such a way that consistency may be logically independent of non- contradiction. We defend the view according to which logics of formal inconsistency may be interpreted as theories of logical consequence of an epistemological character. We also argue that in order to philosophically (...)
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  9.  6
    Inferential Semantics, Paraconsistency, and Preservation of Evidence.Walter Carnielli & Abilio Rodrigues - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 165-187.
    Proof-theoretic semantics provides meanings to the connectives of intuitionistic logic without the need for a semantics in the standard sense of an attribution of semantic values to formulas. Meanings are given by the inference rules that, in this case, do not express preservation of truth but rather preservation of availability of a constructive proof. Elsewhere we presented two paraconsistent systems of natural deduction: the Basic Logic of Evidence and the Logic of Evidence and Truth. The rules of BLE have been (...)
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  10. On Formal Aspects of the Epistemic Approach to Paraconsistency.Walter Carnielli, Marcelo E. Coniglio & Abilio Rodrigues - 2018 - In Max Freund, Max Fernandez de Castro & Marco Ruffino (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Logic: Recent Trends in Latin America and Spain. London: College Publications. pp. 48-74.
    This paper reviews the central points and presents some recent developments of the epistemic approach to paraconsistency in terms of the preservation of evidence. Two formal systems are surveyed, the basic logic of evidence (BLE) and the logic of evidence and truth (LET J ), designed to deal, respectively, with evidence and with evidence and truth. While BLE is equivalent to Nelson’s logic N4, it has been conceived for a different purpose. Adequate valuation semantics that provide decidability are given for (...)
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  11.  4
    Recovery Operators, Paraconsistency and Duality.Walter Carnielli, Marcelo E. Coniglio & Abilio Rodrigues - 2020 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 28 (5):624-656.
    There are two foundational, but not fully developed, ideas in paraconsistency, namely, the duality between paraconsistent and intuitionistic paradigms, and the introduction of logical operators that express metalogical notions in the object language. The aim of this paper is to show how these two ideas can be adequately accomplished by the logics of formal inconsistency and by the logics of formal undeterminedness. LFIs recover the validity of the principle of explosion in a paraconsistent scenario, while LFUs recover the validity of (...)
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  12.  16
    Kripke-Style Models for Logics of Evidence and Truth.Henrique Antunes, Walter Carnielli, Andreas Kapsner & Abilio Rodrigues - 2020 - Axioms 9 (3).
    In this paper, we propose Kripke-style models for the logics of evidence and truth LETJ and LETF. These logics extend, respectively, Nelson’s logic N4 and the logic of first-degree entailment with a classicality operator ∘ that recovers classical logic for formulas in its scope. According to the intended interpretation here proposed, these models represent a database that receives information as time passes, and such information can be positive, negative, non-reliable, or reliable, while a formula ∘A means that the information about (...)
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  13.  13
    Fazedores-de-verdade.Abílio Azambuja Rodrigues Filho - 2009 - Doispontos 6 (2).
    This papers’ goal is to present a survey of the contemporary discussions regarding truthmakers. The emphasis will be on the characterization of the truthmaking relation and on the problems involved in universal propositions and negations.
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  14.  10
    Fazedores-de-verdade, a tese da disjunção E o princípio do terceiro excluído.Abilio Azambuja Rodrigues Filho - 2007 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 12 (2).
    The aim of this paper is to present and analyze the truthmaker monism , a result according to which any truthmaker makes true any true proposition. Truthmaker monism depends on the characterization of the truthmaking relation in terms of strict implication, the principle of excluded middle and the so called disjunction thesis. I will restrict the discussion to a theory of truthmakers of empirical truths and I will argue that, in the scope of such a theory, the problem does not (...)
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  15.  7
    Fazedores-de-verdade, a tese da disjunção eo princípio do terceiro excluído.Abilio Azambuja Rodrigues Filho - 2007 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 12 (2).
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  16. On the Philosophical Motivations for the Logics of Formal Consistency and Inconsistency.Walter Carnielli & Rodrigues Abilio - manuscript
    We present a philosophical motivation for the logics of formal inconsistency, a family of paraconsistent logics whose distinctive feature is that of having resources for expressing the notion of consistency within the object language. We shall defend the view according to which logics of formal inconsistency are theories of logical consequence of normative and epistemic character. This approach not only allows us to make inferences in the presence of contradictions, but offers a philosophically acceptable account of paraconsistency.
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  17. Recovery Operators, Paraconsistency and Duality.Walter A. Carnielli, Marcelo E. Coniglio & Abilio Rodrigues Filho - 2020 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 28 (5):624-656.
    There are two foundational, but not fully developed, ideas in paraconsistency, namely, the duality between paraconsistent and intuitionistic paradigms, and the introduction of logical operators that express meta-logical notions in the object language. The aim of this paper is to show how these two ideas can be adequately accomplished by the Logics of Formal Inconsistency (LFIs) and by the Logics of Formal Undeterminedness (LFUs). LFIs recover the validity of the principle of explosion in a paraconsistent scenario, while LFUs recover the (...)
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  18.  26
    Paraconsistent Logic, Evidence, and Justification.Melvin Fitting - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (6):1149-1166.
    In a forthcoming paper, Walter Carnielli and Abilio Rodrigues propose a Basic Logic of Evidence whose natural deduction rules are thought of as preserving evidence instead of truth. BLE turns out to be equivalent to Nelson’s paraconsistent logic N4, resulting from adding strong negation to Intuitionistic logic without Intuitionistic negation. The Carnielli/Rodrigues understanding of evidence is informal. Here we provide a formal alternative, using justification logic. First we introduce a modal logic, KX4, in which \ can be (...)
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  19.  74
    Remarks on the Epistemic Interpretation of Paraconsistent Logic.Nicolás Lo Guercio & Damian Szmuc - 2018 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 22 (1):153-170.
    In a recent work, Walter Carnielli and Abilio Rodrigues present an epistemically motivated interpretation of paraconsistent logic. In their view, when there is conflicting evidence with regard to a proposition A (i.e. when there is both evidence in favor of A and evidence in favor of ¬A) both A and ¬A should be accepted without thereby accepting any proposition B whatsoever. Hence, reasoning within their system intends to mirror, and thus, should be constrained by, the way in which (...)
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  20.  18
    Abduction: Can Non-Human Animals Make Discoveries?Mariana Vitti-Rodrigues & Claus Emmeche - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (2):295-313.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between information and abductive reasoning in the context of problem-solving, focusing on non-human animals. Two questions guide our investigation: What is the relation between information and abductive reasoning in the context of human and non-human animals? Do non-human animals perform discovery based on inferential processes such as abductive reasoning? In order to answer these questions, we discuss the semiotic concept of information in relation to the concept of abductive reasoning and, (...)
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  21. Chapter Six Recognising Non-Western Thought in Human Rights Theory Maria Rodrigues.Maria Rodrigues - 2007 - In Julie Connolly, Michael Leach & Lucas Walsh (eds.), Recognition in Politics: Theory, Policy and Practice. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 101.
  22. Corporate Social Responsibility and Resource-Based Perspectives.Manuel Castelo Branco & Lúcia Lima Rodrigues - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):111-132.
    Firms engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR) because they consider that some kind of competitive advantage accrues to them. We contend that resource-based perspectives (RBP) are useful to understand why firms engage in CSR activities and disclosure. From a resource-based perspective CSR is seen as providing internal or external benefits, or both. Investments in socially responsible activities may have internal benefits by helping a firm to develop new resources and capabilities which are related namely to know-how and corporate culture. In (...)
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  23. Elementos figurativo-literario en el cántico espiritual de San Juan de la Cruz (ensayo de una posible interpretación).Abilio Enríquez - 2004 - Naturaleza y Gracia 2:585-603.
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  24.  41
    Animal Abolitionism and ‘Racism Without Racists’.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (6):745-764.
    Abolitionism is an animal rights' philosophy and social movement which has recently begun to grow. It has been largely contested but the criticisms directed at it have usually been articulated outside academia. In this article, I wish to contend that one of the criticisms directed at abolitionism—that it contains racist implications—is correct. I do this by defending the idea that abolitionism engages in what Eduardo Bonilla-Silva classifies as ‘racism without racists’—an unintentional and subtle form of racism. I present three ways (...)
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  25.  11
    A essencialidade da autoeficácia para a aprendizagem autorregulada.Abílio Afonso Lourenço & Maria Olímpia Almeida Paiva - 2017 - Educação E Filosofia 31 (61):283-320.
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  26. Cómo enseñaba san Isidoro de Sevilla.«.Abilio Alaejos - 1943 - Verdad y Vida 1:208-220.
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  27.  58
    Randomized Controlled Trials of Maternal‐Fetal Surgery: A Challenge to Clinical Equipoise.H. C. M. L. Rodrigues & P. P. van den Berg - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (8):405-413.
    This article focuses on maternal-fetal surgery (MFS) and on the concept of clinical equipoise that is a widely accepted requirement for conducting randomized controlled trials (RCT). There are at least three reasons why equipoise is unsuitable for MFS. First, the concept is based on a misconception about the nature of clinical research and the status of research subjects. Second, given that it is not clear who the research subject/s in MFS is/are, if clinical equipoise is to be used as a (...)
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  28. Factors Influencing Social Responsibility Disclosure by Portuguese Companies.Manuel Castelo Branco & Lúcia Lima Rodrigues - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):685-701.
    This study compares the Internet (corporate web pages) and annual reports as media of social responsibility disclosure (SRD) and analyses what influences disclosure. It examines SRD on the Internet by Portuguese listed companies in 2004 and compares the Internet and 2003 annual reports as disclosure media. The results are interpreted through the lens of a multi-theoretical framework. According to the framework adopted, companies disclose social responsibility information to present a socially responsible image so that they can legitimise their behaviours to (...)
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  29.  3
    A essencialidade da autoeficácia para a aprendizagem autorregulada.Abílio Afonso Lourenço & Maria Olímpia Almeida Paiva - 2017 - Educação E Filosofia 31 (61):283-320.
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  30.  34
    It Started with Galileo.Eduardo Rodrigues da Cruz - 2007 - Zygon 42 (3):591-594.
  31.  7
    Making Up Exploitation: Direct Selling, Cosmetics and Forms of Precarious Labour in Modern Brazil.Ludmila Costhek Abílio - 2012 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 6 (1/2):59.
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  32.  45
    Integrating African Philosophy Into the Western Philosophy Curriculum.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2018 - Teaching Philosophy 41 (1):21-43.
    In the last three years, there has been a worldwide increase in integrating African philosophy into the philosophy curricula. Nevertheless, given that African philosophy has been largely neglected by Western academia, many philosophers in the West who do wish to integrate it are unaware of how to do it. This article aims at addressing this issue by offering some recommendations on how to integrate African philosophy into the curricula. Particularly, it offers recommendations based on how the history of ancient philosophy, (...)
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  33. Uma Abordagem Sobre o Contextualismo Epistêmico.Tiegue Vieira Rodrigues - 2016 - O Que Nos Faz Pensar (nº38):161-182.
    Resumo O Contextualismo Epistêmico é conhecido por alegar oferecer a melhor resposta para alguns dos principais problemas epistemológicos, dentre eles o problema gerado pelos paradoxos céticos e, por conseguinte, por deter o conhecimento sobre muitas coisas que ordinariamente julgávamos já conhecidas. Da mesma forma, seria uma via capaz de manter a validade do princípio de fechamento dedutivo. O presente texto pretende analisar a teoria contextualista, conforme apresentada por Stewart Cohen, mostrando como o contextualismo resolve essas questões. Na primeira parte do (...)
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  34.  2
    Genomics, Big Data and Privacy: Reflections Upon the Implications of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing.Mariana Vitti Rodrigues - 2020 - Revista Natureza Humana 22 (1):21.
    This paper investigates epistemological and ethical implications of the growingavailability of direct-to-consumer genetic testing for the science and society. Direct-toconsumer genetic testing is characterized as the genetic testing sold directly to consumerswithout any assistance from professionals. By offering empowerment and control, companiesconvince consumers to sequence their genome by granting the company access to theirgenetic data in exchange to results that are not always accurate. To which extent doconsumers properly understand the results of their genetic testing? Are consumers aware ofthe possible (...)
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  35.  3
    African Perspectives on Just War.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - forthcoming - Philosophy Compass:e12808.
  36.  18
    Understanding the Impact of the Animal Enterprise Terrorist Act (AETA) on Animal Advocacy.Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (4):355-375.
    In many contemporary societies, there is an increasing number of animal welfare sympathizers and activists. In the United States, particularly, there are various individuals who have engaged in activist activities focused on animals. However, since 2006, and under the Animal Enterprise Terrorist Act, some of these activities have been classified as terrorist crimes. Independent of whether such activities are morally justified or not, the AETA law exaggerates these activist actions and can take the shape of silencing and restricting forms of (...)
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  37.  5
    L’Ideal Ethique Selon D’Aristote, Ou la ≪Belle Vie≫.Louise Rodrigue - 2019 - Chôra 17:231-258.
    This study aims at providing a global explanation of the good life or happiness according to Aristotle. By applying the method used in ethics by Aristotle, the specific content of happiness is determined, of which meditation is the essence, together with the practice of moral virtues. The article rests on a relatively new perspective, neither ‘exclusive’ nor ‘inclusive’, considering the results of each type of traditional interpretation, and shedding light upon the richness of all happiness’ dimensions.
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  38.  26
    Nina Rodrigues e a “formalidade das práticas” católicas no estudo comparado das religiões : uma discussão teórica -doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v17i3.803. [REVIEW]Vanda Fortuna Serafim - 2013 - Diálogos (Maringa) 17 (3).
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  39. From Big Bang to Galactic Civilizations: A Big History Anthology.Barry Rodrigue, Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev - 2015 - Primus Books.
    The Ways that Big History Works: Cosmos, Life, Society and our Future reflects on how Big History helps us understand the nature of our existence and consider the pathways to our future.
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  40.  11
    Saul Bellow's Henderson as Mankind and Messiah.Eusebio L. Rodrigues - 1983 - Renascence 35 (4):235-246.
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  41. Conhecimento Social: Dimensão Social do Conhecimento.Tiegue Vieira Rodrigues (ed.) - 2012 - Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS.
    O presente Volume é a primeira obra publicado no Brasil que trata acerca da Epistemologia Social.
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  42.  39
    Uma solução não convencional para o problema de Gettier.Luís Estevinha Rodrigues - 2012 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 57 (2):26-50.
    The Gettier Problem (henceforth GP) is a milestone in contemporary epistemology. Half a century after the philosophical earthquake caused by the well-known Gettier article (1963), solutions continue to appear and the discussion resurfaces. Because we, like many, choose to adopt an optimistic stance towards the possibility of finding a plausible answer to the GP, in this paper we present an unconventional solution to solve it. Crucially, we argue that the only plausible and non-falsifiable definition of the propositional knowledge is the (...)
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  43.  22
    When Corporations Cause Harm: A Critical View of Corporate Social Irresponsibility and Corporate Crimes.Rafael Alcadipani & Cíntia Rodrigues de Oliveira Medeiros - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (2):285-297.
    Corporations perform actions that can inflict harm with different levels of intensity, from death to material loss, to both companies’ internal and external stakeholders. Research has analysed corporate harm using the notions of corporate social irresponsibility and corporate crime. Critical management studies have been subjecting management and organizational practices and knowledge to critical analysis, and corporate harm has been one of the main concerns of CMS. However, CMS has rarely been deployed to analyse CSIR and corporate crime. Thus, the aim (...)
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  44. Utopía, la posibilidad de la imposibilidad: Una lectura desde Thomas more.Fernando Abilio Mosquera Brand - 2009 - Escritos 17 (38):125-168.
    Utopía, la posibilidad de la imposibilidad: una lectura desde Thomas More, es un trabajo que muestra, por un lado, la vitalidad de la utopía; por otro lado se destaca su grado de necesidad en la sociedad contemporánea. La Utopía de Thomas More se presenta como un paradigma del pensamiento utópico, y del influjo que éste ejerce en las diferentes sociedades. Además, ésta se yergue como el epítome de toda posibilidad de visualizar un mejor mundo, es la máxima expresión de la (...)
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  45.  31
    Composições: experimentações do “ser-estagieiro (a)” em uma clínica escola.Luciana Rodrigues - 2009 - Revista Aletheia 29:217-228.
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  46.  41
    Matemática como Ciência mais Geral: Forma da Experiência e Categorias.Cassiano Terra Rodrigues - 2007 - Cognitio-Estudos.
    Este artigo tem como objetivo geral apresentar alguns aspectos básicos da filosofia da matemática de Charles Sanders Peirce, com o intuito de suscitar discussão posterior. Especificamente, são ressaltados: o lugar da matemática na classificação das ciências do autor; a diferença entre matemática e filosofia como cenoscopia; a relação entre as categorias da fenomenologia e matemática; o conceito de experiência e sua formalização possível; a distinção geral entre lógica, como parte da investigação filosófica, e matemática.
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  47.  20
    Narrativa de Abilio Estévez: hacia una estética de la sujeción-expolición.Fernanda Bustamante - 2010 - Aisthesis 47.
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  48. Los desencuentros de San Francisco.Abilio Enríquez Chillón - 1988 - Naturaleza y Gracia 3:289-340.
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  49.  1
    Meu Caminho Até Paul Deussen: Sobre as Relações Perenes Entre a Filosofia de Schopenhauer E o Advaita Vedānta.Daniel Rodrigues Braz - 2021 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 12:e17.
    O presente artigo reproduz o itinerário, da iniciação científica ao doutorado, que me conduziu atualmente ao estudo da filosofia de Paul Deussen. Faço, aqui, uma cronologia ao longo da qual são abordados os seguintes assuntos: o que é Vedānta e quais seriam suas relações com o idealismo transcendental kantiano-schopenhaueriano; as tendências filosóficas implícitas na gênese do pensamento de Schopenhauer; a compreensão da filosofia schopenhaueriana como zona de convergência das doutrinas presentes em Kant, Platão e nas Upaniṣad's; e, por fim, o (...)
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  50.  4
    Afro-Communitarianism and the Duties of Animal Advocates Within Racialized Societies: The Case of Racial Politics in South Africa.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):511-523.
    Animal advocates world-wide have been accused of campaigns immured in racism. Some authors have argued that for animal advocates to avoid this accusation they should simultaneously engage with racial discrimination issues when advocating for animal welfare/rights. This prescription has been mostly explored in the context of the Global North and by looking at Western normative theory. In this article I address this issue but by looking at the context of South Africa and analysing the prescriptions from an Afro-communitarian ethic. I (...)
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