89 found
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  1.  51
    Rethinking Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):7 – 28.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upoconcentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in the wrong direction. The aim of (...)
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  2.  22
    Transplant Tourism in China: A Tale of Two Transplants.Rosamond Rhodes & Thomas Schiano - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):3-11.
    The use of organs obtained from executed prisoners in China has recently been condemned by every major transplant organization. The government of the People's Republic of China has also recently made it illegal to provide transplant organs from executed prisoners to foreigners transplant tourists. Nevertheless, the extreme shortage of transplant organs in the U.S. continues to make organ transplantation in China an appealing option for some patients with end-stage disease. Their choice of traveling to China for an organ leaves U.S. (...)
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  3. The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns.Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford university press.
     
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  4.  49
    Genetic Links, Family Ties, and Social Bonds: Rights and Responsibilities in the Face of Genetic Knowledge.Rosamond Rhodes - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):10 – 30.
    Currently, some of the most significant moral issues involving genetic links relate to genetic knowledge. In this paper, instead of looking at the frequently addressed issues of responsibilities professionals or institutions have to individuals, I take up the question of what responsibilities individuals have to one another with respect to genetic knowledge. I address the questions of whether individuals have a moral right to pursue their own goals without contributing to society's knowledge of population genetics, without adding to their family's (...)
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  5.  17
    In Defense of the Duty to Participate in Biomedical Research.Rosamond Rhodes - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):37 – 38.
  6.  67
    The Not Unreasonable Standard for Assessment of Surrogates and Surrogate Decisions.Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):367-386.
    Standard views on surrogate decision making present alternative ideal models of what ideal surrogates should consider in rendering a decision. They do not, however, explain the physician''s responsibility to a patient who lacks decisional capacity or how a physician should regard surrogates and surrogate decisions. The authors argue that it is critical to recognize the moral difference between a patient''s decisions and a surrogate''s and the professional responsibilities implied by that distinction. In every case involving a patient who lacks decisional (...)
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  7.  71
    A Systematic Approach to Clinical Moral Reasoning.Rosamond Rhodes & David Alfandre - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (2):66-70.
    Because the process of moving from moral principles and facts to action-guiding moral conclusions has not been articulated clearly enough to be useful in a practical way, we designed a systematic approach to aid learners and clinicians in their application of ethical principles to the resolution of clinical dilemmas. Our model for clinical moral reasoning is intended to provide a clear and replicable structure that makes the thought process involved in reasoning about clinical cases explicit. In this paper we present (...)
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  8.  56
    Autonomy, Respect, and Genetic Information Policy: A Reply to Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry.Rosamond Rhodes - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):114 – 120.
  9.  21
    De MinimisRisk: A Proposal for a New Category of Research Risk.Rosamond Rhodes, Jody Azzouni, Stefan Bernard Baumrin, Keith Benkov, Martin J. Blaser, Barbara Brenner, Joseph W. Dauben, William J. Earle, Lily Frank, Nada Gligorov, Joseph Goldfarb, Kurt Hirschhorn, Rochelle Hirschhorn, Ian Holzman, Debbie Indyk & Ethylin Wang Jabs - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):1-7.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 1-7, November 2011.
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  10.  18
    Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care.Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Because medicine can preserve and restore health and function, it has been widely acknowledged as a basic good that a just society should provide its members. Yet there is wide disagreement over the scope of what is to be provided, to whom, how, when and why. In this uniquely comprehensive book some of the best-known philosophers, doctors, lawyers, political scientists, and economists writing on the subject discuss the concerns and deepen our understanding of the theoretical and practical issues that run (...)
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  11.  40
    Justice in Medicine and Public Health.Rosamond Rhodes - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):13-26.
    a This paper is a revised and shortened version of my chapter, “Justice in Allocations for Terrorism, Biological Warfare, and Public Health” in Public Health Ethics, edited by Michael Boylan, Kluwer; 2004. Portions of this material were presented at the International Bioethics Retreat, Pavia, Italy, June 2003, and at the meetings of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences, Philadelphia, September 2003.
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  12.  19
    The Ethical Standard of Care.Rosamond Rhodes - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):76-78.
  13.  14
    Privacy Overkill.Rosamond Rhodes & Daniel A. Moros - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):12-15.
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  14.  13
    Commentary: The Professional Obligation of Physicians in Times of Hazard and Need.Rosamond Rhodes - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):424-428.
    Those who read only the introductory section of “Physician Obligation in Disaster Preparedness and Response,” the statement from the AMA's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, apparently an elaboration on CEJA Opinion 3-I-04, E-9.067, will find an expression of laudable professional responsibility in the face of a disaster. There the AMA authors explicitly acknowledge “that unique responsibilities beyond planning rest on the shoulders of the medical profession”. They also declare that, “physicians are needed to care for victims. In some instances, (...)
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  15.  7
    The Role of Community Consultation in the Ethical Conduct of Research Without Consent.Lynne D. Richardson, Rosamond Rhodes, Deborah Fish Ragin & Ilene Wilets - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):33 – 35.
  16.  2
    Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes & Martin J. Blaser - 2013 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.), The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns. Oxford University Press. pp. 128.
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  17. The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.Abraham Schwab, Rosamond Rhodes & Nada Nada - unknown
    The human microbiome is the bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cover our skin, line our intestines, and flourish in our body cavities. Work on the human microbiome is new, but it is quickly becoming a leading area of biomedical research. What scientists are learning about humans and our microbiomes could change medical practice by introducing new treatment modalities. This new knowledge redefines us as superorganisms comprised of the human body and the collection of microbes that inhabit it and reveals how (...)
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  18.  21
    A Kantian Duty to Commit Suicide and its Implications for Bioethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):45 – 47.
  19.  16
    Trust and Transforming Medical Institutions.Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):205-217.
    Medicine needs our trust. We need to be able to rely on individual clinicians and researchers, and we need to be able to have confidence in hospitals and clinics. Yet the organization of our healthcare institutions is not designed to promote that trust. In fact, the structure of our medical institutions seems to undermine our faith.
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  20.  4
    Access for the Terminally Ill to Experimental Medical Innovations: A Three-Pronged Threat.Shira Bender, Lauren Flicker & Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):3 – 6.
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  21.  2
    The Pressing Need for Postdoctoral Research Ethics Education.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):1-3.
  22.  13
    Understanding, Being, and Doing: Medical Ethics in Medical Education.Rosamond Rhodes & Devra S. Cohen - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):39-53.
    Over the past 15 years, medical schools have paid some attention to the importance of developing students' communication skills as part of their medical education. Over the past decade, medical ethics has been added to the curriculum of most U.S. medical schools, at least on paper. More recently, there has been growing discussion of the importance of professionalism in medical education. Yet, the nature and content of these fields and their relationship to one another remains confused and vague, and that (...)
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  23.  26
    Hobbes's Un Reasonable Fool.Rosamond Rhodes - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):93-102.
  24.  4
    Clinical Justice Guiding Medical Allocations.Rosamond Rhodes - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):116-119.
  25.  2
    Rethinking Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):19-36.
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  26.  47
    Understanding the Trusted Doctor and Constructing a Theory of Bioethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):493-504.
    This paper offers a constructivist account of bioethics as an alternative to previous discussions that explained the ethics of medicine by an extrapolation of principles or virtues from ordinary morality. Taking medicine as a higher and special calling, I argue that the practice of medicine would be impossible without the trust of patients. Because trust is a necessary condition for medical practice, the ethics of the profession must provide the principles for guiding physician behavior and the profession toward promoting trust (...)
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  27.  1
    Associative Duties and Professional Obligations.Rosamond Rhodes & Michael Danziger - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):57-59.
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  28.  47
    Reading Rawls and Hearing Hobbes.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - Philosophical Forum 33 (4):393–412.
  29.  27
    Abortion and Assent.Rosamond Rhodes - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):416-427.
    Volumes have been written arguing the morality of abortion. A crucial premise in many of these arguments concerns the status of the fetus; specifically, that the fetus has or does not have a right to life. Opponents of abortion typically argue that fetuses are persons and hence have an inviolable right to life. Advocates of the right to abortion typically maintain that fetuses are not persons and hence have no right to life.
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  30. The Professional Responsibilities of Medicine.Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell.
     
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  31.  16
    Cultural Collisions at the Bedside: Social Expectations and Value Triage in Medical Practice.Richard Gorlin, James J. Strain & Rosamond Rhodes - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):7-15.
    As early as 1981 Gorlin and Zucker produced a film, AComplicatingFactor:Doctors'FeelingsasaFactorinMedicalCare and in a 1983 paper on the subject they described one of the important epiphenomena of the encounter between doctor and patient—namely, the reaction of the physician to the patient and how this affects both the physician and the quality of the relationship. At that time they were concerned with the physicians' ability to reckon with their own reactions to patients who presented with problems or personality traits that complicated (...)
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  32.  19
    Love Thy Patient: Justice, Caring, and the Doctor–Patient Relationship.Rosamond Rhodes - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):434.
    Traditional moral theories of rights and principles have dominated medical ethics discussions for decades. Appeals to utilitarian consequences, as well as the principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, and justice, have provided the standard vocabulary and filled the literature of the field.Recently on the bioethics scene, however, there has been some discussion of virtue, and, particularly within the nursing ethics literature, appeals are being made to the feminist ethics of care. This intimation of a shift in the wind may have (...)
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  33.  48
    Taking Hobbes at His Word: Comments on Morality in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes by S.A. Lloyd.Rosamond Rhodes - 2010 - Hobbes Studies 23 (2):170-179.
    This paper focuses on S.A. Loyd's positive account of Hobbes's moral theory as presented in chapters 5 and 6 of her new book. My discussion challenges Lloyd's reciprocity interpretation of Hobbes's moral theory. In the paper I also take issue with Lloyd's account of the derivation of his moral theory and her account of moral obligation. I offer my own definitional reading of the derivation of the Laws of Nature and my own analysis of how Hobbes explains obligation in terms (...)
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  34.  5
    Futility and the Goals of Medicine.Rosamond Rhodes - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (2):194.
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  35.  15
    Improving Third-Year Medical Students' Competency in Clinical Moral Reasoning: Two Interventions.Paul J. Cummins, Katherine J. Mendis, Robert Fallar, Amanda Favia, Lily Frank, Carolyn Plunkett, Nada Gligorov & Rosamond Rhodes - forthcoming - Ajob Empirical Bioethics:1-9.
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  36.  57
    Two Concepts of Medical Ethics and Their Implications for Medical Ethics Education.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):493 – 508.
    People who discuss medical ethics or bioethics come to very different conclusions about the levels of agreement in the field and the implications of consensus among health care professionals. In this paper I argue that these disagreements turn on a confusion of two distinct senses of medical ethics. I differentiate (1) medical ethics as a subject in applied ethics from (2) medical ethics as the professional moral commitments of health care professions. I then use the distinction to explain its significant (...)
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  37.  6
    Justice, Medicine, and Medical Care.Rosamond Rhodes - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):32 – 33.
  38.  2
    Unsafe Presumptions in Clinical Research.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):49 – 51.
  39. Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care.Norman Daniels & Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. Oup Usa.
  40.  11
    Thinking Critically in Medicine and its Ethics: Relating Applied Science and Applied Ethics.Daniel A. Moros, Rosamond Rhodes, Bernard Baumrin & James J. Strain - 1987 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):229-243.
  41.  24
    Hobbes's Fifth Law of Nature and its Implications.Rosamond Rhodes - 2009 - Hobbes Studies 22 (2):144-159.
    Hobbes presents the fifth Law of Nature, Mutual Accommodation, in Leviathan, Chapter XV. Although a great deal of scholarly attention has been devoted to the first four Laws of Nature, hardly any mention of the fifth appears in the literature. This paper explains the fifth Law as a central piece of Hobbes's theory and thereby reveals his progressive inclinations. Drawing upon relevant passages in Leviathan I show how Hobbes's view of property allocation and reallocation derives from this Law and how (...)
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  42.  10
    Pedagogical Goals for Academic Bioethics Programs.Denise M. Dudzinski, Rosamond Rhodes & Autumn Fiester - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):284-296.
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  43.  37
    Acceptable Sex Selection.Rosamond Rhodes - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):31 – 32.
  44.  1
    Cautions for Extending Fecal Microbiota Transplantation to Other Therapeutic Uses.Rosamond Rhodes & Henry Sacks - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):46-48.
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  45.  15
    Further Thoughts About Affective Forecasting Biases in Medicine: A Response to Nada Gligorov.Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):174.
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  46.  10
    Transplant Recipients Seletion: Peacetime Vs. Wartime Triage.Rosamond Rhodes, Charles Miller & Myron Schwartz - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (4):327.
    It is a common assumption in ethics that everyone is due equal access to basic human goods. In our modern society, at least since the French Revolution, healthcare is counted along with food, shelter, and security as such a basic good. Anyone suffering from a treatable life-threatening disease can therefore, be seen as having a prima facie claim on medical treatment.
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  47.  2
    Reading Rawls and Hearing Hobbes.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - Philosophical Forum 33 (4):393-412.
  48.  9
    Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. Oup Usa. pp. 345--361.
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  49.  16
    Affective Forecasting and Its Implications for Medical Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):54-65.
    Through a number of studies recently published in the psychology literature, T.D. Wilson, D.T. Gilbert, and others have demonstrated that our judgments about what our future mental states will be are contaminated by various distortions. Their studies distinguish a variety of different distortions, but they refer to them all with the generic term “affective forecasting.” The findings of their studies on normal volunteers are remarkably robust and, therefore, demonstrate that we are all vulnerable to the distortions of affective forecasting. a.
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  50.  3
    How to Respond to Knowledge About Biases.Rosamond Rhodes - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):29-31.
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