121 found
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  1.  39
    Rethinking Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):19-36.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upon concentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in the wrong direction. The aim (...)
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  2. Rethinking research ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):7 – 28.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upoconcentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in the wrong direction. The aim of (...)
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  3.  31
    Why not common morality?Rosamond Rhodes - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):770-777.
    This paper challenges the leading common morality accounts of medical ethics which hold that medical ethics is nothing but the ethics of everyday life applied to today’s high-tech medicine. Using illustrative examples, the paper shows that neither the Beauchamp and Childress four-principle account of medical ethics nor the Gert et al 10-rule version is an adequate and appropriate guide for physicians’ actions. By demonstrating that medical ethics is distinctly different from the ethics of everyday life and cannot be derived from (...)
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  4. Genetic links, family ties, and social bonds: Rights and responsibilities in the face of genetic knowledge.Rosamond Rhodes - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):10 – 30.
    Currently, some of the most significant moral issues involving genetic links relate to genetic knowledge. In this paper, instead of looking at the frequently addressed issues of responsibilities professionals or institutions have to individuals, I take up the question of what responsibilities individuals have to one another with respect to genetic knowledge. I address the questions of whether individuals have a moral right to pursue their own goals without contributing to society's knowledge of population genetics, without adding to their family's (...)
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  5.  23
    Justice in COVID-19 vaccine prioritisation: rethinking the approach.Rosamond Rhodes - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (9):623-631.
    Policies for the allocation of COVID-19 vaccine were implemented in early 2021 as soon as vaccine became available. Those responsible for the planning and execution of COVID-19 vaccination had to make choices about who received vaccination first while numerous authors offered their own recommendations. This paper provides an account of how such decisions should be made by focusing on the specifics of the situation at hand. In that light, I offer an argument for prioritising those who are likely vectors of (...)
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  6.  17
    The trusted doctor: medical ethics and professionalism.Rosamond Rhodes - 2020 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Common morality has been the touchstone of medical ethics since the publication of Beauchamp and Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics in 1979. Rosamond Rhodes challenges this dominant view by presenting an original and novel account of the ethics of medicine, one deeply rooted in the actual experience of medical professionals. She argues that common morality accounts of medical ethics are unsuitable for the profession, and inadequate for responding to the particular issues that arise in medical practice. Instead, Rhodes argues that (...)
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  7.  26
    Medical Ethics: Common or Uncommon Morality?Rosamond Rhodes - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (3):404-420.
    This paper challenges the long-standing and widely accepted view that medical ethics is nothing more than common morality applied to clinical matters. It argues against Tom Beauchamp and James Childress’s four principles; Bernard Gert, K. Danner Clouser and Charles Culver’s ten rules; and Albert Jonsen, Mark Siegler, and William Winslade’s four topics approaches to medical ethics. First, a negative argument shows that common morality does not provide an account of medical ethics and then a positive argument demonstrates why the medical (...)
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  8.  15
    the human microbiome: ethical, legal and social concerns.Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Paul Schwab (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford university press.
    Human microbiome research has revealed that legions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi live on our skin and within the cavities of our bodies. New knowledge from these recent studies shows that humans are superorganisms and that the microbiome is indispensible to our lives and our health. This volume explores some of the science on the human microbiome and considers the ethical, legal, and social concerns that are raised by this research.
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  9.  64
    The Ethical Standard of Care.Rosamond Rhodes - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):76-78.
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  10.  54
    In defense of the duty to participate in biomedical research.Rosamond Rhodes - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):37 – 38.
  11.  11
    The professional responsibilities of medicine.Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 71–87.
    The prelims comprise: The Distinctiveness of the Ethics of Medicine The Distinctive Ethics of Medicine The Priority of Professional Ethics over Personal Morality Conclusion Notes References.
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  12.  34
    Conscience, conscientious objections, and medicine.Rosamond Rhodes - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (6):487-506.
    To inform the ongoing discussion of whether claims of conscientious objection allow medical professionals to refuse to perform tasks that would otherwise be their duty, this paper begins with a review of the philosophical literature that describes conscience as either a moral sense or the dictate of reason. Even though authors have starkly different views on what conscience is, advocates of both approaches agree that conscience should be obeyed and that keeping promises is a conscience-given moral imperative. The paper then (...)
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  13. The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.Abraham Schwab, Rosamond Rhodes & Nada Nada - unknown
    The human microbiome is the bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cover our skin, line our intestines, and flourish in our body cavities. Work on the human microbiome is new, but it is quickly becoming a leading area of biomedical research. What scientists are learning about humans and our microbiomes could change medical practice by introducing new treatment modalities. This new knowledge redefines us as superorganisms comprised of the human body and the collection of microbes that inhabit it and reveals how (...)
     
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  14.  29
    When Is Participation in Research a Moral Duty?Rosamond Rhodes - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (3):318-326.
    In this paper I argue for recognizing the moral duty to participate in research. I base my argument on the need for biomedical research and the fact that at some point studies require human participants, what I call collaborative necessity. In presenting my position, I argue against the widely accepted views of Han Jonas and all of those who have accepted his declarations without challenge. I go on to show why it is both just and fair to invite and encourage (...)
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  15. The not unreasonable standard for assessment of surrogates and surrogate decisions.Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):367-386.
    Standard views on surrogate decision making present alternative ideal models of what ideal surrogates should consider in rendering a decision. They do not, however, explain the physician''s responsibility to a patient who lacks decisional capacity or how a physician should regard surrogates and surrogate decisions. The authors argue that it is critical to recognize the moral difference between a patient''s decisions and a surrogate''s and the professional responsibilities implied by that distinction. In every case involving a patient who lacks decisional (...)
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  16.  64
    Transplant Tourism in China: A Tale of Two Transplants.Rosamond Rhodes & Thomas Schiano - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):3-11.
    The use of organs obtained from executed prisoners in China has recently been condemned by every major transplant organization. The government of the People's Republic of China has also recently made it illegal to provide transplant organs from executed prisoners to foreigners transplant tourists. Nevertheless, the extreme shortage of transplant organs in the U.S. continues to make organ transplantation in China an appealing option for some patients with end-stage disease. Their choice of traveling to China for an organ leaves U.S. (...)
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  17.  46
    Good and not so good medical ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):71-74.
  18.  48
    De Minimis Risk: A Proposal for a New Category of Research Risk.Rosamond Rhodes - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):1-7.
    In this article the authors reflect on regulations which have been developed to protect research subjects and data in research which uses human subjects. They suggest that regulations related to informed consent and privacy protection are burdensome in research which uses human subjects. They argue that a new category of research risk must be established which informs research subjects of the level of risk that they will be exposed to by participating in the research.
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  19.  13
    Hobbes's Account of Authorizing a Sovereign.Rosamond Rhodes - 2021 - In Marcus P. Adams (ed.), A Companion to Hobbes. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 203–220.
    In this chapter, the author argues against the commonly accepted reading, which was most fully articulated by Larry May in his article “Hobbes's Contract Theory ”. Contrary to that widely accepted interpretation, he shows that scholars overlook crucial distinctions that play a critical role in Hobbes's account. There Hobbes explained that reasonable men would appreciate the necessity of creating an artificial power to ensure that covenants would be “constant and lasting”. For Hobbes, the commonwealth is a distinct entity that men (...)
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  20.  22
    Resisting Paternalism in Prenatal Whole-Genome Sequencing.Rosamond Rhodes - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):35-37.
  21.  62
    Should Compensation for Organ Donation Be Allowed?Arthur Caplan & Rosamond Rhodes - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (3):286-296.
    The need for organs to transplant is clear. Due to the lack of transplants, people suffer, they die, and the cost of taking care of them until they die is huge. There is general agreement that it would be good to increase the supply of organs in order to meet the demand for organ transplantation.
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  22.  15
    Medicine’s Commitment to Science and the Duties That Bind Clinicians.Daniel A. Moros & Rosamond Rhodes - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (8):73-75.
    We whole-heartedly support Andrew Garland, Stephanie Morain, and Jeremy Sugarman’s claim that clinicians have a duty to participate in pragmatic clinical trials (Garland, Morain, and Sugarman 2023)...
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  23.  97
    Autonomy, respect, and genetic information policy: A reply to Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry.Rosamond Rhodes - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):114 – 120.
  24.  73
    Trust and Transforming Medical Institutions.Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):205-217.
    Medicine needs our trust. We need to be able to rely on individual clinicians and researchers, and we need to be able to have confidence in hospitals and clinics. Yet the organization of our healthcare institutions is not designed to promote that trust. In fact, the structure of our medical institutions seems to undermine our faith.
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  25.  50
    Understanding, Being, and Doing: Medical Ethics in Medical Education.Rosamond Rhodes & Devra S. Cohen - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):39-53.
    Over the past 15 years, medical schools have paid some attention to the importance of developing students' communication skills as part of their medical education. Over the past decade, medical ethics has been added to the curriculum of most U.S. medical schools, at least on paper. More recently, there has been growing discussion of the importance of professionalism in medical education. Yet, the nature and content of these fields and their relationship to one another remains confused and vague, and that (...)
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  26.  25
    Bioethics is Philosophy.Rosamond Rhodes & Gary Ostertag - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):22-25.
    In their target article, Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022) address the view that bioethics as a philosophical discipline is obsolete. Indeed, their discussion was prompted by a recent bioethics confer...
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  27.  40
    Access for the terminally ill to experimental medical innovations: A three-pronged threat.Shira Bender, Lauren Flicker & Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):3 – 6.
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  28.  29
    Being a Doctor and Being a Hospital.Rosamond Rhodes & Michael Danziger - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):51-53.
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  29.  13
    In Defense of Uncommon Morality.Rosamond Rhodes - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (1):144-149.
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  30.  22
    Justice and Guidance for the COVID-19 Pandemic.Rosamond Rhodes - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):163-166.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 163-166.
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  31.  15
    Medicine and Contextual Justice.Rosamond Rhodes - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):228-249.
    :This article provides a critique of the monolithic accounts that define justice in terms of a single and often inappropriate goal. By providing an array of real examples, I argue that there is no simple definition of justice, because allocations that express justice are governed by a variety of reasons that reasonable people endorse for their saliency. In making difficult choices about ranking priorities, different considerations have different importance in different kinds of situations. In this sense,justice is a conclusionabout whether (...)
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  32. A systematic approach to clinical moral reasoning.Rosamond Rhodes & David Alfandre - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (2):66-70.
    Because the process of moving from moral principles and facts to action-guiding moral conclusions has not been articulated clearly enough to be useful in a practical way, we designed a systematic approach to aid learners and clinicians in their application of ethical principles to the resolution of clinical dilemmas. Our model for clinical moral reasoning is intended to provide a clear and replicable structure that makes the thought process involved in reasoning about clinical cases explicit. In this paper we present (...)
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  33.  66
    Love Thy Patient: Justice, Caring, and the Doctor–Patient Relationship.Rosamond Rhodes - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):434.
    Traditional moral theories of rights and principles have dominated medical ethics discussions for decades. Appeals to utilitarian consequences, as well as the principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, and justice, have provided the standard vocabulary and filled the literature of the field.Recently on the bioethics scene, however, there has been some discussion of virtue, and, particularly within the nursing ethics literature, appeals are being made to the feminist ethics of care. This intimation of a shift in the wind may have (...)
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  34.  76
    Affective Forecasting and Its Implications for Medical Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes & James Strain - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):54-65.
    Through a number of studies recently published in the psychology literature, T.D. Wilson, D.T. Gilbert, and others have demonstrated that our judgments about what our future mental states will be are contaminated by various distortions. Their studies distinguish a variety of different distortions, but they refer to them all with the generic term “affective forecasting.” The findings of their studies on normal volunteers are remarkably robust and, therefore, demonstrate that we are all vulnerable to the distortions of affective forecasting. a.
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  35.  23
    A Defence of medical ethics as uncommon morality.Rosamond Rhodes - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):792-793.
    I am grateful to the esteemed commentators for their critiques of my paper, ‘Why Not Common Morality’.1 As I read through their remarks, however, they seemed to be talking past my arguments. Their criticisms nevertheless make it clear that I need to explain myself better. I am therefore grateful to the editor for allowing me this opportunity to clarify my position. My paper presented two arguments for concluding that common morality is untenable as an account of medical ethics. First, I (...)
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  36.  81
    Understanding the Trusted doctor and constructing a theory of bioethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):493-504.
    This paper offers a constructivist account of bioethics as an alternative to previous discussions that explained the ethics of medicine by an extrapolation of principles or virtues from ordinary morality. Taking medicine as a higher and special calling, I argue that the practice of medicine would be impossible without the trust of patients. Because trust is a necessary condition for medical practice, the ethics of the profession must provide the principles for guiding physician behavior and the profession toward promoting trust (...)
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  37.  34
    Innovation in a Learning Healthcare System.Henry S. Sacks & Rosamond Rhodes - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):19-21.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 19-21.
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  38.  51
    Pedagogical Goals for Academic Bioethics Programs.Denise M. Dudzinski, Rosamond Rhodes & Autumn Fiester - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):284-296.
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  39.  68
    Hobbes's un reasonable fool.Rosamond Rhodes - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):93-102.
  40.  14
    Triage: Medical Details and Words Matter.Rosamond Rhodes & Jolion McGreevy - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):64-67.
    In a previous paper, Dominic Wilkinson and colleagues argued in support of the British National Health System utility maximizing triage policies that allocate medical resources to ensure the...
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  41.  49
    Medicine and Social Justice:Essays on the Distribution of Health Care: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care.Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.) - 2002 - Oup Usa.
    Because medicine can preserve and restore health and function, it is widely acknowledged as a basic good that a just society owes its members. Yet there is controversy over the scope of what should be provided, to whom, how, when and why. This comprehensive and authoritative book - by well-known philosophers, doctors, lawyers, political scientists, and economists - lays a theoretical foundation for understanding the debate, assesses how health care is distributed in different countries and to various social groups, and (...)
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  42.  22
    Justice in Medicine and Public Health.Rosamond Rhodes - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):13-26.
    This paper is a revised and shortened version of my chapter, “Justice in Allocations for Terrorism, Biological Warfare, and Public Health” in Public Health Ethics, edited by Michael Boylan, Kluwer; 2004. Portions of this material were presented at the International Bioethics Retreat, Pavia, Italy, June 2003, and at the meetings of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences, Philadelphia, September 2003.
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  43.  7
    Hobbes's un reasonable fool.Rosamond Rhodes - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):93-102.
  44.  76
    Reading Rawls and hearing Hobbes.Rosamond Rhodes - 2002 - Philosophical Forum 33 (4):393–412.
  45.  34
    The role of community consultation in the ethical conduct of research without consent.Lynne D. Richardson, Rosamond Rhodes, Deborah Fish Ragin & Ilene Wilets - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):33 – 35.
  46.  45
    Improving third-year medical students' competency in clinical moral reasoning: Two interventions.Paul J. Cummins, Katherine J. Mendis, Robert Fallar, Amanda Favia, Lily Frank, Carolyn Plunkett, Nada Gligorov & Rosamond Rhodes - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (3):140-148.
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  47.  33
    Bridging the Gap between Knowledge and Skill: Integrating Standardized Patients into Bioethics Education.Nada Gligorov, Terry M. Sommer, Ellen C. Tobin Ballato, Lily E. Frank & Rosamond Rhodes - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):25-30.
    Upon entering the examination room, Caitlyn encounters a woman sitting alone and in distress. Caitlyn introduces herself as the hospital ethicist and tells the woman, Mrs. Dennis, that her aim is to help her reach a decision about whether to perform an autopsy on her recently deceased husband. Mrs. Dennis begins the encounter by telling the ethicist that she has to decide quickly, but that she is very torn about what to do. Mrs. Dennis adds, “My sons disagree about the (...)
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  48.  15
    Love Thy Neighbor: Replacing Paternalistic Protection as the Grounds for Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):49-51.
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  49.  41
    Commentary: The Professional Obligation of Physicians in Times of Hazard and Need.Rosamond Rhodes - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):424-428.
    Those who read only the introductory section of “Physician Obligation in Disaster Preparedness and Response,” the statement from the AMA's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, apparently an elaboration on CEJA Opinion 3-I-04, E-9.067, will find an expression of laudable professional responsibility in the face of a disaster. There the AMA authors explicitly acknowledge “that unique responsibilities beyond planning rest on the shoulders of the medical profession”. They also declare that, “physicians are needed to care for victims. In some instances, (...)
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  50.  45
    Privacy Overkill.Rosamond Rhodes & Daniel A. Moros - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):12-15.
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