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Roger Paden [129]Roger K. Paden [1]Roger Kenneth Paden [1]
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Profile: Roger Paden (George Mason University)
  1. The Technological Production of a Space for Art and Environmental Aesthetics.Roger Paden - 2010 - Environment, Space, Place 2 (2):45-62.
    This paper argues against evolutionary accounts of aesthetics by defending the idea that our fundamental aesthetic categories have undergone great changes in the last two millennia, in particular, during an “artistic revolution” that lasted from 1680 to 1830. This revolution was made possible by the development of a number of technologies of art that created a separate cultural space for this new invention. The attempt to extend this revolution to include the aesthetic appreciation of the natural environment is aided by (...)
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  2. Historical Paradigms for Ecotourism.Roger Paden - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (1):139-167.
    Ecotourism has been defined in a number of possibly incompatible ways, such as travel to especially wonderful natural sites, as aform of educational travel, and as sustainable tourism. These various understandings of ecotourism can be used to ground a number of different kinds of natural area policies. In particular they can ground a number of policies concerning the management of the many National Parks in the United States. In this paper, in order to assess these policies, I distinguish several different (...)
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  3. Aesthetics and Sustainable Architecture.Roger Paden - 2012 - Environment, Space, Place 4 (1):7-28.
    Discussions of green design and sustainable architecture have become common in the architectural profession, but not in philosophy. This is unfortunate, as philosophers could make important contributions to this discussion, given that these terms rife with ambiguities and that the relationships between these ideas and the traditional Vitruvian values of architecture (beauty, structure, and utility) are unclear. In a recent article, Tom Spector addresses some of these issues to assess whether the notion of sustainability could underpin an entire design philosophy. (...)
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  4. Philosophy and Geography Iii: Philosophies of Place.Philip Brey, Lee Caragata, James Dickinson, David Glidden, Sara Gottlieb, Bruce Hannon, Ian Howard, Jeff Malpas, Katya Mandoki, Jonathan Maskit, Bryan G. Norton, Roger Paden, David Roberts, Holmes Rolston Iii, Izhak Schnell, Jonathon M. Smith, David Wasserman & Mick Womersley - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A growing literature testifies to the persistence of place as an incorrigible aspect of human experience, identity, and morality. Place is a common ground for thought and action, a community of experienced particulars that avoids solipsism and universalism. It draws us into the philosophy of the ordinary, into familiarity as a form of knowledge, into the wisdom of proximity. Each of these essays offers a philosophy of place, and reminds us that such philosophies ultimately decide how we make, use, and (...)
     
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  5.  45
    Marxism, Utopianism, and Modern Urban Planning.Roger Paden - 2003 - Utopian Studies 14 (1):82 - 111.
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  6.  21
    Values and Planning: The Argument From Renaissance Utopianism.Roger Paden - 2001 - Ethics, Place and Environment 4 (1):5 – 30.
    This paper seeks to discover if urban planning has any 'internal values' which might help guide its practitioners and provide standards with which to judge their works, thereby providing for some disciplinary autonomy. After arguing that such values can best be discovered through an examination of the history of utopian urban planning, I examine one period in that history, the early Renaissance and, in particular, the work of Leon Battista Alberti. Against Susan Lang's thesis that Alberti's work was guided by (...)
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  7.  19
    The Two Professions of Hippodamus of Miletus.Roger Paden - 2001 - Philosophy and Geography 4 (1):25 – 48.
    According to Aristotle, both urban planning and political philosophy originated in the work of one man, Hippodamus of Miletus. If Aristotle is right, then the study of Hippodamus's work should help us understand their history as interrelated fields. Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine with any degree of precision exactly what Hippodamus's contributions were to these two fields when the two fields are studied separately. In urban planning, Hippodamus was traditionally credited with having invented the ''grid pattern'' in which straight (...)
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  8. On the Discourse of Pornography.Roger Paden - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (1):17-38.
  9.  20
    Otto Wagner's Modern Architecture.Roger Paden - 2010 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 13 (2):229-246.
    Wagner is thought to be one of the first Modern Architects, yet a number of writers have argued that his most famous Modern building, the?Postsparkasse,? violates the most basic principles of Modern Architecture; principles that Wagner himself helped develop. This essay develops a new interpretation of this building by placing it in the context of fin de siècle Viennese culture. This interpretation shows that the?Postsparkasse? is a Modern building, but it also shows that the common understanding of?Modern Architecture? needs to (...)
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  10.  12
    Landscapes and Evolutionary Aesthetics.Roger Paden - 2016 - Environment, Space, Place 8 (1):33-55.
    This essay examines the possibility of developing a more complete evolutionary aesthetics that can be used to appraise both natural landscapes and works of landscape architects. For the purpose of this essay, an “evolutionary aesthetics” is an aesthetic theory that is closely connected to Darwin’s theory of evolution. Two types of Darwinian evolutionary aesthetics seem possible; a theory of evolved tastes, such as that developed by Dennis Dutton, and an aesthetics of evolving nature based on Carlson’s positive aesthetics. After, exploring (...)
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  11.  23
    Rawls's Just Savings Principle and the Sense of Justice.Roger Paden - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (1):27-51.
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  12. Mysticism and Architecture: Wittgenstein and the Meanings of the Palais Stonborough.Roger Paden - 2007 - Lexington Books.
    A multi-disciplinary study of the house that the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein built for his sister in Vienna between 1926 and 1928, this book weaves together ideas taken from a number of disciplines_sociology, political science, aesthetics, architecture, urban planning, and philosophy_to develop a complex, multifaceted interpretation of the purpose and design of the house, which, in turn, is used to ground a new interpretation of Wittgenstein's philosophical works emphasizing their mystical nature and practical purpose.
     
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  13. Post-Structuralism and Neo-Romanticism or is Macintyre a Young Conservative?Roger Paden - 1987 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (2):125-143.
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  14.  20
    Defining Philosophical Counseling.Roger Paden - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):1-17.
    According to Kuhn a new scientific discipline comes into existence when a group of scientists adopt a common paradigm within which to conduct research. The adoption of this paradigm senes to focus the attention of the group’s members on a common explanatory task-at-hand and leads them to adopt similar methods and aims, thus making possible the standard puzzle solving activities that allow normal science to advance rapidly. However, Kuhn argues, in pre-paradigm periods and during revolutionary phases, scientists do not engage (...)
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  15. Abortion and Sexual Morality.Roger Paden - 1986 - Dialogos 22 (50):145.
     
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  16.  27
    Saints and Scamps.Roger Paden - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (4):351-353.
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  17.  74
    Locating Foucault— Archaeology Vs. Structuralism.Roger Paden - 1986 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 11 (2):19-37.
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  18.  37
    Utopian Liberalism.Roger Paden - 1999 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 6 (1):29-32.
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  19.  20
    Deconstructing Speciesism.Roger Paden - 1992 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):55-64.
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  20.  40
    Liberalism and Consumerism.Roger Paden - 1996 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (4):14-19.
    Communitarians have argued that liberalism somehow causes or leads to a consumer society. Moreover, they have argued that consumer society is somehow morally suspect. Given the connection between liberalism and consumerism, they have argued that the moral problems they have found in consumer society give reason to oppose liberalism. In this paper, after defining “consumerism” and “liberalism,” I examine the various communitarian arguments against consumerism, and the various arguments that seek to connect liberalism to consumerism. I argue that only one (...)
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  21. Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics.Andrew Light, Jonathan M. Smith, Annie L. Booth, Robert Burch, John Clark, Anthony M. Clayton, Matthew Gandy, Eric Katz, Roger King, Roger Paden, Clive L. Spash, Eliza Steelwater, Zev Trachtenberg & James L. Wescoat - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The inaugural collection in an exciting new exchange between philosophers and geographers, this volume provides interdisciplinary approaches to the environment as space, place, and idea. Never before have philosophers and geographers approached each other's subjects in such a strong spirit of mutual understanding. The result is a concrete exploration of the human-nature relationship that embraces strong normative approaches to environmental problems.
     
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  22.  13
    Michel Foucault.Roger Paden - 1985 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1985 (64):188-196.
    How is the poor quality of the secondary literature on Foucault to be explained? Of course, this does not imply that all works on Foucault are bad: Dreyfus and Rabinow's book is of high quality, as is that of Cousin and Hussain. However most other studies of Foucault are simply not very good. Beginning with Alan Sheridan's paraphrase of the Foucaultian corpus, extending through Lemert and Gillan's Michel Foucault; Social Theory as Transgression, and ending, for now, in Racevskis' Lacanian reading (...)
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  23.  14
    Adu-Amankwah, Patrick A. The Moral Philosophy of R. M. Hare: A Vindication of Utilitarianism.Roger Paden - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):141-142.
  24. Mark Cousins and Athar Hussain, "Michel Foucault"; Karlis Racevskis, "Michel Foucault and the Subversion of Intellect".Roger Paden - 1985 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 64.
    Title: Michel Foucault Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan ISBN: 0312531664 Author: Mark Cousins and Athar Hussain Title: Michel Foucault and the Subversion of Intellect Publisher: Cornell University Press ISBN: 0801415721 Author: Karlis Racevskis.
     
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  25.  13
    Values in Ethics and Economics.Roger Paden - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (4):884-886.
  26.  21
    Varieties of Moral Personality.Roger Paden - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):608-610.
  27.  32
    Marx's Critique of the Utopian Socialists.Roger Paden - 2002 - Utopian Studies 13 (2):67 - 91.
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  28.  13
    Evil in Modern Thought.Roger Paden - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (3):641-643.
  29.  12
    In the Field.Roger Paden - 1985 - Agriculture and Human Values 2 (4):76-77.
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  30.  24
    Berlin On the Nature and Significance of Liberty.Roger Paden - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 4:71-88.
  31.  11
    Sandel, Michael J. Democracy's Discontents: America in Search of a Public Philosophy.Roger Paden - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):689-690.
  32.  10
    Lyotard, Postmodernism, and the Crisis in Higher Education.Roger Paden - 1987 - International Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):53-58.
  33.  27
    The Student Relativist as Philosopher.Roger Paden - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (2):97-101.
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  34.  19
    Philosophical Histories of the Aesthetics of Nature.Roger Paden, Laurly K. Harmon & Charles R. Milling - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (1):57-77.
    Beginning with Ronald Hepburn’s path-breaking essay, “Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty,” which helped establish the modern discipline of environmental aesthetics, philosophers have provided sketches of what, after Hegel, might be called “philosophical histories of the aesthetics of nature.” These histories are remarkably similar and can easily be blended together to create a “received history” of the discipline. This history has subtly influenced work in the field. Unfortunately, it is not completely accurate and, as a result, has had (...)
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  35.  10
    Patterns of Moral Complexity.Roger Paden - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (4):841-843.
  36.  10
    Four Concepts of Freedom.Roger Paden - 1991 - Social Philosophy Today 5:221-236.
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  37.  10
    The Morality of Pluralism.Roger Paden - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):625-627.
  38.  14
    Free Trade and Environmental Economics.Roger Paden - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):47-54.
    In this paper, I argue that there is no essential inconsistency between a well-constructed free trade policy and environmental sound development. From an examination of the concept of “free trade,” I argue that “free trade” must mean “environmentally sustainable trade.” The argument is conceptual in nature. I argue that free trade must mean trade free of subsidies in which the price of a good fairly reflects the costs of its production. I then argue that environmentally unsustainable commodity trade is in (...)
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  39.  9
    Professional Powers.Roger Paden - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (3/4):179-183.
  40.  9
    Designing Democratic Institutions.Roger Paden - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):458-460.
  41.  10
    A Defense of the Picturesque.Roger Paden - 2013 - Environmental Philosophy 10 (2):1-21.
    The eighteenth century notion of the “picturesque” has been misunderstood by many contemporary environmental aestheticians. This has contributed both to amisunderstanding of the history of environmental aesthetics and, within the discipline, to a misunderstanding of English garden design. This essay contains a discussion of the term as it appears in environmental aesthetics literature and an examination of the history of the term as used in eighteenth-century garden design literature. This history is used to contest the account of the term as (...)
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  42.  8
    Relationship Morality.Roger Paden - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (1):162-163.
  43.  8
    Moral Metaphysics, Moral Revolutions, and Environmental Ethics.Roger Paden - 1990 - Agriculture and Human Values 7 (3-4):70-79.
    Many philosophers and environmentalists have advocated the development of a revolutionary new moral paradigm that treats natural objects as “morally considerable” in-themselves, independently of their relation to human beings. Often it is claimed that we need to develop a radically new theory of value to underpin this new paradigm. In this paper, I argue against this position and in favor of a more critical approach to environmental ethics. Such a critical approach, I believe, is not only more politically sound, but (...)
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  44.  20
    Hampshire, Stuart. Justice is Conflict.Roger Paden - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):917-918.
  45.  29
    Bernard Williams, Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy. [REVIEW]Roger Paden - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):565-569.
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  46.  9
    Nature, Disorder, and Tragedy.Roger Paden - 2015 - Environmental Philosophy 12 (1):45-66.
    This paper outlines a normative/philosophical theory of evolutionary aesthetics, one that differs substantially from existing explanatory/psychological theories, such as Dutton’s. This evolutionary theory is based on Carlson’s scientific cognitivism, but differs in that it is based on evolutionary rather than ecological theory. After offering a short account of Carlson’s theory, I distinguish it from a normative evolutionary aesthetics. I then explore an historically important normative/philosophical theory of the aesthetics of nature that is consistent with Darwin’s theory of natural selection; namely, (...)
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  47.  25
    Laurence D. Cooper, Rousseau, Nature, and the Problem of the Good Life:Rousseau, Nature, and the Problem of the Good Life.Roger K. Paden - 2001 - Ethics 112 (1):141-143.
  48.  10
    Cook, John W. Morality and Cultural Differences.Roger Paden - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):437-438.
  49.  17
    Political Arguments Against Utopianism.Roger Paden - 1999 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 6 (1):7-17.
    A number of different types of arguments have been advanced against the use of Utopian speculation in Political Philosophy. In this essay I examine what I call "political arguments against utopianism." I limit my discussion to those arguments made by liberals. These arguments hold that there is some essential incompatibility between liberalism and utopianism. I argue that this is not the case. After examining these arguments in detail, I attempt to define "utopianism." This leads me to argue that there is (...)
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  50.  21
    Hare's Reductive Justification of Preference Utilitarianism.Roger Paden - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):361-378.
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