57 found
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  1.  83
    Self-Determination Vs. Family-Determination: Two Incommensurable Principles of Autonomy.Ruiping Fan - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):309-322.
  2. Truth Telling in Medicine: The Confucian View.Ruiping Fan & Benfu Li - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (2):179 – 193.
    Truth-telling to competent patients is widely affirmed as a cardinal moral and biomedical obligation in contemporary Western medical practice. In contrast, Chinese medical ethics remains committed to hiding the truth as well as to lying when necessary to achieve the family's view of the best interests of the patient. This essay intends to provide an account of the framing commitments that would both justify physician deception and have it function in a way authentically grounded in the familist moral concerns of (...)
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  3.  62
    A Confucian Reflection on Genetic Enhancement.Ruiping Fan - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):62 – 70.
    This essay explores a proper Confucian vision on genetic enhancement. It argues that while Confucians can accept a formal starting point that Michael Sandel proposes in his ethics of giftedness, namely, that children should be taken as gifts, Confucians cannot adopt his generalist strategy. The essay provides a Confucian full ethics of giftedness by addressing a series of relevant questions, such as what kind of gifts children are, where the gifts are from, in which way they are given, and for (...)
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  4.  12
    Family-Based Consent and Motivation for Cadaveric Organ Donation in China: An Ethical Exploration.Ruiping Fan & Mingxu Wang - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):534-553.
    This essay indicates that Confucian family-based ethics is by no means a stumbling block to organ donation in China. We contend that China should not change to an opt-out consent system in order to enhance donation because a “hard” opt-out system is unethical, and a “soft” opt-out system is unhelpful. We argue that the recently-introduced familist model of motivation for organ donation in mainland China can provide a proper incentive for donation. This model, and the family priority right that this (...)
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  5. Reconsidering Surrogate Decision Making: Aristotelianism and Confucianism on Ideal Human Relations.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Philosophy East and West 52 (3):346-372.
    The rise in the recent Western pattern of surrogate decision making is not a necessary result of an increase in the number of elderly with decreased competence; it may rather manifest the dominant Western vision of human life and relations. From a comparative philosophical standpoint, the Western pattern of medical decision making is individualistic, while the Chinese is familistic. These two distinct patterns may reflect two different comprehensive perspectives on human life and relations, disclosing a foundational difference that can be (...)
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  6. Consent to Medical Treatment: The Complex Interplay of Patients, Families, and Physicians.Ruiping Fan & Julia Tao - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (2):139 – 148.
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  7.  69
    The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2011 - Springer.
    Under the clear and thoughtful editorship of Ruiping Fan, The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China provides new and highly substantive insights into the emergence of a renewed, relevant, and perceptively engaged Confucianism in 21st century China. Through the vibrantly diverse essays contained in this volume, and in cogent overview through Fan’s introduction, one learns that Confucianism is thoroughly misunderstood, if it is seen only through Western lenses. It cannot be absorbed into that rights-based “global” discourse that has been the (...)
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  8.  3
    Who Would the Person Be After a Head Transplant? A Confucian Reflection.Lin Bian & Ruiping Fan - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (2):210-229.
    This essay draws on classical Confucian intellectual resources to argue that the person who emerges from a head transplant would be neither the person who provided the head, nor the person who provided the body, but a new, different person. We construct two types of argument to support this conclusion: one is based on the classical Confucian metaphysics of human life as qi activity; the other is grounded in the Confucian view of personal identity as being inseparable from one’s familial (...)
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  9.  8
    Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    In recent years, Confucian ethics has been considered as an alternative to the individual-oriented model of medical decision-making that is dominating in the modern West.
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  10.  68
    Which Care? Whose Responsibility? And Why Family? A Confucian Account of Long-Term Care for the Elderly.Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (5):495 – 517.
    Across the world, socio-economic forces are shifting the locus of long-term care from the family to institutional settings, producing significant moral, not just financial costs. This essay explores these costs and the distortions in the role of the family they involve. These reflections offer grounds for critically questioning the extent to which moral concerns regarding long-term care in Hong Kong and in mainland China are the same as those voiced in the United States, although family resemblances surely exist. Chinese moral (...)
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  11.  73
    A Confucian View of Personhood and Bioethics.Erika Yu & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):171-179.
    This paper focuses on Confucian formulations of personhood and the implications they may have for bioethics and medical practice. We discuss how an appreciation of the Confucian concept of personhood can provide insights into the practice of informed consent and, in particular, the role of family members and physicians in medical decision-making in societies influenced by Confucian culture. We suggest that Western notions of informed consent appear ethically misguided when viewed from a Confucian perspective.
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  12.  27
    Taking the Role of the Family Seriously in Treating Chinese Psychiatric Patients: A Confucian Familist Review of China’s First Mental Health Act.Ruiping Fan & Mingxu Wang - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (4):387-399.
    This essay argues that the Chinese Mental Health Act of 2013 is overly individualistic and fails to give proper moral weight to the role of Chinese families in directing the process of decision-making for hospitalizing and treating the mentally ill patients. We present three types of reactions within the medical community to the Act, each illustrated with a case and discussion. In the first two types of cases, we argue that these reactions are problematic either because they comply with the (...)
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  13.  26
    Informed Consent: The Decisional Standing of Families.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (4):363-370.
  14.  63
    Confucian Filial Piety and Long Term Care for Aged Parents.Ruiping Fan - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (1):1-17.
  15. Corrupt Practices in Chinese Medical Care: The Root in Public Policies and a Call for Confucian-Market Approach.Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):111-131.
    : This paper argues that three salient corrupt practices that mark contemporary Chinese health care, namely the over-prescription of indicated drugs, the prescription of more expensive forms of medication and more expensive diagnostic work-ups than needed, and illegal cash payments to physicians—i.e., red packages—result not from the introduction of the market to China, but from two clusters of circumstances. First, there has been a loss of the Confucian appreciation of the proper role of financial reward for good health care. Second, (...)
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  16. Informed Consent: Why Family-Oriented?Ruiping Fan - 2015 - In Family-Oriented Informed Consent. Springer Verlag.
     
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  17. Truth Telling to the Patient: Cultural Diversity and the East Asian Perspective.Ruiping Fan - forthcoming - Bioethics in Asia.
     
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  18. Critical Care Ethics in Asia: Global or Local?Ruiping Fan - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (6):547 – 562.
  19.  9
    Nonegalitarian Social Responsibility for Health: A Confucian Perspective on Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.Ruiping Fan - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (2):195-218.
    Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights sets forth a few basic principles regarding social responsibility for health. It states in part that 14.1 The promotion of health and social development for their people is a central purpose of governments that all sectors of society share. 14.2 Taking into account that the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, (...)
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  20.  24
    Modern Western Science as a Standard for Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Critical Appraisal.Ruiping Fan - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):213-221.
    It is generally recognized that China, while attempting to develop modern scientific medicine in carrying out its national policy for modernization, has also made significant efforts to integrate traditional Chinese medicine into its health care system. For instance, the World Health Organization's first global strategy on traditional and alternative medicine lists China as one of only four of its member states to have attained an integrative health care system. However, medical integration can take many different forms and involve quite different (...)
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  21.  10
    Family-Based Consent to Organ Transplantation: A Cross-Cultural Exploration.Mark J. Cherry, Ruiping Fan & Kelly Kate Evans - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):521-533.
    This special thematic issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy brings together a cross-cultural set of scholars from Asia, Europe, and North America critically to explore foundational questions of familial authority and the implications of such findings for organ procurement policies designed to increase access to transplantation. The substantial disparity between the available supply of human organs and demand for organ transplantation creates significant pressure to manipulate public policy to increase organ procurement. As the articles in this issue explore, (...)
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  22.  46
    Consanguinism, Corruption, and Humane Love: Remembering Why Confucian Morality is Not Modern Western Morality.Ruiping Fan - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):21-26.
  23.  34
    Reconstructionist Confucianism and Health Care: An Asian Moral Account of Health Care Resource Allocation.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (6):675 – 682.
    In this article, I offer an abridged reconstruction of the foundational elements of Confucian moral commitments, which, I will argue, still provide the background moral substance for moral reflection in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and Korea. The essay presents implications of Confucianism for establishing an appropriate health care system and critically assesses the features of current health polices in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The goal is to offer a family-oriented, non-individualist account of resource allocation that takes (...)
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  24.  28
    Toward a Directed Benevolent Market Polity: Rethinking Medical Morality in Transitional China.Ruiping Fan - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):280-292.
    Healthcare systems in Singapore, Hong Kong, and mainland China are strikingly distinct from those in the West. Economically speaking, each of the aforementioned Eastern systems relies in great measure on private expenditures supplemented by savings accounts. Western nations, on the other hand, typically exhibit government funding and wariness about healthcare savings accounts. This essay argues that these and other differences between Pacific Rim healthcare systems and Western systems should be assessed in light of background Confucian commitments operating in the former. (...)
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  25.  4
    Modern Western Science as a Standard for Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Critical Appraisal.Ruiping Fan - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):213-221.
    It is generally recognized that China, while attempting to develop modern scientific medicine in carrying out its national policy for modernization, has also made significant efforts to integrate traditional Chinese medicine into its health care system. For instance, the World Health Organization's first global strategy on traditional and alternative medicine lists China as one of only four of its member states to have attained an integrative health care system. However, medical integration can take many different forms and involve quite different (...)
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  26.  76
    Autonomy and Interdependence: A Dialogue Between Liberalism and Confucianism.Andrew Brennan & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):511–535.
  27.  5
    Whole-Body/Head Transplantation: Personal Identity, Experimental Surgery, and Bioethics.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (2):179-188.
    This issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy brings together an international group of scholars from Hong Kong, Mainland China, and North America, critically to explore whole-body/head transplantation. The proposed procedure raises significant philosophical, ethical, and social/political questions. For example, assuming transplant is successful, who survives the surgery? Does personal identity necessarily follow the head? The contributors to this special thematic issue explore the nature and ground of personal identity, what it would mean to preserve personal identity, given such (...)
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  28.  5
    Sex Robots: A Twenty-First Century Innovation in the Culture Wars.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Ruiping Fan & Mark J. Cherry (eds.), Sex Robots: Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations. Springer. pp. 3-21.
    This volume brings together a set of conceptual, moral, and cultural concerns carefully to assess a significant public policy issue: the development and proliferation of sex robots. Critics argue, for example, that sex robots present a clear risk to real persons as well as a degradation of society. They claim that the prevalence of sex robots will increase sexual violence, immorally objectify women, encourage pedophilia, reinforce negative body image stereotypes, increase forms of sexual dysfunction, and pass on sexually transmitted disease. (...)
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  29.  10
    Introduction: The Rise of Authentic Confucianism.Ruiping Fan - 2011 - In The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Springer. pp. 1--13.
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  30.  64
    Freedom, Responsibility, and Care: Hong Kong's Health Care Reform.Ruiping Fan - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (6):555 – 570.
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  31.  25
    A Reconstructionist Confucian Account of Environmentalism: Toward a Human Sagely Dominion Over Nature.Ruiping Fan - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):105-122.
  32.  79
    How Should We Treat Animals? A Confucian Reflection.Ruiping Fan - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):79-96.
    Contrary to the views proposed by modern animal rights scholars, this essay reconstructs the Confucian argument for the moral defensibility of the Confucian ritual use of animals by providing an expository analysis of classical Confucian literature. The argument is developed by focusing on the issue of the sacrificial use of animals in the Confucian tradition. While animals are treated according to certain regulations and restrictions, they are not spared from being offered as sacrifices. An essential component of Confucian virtues, reverence, (...)
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  33.  38
    The Confucian Bioethics of Surrogate Decision Making: Its Communitarian Roots.Ruiping Fan - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):301-313.
    The family is the exemplar community of Chinese society. This essay explores how Chinese communitarian norms, expressed in thick commitments to the authority and autonomy of the family, are central to contemporary Chinese bioethics. In particular, it focuses on the issue of surrogate decision making to illustrate the Confucian family-grounded communitarian bioethics. The essay first describes the way in which the family, in Chinese bioethics, functions as a whole to provide consent for significant medical and surgical interventions when a patient (...)
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  34.  36
    Informed Consent and Truth Telling: The Chinese Confucian Moral Perspective. [REVIEW]Ruiping Fan - 2000 - HEC Forum 12 (1):87-95.
  35.  85
    Exploring the Bioethics of Long-Term Care.Julia Tao Lai Po Wah, Ho Mun Chan & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (5):395 – 399.
  36.  42
    Taking Confucian Thought Seriously for Contemporary Society: Rejoinder to Lauren Pfister, Ronnie Littlejohn, and Li Chenyang.Ruiping Fan - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (3):413-420.
    This rejoinder focuses on a few points of disagreement that I have with Li Chenyang, Ronnie Littlejohn, and Lauren Pfister regarding their critical comments on my book Reconstructionist Confucianism. In response to Pfister’s concerns, I point out that my book attempts to base on classical, rather than other, Confucian sources in order to reconstruct the Confucian virtue-based, ritual-guided, and family-oriented view of life for contemporary society. In appreciating Littlejohn’s suggestion on Confucian environmentalism, I contend that a kind of Grand View (...)
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  37.  62
    Preface.Philip J. Ivanhoe & Ruiping Fan - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):1-1.
    Preface Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11712-009-9155-4 Authors Philip J. Ivanhoe, City University of Hong Kong Department of Public and Social Administration, Governance in Asia Research Centre Tat Chee Avenue Kowloon Tong Hong Kong SAR Ruiping Fan, City University of Hong Kong Department of Public and Social Administration, Governance in Asia Research Centre Tat Chee Avenue Kowloon Tong Hong Kong SAR Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 9 Journal Issue Volume 9, Number 1.
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  38. 政治儒学与中国的改革.Ruiping Fan, Daniel A. Bell & Xiuping Hong (eds.) - 2012
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  39. A Confucian Conception of Public Reason and Bioethics.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Hon-Lam Li & Michael Campbell (eds.), Public Reason and Bioethics: Three Perspectives. Springer Verlag. pp. 93-134.
    This chapter attempts to build a Confucian conception of public reason for Confucian-influenced East Asian societies to adopt and tackle political and bioethical issues. The chapter first indicates that public reason is present at various levels of human collectives, namely, communitarian, national, and international. It concentrates on constructing a proper Confucian notion of public reason at the national level given that only the sovereign states are able to make effective public policy and laws to govern their people, although such a (...)
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  40. Dang Dai Ru Jia Sheng Ming Lun Li Xue =.Ruiping Fan - 2011 - Beijing da Xue Chu Ban She.
    本书阐述了作者“重构”儒家生命伦理学的主张,从儒家的家庭主义、社会责任、环境伦理、道德之善与礼乐教化等角度全面审视了西方理论的问题,并提出了儒家思想的解决之道。.
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  41. Further Reflections.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Hon-Lam Li & Michael Campbell (eds.), Public Reason and Bioethics: Three Perspectives. Springer Verlag. pp. 273-280.
    Fan indicates that a suitable conception of public reason must be a “soft” relativism, like agent’s-group relativism, which is not incoherent. He argues why a child of filial piety should not support one’s parent’s request for MAS. He emphasizes that there should be a difference between a normative ethics and a conception of public reason on the one hand and a distinction between policy discussion and policy justification under a conception of public reason on the other.
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  42. Ru Jia She Hui Yu Dao Tong Fu Xing: Yu Jiang Qing Dui Hua.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2008 - Hua Dong Shi Fan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  43. Replies to Li and Farrell–Tham.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Hon-Lam Li & Michael Campbell (eds.), Public Reason and Bioethics: Three Perspectives. Springer Verlag. pp. 195-203.
    Fan takes issues with Li’s arguments in Chap. 1, and Farrell and Tham’s view in Chap. 2.
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  44.  12
    Social Justice in Health Care: A Critical Appraisal.Ruiping Fan - 1999 - Dissertation, Rice University
    This work offers a philosophical appraisal of accounts of social justice in health care. By analyzing and comparing seven different accounts, it shows what is involved in advancing such an account and discloses what is involved in providing a moral justification, identifying a tripartite interplay among moral accounts, theories, and perspectives regarding the proper allocation of health care. Based on a distinction between substantive and procedural accounts of justice in health care allocation, it concludes that the prospect of agreement regarding (...)
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  45. Sex Robots, Marriage, Health, Procreation, and Human Image.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Ruiping Fan & Mark J. Cherry (eds.), Sex Robots: Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations. Springer. pp. 179-195.
    This essay reconstructs and explores the fundamental premises of the arguments in section two of Sex Robots: Their Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations. This section compasses essays from scholars both East and West. Mark J. Cherry argues, for example, that while a Traditional Christian could easily appreciate the sinfulness of sex with a robot, such a conclusion will make little sense from a purely secular perspective. Ellen Zhang explores such issues from within the richness of the Daoist (...)
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  46.  16
    Sex Robots: Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations.Ruiping Fan & Mark J. Cherry (eds.) - 2021 - Springer.
    This book provides cross-cultural ethical exploration of sex robots and their social impact. What are the implications of sex robots and related technological innovations for society and culture? How should we evaluate the significance of sexual relations with robots that look like women, men or children? Critics argue that sex robots present a clear risk to real persons and a social degradation that will increase sexual violence, objectify women, encourage pedophilia, reinforce negative body images, increase forms of sexual dysfunction, and (...)
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  47. Which Confucianism? And What Liberty?Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Robert A. Carleo & Yong Huang (eds.), Confucian Political Philosophy: Dialogues on the State of the Field. Springer Verlag. pp. 89-99.
    Ruiping Fan responds to Ho Chuen Kwan by arguing that Kwan’s criticisms are grounded in liberal individualist presumptions and misrepresent traditional Confucian teachings. Confucian morality and its value of harmony do not imply self-determination; rather, authentically Confucian views support family determination: for important individual issues, both the individual and the family possess moral authority and hold a veto right in decisions. This is a middle-way position, as it rejects not only individual determination but also parental domination. Fan admits that his (...)
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  48.  86
    Towards a Confucian Virtue Bioethics: Reframing Chinese Medical Ethics in a Market Economy. [REVIEW]Ruiping Fan - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):541-566.
    This essay addresses a moral and cultural challenge facing health care in the People’s Republic of China: the need to create an understanding of medical professionalism that recognizes the new economic realities of China and that can maintain the integrity of the medical profession. It examines the rich Confucian resources for bioethics and health care policy by focusing on the Confucian tradition’s account of how virtue and human flourishing are compatible with the pursuit of profit. It offers the Confucian account (...)
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  49.  13
    Towards Ethically and Medically Sustainable Care for the Elderly: The Case of China.Wenye Xie & Ruiping Fan - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):1-12.
    An enormous challenge facing China is how to provide sustainable care for its rapidly-increasing elderly population. Its recent policy directives include three medical forms—the institution-cooperation-form, the institution-medical-form, and the family-physician-form—to integrate medical care into ordinary care for the elderly. This essay indicates that China will not be able to maintain sustainable elderly care unless it places emphasis on the family-physician-form that focuses on family physicians and the use of primary care services. The essay constructs arguments for this policy suggestion based (...)
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  50.  9
    To Relieve or to Terminate? A Confucian Ethical Reflection on the Use of Morphine for Late‐Stage Cancer Patients in China.Sihan Sun & Ruiping Fan - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (3):130-138.
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