Results for 'Ruben Baler'

599 found
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  1.  27
    Reward, Dopamine and the Control of Food Intake: Implications for Obesity.Nora D. Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang & Ruben D. Baler - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (1):37-46.
  2.  10
    Addiction: Decreased Reward Sensitivity and Increased Expectation Sensitivity Conspire to Overwhelm the Brain's Control Circuit.Nora D. Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang, Joanna S. Fowler, Dardo Tomasi, Frank Telang & Ruben Baler - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (9):748-755.
  3.  73
    The Active and the Passive: David -Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):229-246.
    How to draw the distinction between activity and passivity? Whatever that might be, the causal theory of action cannot give the right answer, as it offers an essentially passive account of human action.
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  4.  13
    Explanation in the Social Sciences: Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences*: David-Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:95-117.
    Are explanations in the social sciences fundamentally different from explanations in the natural sciences? Many philosophers think that they are, and I call such philosophers ‘difference theorists’. Many difference theorists locate that difference in the alleged fact that only in the natural sciences does explanation essentially include laws.
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  5.  10
    Marx, Necessity and Science: D.-H. Ruben.D. Ruben - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 14:39-56.
    Among the very many questions we might wish to ask of any particular science, two of them concern the nature of the objects of the science and the character of the laws which describe the behaviour of those objects. What I wish to do is to raise those two questions about historical materialism. That is, I want to ask what it is that one studies in Capital for example, and in what ways of behaving does the nomic or lawlike behaviour (...)
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  6.  10
    II–David-Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):229-246.
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  7.  4
    The Active and the Passive: David-Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 71 (1):229-246.
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  8.  71
    Action and its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    David-Hillel Ruben mounts a defence of some unusual and original positions in the philosophy of action. Written from a point of view out of sympathy with the assumptions of much of contemporary philosophical action theory, his book draws its inspiration from philosophers as diverse as Aristotle, Berkeley, and Marx. Ruben 's work is located in the tradition of the metaphysics of action, and will attract much attention from his peers and from students in the field.
  9.  7
    Action and Its Explanation.David Ruben - 2003 - Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
    Book synopsis: David-Hillel Ruben's new book pursues some novel and unusual standpoints in the philosophy of action. He rejects, for example, the most widely held view about how to count actions, and argues for what he calls a 'prolific theory' of act individuation. He also describes and argues against the two leading theories of the nature of action, the causal theory and the agent causal theory. The causal theory cannot account for skilled activity, nor for mental action. The agent (...)
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  10. Positive and Natural Law Revisited.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Modern Schoolman 49 (4):295-317.
    The article argues that the famous debate on natural and positive law between Lon Fuller and HLA Hart rests on a dispute about whether or not that something is a law provides on its own a prima facie reason for doing something.
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  11.  16
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  12. The Physical Action Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  13.  26
    Marx, Necessity and Science.D. -H. Ruben - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 14:39-56.
    Among the very many questions we might wish to ask of any particular science, two of them concern the nature of the objects of the science and the character of the laws which describe the behaviour of those objects. What I wish to do is to raise those two questions about historical materialism. That is, I want to ask what it is that one studies in Capital for example, and in what ways of behaving does the nomic or lawlike behaviour (...)
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  14.  3
    Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel RUBEN - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):477-482.
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  15. Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel RUBEN - 1990 - Routledge.
    This book introduces readers to the topic of explanation. The insights of Plato, Aristotle, J.S. Mill and Carl Hempel are examined, and are used to argue against the view that explanation is merely a problem for the philosophy of science. Having established its importance for understanding knowledge in general, the book concludes with a bold and original explanation of explanation.
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  16. A Conditional Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):271-287.
    What I shall do in this paper is to propose an analysis of ‘Agent P tries to A’ in terms of a subjunctive conditional, that avoids some of the problems that beset most alternative accounts of trying, which I call ‘referential views’. They are so-named because on these alternative accounts, ‘P tries to A’ entails that there is a trying to A by P, and therefore the expression ‘P’s trying to A’ can occur in the subject of a sentence and (...)
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  17. John Searle's the Construction of Social Reality.Review Author[S.]: David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):443-447.
  18. Disjunctive Theories of Perception and Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 227--243.
    A comparison of disjunctive theories of action and perception. The development of a theory of action that warrants the name, a disjunctive theory. On this theory, there is an exclusive disjunction: either an action or an event (in one sense). It follows that in that sense basic actions do not have events intrinsic to them.
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  19. W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - Philosophical Papers 39 (2):257-270.
    In virtue of what are later and an earlier group members of one and the numerically same tradition? Gallie was one of the few philosophers to have engaged with issues surrounding this question. My article is not a faithful exegesis of Gallie but develops a terminology in which to discuss issues surrounding the numerical identity of a tradition over time, based on some of his insights.
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  20. Traditions and True Successors.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (1):32 - 46.
    What constitutes numerically one and the same tradition diachronically, at different times? This question is the focus of often violent dispute in societies. Is it capable of a rational resolution? Many accounts attempt that resolution with a diagnosis of ambiguity of the disputed concept-Islam, Marxism, or democracy for example. The diagnosis offered is in terms of vagueness, namely the vague criteria for sameness or similarity of central beliefs and practices.
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  21. Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel RUBEN - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):585-588.
     
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  22. Searle on Institutional Obligation.David–Hillel Ruben - 1972 - The Monist 56 (4):600-611.
    John Searle sets out five statements, the relation of each to its successor being one of entailment.
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  23.  9
    Perceptions of Duchenne and Non-Duchenne Smiles: A Meta-Analysis.Sarah D. Gunnery & Mollie A. Ruben - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (3):501-515.
  24. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David Hillel Ruben - 1985 - London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    A careful elaboration and defence of holism in the philosophy of social science, with regard to both particulars and properties.The last chapter addresses the issue of the irreducibility of holistic explanation in social science.
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  25.  82
    Trying in Some Way.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):719-733.
    Does 'Person P tried to A' entail that there is some particular, whether a mental act or a brain state or whatever, that is a trying? Most discussions of trying assume that this entailment holds. There is no good reason for holding that this is a valid inference. In particular, I examine one 'Davidsonian' argument that might be used to justify the validity of such an inference and argue that the argument is not sound. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/IxsuPqt7rvdzqMxpFiTv/full.
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  26. Action and Its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben & G. F. Schueler - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):139-142.
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  27. Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel RUBEN - 1990 - Mind 100 (3):410-412.
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  28.  83
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):35-37.
  29.  1
    The Metaphysics of the Social World.David Ruben - 1985 - Philosophy 61 (237):421-423.
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  30.  30
    John Searle’s The Construction of Social Reality.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):443-447.
  31. Con-Reasons as Causes.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 62--74.
    Book synopsis: This collection of previously unpublished essays presents the newest developments in the thought of international scholars working on the explanation of action. The contributions focus on a wide range of interlocking issues relating to agency, deliberation, motivation, mental causation, teleology, interprative explanation and the ontology of actions and their reasons. Challenging numerous current orthodoxies, and offering positive suggestions from a variety of different perspectives, this book provides essential reading for anyone interested in the explanation of action.
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  32. The Causal and Deliberative Strength of Reasons for Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - In J. Aguilar & A. Buckareff (eds.), Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action. Bradford.
    Is the thought that having a reason for action can also be the cause of the action for which it is the reason coherent? This is an attempt to say exactly what is involved in such a thought, with special reference to the case of con-reasons, reasons that count against the action the agent eventually choses.
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  33. Social Properties (Facts and Entities): Philosophical Aspects.David-Hillel Ruben - 2001 - In International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  34.  66
    A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):465-481.
  35.  3
    Sign Systems: The Dawn of Earliest Mankind.Aarne Ruben - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (229):41-54.
    The early Pleistocene hunt scene was instant: when an antelope jerked in the water edge, the first “drivers” of the hunt were already in motion; the moment of outburst after a long ambush lasted less than second. The sudden hunt movements were typical of every prey-abundant landscape since even earlier geological periods. The analysis of Laetoli footprints made by our evolutionary ancestors more than three millions years ago indicates that in a randomly chosen moment, the landscape was full of animals (...)
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  36.  42
    Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:111-124.
  37. Beyond Supervenience and Construction.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):121-141.
    If reduction of the social to the physical fail, what options remain for understanding their relationship? Two such options are supervenience and constructivism. Both are vitiated by a similar fault. So the choices are limited: reduction after all, or emergence.
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  38. The Existence of Social Entities.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (129):295-310.
  39.  45
    A Puzzle About Posthumous Predication.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):211-236.
  40. Warnock on Rules.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):349-354.
    A discussion of Geoffrey Warnock's views on the analysis of rules.
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  41. Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben (ed.) - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editor of each volume contributes an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. This volume presents a selection of the most important (...)
     
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  42.  4
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1986 - Analysis 46 (4):35-37.
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  43. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Mind 97 (385):141-143.
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  44. Going in Circles.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 312.
    What might it mean to say that there is such a thing as a hermeneutic circle in the social sciences? A consideration of some remarks by Charles Taylor and others and an interpretive reconstruction, and assessment, of the idea of such a circle.
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  45. Simple Attentive Miscalculation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1992 - Analysis 52 (3):184-190.
  46. Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (3):379-380.
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  47. Review: How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions. [REVIEW]David-Hillel Ruben - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):734-737.
    A review of Berent Enc's How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions.
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  48.  54
    Causal Scepticism or Invisible Cement.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Ratio (Misc.) 24 (2):161.
    I defend the view, hardly original with me, that there is no evidence, deductive or non-deductive, for any of our causal beliefs, that does not already assume that there are some causal connections, and hence that there is no way in which experience on its own, or with causalität-free principles, can support the structure of out causal knowledge. The deductive case is perhaps obvious. In the case of non-deductive arguments, I consider how experience of constant conjunctions, together with the employment (...)
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  49.  11
    Realism in the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1989 - In Hilary Lawson & Lisa Appignanesi (eds.), Dismantling Truth. Weidenfeld.
    To what extend do the standard tests for realism, say in the philosophy of mind, apply to the social sciences?
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  50.  25
    Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):130-149.
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