Results for 'Rolf Pfister'

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  1.  43
    Towards a theory of abduction based on conditionals.Rolf Pfister - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-30.
    Abduction is considered the most powerful, but also the most controversially discussed type of inference. Based on an analysis of Peirce’s retroduction, Lipton’s Inference to the Best Explanation and other theories, a new theory of abduction is proposed. It considers abduction not as intrinsically explanatory but as intrinsically conditional: for a given fact, abduction allows one to infer a fact that implies it. There are three types of abduction: Selective abduction selects an already known conditional whose consequent is the given (...)
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  2.  25
    Correction: Towards a theory of abduction based on conditionals.Rolf Pfister - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-1.
  3.  9
    Philosophie nach Auschwitz: eine Neubestimmung von Moral in Politik und Gesellschaft.Rolf Zimmermann - 2005 - Reinbek: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag.
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  4.  6
    Wollen, Logik und Entscheidungstheorie: logische Ansätze im Zusammenhang mit empirischen Grundlagen.Rolf Zimmerman - 1980 - München: W. Fink.
  5.  2
    Notes to Literature.Rolf Tiedemann (ed.) - 1991 - Columbia University Press.
    A brilliant collection of short essays on literary subjects--e.g. Beckett, Balzac, Proust, Thomas Mann, Dickens, Goethe, Heine, the lyric, realism, the essay, and the contemporary novel--by the great social theorist (1903-1969), originally published in 1958 as Noten zur literature (Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main), and here translated by Adorno's former student, Shierry Weber Nicholsen. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  6.  4
    Patina.Rolf Toyka & Architektenkammer Hessen (eds.) - 1996 - Hamburg: Junius Verlag.
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  7.  6
    Moral als Macht: eine Philosophie der historischen Erfahrung.Rolf Zimmermann - 2008 - Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch.
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  8.  48
    Nicholas Pastore. Selective history of theories of visual perception: 1650–1950. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971. np.Rolf A. George - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (3):296-297.
  9.  16
    Hermeneutics: Philosophical understanding and basic orientations.Lauren F. Pfister - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (s1):3-23.
  10.  6
    Notes to Literature, Volume 1.Rolf Tiedemann & Shierry Weber Nicholson (eds.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    A brilliant collection of short essays on literary subjects e.g. Beckett, Balzac, Proust, Thomas Mann, Dickens, Goethe, Heine, the lyric, realism, the essay, and the contemporary novel by the great social theorist (1903-1969), originally published in 1958 as Noten zur literature (Suhrkamp Verlag, F.
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  11. Notes to Literature, Volume 2.Rolf Tiedemann & Shierry Weber Nicholson (eds.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
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  12.  5
    Notes to Literature, Volume 1.Rolf Tiedemann & Shierry Weber Nicholson (eds.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The author, a noted literary critic, presents a selection of his thought on Balzac, Valery, Dickens, Goethe, Heine, Hoelderlin, lyric poetry, realism, the essay and the contemporary novel.
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  13. Notes to Literature, Volume 2.Rolf Tiedemann & Shierry Weber Nicholson (eds.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
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  14.  18
    The different faces of contemporary religious confucianism: An account of the diverse approaches of some major twentieth century chinese confucian scholars.Lauren Pfister - 1995 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (1):5-79.
  15.  48
    A Study in Comparative Utopias - K’ang Yu-Wei and Plato.Lauren F. Pfister - 1989 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16 (1):59-117.
  16.  18
    Considerations for the contemporary revitalization of confucianism: Meditations on te in the analects.Lauren Pfister - 1986 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 13 (2):239-265.
  17.  11
    Early Chinese Texts A Bibliographical Guide. Edited by Michael Loewe. Berkeley: The Society for the Study of Early China and The Institute of East Asian Studies, 1993. pp. xiv + 546. Hardback, US$35.00. ISBN 1-55729-943-1.Lauren Pfister - 1997 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (1):129-133.
  18.  50
    Left–right coding of past and future in language: The mental timeline during sentence processing.Rolf Ulrich & Claudia Maienborn - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):126-138.
  19.  21
    Who is talking in backward crosstalk? Disentangling response- from goal-conflict in dual-task performance.Markus Janczyk, Roland Pfister, Bernhard Hommel & Wilfried Kunde - 2014 - Cognition 132 (1):30-43.
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  20.  8
    Effect of written outcome information on attitude of perinatal healthcare professionals at the limit of viability: a randomized study.V. Papadimitriou, B. Tosello & R. Pfister - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-8.
    Differences in perception and potential disagreements between parents and professionals regarding the attitude for resuscitation at the limit of viability are common. This study evaluated in healthcare professionals whether the decision to resuscitate at the limit of viability are influenced by the way information on incurred risks is given or received. This is a prospective randomized controlled study. This study evaluated the attitude of healthcare professionals by testing the effect of information given through graphic fact sheets formulated either optimistically or (...)
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  21.  40
    Making replication mainstream.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-50.
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  22.  71
    Positive Empathy and Prosocial Behavior: A Neglected Link.Nils-Torge Telle & Hans-Rüdiger Pfister - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):154-163.
    Empathy facilitates everyday social interactions and has often been linked in the literature to prosocial behavior. Robust evidence has been found for a positive relationship between experiencing empathy and behaving prosocially. However, empathy, and the empathy–prosocial behavior relationship in particular, has been studied mostly in combination with negative emotions. Less research has been conducted on empathy for positive emotions, and the link between positive empathy and displayed prosocial behavior has not been intensively investigated so far. The purpose of the present (...)
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  23.  81
    A first-order axiomatization of the theory of finite trees.Rolf Backofen, James Rogers & K. Vijay-Shanker - 1995 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (1):5-39.
    We provide first-order axioms for the theories of finite trees with bounded branching and finite trees with arbitrary (finite) branching. The signature is chosen to express, in a natural way, those properties of trees most relevant to linguistic theories. These axioms provide a foundation for results in linguistics that are based on reasoning formally about such properties. We include some observations on the expressive power of these theories relative to traditional language complexity classes.
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  24.  73
    The Frankfurt School: Its History, Theories, and Political Significance.Rolf Wiggershaus - 1994 - MIT Press.
    The book is based on documentary and biographical materials that have only recently become available.
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  25.  33
    How Do Individuals Judge Organizational Legitimacy? Effects of Attributed Motives and Credibility on Organizational Legitimacy.Rolf Brühl, Melanie Eichhorn & Johannes Jahn - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (3):545-576.
    This experimental study examines individuals’ legitimacy judgments. We develop a model that demonstrates the role of attributed motives and corporate credibility for the evaluation of organizational legitimacy and test this model with an experimental vignette study. Our results show that when a corporate activity creates benefits for the firm—in addition to social benefits—individuals attribute more extrinsic motives. Extrinsic motives are ascribed when a corporation is perceived as being driven by external rewards as opposed to an altruistic commitment to a social (...)
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  26.  78
    Event-related potentials and cognition: A critique of the context updating hypothesis and an alternative interpretation of P3.Rolf Verleger - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):343.
    P3 is the most prominent of the electrical potentials of the human electroencephalogram that are sensitive to psychological variables. According to the most influential current hypothesis about its psychological significance [E. Donchin's], the “context updating” hypothesis, P3 reflects the updating of working memory. This hypothesis cannot account for relevant portions of the available evidence and it entails some basic contradictions. A more general formulation of this hypothesis is that P3 reflects the updating of expectancies. This version implies that P3-evoking stimuli (...)
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  27.  18
    Who Leads More and Why? A Mediation Model from Gender to Leadership Role Occupancy.Rolf Dick, Sebastian Schuh, Jordi Escartín & Alina Hernandez Bark - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):473-483.
    Previous research has shown that female leaders lead slightly more effective than male leaders. However, women are still underrepresented in higher management. In this study, we seek to contribute to a deeper understanding of this paradox by proposing and testing an innovative model that integrates different research streams on gender and leadership. Specifically, we propose power motivation and transformational leadership as two central yet opposing dynamics that underlie the relation between gender and leadership role occupancy. We tested this model in (...)
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  28.  15
    Two faces of temporal binding: Action- and effect-binding are not correlated.S. Tonn, R. Pfister, A. L. Klaffehn, L. Weller & K. A. Schwarz - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96 (C):103219.
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  29.  20
    How Friedman’s View on Individual Freedom Relates to Stakeholder Theory and Social Contract Theory.Rolf Brühl & Johannes Jahn - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):41-52.
    Friedman’s view on corporate social responsibility is often accused of being incoherent and of setting rather low ethical standards for managers. This paper outlines Friedman’s ethical expectations for corporate executives against the backdrop of the strong emphasis he puts on individual freedom. Doing so reveals that the ethical standards he imposes on managers can be strictly deduced from individual freedom and that these standards involve both deontological norms and the fulfillment of particular stakeholder expectations. These insights illustrate the necessity to (...)
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  30.  34
    Moving words: dynamic representations in language comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan, Carol J. Madden, Richard H. Yaxley & Mark E. Aveyard - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):611-619.
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  31. Effects of perceptual fluency on judgments of truth.Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):338-342.
    Statements of the form ''Osorno is in Chile'' were presented in colors that made them easy or difficult to read against a white background and participants judged the truth of the statement. Moderately visible statements were judged as true at chance level, whereas highly visible statements were judged as true significantly above chance level. We conclude that perceptual fluency affects judgments of truth.
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  32. Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity.Julian B. Barbour & H. Pfister (eds.) - 1995 - Birkhäuser.
     
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  33.  10
    Buchbesprechungen – Buchhinweise.G. Gollner, D. R. Pfisterer & W. Schweitzer - 1974 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 18 (1):315-319.
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  34.  2
    Zur Sportspiel-Forschung.Rolf Andresen & Günter Hagedorn (eds.) - 1976 - Berlin: Bartels und Wernitz.
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  35.  8
    Eine altfranzösische Übersetzung der Consolatio philosophiae des Boethius (Handschrift Troyes Nr. 898): Edition und Kommentar.Rolf Boethius, Schroth & Bibliothèque de Troyes - 1976 - Frankfurt M.: Peter Lang. Edited by Rolf Schroth.
    Die Untersuchung der wallonischen consolatio-Übersetzung führte zur Entdeckung und Neudatierung eines lateinischen consolatio-Kommentars, der auch von Jean de Meun benutzt wurde. Somit kann durch Gegenüberstellung von Vorlage und Übersetzung an einem konkreten Beispiel Einblick in die Übersetzungspraxis im Mittelalter gewonnen werden.
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  36.  6
    Komik und Satire.Rolf Arnold Müller - 1973 - Zürich: Juris-Verlag.
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  37.  6
    Sprache und Wirklichkeit in Wittgensteins Tractatus.Rolf-Albert Dietrich - 1973 - Tübingen,: M. Niemeyer.
    The book series Linguistische Arbeiten (LA) publishes high-quality work in linguistics that addresses current issues in synchrony and diachrony, theoretically or empirically oriented.
  38. Probabilistic Logics and Probabilistic Networks.Rolf Haenni, Jan-Willem Romeijn, Gregory Wheeler & Jon Williamson - 2010 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Synthese Library. Edited by Gregory Wheeler, Rolf Haenni, Jan-Willem Romeijn & and Jon Williamson.
    Additionally, the text shows how to develop computationally feasible methods to mesh with this framework.
  39.  18
    Fact, truth, and text: The Quest for a firm basis for historical knowledge around 1900.Rolf Torstendahl - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (3):305–331.
    The object of this essay is to discuss two problems and to present solutions to them, which do not quite agree with what is generally said of them. The first problem concerns the history of methods for reaching firm historical knowledge. In three methodological manuals for historians, written by J. G. Droysen, E. Bernheim, and C.-V. Langlois and C. Seignobos and first published in the late nineteenth century, the task of the historian was said to be how to obtain firm (...)
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  40. Historical Materialism or Political Messianism? An Interpretation of the Theses "On the Concept of History".Rolf Tiedemann - 1983 - Philosophical Forum 15 (1):71.
     
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  41. The Idea of Culture and the History of Emotions.Rolf Petri - 2012 - Historein 12:21-37.
    The essay operates an itemisation of the three main streams in the history of emotions: the history of individual emotions, the study of the role that emotions have in historical processes, and the reflection on the influence of emotions on history writing. The second part of the article is devoted to the methodological and theoretical status of the study of past emotions. It highlights how many studies in the history of emotions remain heavily conditioned by an idea of culture typical (...)
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  42. The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Christian Unkelbach - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):563-581.
    This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief. We first review evidence that repeated exposure to a statement increases the subjective ease with which that statement is processed. This increased processing fluency, in turn, increases the probability that the statement is judged to be true. The basic question discussed here is whether the use of processing fluency as a cue to truth is epistemically justified. In (...)
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  43. Invitation to fixed-parameter algorithms.Rolf Niedermeier - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A fixed-parameter is an algorithm that provides an optimal solution to a combinatorial problem. This research-level text is an application-oriented introduction to the growing and highly topical area of the development and analysis of efficient fixed-parameter algorithms for hard problems. The book is divided into three parts: a broad introduction that provides the general philosophy and motivation; followed by coverage of algorithmic methods developed over the years in fixed-parameter algorithmics forming the core of the book; and a discussion of the (...)
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  44. Die Geisteslehre Othmar Spanns.Rolf Amtmann - 1960 - Graz,: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt.
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  45.  4
    Des Aristoteles schrift über die seele. Aristotle & Eugen Rolfes - 1901 - Bonn,: P. Hanstein.
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  46.  17
    Gisela Buchheim zum Gedenken.Rolf Sonnemann - 1993 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 1 (1):255-259.
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  47. .Rolf Strootman - 2014
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  48.  11
    Laypeople’s Affective Images of Energy Transition Pathways.Gisela Böhm, Rouven Doran & Hans-Rüdiger Pfister - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:403629.
    This paper explores the public perception of energy transition pathways, that is, individual behaviors, political strategies, and technologies that aim to foster a shift towards a low-carbon and sustainable society. We employed affective image analysis, a structured method based on free associations to explore positive and negative connotations and affective meanings. Affective image analysis allows to tap into affective meanings and to compare these meanings across individuals, groups, and cultures. Data were collected among university students in Norway (n = 106) (...)
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  49.  7
    Moving words: Language comprehension produces representational motion.Rolf A. Zwaan, Carol J. Madden, Richard H. Yaxley & Mark E. Aveyard - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):611-619.
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  50.  17
    Anticipatory affect during action preparation: evidence from backward compatibility in dual-task performance.Andreas B. Eder, Roland Pfister, David Dignath & Bernhard Hommel - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (6):1211-1224.
    Upcoming responses in the second of two subsequently performed tasks can speed up compatible responses in the temporally preceding first task. Two experiments extend previous demonstration of such backward compatibility to affective features: responses to affective stimuli were faster in Task 1 when an affectively compatible response effect was anticipated for Task 2. This emotional backward-compatibility effect demonstrates that representations of the affective consequences of the Task 2 response were activated before the selection of a response in Task 1 was (...)
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