Results for 'Rushd�� R��shid'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  1
    Ibn Rushd’s Response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali’s Philosophical Thoughts on Cosmology.Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman & R. Yuli Akhmad Hambali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash'ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God's absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna, proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  21
    Dominique Urvoy. Ibn Rushd . Pp. Iv + 156. £30 Hb, £10.99 Pb. [REVIEW]R. M. Burns - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):117.
  3.  1
    Ibn Rushd's Response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Thoughts on Cosmology.Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman & R. Yuli Akhmad Hambali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash'ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God's absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna, proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  62
    Ghazali and Aquinas on Causation.R. E. A. Shanab - 1974 - The Monist 58 (1):140-150.
    The Islamic Medieval Philosopher al-Ghazᾱlî, known to the Latins as Algazel, was influential in the shaping of the intellectual philosophic movements in the thirteenth century. Though Ghazali’s predecessor Ibn Sînᾱ and successor Ibn Rushd received the philosophic credit due to them, Ghazali’s own philosophic ideas have not been significantly assessed; and hence Ghazali’s “fame” lies, we are told, in being responsible for the decline of Medieval Philosophy, especially Islamic Philosophy, a claim that is extremely difficult to prove. But be that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  39
    Other Voices: Readings in Spanish Philosophy.John R. Welch (ed.) - 2010 - Notre Dame, USA: University of Notre Dame Press.
    Other Voices: Readings in Spanish Philosophy represents high points of nearly two millennia of Spanish philosophy, from first-century thinkers in Roman Hispania to those of the twentieth century. John R. Welch has selected, and in several cases translated, excerpts from the works of thirteen philosophers: Seneca, Quintilian, Isidore of Seville, Ibn Rushd (Averroës), Moses Maimonides, Ramón Llull, Juan Luis Vives, Francisco de Vitoria, Bartolomé de Las Casas, Francisco Suárez, Benito Jerónimo Feijóo, Miguel de Unamuno, and José Ortega y Gasset. Welch (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Averroës’ Takfīr of Al-Ghazālı̄: Ta’Wīl and Causal Kufr.Saja Parvizian - 2021 - American Journal of Islam and Society 38 (1-2):65-100.
    Al-Ghazālı̄ famously claims in the Incoherence of the Philosophers that al-Fārābī and Avicenna are unbelievers because they hold philosophical positions that conflict with Islam. What is less well-known, however, is that Averroës claims in the Decisive Treatise that al-Fārābī and Avicenna are not unbelievers; rather, al-Ghazālı̄ is the true unbeliever for writing the Incoherence of the Philosophers. In this paper, my aim is to present a sustained reconstruction of Averroës’ legal and philosophical argument for why al-Ghazālı̄ is an unbeliever. The (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  14
    The Solar Model in Joseph Ibn Joseph Ibn nahmias'I Would Like to Thank Bernard R. Goldstein of the University of Pittsburgh and George Saliba of Columbia University for Bringing This Manuscript to My Attention in 1992. I Presented Part of This Paper at the 2002 History of Science Society Conference in Milwaukee, Wi, and Thank Jamil Ragep of the University of Oklahoma for Thoughtful Comments. I Would Also Like to Acknowledge the Time and Care Taken by the Anonymous Referees at Arabic Sciences and Philosophy. Discussions with Albert and Laura Schueller and David Guichard of the Whitman College Department of Mathematics Were Also Beneficial. Any Shortcomings in This Article Are My Responsibility. Light of the World: The Solar Model in Light of the World. [REVIEW]Robert G. Morrison - 2005 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15 (1):57-108.
    In an influential article, A. I. Sabra identified an intellectual trend from twelfth and thirteenth-century Andalusia which he described as the ‘‘Andalusian revolt against Ptolemaic astronomy.” Philosophers such as Ibn Rushd , Ibn Tufayl , and Maimonides objected to Ptolemy’s theories on philosophic grounds, not because of shortcomings in the theories' predictive accuracy. Sabra showed how al-Bitrūjī's Kitāb al-Hay'a attempted to account for observed planetary motions in a way that met the philosophic standards of those philosophers and others. In Nūr (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  89
    Ibn Bājja and the Classification of the Sciences in Al-Andalus: Ibn Bājja and the Classification of the Sciences.Miquel Forcada - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):287-307.
    Coinciding with the scientific flourishing of the 5th / 11th century, which was favoured by the cultural policy of the Andalusī kingdoms, Abū ‘ Umar ibn ‘ Abd al-Barr, Ibn Hazm and Sā‘ id al-Andalusī all dealt with the classification of the sciences in many works that are already known. Ibn Bājja began his career at the end of this period. In his glosses to al-Fārābī’s commentary to the Isagoge he wrote a text on this subject that has not yet been analysed. The (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  38
    I—R. Jay Wallace: Duties of Love.R. Jay Wallace - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):175-198.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  10. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  11. The Construction of Social Reality.John R. Searle - 1995 - Free Press.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle argues that there are two kinds of facts--some that are independent of human observers, and some that require..
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   471 citations  
  12.  2
    R. Buckminster Fuller on Education.R. Buckminster Fuller - 1979 - University of Massachusetts Press.
  13.  51
    Completely Mitotic R.E. Degrees.R. G. Downey & T. A. Slaman - 1989 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 41 (2):119-152.
  14.  88
    The Objectivity of Morality: R. G. Swinburne.R. G. Swinburne - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (195):5-20.
    If I say “we are now living in England” or “grass is green in summer’ or ‘the cat is on the mat’ what I say will normally be true or false—the statements are true if they correctly report how things are, or correspond to the facts; and if they do not do these things, they are false. Such a statement will only fail to have a truth-value if its referring expressions fail to refer ; or if the statement lies on (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  15. The Mind's I Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul /Composed and Arranged by Douglas R. Hofstadter and Daniel C. Dennett. --. --. [REVIEW]Douglas R. Hofstadter & Daniel Clement Dennett - 1981 - Basic Books, C1981.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  3
    Ibn Rushd (Averroes).Dominique Urvoy - 1991 - Routledge.
    This book argues that Ibn Rushd, better known in the West as Averroes, was a major Arabic philosopher. Not only did he play a role in transmitting the ideas of classical philosophy to Islam, but he was a profound influence on Western scholasticism and aspects of Renaissance thought.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  31
    Ibn Rushd's Theory of Minima Naturalia.Ruth Glasner - 2001 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (1):9-26.
    The essence of the theory of minima naturalia is the contention that a physical body is not infinitely divisible qua that specific body. A drop of water cannot be divided again and again and still maintain its “wateriness”. There are several statements in Aristotle's Physics which suggest such an interpretation, and the theory of minima naturalia is commonly considered to have originated in the thirteenth century as an interpretation of these statements. The present paper is a preliminary presentation of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  52
    R. Budd Dwyer: A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making.Patrick R. Parsons & William E. Smith - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):84 – 94.
    In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19. Could Kant Have Been A Utilitarian?*: R. M. Hare.R. M. Hare - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):1-16.
    … the supreme end, the happiness of all mankind. The law concerning punishment is a Categorical Imperative; and woe to him who rummages around in the winding paths of a theory of happiness, looking for some advantage to be gained by releasing the criminal from punishment or by reducing the amount of it.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  20. HARE, R. M. - The Language of Morals. [REVIEW]R. B. Braithwaite - 1954 - Mind 63:249.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  31
    The Christian Wager: R. G. SWINBURNE.R. G. Swinburne - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):217-228.
    On what grounds will the rational man become a Christian? It is often assumed by many, especially non-Christians, that he will become a Christian if and only if he judges that the evidence available to him shows that it is more likely than not that the Christian theological system is true, that, in mathematical terms, on the evidence available to him, the probability of its truth is greater than half. It is the purpose of this paper to investigate whether or (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  22.  26
    Splitting Properties of R. E. Sets and Degrees.R. G. Downey & L. V. Welch - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):88-109.
  23.  37
    PFA Implies ADL(R).John R. Steel - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1255 - 1296.
  24. A Philosophical Autobiography: R. M. Hare.R. M. Hare - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (3):269-305.
    I had a strange dream, or half-waking vision, not long ago. I found myself at the top of a mountain in the mist, feeling very pleased with myself, not just for having climbed the mountain, but for having achieved my life's ambition, to find a way of answering moral questions rationally. But as I was preening myself on this achievement, the mist began to clear, and I saw that I was surrounded on the mountain top by the graves of all (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  46
    R.S. Peters and Moral Education, 1: The Justification of Procedural Principles.R. J. Royce - 1983 - Journal of Moral Education 12 (3):174-181.
    Abstract In this article, which is the first of two to examine the ideas of R. S. Peters on moral education, consideration is given to his justificatory arguments found in Ethics and Education. Here he employs presupposition arguments to show to what anyone engaging in moral discourse is committed. The result is a group of procedural principles which are recommended to be employed in moral education. This article is an attempt to examine the presupposition arguments Peters employs, to comment on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26. Ultimate Responsibility and Dumb Luck*: ALFRED R. MELE.Alfred R. Mele - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):274-293.
    My topic lies on conceptual terrain that is quite familiar to philosophers. For others, a bit of background may be in order. In light of what has filtered down from quantum mechanics, few philosophers today believe that the universe is causally deterministic. That is, to use Peter van Inwagen's succinct definition of “determinism,” few philosophers believe that “there is at any instant exactly one physically possible future.” Even so, partly for obvious historical reasons, philosophers continue to argue about whether free (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  27.  89
    The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s R Epublic.G. R. F. Ferrari (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Companion provides a fresh and comprehensive account of this outstanding work, which remains among the most frequently read works of Greek philosophy, indeed of Classical antiquity in general. The sixteen essays, by authors who represent various academic disciplines, bring a spectrum of interpretive approaches to bear in order to aid the understanding of a wide-ranging audience, from first-time readers of the Republic who require guidance, to more experienced readers who wish to explore contemporary currents in the work’s interpretation. The (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  28.  13
    Educability and Group Differences By Arthur R. Jensen.R. Darrell Bock - 1974 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 17 (4):594-597.
  29.  6
    Some Properties of R-Maximal Sets and Q 1,N -Reducibility.R. Sh Omanadze - 2015 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (7-8):941-959.
    We show that the c.e. Q1,N\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${Q_{1,N}}$$\end{document}-degrees are not an upper semilattice. We prove that if M is an r-maximal set, A is an arbitrary set and M≡Q1,NA\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${M \equiv{}_ {Q_{1,N}}A}$$\end{document}, then M≤mA\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${M\leq{}_{m} A}$$\end{document}. Also, if M1 and M2 are r-maximal sets, A and B are major subsets of M1 and M2, respectively, and M1\A≡Q1,NM2\B\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  38
    Classifications of Degree Classes Associated with R.E. Subspaces.R. G. Downey & J. B. Remmel - 1989 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 42 (2):105-124.
    In this article we show that it is possible to completely classify the degrees of r.e. bases of r.e. vector spaces in terms of weak truth table degrees. The ideas extend to classify the degrees of complements and splittings. Several ramifications of the classification are discussed, together with an analysis of the structure of the degrees of pairs of r.e. summands of r.e. spaces.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31.  21
    The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. By R. L. Meier and E. C. Banfield.R. L. Meier - 1951 - Ethics 62 (2):135-136.
  32.  60
    Normativity and the Will: R. Jay Wallace.R. Jay Wallace - 2004 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 55:195-216.
    If there is room for a substantial conception of the will in contemporary theorizing about human agency, it is most likely to be found in the vicinity of the phenomenon of normativity. Rational agency is distinctively responsive to the agent's acknowledgment of reasons, in the basic sense of considerations that speak for and against the alternatives for action that are available. Furthermore, it is natural to suppose that this kind of responsiveness to reasons is possible only for creatures who possess (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33. Education and the Development of Reason. Edited by R.F. Dearden, P.H. Hirst and R.S. Peters. --.R. F. Dearden, R. S. Peters & Paul Heywood Hirst - 1972 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  34. ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  15
    A Note on ${\Bf R}$-Mingle and Sobociński's Three-Valued Logic.R. Zane Parks - 1972 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (2):227-228.
  36.  30
    Philosophies of Education: R. J. Haack.R. J. Haack - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (196):159-176.
    It is commonly supposed that the philosophy of education is not a reputable area of concern for a philosopher. I have never heard a coherent, sustained and successful case made for this view. Only vague remarks about ‘autonomy’ and narrowly protectionist views of philosophy are ventured. So I shall not discuss the matter further. I shall simply be content to side with Plato, Aristotle, Comenius, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Mill and Dewey, who thought that educational issues fell within the province of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37.  27
    Moral Tales: R. A. Sharpe.R. A. Sharpe - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):155-168.
    In the 11th chapter of the second book of Samuel, we read how King David saw Bathsheba in the evening: ‘v.2. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.’.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38. Ought-Implies-Can: Erasmus Luther and R.M. Hare.Charles R. Pigden - 1990 - Sophia 29 (1):2-30.
    l. There is an antinomy in Hare's thought between Ought-Implies-Can and No-Indicatives-from-Imperatives. It cannot be resolved by drawing a distinction between implication and entailment. 2. Luther resolved this antinomy in the l6th century, but to understand his solution, we need to understand his problem. He thought the necessity of Divine foreknowledge removed contingency from human acts, thus making it impossible for sinners to do otherwise than sin. 3. Erasmus objected (on behalf of Free Will) that this violates Ought-Implies-Can which he (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  39.  10
    Aristotle's Criticism of Plato and the Academy. By Glenn R. Morrow.Glenn R. Morrow - 1944 - Ethics 55 (4):314-316.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  40.  86
    Science, Belief and Behaviour: Essays in Honour of R B Braithwaite.R. B. Braithwaite & D. H. Mellor (eds.) - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  25
    God, Christ and Possibilities: R. L. STURCH.R. L. Sturch - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):81-84.
    I propose to begin with some fairly unexciting and uncontroversial remarks about possibility-statements, and then in their light to examine two problems philosophers have raised about certain statements of this kind which might be made in Christian theology where it touches on the doctrine of the Incarnation.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  74
    Questions About the Meaning of Life: R. W. HEPBURN.R. W. Hepburn - 1966 - Religious Studies 1 (2):125-140.
    Claims about ‘the meaning of life’ have tended to be made and discussed in conjunction with bold metaphysical and theological affirmations. For life to have meaning, there must be a comprehensive divine plan to give it meaning, or there must be an intelligible cosmic process with a ‘telos’ that a man needs to know if his life is to be meaningfully orientated. Or, it is thought to be a condition of the meaningfulness of life, that values should be ultimately ‘conserved’ (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  43. Conspiracy Theories: Causes and Cures.Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (2):202-227.
    Many millions of people hold conspiracy theories; they believe that powerful people have worked together in order to withhold the truth about some important practice or some terrible event. A recent example is the belief, widespread in some parts of the world, that the attacks of 9/11 were carried out not by Al Qaeda, but by Israel or the United States. Those who subscribe to conspiracy theories may create serious risks, including risks of violence, and the existence of such theories (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  44.  2
    R.G. Collingwood and Imperfect Rationality.R. Toueg - 2021 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 27 (1):123-131.
  45.  51
    Privacy, Control, and Talk of Rights: R. G. FREY.R. G. Frey - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2):45-67.
    An alleged moral right to informational privacy assumes that we should have control over information about ourselves. What is the philosophical justification for this control? I think that one prevalent answer to this question—an answer that has to do with the justification of negative rights generally—will not do.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  37
    The Philosophy of J. S. Mill.R. P. Anschutz - 1953 - Greenwood Press.
  47. HARRÉ, R. - "The Principles of Scientific Thinking". [REVIEW]R. Jones - 1972 - Mind 81:300.
  48.  20
    Education and Justification: A Reply to R K Elliott.R. Peters - 1977 - Philosophy of Education 11 (1):28-38.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  49.  27
    Undecidability of L(F∞) and Other Lattices of R.E. Substructures.R. G. Downey - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 32:17-26.
  50.  45
    Education and Justification. A Reply to R K Elliott.R. S. Peters - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 11 (1):28–38.
1 — 50 / 1000