26 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Ronald Laymon [24]Ronald E. Laymon [2]
See also
Ronald Laymon
Ohio State University
  1.  65
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353-372.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  2. Newton's Bucket Experiment.Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (4):399--413.
  3.  49
    Applying Idealized Scientific Theories to Engineering.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Synthese 81 (3):353 - 371.
    The problem for the scientist created by using idealizations is to determine whether failures to achieve experimental fit are attributable to experimental error, falsity of theory, or of idealization. Even in the rare case when experimental fit within experimental error is achieved, the scientist must determine whether this is so because of a true theory and fortuitously canceling idealizations, or due to a fortuitous combination of false theory and false idealizations. For the engineer, the problem seems rather different. Experiment for (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  4.  42
    Using Scott Domains to Explicate the Notions of Approximate and Idealized Data.Ronald Laymon - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):194-221.
    This paper utilizes Scott domains (continuous lattices) to provide a mathematical model for the use of idealized and approximately true data in the testing of scientific theories. Key episodes from the history of science can be understood in terms of this model as attempts to demonstrate that theories are monotonic, that is, yield better predictions when fed better or more realistic data. However, as we show, monotonicity and truth of theories are independent notions. A formal description is given of the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  5.  40
    Demonstrative Induction, Old and New Evidence and the Accuracy of the Electrostatic Inverse Square Law.Ronald Laymon - 1994 - Synthese 99 (1):23 - 58.
    Maxwell claimed that the electrostatic inverse square law could be deduced from Cavendish's spherical condenser experiment. This is true only if the accuracy claims made by Cavendish and Maxwell are ignored, for both used the inverse square law as a premise in their analyses of experimental accuracy. By so doing, they assumed the very law the accuracy of which the Cavendish experiment was supposed to test. This paper attempts to make rational sense of this apparently circular procedure and to relate (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  6.  1
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353.
  7.  27
    Computer Simulations, Idealizations and Approximations.Ronald Laymon - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:519 - 534.
    It's uncontroversial that notions of idealization and approximation are central to understanding computer simulations and their rationale. What's not so clear is what exactly these notions come to. Two distinct forms of approximation will be distinguished and their features contrasted with those of idealizations. These distinctions will be refined and closely tied to computer simulations by means of Scott-Strachey denotational programming semantics. The use of this sort of semantics also provides a convenient format for argumentation in favor of several theses (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  8.  45
    Experimentation and the Legitimacy of Idealization.Ronald Laymon - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):353 - 375.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  9.  23
    Newton's Experimentum Crucis and the Logic of Idealization and Theory Refutation.Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (1):51-77.
  10.  33
    Idealization, Explanation, and Confirmation.Ronald Laymon - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:336 - 350.
    The use of idealizations and approximations in scientific explanations poses a problem for traditional philosophical theories of confirmation since, strictly speaking, these sorts of statements are false. Furthermore, in several central cases in the history of science, theoretical predictions seen as confirmatory are not, in any usual sense, even approximately true. As a means of eliminating the puzzling nature of these cases, two theses are proposed. First, explanations consist of idealized deductive-nomological sketches plus what are called modal auxiliaries, i.e., arguments (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  11.  24
    The Computational and Confirmational Differences Between the Social and the Physical Sciences.Ronald Laymon - 1993 - Philosophia 22 (3-4):241-273.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12.  7
    Scientific Realism and the Hierarchical Counterfactual Path From Data to Theory.Ronald Laymon - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:107 - 121.
    Using the Schwarzschild calculation of the Relativistic bending of starlight near the sun as an illustration, it is shown that the relationship between theory and data requires a hierarchy of structures of different logical type. An essential feature of this hierarchy is the use of idealizations and approximate truths. On the basis of a counterfactual analysis of these concepts, it is shown that confirmation is possible even though statistical measures of goodness of fit are not satisfied. The consequences of this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  13.  2
    Newton's "Experimentum Crucis" and the Logic of Idealization and Theory Refutation.Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (1):51.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14.  24
    Feyerabend, Brownian Motion, and the Hiddenness of Refuting Facts.Ronald Laymon - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (2):225-247.
    In this paper, I will develop a nontrivial interpretation of Feyerabend's concept of a hidden anomalous fact. Feyerabend's claim is that some anomalous facts will remain hidden in the absence of alternatives to the theories to be tested. The case of Brownian motion is given by Feyerabend to support this claim. The essential scientific difficulty in this case was the justification of correct and relevant descriptions of Brownian motion. These descriptions could not be simply determined from the available observational data. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  15.  17
    Independent Testability: The Michelson-Morley and Kennedy-Thorndike Experiments.Ronald Laymon - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (1):1-37.
    Grunbaum has argued that the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis is not ad hoc since the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment can be used to provide a test that is significantly different from that provided by the Michelson-Morley experiment. In the first part of the paper, I show that the differences claimed by Grunbaum to hold between these two experiments are not sufficient for establishing independent testability. A dilemma is developed: either the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment, because of experimental realities, cannot test the uncontracted Fresnel aether theory, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16.  5
    Independent Testability and Experimental Type: Response to Erlichson.Ronald Laymon - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (2):274-281.
  17.  19
    Making Decisions.Ronald Laymon - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):191-193.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. The Path From Data to Theory.Ronald Laymon - 1984 - In J. Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism. University of California. pp. 108--123.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19.  9
    Defenses Against Charges of Artistic Failure: Some Legal Analogies.Ronald Laymon - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 73 (2-3):239 - 256.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  9
    Personal Decisions and Universalizability.Ronald E. Laymon & Peter K. Machamer - 1970 - Mind 79 (315):425-426.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  1
    Computer-Assisted Instruction in Logic: ENIGMA.Ronald Laymon & Thomas Lloyd - 1977 - Teaching Philosophy 2 (1):15-28.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  1
    Some Computers Can Add (Even If the IBM 1620 Couldn't): Defending Eniac's Accumulators Against Dretske.Ronald E. Laymon - 1988 - Behaviorism 16 (1):1-16.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  1
    Book Review:Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences Colin Howson. [REVIEW]Ronald Laymon - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (2):318-.
  24. Making Decisions: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. [REVIEW]Ronald Laymon - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):191-193.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Some Computers Can Add : Defending ENIAC's Accumulators Against Dretske.Ronald Laymon - 1988 - Behavior and Philosophy 16 (1):1.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. The Michelson-Morley Experiment: Descriptive Dependence on to-Be-Tested Theories.Ronald Laymon - 1976 - In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press. pp. 436--64.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography