Results for 'Ron A. DiBattista'

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  1.  35
    Perception of what the ethical climate is and what it should be: The role of gender, academic status, and ethical education. [REVIEW]Harsh K. Luthar, Ron A. DiBattista & Theodore Gautschi - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):205-217.
    This study examined ethical attitudes and perceptions of 691 undergraduate seniors and freshmen in a college of business. Gender was found to be correlated to perceptions of "what the ethical climate should be" with female subjects showing significantly more favorable attitude towards ethical behaviors than males. Further, Seniors had a more cynical view of the current ethical climate than freshmen. Freshmen were significantly more likely than seniors to believe that good business ethics is positively related to successful business outcomes. Ethical (...)
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  2.  37
    Fuzzy measurement in the mishnah and the talmud.Ron A. Shapira - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):273-288.
    I discuss the attitude of Jewish law sources from the 2nd–:5th centuries to the imprecision of measurement. I review a problem that the Talmud refers to, somewhat obscurely, as impossible reduction. This problem arises when a legal rule specifies an object by referring to a maximized measurement function, e.g., when a rule applies to the largest part of a divided whole, or to the first incidence that occurs, etc. A problem that is often mentioned is whether there might be hypothetical (...)
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  3. Women and the University Curriculum: Towards Equality, Democracy and Peace.M. -L. Kearney & A. H. Ronning - 1997 - British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (3):315-317.
     
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  4.  13
    Effects of a behaviour independent financial incentive on prescribing behaviour of general practitioners.Jody D. Martens, Mirjam J. Werkhoven, Johan L. Severens & Ron A. G. Winkens - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):369-373.
  5.  9
    Evidence for treatable inborn errors of metabolism in a cohort of 187 Greek patients with autism spectrum disorder.Martha Spilioti, Athanasios E. Evangeliou, Despoina Tramma, Zoe Theodoridou, Spyridon Metaxas, Eleni Michailidi, Eleni Bonti, Helen Frysira, A. Haidopoulou, Despoina Asprangathou, Aggelos J. Tsalkidis, Panagiotis Kardaras, Ron A. Wevers, Cornelis Jakobs & K. Michael Gibson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  6. Brève philosophie de la Constitution: de Cicéron à René Girard: analyse et psychanalyse des systèmes constitutionnels.Paul Dubouchet - 2019 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
  7. L'homme sans dieu?: de Cicéron à Marc-Aurèle.Alain Sager - 2013 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
  8.  25
    Entrevista a José Manuel Sánchez Ron, vicedirector de la Real Academia Española. Búsqueda de métodos de investigación de la Literatura en conjunción con la Física.Jesús Miguel Delgado Del Aguila - 2022 - World Literature and Linguistics 1 (1):80-84.
    Esta entrevista realizada al vicedirector de la Real Academia Española, José Manuel Sánchez Ron, busca resolver las inquietudes que se formulan a partir de las posibilidades de hallar una conjunción metodológica entre la Literatura y la Física. Para ello, se toma en cuenta la organización especializada de la RAE, que se encarga de la difusión y la preservación del buen uso del lenguaje y la creación literaria. El discurso, junto con las personalidades que se dedican a desarrollarlo, cumplen también un (...)
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  9. Deontology, individualism, and uncertainty, a reply to Jackson and Smith.Ron Aboodi, Adi Borer & and David Enoch - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (5):259-272.
    How should deontological theories that prohibit actions of type K — such as intentionally killing an innocent person — deal with cases of uncertainty as to whether a particular action is of type K? Frank Jackson and Michael Smith, who raise this problem in their paper "Absolutist Moral Theories and Uncertainty" (2006), focus on a case where a skier is about to cause the death of ten innocent people — we don’t know for sure whether on purpose or not — (...)
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  10. A field guide to social construction.Ron Mallon - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):93–108.
    forthcoming in Philosophy Compass [penultimate draft .pdf file] A survey of the contemporary social constructionist landscape.
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  11.  10
    A provisional model of mathematical problem solving.Dale Dinnel, John A. Glover & Royce R. Ronning - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (5):459-462.
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  12.  14
    INTRODUCTION: A Motto for Moral Diplomacy.Maria DiBattista, Judith Beyer, Felix Girke, Jehangir Yezdi Malegam, Edith Hall, Laura Rival & Kevin M. F. Platt - 2015 - Common Knowledge 21 (2):190-195.
    “Only connect …,” the epigraph of Forster's Howards End, offers itself as a model of moral diplomacy. The efficacy of genuine human connection—whether it takes the form of creative action or of decent human relations—in containing and civilizing force is an idea that informs the novel's conception of what constitutes and ensures civilized life. Forster regarded propriety and convention as expressions of force and so applauded any assault on conventional feeling as an act of moral heroism. This essay introduces the (...)
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  13. A question of voice: philosophy and the search for legitimacy.Ron Scapp - 2020 - Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    A Question of Voice: Philosophy and the Search for Legitimacy offers an explicit and comprehensive consideration of voice as a complex of rethinking aspects of the history of philosophy through issues of power, as well as contemporary issues that include and involve the desire for and the dynamics of legitimacy, for individuals and communities. By identifying voice as a significant theme and means by which and through which we might better engage some important philosophical questions, Ron Scapp hopes to expand (...)
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  14. A survey of managers' perceptions of corporate ethics and social responsibility and actions that may affect companies' success.Ron Cacioppe, Nick Forster & Michael Fox - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):681 - 700.
    This exploratory study examines how managers and professionals regard the ethical and social responsibility reputations of 60 well-known Australian and International companies, and how this in turn influences their attitudes and behaviour towards these organisations. More than 350 MBA, other postgraduate business students, and participants in Australian Institute of Management (Western Australia) management education programmes were surveyed to evaluate how ethical and socially responsible they believed the 60 organisations to be. The survey sought to determine what these participants considered ‘ethical’ (...)
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  15. Circularity: a common secret to paradoxes, scientific revolutions, and humor.Ron Aharoni - 2016 - New Jersey: World Scientific.
     
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  16.  98
    Improving access to health care: A consensus ethical framework to guide proposals for reform.Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  17. Managerial Work in a Practice-Embodying Institution: The Role of Calling, The Virtue of Constancy. [REVIEW]Ron Beadle - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):679-690.
    What can be learned from a small scale study of managerial work in a highly marginal and under-researched working community? This article uses the ‘goods–virtues–practices–institutions’ framework to examine the managerial work of owner–directors of traditional circuses. Inspired by MacIntyre’s arguments for the necessity of a narrative understanding of the virtues, interviews explored how British and Irish circus directors accounted for their working lives. A purposive sample was used to select subjects who had owned and managed traditional touring circuses for at (...)
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  18.  12
    A Survey of Managers’ Perceptions of Corporate Ethics and Social Responsibility and Actions that may Affect Companies’ Success.Ron Cacioppe, Nick Forster & Michael Fox - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):681-700.
    This exploratory study examines how managers and professionals regard the ethical and social responsibility reputations of 60 well-known Australian and International companies, and how this in turn influences their attitudes and behaviour towards these organisations. More than 350 MBA, other postgraduate business students, and participants in Australian Institute of Management management education programmes were surveyed to evaluate how ethical and socially responsible they believed the 60 organisations to be. The survey sought to determine what these participants considered 'ethical' and 'socially (...)
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  19.  8
    Towards a Sustainable Philosophy of Endurance Sport : Cycling for Life.Ron Welters - 2019 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book provides new perspectives on endurance sport and how it contributes to a good and sustainable life in times of climate change, ecological disruption and inconvenient truths. It builds on a continental philosophical tradition, i.e. the philosophy of among others Peter Sloterdijk, but also on “ecosophy” and American pragmatism to explore the idea of sport as a voluntary attempt to overcome unnecessary obstacles. Since ancient times, human beings have been involved in practices of the Self in order to work (...)
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  20.  26
    Quasicrystals: A Matter of Definition. [REVIEW]Ron Lifshitz - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (12):1703-1711.
    It is argued that the prevailing definition of quasicrystals, requiring them to contain an axis of symmetry that is forbidden in periodic crystals, is inadequate. This definition is too restrictive in that it excludes an important and interesting collection of structures that exhibit all the well-known properties of quasicrystals without possessing any forbidden symmetries.
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  21. Why Business Cannot Be a Practice.Ron Beadle - 2008 - Analyse & Kritik 30 (1):229-241.
    In a series of papers Geoff Moore has applied Alasdair MacIntyre’s much cited work to generate a virtue-based business ethics. Central to this pro ject is Moore’s argument that business falls under MacIntyre’s concept of ‘practice’. This move attempts to overcome MacIntyre’s reputation for being ‘anti-business’ while maintaining his framework for evaluating social action and replaces MacIntyre’s hostility to management with a conception of managers as institutional practitioners . I argue however that this move has not been justified. Given the (...)
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  22.  99
    On a bioethical challenge to disability rights.Ron Amundson & Shari Tresky - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):541 – 561.
    Tensions exist between the disability rights movement and the work of many bioethicists. These reveal themselves in a major recent book on bioethics and genetics, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice. This book defends certain genetic policies against criticisms from disability rights advocates, in part by arguing that it is possible to accept both the genetic policies and the rights of people with impairments. However, a close reading of the book reveals a series of direct moral criticisms of the (...)
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  23. A bottom-up model of skill learning.Ron Sun, Todd Peterson & Edward Merrill - unknown
    We present a skill learning model CLARION. Different from existing models of high-level skill learning that use a topdown approach (that is, turning declarative knowledge into procedural knowledge), we adopt a bottom-up approach toward low-level skill learning, where procedural knowledge develops first and declarative knowledge develops later. CLAR- ION is formed by integrating connectionist, reinforcement, and symbolic learning methods to perform on-line learning. We compare the model with human data in a minefield navigation task. A match between the model and (...)
     
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  24. A subsymbolic symbolic model for learning sequential navigation.Ron Sun Todd Peterson - unknown
    To deal with reactive sequential decision tasks we present a learning model Clarion which is a hybrid connectionist model consisting of both localist and dis tributed representations based on the two level ap proach proposed in Sun The model learns and utilizes procedural and declarative knowledge tapping into the synergy of the two types of processes It uni es neural reinforcement and symbolic methods to perform on line bottom up learning Experiments in various situations are reported that shed light on (...)
     
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  25.  41
    A Framework for Computing Like Nature.Ron Cottam, Willy Ranson & Roger Vounckx - 2013 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Raffaela Giovagnoli (ed.), Computing Nature. pp. 23--60.
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  26. Meaning-making in dementia: a hermeneutic perspective.Guy A. M. Widdershoven & Berghmans & L. P. Ron - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  27.  13
    Xenophon as a critic of the Athenian democracy.Ron Kroeker - 2009 - History of Political Thought 30 (2):197-228.
    Scholars have generally held that Xenophon the Athenian favoured oligarchic constitutions and was therefore opposed to the Athenian democracy. Yet Xenophon's writings often seem to display remarkable sympathy for the democracy, and the issue is complicated by the difficulty of assigning any ancient author to a definite place on the political spectrum. Using the categories that M. Walzer employs to analyse modern social critics, this study finds that although Xenophon can take an external/rejectionist approach to the criticism of the Athenian (...)
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  28. Meaning-making in dementia: A hermeneutic perspective.Guy A. M. Widdershoven & Ron L. P. Berghmans - 2006 - In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
  29. Ron Arkin's 2013 argument for a moratorium on deployment, but no ban of lethal autonmous robots.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - .
     
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  30. Motivational Representations within a Computational Cognitive Architecture.Ron Sun - unknown
    This paper discusses essential motivational representations necessary for a comprehensive computational cognitive architecture. It hypothesizes the need for implicit drive representations, as well as explicit goal representations. Drive representations consist of primary drives — both low-level primary drives (concerned mostly with basic physiological needs) and high-level primary drives (concerned more with social needs), as well as derived (secondary) drives. On the basis of drives, explicit goals may be generated on the fly during an agent’s interaction with various situations. These motivational (...)
     
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  31. Marr’s Three Levels: A Re-evaluation. [REVIEW]Ron McClamrock - 1990 - Minds and Machines 1 (May):185-196.
    the _algorithmic_, and the _implementational_; Zenon Pylyshyn (1984) calls them the _semantic_, the _syntactic_, and the _physical_; and textbooks in cognitive psychology sometimes call them the levels of _content_, _form_, and _medium_ (e.g. Glass, Holyoak, and Santa 1979).
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  32.  91
    Learning, action, and consciousness: A hybrid approach toward modeling consciousness.Ron Sun - 1997 - Neural Networks 10:1317-33.
    _role, especially in learning, and through devising hybrid neural network models that (in a qualitative manner) approxi-_ _mate characteristics of human consciousness. In doing so, the paper examines explicit and implicit learning in a variety_ _of psychological experiments and delineates the conscious/unconscious distinction in terms of the two types of learning_ _and their respective products. The distinctions are captured in a two-level action-based model C_larion_. Some funda-_ _mental theoretical issues are also clari?ed with the help of the model. Comparisons with (...)
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  33.  18
    A Jonathan Edwards Reader.Ron L. Cooper - 1997 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 25 (77):24-26.
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  34.  91
    The Interaction of the Explicit and the Implicit in Skill Learning: A Dual-Process Approach.Ron Sun - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):159-192.
    This article explicates the interaction between implicit and explicit processes in skill learning, in contrast to the tendency of researchers to study each type in isolation. It highlights various effects of the interaction on learning (including synergy effects). The authors argue for an integrated model of skill learning that takes into account both implicit and explicit processes. Moreover, they argue for a bottom-up approach (first learning implicit knowledge and then explicit knowledge) in the integrated model. A variety of qualitative data (...)
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  35. Symbol grounding: A new look at an old idea.Ron Sun - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):149-172.
    Symbols should be grounded, as has been argued before. But we insist that they should be grounded not only in subsymbolic activities, but also in the interaction between the agent and the world. The point is that concepts are not formed in isolation (from the world), in abstraction, or "objectively." They are formed in relation to the experience of agents, through their perceptual/motor apparatuses, in their world and linked to their goals and actions. This paper takes a detailed look at (...)
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  36. A theological and apologetical assessment of positive confession theology.Ron Rhodes - 2016 - In Terry L. Miethe & Norman L. Geisler (eds.), I am put here for the defense of the Gospel: Dr. Norman L. Geisler: a festschrift in his honor. Pickwick Publications, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  37.  93
    Incubation, insight, and creative problem solving: A unified theory and a connectionist model.Ron Sun - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):994-1024.
    This article proposes a unified framework for understanding creative problem solving, namely, the explicit–implicit interaction theory. This new theory of creative problem solving constitutes an attempt at providing a more unified explanation of relevant phenomena (in part by reinterpreting/integrating various fragmentary existing theories of incubation and insight). The explicit–implicit interaction theory relies mainly on 5 basic principles, namely, (a) the coexistence of and the difference between explicit and implicit knowledge, (b) the simultaneous involvement of implicit and explicit processes in most (...)
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  38. Ron L. Cooper, "Heidegger and Whitehead: A Phenomenological Examination into the Intelligibility of Experience". [REVIEW]Patrick Shade - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (1):246.
     
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  39. A Cognitively Based Simulation of Academic Science.Ron Sun - unknown
    The models used in social simulation to date have mostly been very simplistic cognitively, with little attention paid to the details of individual cognition. This work proposes a more cognitively realistic approach to social simulation. It begins with a model created by Gilbert (1997) for capturing the growth of academic science. Gilbert’s model, which was equation-based, is replaced here by an agent-based model, with the cognitive architecture CLARION providing greater cognitive realism. Using this cognitive agent model, results comparable to previous (...)
     
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  40. Methodological individualism considered as a constitutive principle of scientific inquiry.Ron McClamrock - 1991 - Philosophical Psychology 4 (3):343-54.
    The issue of methodological solipsism in the philosophy of mind and psychology has received enormous attention and discussion in the decade since the appearance Jerry Fodor's "Methodological Solipsism" [Fodor 1980]. But most of this discussion has focused on the consideration of the now infamous "Twin Earth" type examples and the problems they present for Fodor's notion of "narrow content". I think there is deeper and more general moral to be found in this issue, particularly in light of Fodor's more recent (...)
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  41. Ron Barkai, A History of Jewish Gynaecological Texts in the Middle Ages.(Brill's Series in Jewish Studies, 20.) Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 1998. Pp. xiii, 241; 1 table. [REVIEW]Helen Rodnite Lemay & Sara Lipton - 1999 - Speculum 74 (3):692-693.
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  42.  9
    A Woman's Place: A Confrontation With Bedouin Custom In The Sharīʿa Court.Ron Shaham - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (2):192.
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  43.  4
    A Case Study in Global Solidarity: The St. Cloud-Homa Bay Partnership.Ron Pagnucco - 2008 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 17 (1):45-60.
  44.  41
    Health Care Law: Medical Manslaughter Law Reform: A Mistaken Diagnosis.Ron Paterson - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (1):54-59.
    Determining appropriate legal responses to the conduct of health care workers who endanger patients continues to provoke fierce debate. This is particularly true in the context of criminal law, which offers punishment as an obvious strategy. In the first of three papers which make up this issue's extended Health Care Law feature, Professor Alexander McCall Smith and Dr Alan Merry argue against the prosecution of health care workers except in circumstances where there is very dear evidence of a culpable frame (...)
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  45. Modeling meta-cognition in a cognitive architecture.Ron Sun, Xi Zhang & Robert Mathews - unknown
    This paper describes how meta-cognitive processes (i.e., the self monitoring and regulating of cognitive processes) may be captured within a cognitive architecture Clarion. Some currently popular cognitive architectures lack sufficiently complex built-in meta-cognitive mechanisms. However, a sufficiently complex meta-cognitive mechanism is important, in that it is an essential part of cognition and without it, human cognition may not function properly. We contend that such a meta-cognitive mechanism should be an integral part of a cognitive architecture. Thus such a mechanism has (...)
     
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  46. A cognitively based simulation of simple organizations.Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh - unknown
    This paper explores cognitively realistic social simulations by deploying the CLARION cognitive architecture in a simple organizational simulation, which involves the interaction of multiple cognitive agents. It argues for an integration of the two separate strands of research: cognitive modeling and social simulation. Such an integration could, on the one hand, enhance the accuracy of social simulation models by taking into full account the effects of individual cognitive factors, and on the other hand, it could lead to greater explanatory, predictive, (...)
     
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  47.  23
    A Fusion of Horizons: Gadamer and Schleiermacher.Ron Bontekoe - 1987 - International Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):3-16.
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  48. A propos de la première traduction japonaise du «Discours sur les sciences et les arts» de JJ Rousseau faite par Nakae Chômin:«Hi-Kaika-ron»(«Contre les Lumières»).H. Nakagawa - 1989 - Etudes Jean-Jacques Rousseau 3:175-192.
     
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  49.  49
    The epistemological status of a naturalized epistemology.Ron Amundson - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):333 – 344.
    Philosophically inclined psychologists and psychologically inclined philosophers often hold that the substantive discoveries of psychology can provide an empirical foundation for epistemology. In this paper it is argued that the ambition to found epistemology empirically faces certain unnoticed difficulties. Empirical theories concerned with knowledge?gaining abilities have been historically associated with specific epistemological views such that the epistemology gives preferential support to the substantive theory, while the theory empirically supports the epistemology. Theories attribute to the subject just those epistemic abilities which (...)
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  50.  13
    A Cognitive Social Simulation of Tribal Survival Strategies: The Importance of Cognitive and Motivational Factors.Ron Sun & Pierson Fleischer - 2012 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4):287-321.
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