Results for 'Rose Koch'

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  1.  96
    Personal Identity and Purgatory.David B. Hershenov & Rose Koch-Hershenov - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (4):439.
    If Purgatory involves just an immaterial soul undergoing a transformation between our death and resurrection, then, as Aquinas recognized, it won't be us in Purgatory. Drawing upon Parfit's ideas about identity not being what matters to us, we explore whether the soul's experience of Purgatory could still be beneficial to it as well as the deceased human who didn't experience the purging yet would possess the purged soul upon resurrection. We also investigate an alternative non-Thomistic hylomorphic account of Purgatory in (...)
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  2.  45
    Totipotency, Twinning, and Ensoulment at Fertilization.Rose Koch-Hershenov - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):139 – 164.
    From fertilization to approximately the sixteenth day of development, human embryonic cells are said to have the capacities of totipotency and monozygotic twinning, both of which are problematic to a theory of ensoulment at fertilization. In this article I will address the problems which these capacities pose to such a theory and present an interpretation of the biological data which renders ensoulment at fertilization more plausible. I will then argue that not only is an ensoulment theory consistent with current biological (...)
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  3.  83
    Conjoined Twins and the Biological Account of Personal Identity.Rose Koch - 2006 - The Monist 89 (3):351-370.
    During the first 16 days after fertilization, the developing embryo has the capacity to separate into two genetically identical embryos, or monozygotic twins (triplets, etc.). Because of this capacity, philosophers typically argue that the pre-16 day embryo is not a human being. On a Biological Account of Personal Identity (BAPI), which considers us human beings as essentially organisms, the development of the embryo into an organism at 16 (or 21) days marks our origins. The development of an embryo into an (...)
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  4.  47
    Fission and Confusion.David Hershenov & Rose Koch-Hershenov - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (3):237-254.
    Catholic opponents of abortion and embryonic stem cell research usually base their position on a hylomorphic account of ensoulment at fertilization. They maintain that we each started out as one-cell ensouled organisms. Critics of this position argue that it is plagued by a number of intractable problems due to fission (twinning) and fusion. We're unconvinced that such objections to early ensoulment provide any reason to doubt the coherence of the hylomorphic account. However, we do maintain that a defense of ensoulment (...)
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  5.  30
    How a Hylomorphic Metaphysics Constrains the Abortion Debate.David B. Hershenov & Rose J. Koch - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (4):751-764.
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  6.  6
    Conjoined Twins and the Biological Account of Personal Identity.Rose Koch - 2006 - The Monist 89 (3):351-370.
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  7.  9
    Fission and Confusion.David Hershenov & Rose Koch-Hershenov - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (3):237-254.
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  8.  78
    The Relevance of Metaphysics to the Morality of Abortion.David B. Hershenov & Rose J. Koch - manuscript
    Earl Conee has argued that the metaphysics of personal identity is irrelevant to the morality of abortion. He claims that doing all the substantial work in abortion arguments are moral principles and they garner no support from rival metaphysics theories. Conee argues that not only can both immaterialist and materialist theories of the self posit our origins at fertilization, but positing such a beginning doesn’t even have any significant impact on the permissibility of abortion. We argue that this thesis is (...)
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  9.  16
    Piae Memoriae Carl Koch: Religion. Studien zu Kult und Glauben der Römer. (Erlanger Beiträge, vii.) Pp. xvi + 272. Nuremberg: Carl, 1960. Paper, DM. 29.50. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (02):216-217.
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  10.  23
    Petrus Johannes Reimer: Zeven tegen Thebe. Praehelleense elementen in de helleense traditie. Pp. 130. Gouda: Koch & Knuttel, 1953. Paper. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose - 1955 - The Classical Review 5 (01):101-102.
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  11. Rose Mary Volbrecht -- Nuclear Deterrence: Moral Dilemmas and Risks.Rose Mary Volbrecht - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):133-141.
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  12.  58
    Koch’s Postulates: An Interventionist Perspective.Lauren N. Ross & James F. Woodward - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:35-46.
    We argue that Koch’s postulates are best understood within an interventionist account of causation, in the sense described in Woodward. We show how this treatment helps to resolve interpretive puzzles associated with Koch’s work and how it clarifies the different roles the postulates play in providing useful, yet not universal criteria for disease causation. Our paper is an effort at rational reconstruction; we attempt to show how Koch’s postulates and reasoning make sense and are normatively justified within (...)
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  13. Carnapian Explications, Experimental Philosophy, and Fruitful Concepts.Steffen Koch - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (6):700-717.
    It seems natural to think that Carnapian explication and experimental philosophy can go hand in hand. But what exactly explicators can gain from the data provided by experimental philosophers remains controversial. According to an influential proposal by Shepherd and Justus, explicators should use experimental data in the process of ‘explication preparation’. Against this proposal, Mark Pinder has recently suggested that experimental data can directly assist an explicator’s search for fruitful replacements of the explicandum. In developing his argument, he also proposes (...)
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  14. Toward a Neurobiological Theory of Consciousness.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 1990 - Seminars in the Neurosciences 2:263-275.
  15. A Framework for Consciousness.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 2003 - Nature Neuroscience 6:119-26.
  16.  26
    Early False-Belief Understanding.Rose M. Scott & Renée Baillargeon - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (4):237-249.
  17.  45
    Disability and Difference: Balancing Social and Physical Constructions.T. Koch - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):370-376.
    The world of disability theory is currently divided between those who insist it reflects a physical fact affecting life quality and those who believe disability is defined by social prejudice. Despite a dialogue spanning bioethical, medical and social scientific literatures the differences between opposing views remains persistent. The result is similar to a figure-ground paradox in which one can see only part of a picture at any moment. This paper attempts to find areas of commonality between the opposing camps, and (...)
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  18. Neural Correlates of Consciousness in Humans.Geraint Rees, G. Kreiman & Christof Koch - 2002 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3 (4):261-270.
  19.  45
    Robert Koch and the Invention of the Carrier State: Tropical Medicine, Veterinary Infections and Epidemiology Around 1900.Christoph Gradmann - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (3):232-240.
    This paper reassesses Robert Koch’s work on tropical infections of humans and cattle as being inspired by an underlying interest in epidemiology. Such an interest was developed from the early 1890s when it became clear that an exclusive focus on pathogens was insufficient as an approach to explain the genesis and dynamics of epidemics. Koch, who had failed to do so before, now highlighted differences between infection and disease and described the role of various sub-clinical states of disease (...)
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  20. Consciousness and Neuroscience.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 1998 - Cerebral Cortex.
  21.  16
    Just Policy? An Ethical Analysis of Early Intervention Policy Guidance.Rose Mortimer, Alex McKeown & Ilina Singh - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):43-53.
    Early intervention aims to identify children or families at risk of poor health, and take preventative measures at an early stage, when intervention is more likely to succeed. EI is concerned with the just distribution of “life chances,” so that all children are given fair opportunity to realize their potential and lead a good life; EI policy design, therefore, invokes ethical questions about the balance of responsibilities between the state, society, and individuals in addressing inequalities. We analyze a corpus of (...)
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  22.  69
    Are We Aware of Neural Activity in Primary Visual Cortex.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 1995 - Nature 375:121-23.
  23.  38
    Information Integration Without Awareness.Liad Mudrik, Nathan Faivre & Christof Koch - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):488-496.
  24.  62
    The Quest for Consciousness: A Neurobiological Approach.Christof Koch - 2004 - Roberts & Company.
    In "The Quest for Consciousness," Caltech neuroscientist Christof Koch explores the biological basis of consciousness.
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  25.  34
    New Space–Time Metaphors Foster New Nonlinguistic Representations.Rose K. Hendricks & Lera Boroditsky - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):800-818.
    What is the role of language in constructing knowledge? In this article, we ask whether learning new relational language can create new ways of thinking. In Experiment 1, we taught English speakers to talk about time using new vertical linguistic metaphors, saying things like “breakfast is above dinner” or “breakfast is below dinner”. In Experiment 2, rather than teaching people new metaphors, we relied on the left–right representations of time that our American college student participants have already internalized through a (...)
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  26.  78
    Is Perception Discrete or Continuous?Rufin VanRullen & Christof Koch - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (5):207-213.
  27.  12
    Transhumanism, Moral Perfection, and Those 76 Trombones.Tom Koch - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):179-192.
    Transhumanism advances an ideology promising a positive human advance through the application of new and as yet unrealized technologies. Underlying the whole is a libertarian ethos married to a very Christian eschatology promising a miraculous transformation that will answer human needs and redress human failings. In this paper, the supposedly scientific basis on which transhumanist promises are built is critiqued as futurist imaginings with little likelihood of actualization. Transhumanists themselves are likened to the affable con man Professor Harold Hill who, (...)
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  28.  31
    Moral Distress Among Healthcare Professionals at a Health System.Rose Allen, Tanya Judkins-Cohn, Raul deVelasco, Edwina Forges, Rosemary Lee, Laurel Clark & Maggie Procunier - 2013 - Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 15 (3):111-118.
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  29.  39
    Ancient Greek Religion. By H. J. Rose. Pp. 160. London: Hutchinson's University Library, 1948. 7s. 6d.W. F. J. Knight & H. J. Rose - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:119-120.
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  30. Belief Through Thick and Thin.Wesley Buckwalter, David Rose & John Turri - 2015 - Noûs 49 (4):748-775.
    We distinguish between two categories of belief—thin belief and thick belief—and provide evidence that they approximate genuinely distinct categories within folk psychology. We use the distinction to make informative predictions about how laypeople view the relationship between knowledge and belief. More specifically, we show that if the distinction is genuine, then we can make sense of otherwise extremely puzzling recent experimental findings on the entailment thesis (i.e. the widely held philosophical thesis that knowledge entails belief). We also suggest that the (...)
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  31.  46
    A Rose in Any Other Font Would Not Smell as Sweet: Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Categorization.Daniel M. Oppenheimer & Michael C. Frank - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1178-1194.
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  32.  35
    Continuous Flash Suppression Reduces Negative Afterimages.Naotsugu Tsuchiya & Christof Koch - 2005 - Nature Neuroscience 8 (8):1096-1101.
    Illusions that produce perceptual suppression despite constant retinal input are used to manipulate visual consciousness. Here we report on a powerful variant of existing techniques, Continuous Flash Suppression. Distinct images flashed successively around 10 Hz into one eye reliably suppress an image presented to the other eye. Compared to binocular rivalry, the duration of perceptual suppression increased more than 10-fold. Using this tool we show that the strength of the negative afterimage of an adaptor was reduced by half when it (...)
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  33.  71
    Experimental Philosophy and the Method of Cases.Joachim Horvath & Steffen Koch - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (1):e12716.
    In this paper, we first briefly survey the main responses to the challenge that experimental philosophy poses to the method of cases, given the common assumption that the latter is crucially based on intuitive judgments about cases. Second, we discuss two of the most popular responses in more detail: the expertise defense and the mischaracterization objection. Our take on the expertise defense is that the available empirical data do not support the claim that professional philosophers enjoy relevant expertise in their (...)
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  34. Choosing and Refusing: Doxastic Voluntarism and Folk Psychology.John Turri, David Rose & Wesley Buckwalter - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2507-2537.
    A standard view in contemporary philosophy is that belief is involuntary, either as a matter of conceptual necessity or as a contingent fact of human psychology. We present seven experiments on patterns in ordinary folk-psychological judgments about belief. The results provide strong evidence that voluntary belief is conceptually possible and, granted minimal charitable assumptions about folk-psychological competence, provide some evidence that voluntary belief is psychologically possible. We also consider two hypotheses in an attempt to understand why many philosophers have been (...)
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  35.  59
    False-Belief Understanding in Infants.Renée Baillargeon, Rose M. Scott & Zijing He - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):110-118.
  36.  21
    Do Metaphors Move From Mind to Mouth? Evidence From a New System of Linguistic Metaphors for Time.Rose K. Hendricks, Benjamin K. Bergen & Tyler Marghetis - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2950-2975.
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  37.  20
    Information Integration Without Awareness.Liad Mudrik, Nathan Faivre & Christof Koch - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (7):559.
  38.  10
    Robert Koch and the Invention of the Carrier State: Tropical Medicine, Veterinary Infections and Epidemiology Around 1900.Christoph Gradmann - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (3):232-240.
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  39.  21
    2.5-Year-Olds Use Cross-Situational Consistency to Learn Verbs Under Referential Uncertainty.Rose M. Scott & Cynthia Fisher - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):163-180.
  40.  23
    John Dewey: Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism.Donald F. Koch - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):586-588.
  41.  40
    The Canadian Question: What's So Great About Intelligence?Tom Koch - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):307.
    A personable teenager with Down's syndrome became a Canadian cause célèbre a few months ago when University Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, denied him a position on the organ transplantation waiting list. Terry Urquart lacked “reasonable” intelligence, hospital officials said, a criterion for all transplant candidates at that hospital. Protests by the boy's family, and by groups active in the cause of those with developmental disabilities, became well-photographed stories on the nightly television news and in the nation's newspapers. It did not (...)
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  42.  19
    Rose's Prevention Paradox.Christopher Thompson - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (2):242-256.
    Geoffrey Rose's ‘prevention paradox’ occurs when a population-based preventative health measure that brings large benefits to the community – such as compulsory seatbelts, a ‘fat tax’, or mass immunisation – offers little to each participating individual. Although the prevention paradox is not obviously a paradox in the sense in which philosophers understand the term, it does raise important normative questions. In particular, should we implement population-based preventative health measures when the typical individual is not expected to gain from them? (...)
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  43.  32
    Living Versus Dying “With Dignity”: A New Perspective on the Euthanasia Debate.Tom Koch - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):50.
    There has been no informed or honest debate in North America over the issue of liberalized euthanasia. Despite thousands of newspaper stories, scores of learned academic articles, a handful of closely analyzed legal decisions, and hours of broadcast news and talk show imagery, a full discussion is yet to begin.
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  44.  6
    Emotional Implications of Metaphor: Consequences of Metaphor Framing for Mindset About Cancer.Rose K. Hendricks, Zsófia Demjén, Elena Semino & Lera Boroditsky - 2019 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (4):267-279.
    ABSTRACTWhen faced with hardship, how do we emotionally appraise the situation? Although many factors contribute to our reasoning about hardships, in this article we focus on the role of linguistic metaphor in shaping how we cope. In five experiments, we find that framing a person’s cancer situation as a “battle” encourages people to believe that that person is more likely to feel guilty if they do not recover than framing the same situation as a “journey” does. Conversely, the “journey” frame (...)
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  45. Causation, Norm Violation, and Culpable Control.Mark Alicke, David Rose & Dori Bloom - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (12):670-696.
    Causation is one of philosophy's most venerable and thoroughly-analyzed concepts. However, the study of how ordinary people make causal judgments is a much more recent addition to the philosophical arsenal. One of the most prominent views of causal explanation, especially in the realm of harmful or potentially harmful behavior, is that unusual or counternormative events are accorded privileged status in ordinary causal explanations. This is a fundamental assumption in psychological theories of counterfactual reasoning, and has been transported to philosophy by (...)
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  46. Gettier Across Cultures.Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Amita Chatterjee, Kaori Karasawa, Noel Struchiner, Smita Sirker, Naoki Usui & Takaaki Hashimoto - 2015 - Noûs:645-664.
    In this article, we present evidence that in four different cultural groups that speak quite different languages there are cases of justified true beliefs that are not judged to be cases of knowledge. We hypothesize that this intuitive judgment, which we call “the Gettier intuition,” may be a reflection of an underlying innate and universal core folk epistemology, and we highlight the philosophical significance of its universality.
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  47.  38
    Rose Alan. A Formalization of Sobocinski's Three-Valued Implicational Propositional Calculus. The Journal of Computing Systems, Vol. 1 No. 3 , Pp. 165–168. [REVIEW]Gene F. Rose - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):144-144.
  48.  16
    Rose Alan. An Alternative Normalisation of Sobociński's Three-Valued Implicational Propositional Calculus. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik , Vol. 2 Pp. 166–172. [REVIEW]Gene F. Rose - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):380-380.
  49.  29
    Rose Alan. A Single Axiom for a Partial System of the Propositional Calculus. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 1 , Pp. 196–197. [REVIEW]Gene F. Rose - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):176-176.
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  50.  20
    Rose Alan. Le Degré de Saturation du Calcul Propositionnel Implicatif À Trois Valeurs de Sobociński. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences , Vol. 235 , Pp. 1000–1002. [REVIEW]Gene F. Rose - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):56-56.
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