Results for 'Ronald E. Laymon'

999 found
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  1.  7
    Some Computers Can Add (Even If the IBM 1620 Couldn't): Defending Eniac's Accumulators Against Dretske.Ronald E. Laymon - 1988 - Behaviorism 16 (1):1-16.
  2.  10
    Personal Decisions and Universalizability.Ronald E. Laymon & Peter K. Machamer - 1970 - Mind 79 (315):425-426.
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  3.  40
    Idealization, Explanation, and Confirmation.Ronald Laymon - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:336 - 350.
    The use of idealizations and approximations in scientific explanations poses a problem for traditional philosophical theories of confirmation since, strictly speaking, these sorts of statements are false. Furthermore, in several central cases in the history of science, theoretical predictions seen as confirmatory are not, in any usual sense, even approximately true. As a means of eliminating the puzzling nature of these cases, two theses are proposed. First, explanations consist of idealized deductive-nomological sketches plus what are called modal auxiliaries, i.e., arguments (...)
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  4.  74
    Intelligence is Not Enough: On the Socialization of Talking Machines. [REVIEW]E. Ronald & Moshe Sipper - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4):567-576.
    Since the introduction of the imitation game by Turing in 1950 there has been much debate as to its validity in ascertaining machine intelligence. We wish herein to consider a different issue altogether: granted that a computing machine passes the Turing Test, thereby earning the label of ``Turing Chatterbox'', would it then be of any use (to us humans)? From the examination of scenarios, we conclude that when machines begin to participate in social transactions, unresolved issues of trust and responsibility (...)
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  5.  70
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353-372.
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  6. Newton's Bucket Experiment.Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (4):399--413.
  7.  53
    Using Scott Domains to Explicate the Notions of Approximate and Idealized Data.Ronald Laymon - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):194-221.
    This paper utilizes Scott domains (continuous lattices) to provide a mathematical model for the use of idealized and approximately true data in the testing of scientific theories. Key episodes from the history of science can be understood in terms of this model as attempts to demonstrate that theories are monotonic, that is, yield better predictions when fed better or more realistic data. However, as we show, monotonicity and truth of theories are independent notions. A formal description is given of the (...)
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  8.  6
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353.
  9.  60
    Applying Idealized Scientific Theories to Engineering.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Synthese 81 (3):353 - 371.
    The problem for the scientist created by using idealizations is to determine whether failures to achieve experimental fit are attributable to experimental error, falsity of theory, or of idealization. Even in the rare case when experimental fit within experimental error is achieved, the scientist must determine whether this is so because of a true theory and fortuitously canceling idealizations, or due to a fortuitous combination of false theory and false idealizations. For the engineer, the problem seems rather different. Experiment for (...)
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  10.  28
    Newton's "Experimentum Crucis" and the Logic of Idealization and Theory Refutation.Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (1):51.
  11.  36
    Computer Simulations, Idealizations and Approximations.Ronald Laymon - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:519 - 534.
    It's uncontroversial that notions of idealization and approximation are central to understanding computer simulations and their rationale. What's not so clear is what exactly these notions come to. Two distinct forms of approximation will be distinguished and their features contrasted with those of idealizations. These distinctions will be refined and closely tied to computer simulations by means of Scott-Strachey denotational programming semantics. The use of this sort of semantics also provides a convenient format for argumentation in favor of several theses (...)
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  12.  55
    Experimentation and the Legitimacy of Idealization.Ronald Laymon - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):353 - 375.
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  13.  45
    Feyerabend, Brownian Motion, and the Hiddenness of Refuting Facts.Ronald Laymon - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (2):225-247.
    In this paper, I will develop a nontrivial interpretation of Feyerabend's concept of a hidden anomalous fact. Feyerabend's claim is that some anomalous facts will remain hidden in the absence of alternatives to the theories to be tested. The case of Brownian motion is given by Feyerabend to support this claim. The essential scientific difficulty in this case was the justification of correct and relevant descriptions of Brownian motion. These descriptions could not be simply determined from the available observational data. (...)
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  14.  15
    Scientific Realism and the Hierarchical Counterfactual Path From Data to Theory.Ronald Laymon - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:107 - 121.
    Using the Schwarzschild calculation of the Relativistic bending of starlight near the sun as an illustration, it is shown that the relationship between theory and data requires a hierarchy of structures of different logical type. An essential feature of this hierarchy is the use of idealizations and approximate truths. On the basis of a counterfactual analysis of these concepts, it is shown that confirmation is possible even though statistical measures of goodness of fit are not satisfied. The consequences of this (...)
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  15.  44
    Demonstrative Induction, Old and New Evidence and the Accuracy of the Electrostatic Inverse Square Law.Ronald Laymon - 1994 - Synthese 99 (1):23 - 58.
    Maxwell claimed that the electrostatic inverse square law could be deduced from Cavendish's spherical condenser experiment. This is true only if the accuracy claims made by Cavendish and Maxwell are ignored, for both used the inverse square law as a premise in their analyses of experimental accuracy. By so doing, they assumed the very law the accuracy of which the Cavendish experiment was supposed to test. This paper attempts to make rational sense of this apparently circular procedure and to relate (...)
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  16.  28
    The Computational and Confirmational Differences Between the Social and the Physical Sciences.Ronald Laymon - 1993 - Philosophia 22 (3-4):241-273.
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  17. The Path From Data to Theory.Ronald Laymon - 1984 - In J. Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism. University of California. pp. 108--123.
     
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  18.  28
    Computer-Assisted Instruction in Logic: ENIGMA.Ronald Laymon & Thomas Lloyd - 1977 - Teaching Philosophy 2 (1):15-28.
  19.  20
    Independent Testability: The Michelson-Morley and Kennedy-Thorndike Experiments.Ronald Laymon - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (1):1-37.
    Grunbaum has argued that the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis is not ad hoc since the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment can be used to provide a test that is significantly different from that provided by the Michelson-Morley experiment. In the first part of the paper, I show that the differences claimed by Grunbaum to hold between these two experiments are not sufficient for establishing independent testability. A dilemma is developed: either the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment, because of experimental realities, cannot test the uncontracted Fresnel aether theory, (...)
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  20.  6
    Independent Testability and Experimental Type: Response to Erlichson.Ronald Laymon - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (2):274-281.
  21.  19
    Making Decisions.Ronald Laymon - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):191-193.
  22.  23
    Defenses Against Charges of Artistic Failure: Some Legal Analogies.Ronald Laymon - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 73 (2-3):239 - 256.
  23.  1
    Book Review:Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences Colin Howson. [REVIEW]Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (2):318-.
  24. Making Decisions: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. [REVIEW]Ronald Laymon - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):191-193.
  25. Some Computers Can Add : Defending ENIAC's Accumulators Against Dretske.Ronald Laymon - 1988 - Behavior and Philosophy 16 (1):1.
     
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  26. The Michelson-Morley Experiment: Descriptive Dependence on to-Be-Tested Theories.Ronald Laymon - 1976 - In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press. pp. 436--64.
     
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  27. Thomas Reid's Inquiry and Essays Edited by Keith Lehrer and Ronald E. Beanblossom; Introd. By Ronald E. Beanblossom. --.Thomas Reid, Keith ed Lehrer & Ronald E. Beanblossom - 1975 - Bobbs-Merrill.
     
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  28.  60
    Ronald E. Santoni -- The Arms Race, Genocidal Intent and Individual Responsibility.R. E. Santoni - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):9-18.
  29.  6
    Estatística, Biologia Evolutiva E Eugenia: As Publicações Do Jovem Ronald Fisher Em The Eugenics Review.Leonardo Dallacqua de Carvalho - 2019 - Dialogos 23 (2):185.
    Este artigo analisa em perspectiva histórica a discussão eugênica do estatístico inglês Ronald Aylmer Fisher no início da sua trajetória profissional. Entre 1914 a 1919, Fisher publicou artigos e revisões de livros na revista especializada The Eugenics Review, na qual expunha a viabilidade do pensamento eugenista. Por meio de tais fontes investigo de que modo estatística e biologia evolutiva estavam ligadas às suas propostas eugênicas e qual era o contexto científico da eugenia nas primeiras décadas do século XX.
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  30.  38
    The Guitar of God: Gender, Power, and Authority in the Visionary World of Mother Juana de la Cruz ;Ronald E. Surtz.Ruth Anthony - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):266-268.
  31.  9
    Ronald E. Doel and Thomas Söderqvist The Historiography of Contemporary Science, Technology, and Medicine: Writing Recent Science. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. Pp. Xv+313. ISBN 0-415-39142-3. £80.00. [REVIEW]Soraya de Chadarevian - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (1):127-129.
  32.  11
    Bad Faith, Good Faith, and Authenticity in Sartre's Early Philosophy, by Ronald E. Santoni.Stuart Z. Charmé - 1996 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 27 (3):324-326.
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  33.  81
    Ronald E. Santoni, Bad Faith, Good Faith, and Authenticity in Sartre's Early Philosophy.Julie Pedersen - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (3):429-432.
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  34.  15
    Sextus Amarcius, Satires, Trans. Ronald E. Pepin / Eupolemius, Ed. And Trans. Jan M. Ziolkowski. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. Pp. Xlix, 398. $29.95. ISBN: 978-0-674-06002-9. [REVIEW]Justin Lake - 2017 - Speculum 92 (4):1250-1251.
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  35.  16
    Ronald E. Santoni: Bad Faith, Good Faith. [REVIEW]Phyllis Sutton Morris - 1997 - Man and World 30 (1):115-122.
  36.  19
    The Vatican Mythographers. . Ronald E. Pepin.John P. McCall - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1096-1097.
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  37.  16
    Literature of Satire in the Twelfth Century: A Neglected Mediaeval Genre.Ronald E. Pepin.A. G. Rigg - 1990 - Speculum 65 (4):1034-1036.
  38.  12
    Ronald E. Hustwit, K. Bouwsma: A Philosopher's Journey . X + 228 Pages, Price £53.00 Hb. [REVIEW]David Rozema - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):93-98.
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  39.  13
    Writing Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain: The Mothers of Saint Teresa of Avila.Ronald E. Surtz.Elizabeth Rhodes - 1997 - Speculum 72 (1):228-230.
  40.  9
    Ronald E. Doel;, Thomas Söderqvist. The Historiography of Contemporary Science, Technology, and Medicine: Writing Recent Science. Xv + 312 Pp., Figs., Index. New York: Routledge, 2006. $131. [REVIEW]Bruno J. Strasser - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):867-868.
  41.  11
    Review of Ronald E. Heine, Reading the Old Testament with the Ancient Church: Exploring the Formation of Early Christian Thought. [REVIEW]Eric Plumer - 2015 - Augustinian Studies 46 (1):120-121.
  42.  11
    O. K. Bouwsma. Without Proof or Evidence, Essays Edited and Introduced by J. L. Craft and Ronald E. Hustwit. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press 1984.) Pp. Xiv + 161. £ 17.05. [REVIEW]Peter Winch - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (2):260-263.
  43.  20
    Wittgenstein: Conversations 1949–1951 O. K. Bowsma Edited by J. L. Craft and Ronald E. Hustwit Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1986. Pp. Xxiv, 78. [REVIEW]Béla Szabados - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (4):771.
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  44.  7
    March to Armageddon: The United States and the Nuclear Arms Race, 1939 to the Present. Ronald E. Powaski.Lawrence Badash - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):543-544.
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  45.  6
    Ronald E. Doel, Solar System Astronomy in America: Communities, Patronage, and Inter-Disciplinary Science, 1920–1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Pp. Xxi+280, Illus. ISBN 0-521-41573-X. £40.00, $59.95. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Science 30 (2):233-249.
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  46.  15
    ESSAYS ON KIERKEGAARD & WITTGENSTEIN Edited by Richard H. Bell and Ronald E. Hustwit, The College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio, 1978.J. Kellenberger - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (4):64-66.
  47.  7
    Response to Ronald E. Roblin.F. David Martin - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 12 (3):93.
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  48.  8
    Michael Sage. Cyprian. Pp. Vi + 439. Ronald E. Heine. Perfection in the Virtuous Life . Pp. Iv + 247. Robert C. Gregg. Consolation Philosophy . Pp. V + 285. [REVIEW]Maurice Wiles - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (3):418.
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  49.  5
    Ronald E. Hustwit, K. Bouwsma: A Philosopher's Journey . X + 228 Pages, Price £53.00 Hb. [REVIEW]David Rozema - 2016 - Philosophical Investigations 39 (2).
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  50.  4
    American Literature and the Universe of Force. Ronald E. Martin.Paul Theerman - 1983 - Isis 74 (2):267-268.
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