Results for 'Russ Manning'

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Profile: Russell Re Manning (Aachen University of Technology)
Profile: Russell Warren Manning (Monash University)
Profile: Russell Re Manning (Bath Spa University)
  1.  45
    Environmental Ethics and Rawls' Theory of Justice.Russ Manning - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (2):155-165.
    Although John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice does not deal specifically with the ethics of environmental concerns, it can generally be applied to give justification for the prudent and continent use of our natural resources. The argument takes two forms: one dealing with the immediate effects of environmental impact and the other, delayed effects. Immediate effects, which impact the present society, should besubject to environmental controls because they affect health and opportunity, social primary goods to be dispensed by society. Delayed (...)
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  2. Speaking From the Heart: A Feminist Perspective on Ethics.Rita C. Manning - 1992 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    'Manning successfully argues that theory and ethics should once again be reunited...thorough and provocative...'—THE MIDWEST BOOK REVIEW.
     
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  3. Character, Self and Sociability in the Scottish Enlightenment.Thomas Ahnert & Susan Manning (eds.) - 2011 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Reid and Hume on the Possibility of Character--James A. Harris * Adam Smith's Rhetorical Art of Character--Stephen McKenna * The Moral Education of Mankind: Character and Religious Moderatism in the Sermons of Hugh Blair--Thomas Ahnert * The Not-So-Prodigal Son: James Boswell and the Scottish Enlightenment--Anthony La Vopa * Character, Sociability and Correspondence: Elizabeth Griffith and The Letters between Henry and Frances--Eve Tavor Bannet * Smellie's Dreams: Character and Consciousness in the Scottish Enlightenment--Phyllis Mack William * (...)
     
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  4.  25
    Enriching the Knowledge Sources Used in a Maximum Entropy Part-of-Speech Tagger.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    Kristina Toutanova Christopher D. Manning Dept of Computer Science Depts of Computer Science and Linguistics Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA kristina@cs.stanford.edu manning@cs.stanford.edu..
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  5.  15
    Finding Contradictions in Text.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Anna N. Rafferty and Christopher D. Manning Linguistics Department Computer Science Department Stanford University Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 Stanford, CA 94305 {rafferty,manning}@stanford.edu mcdm@stanford.edu..
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  6.  23
    NIST Open Machine Translation 2008 Evaluation: Stanford University's System Description.Christopher Manning - unknown
    Michel Galley, Pi-Chuan Chang, Daniel Cer, Jenny R. Finkel, and Christopher D. Manning Computer Science and Linguistics Departments Stanford University..
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  7.  11
    Learning Alignments and Leveraging Natural Logic.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    Nathanael Chambers, Daniel Cer, Trond Grenager, David Hall, Chloe Kiddon Bill MacCartney, Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Daniel Ramage Eric Yeh, Christopher D. Manning Computer Science Department Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305.
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  8.  9
    Optimizing Chinese Word Segmentation for Machine Translation Performance.Christopher Manning - unknown
    Pi-Chuan Chang, Michel Galley, and Christopher D. Manning Computer Science Department, Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 pichuan,galley,manning@cs.stanford.edu..
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  9.  4
    Argument Structure as a Locus for Binding Theory.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    The correct locus (or loci) of binding theory has been a matter of much discussion. Theories can be seen as varying along at least two dimensions. The rst is whether binding theory is con gurationally determined (that is, the theory exploits the geometry of a phrase marker, appealing to such purely structural notions as c-command and government) or whether the theory depends rather on examining the relations between items selected by a predicate (where by selection I am intending to cover (...)
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  10. Always More Than One: Individuation's Dance.Erin Manning - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    In _Always More Than One_, the philosopher, visual artist, and dancer Erin Manning explores the concept of the "more than human" in the context of movement, perception, and experience. Working from Whitehead's process philosophy and Simondon's theory of individuation, she extends the concepts of movement and relation developed in her earlier work toward the notion of "choreographic thinking." Here, she uses choreographic thinking to explore a mode of perception prior to the settling of experience into established categories. Manning (...)
     
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  11.  1
    Portrait and Candid Photography: Photo Workshop.Erin Manning - 2007 - Wiley.
    Erin Manning, DIY Network host of The Whole Picture, tells aspiring photographers how to take outstanding photos of people in this full-color book filled with great images Helps readers gain the skills and confidence to successfully use the ...
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  12. Romance Complex Predicates: In Defence of the Right-Branching Structure.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    Abeill´e and Godard (1994) seek to show that the rightward branching analysis of French tense auxiliaries shown in (1b), that I argued for in Manning (1992) and which is widely adopted in general, is wrong, and that rather we should adopt a flat analysis for this construction as shown in (1c), and they show how such an analysis can be realized within HPSG (Pollard and Sag 1994).
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  13.  1
    Relationscapes: Movement, Art, Philosophy.Erin Manning - 2012 - MIT Press.
    With _Relationscapes_, Erin Manning offers a new philosophy of movement challenging the idea that movement is simple displacement in space, knowable only in terms of the actual. Exploring the relation between sensation and thought through the prisms of dance, cinema, art, and new media, Manning argues for the intensity of movement. From this idea of intensity--the incipiency at the heart of movement--Manning develops the concept of preacceleration, which makes palpable how movement creates relational intervals out of which (...)
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  14. Thought in the Act: Passages in the Ecology of Experience.Erin Manning & Brian Massumi - 2014 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    “Every practice is a mode of thought, already in the act. To dance: a thinking in movement. To paint: a thinking through color. To perceive in the everyday: a thinking of the world’s varied ways of affording itself.” —from _Thought in the Act _Combining philosophy and aesthetics, _Thought in the Act_ is a unique exploration of creative practice as a form of thinking. Challenging the common opposition between the conceptual and the aesthetic, Erin Manning and Brian Massumi “think through” (...)
     
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  15. The Minor Gesture.Erin Manning - 2016 - Duke University Press.
    In this wide-ranging and probing book Erin Manning extends her previous inquiries into the politics of movement to the concept of the minor gesture. The minor gesture, although it may pass almost unperceived, transforms the field of relations. More than a chance variation, less than a volition, it requires rethinking common assumptions about human agency and political action. To embrace the minor gesture's power to fashion relations, its capacity to open new modes of experience and manners of expression, is (...)
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  16. Representation and the Mind-Body Problem in Spinoza.Richard N. Manning & Michael Della Rocca - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):603.
  17.  48
    Probabilistic Models of Language Processing and Acquisition.Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335-344.
  18.  39
    An Introduction to Information Retrieval.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    1 Boolean retrieval 1 2 The term vocabulary and postings lists 19 3 Dictionaries and tolerant retrieval 49 4 Index construction 67 5 Index compression 85 6 Scoring, term weighting and the vector space model 109 7 Computing scores in a complete search system 135 8 Evaluation in information retrieval 151 9 Relevance feedback and query expansion 177 10 XML retrieval 195 11 Probabilistic information retrieval 219 12 Language models for information retrieval 237 13 Text classification and Naive Bayes 253 (...)
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  19.  1
    Beat-Induced Fluctuations in Auditory Cortical Beta-Band Activity: Using EEG to Measure Age-Related Changes.Laura K. Cirelli, Dan Bosnyak, Fiona C. Manning, Christina Spinelli, Cã©Line Marie, Takako Fujioka, Ayda Ghahremani & Laurel J. Trainor - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  20. Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP/LR F1) is..
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  21.  77
    Environmental Ethics Beyond Principle? The Case for a Pragmatic Contextualism.Ben A. Minteer, Elizabeth A. Corley & Robert E. Manning - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):131-156.
    Many nonanthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a ``principle-ist'''' approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one requiring the promotion of the intrinsic value of nonhuman nature. Yet there are several problems with this method of moral reasoning, including the short-circuiting of reflective inquiry and the disregard of the complex nature of specific environmental problems and policy arguments. In (...)
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  22.  14
    Analogy and Falsification in Descartes' Physics.Gideon Manning - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):402-411.
  23. Review: Carolyn D'Cruz, Identity Politics in Deconstruction: Calculating with the Incalculable (Ashgate Publishing, 2008). [REVIEW]Nathan Manning - 2011 - Thesis Eleven 104 (1):118-120.
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  24. Fuzzy Description: Discovery and Invention in Sociology.Philip Manning - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):117-123.
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  25.  16
    Probabilistic Syntax.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    “Everyone knows that language is variable.” This is the bald sentence with which Sapir (1921:147) begins his chapter on language as an historical product. He goes on to emphasize how two speakers’ usage is bound to differ “in choice of words, in sentence structure, in the relative frequency with which particular forms or combinations of words are used”. I should add that much sociolinguistic and historical linguistic research has shown that the same speaker’s usage is also variable (Labov 1966, Kroch (...)
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  26.  40
    No Identity Without an Entity.Luke Manning - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (1):279-305.
    Peter Geach's puzzle of intentional identity is to explain how the claim ‘Hob thinks a witch has blighted Bob's mare, and Nob wonders whether she killed Cob's sow’ is compatible with there being no such witch. I clarify the puzzle and reduce it to the familiar problem of negative existentials. That problem is a paradox of representations that seem to include denials of commitment , to carry commitment to what they deny commitment to, and to be true. The best proposed (...)
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  27.  45
    Pragmatism in Environmental Ethics: Democracy, Pluralism, and the Management of Nature.Ben A. Minteer & Robert E. Manning - 1999 - Environmental Ethics 21 (2):191-207.
    A growing number of contributors to environmental philosophy are beginning to rethink the field’s mission and practice. Noting that the emphasis of protracted conceptual battles over axiology may not get us very far in solving environmental problems, many environmental ethicists have begun to advocate a more pragmatic, pluralistic, and policy-based approach in philosophical discussions abouthuman-nature relationships. In this paper, we argue for the legitimacy of this approach, stressing that public deliberation and debate over alternative environmental ethics is necessary for a (...)
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  28. The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology.J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford Up.
     
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  29.  55
    The Norm of Belief.Richard N. Manning - 2016 - Analysis 76 (1):81-87.
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  30.  16
    Studying the History of Ideas Using Topic Models.David Hall & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    How can the development of ideas in a scientific field be studied over time? We apply unsupervised topic modeling to the ACL Anthology to analyze historical trends in the field of Computational Linguistics from 1978 to 2006. We induce topic clusters using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, and examine the strength of each topic over time. Our methods find trends in the field including the rise of probabilistic methods starting in 1988, a steady increase in applications, and a sharp decline of research (...)
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  31.  10
    Social Capital: A Review From an Ethics Perspective.Angela Ayios, Ronald Jeurissen, Paul Manning & Laura J. Spence - 2014 - Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (1):108-124.
    Social capital has as its key element the value of social relationships to generate positive outcomes, both for the key parties involved and for wider society. Some authors have noted that social capital nevertheless has a dark side. There is a moral element to such a conceptualisation, yet there is scarce discussion of ethics within the social capital literature. In this paper ethical theory is applied to four traditions or approaches to economic social capital: neo-capitalism; network/reputation; neo-Tocquevellian; and development. Each (...)
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  32.  7
    The Formation of Cross-Sector Development Partnerships: How Bridging Agents Shape Project Agendas and Longer-Term Alliances.Stephan Manning & Daniel Roessler - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (3):527-547.
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  33. Drama as Life: The Significance of Goffman's Changing Use of the Theatrical Metaphor.Phil Manning - 1991 - Sociological Theory 9 (1):70-86.
    Goffman makes considerable use of the metaphor of social life as theater. This metaphor has a significant impact on his thought in three areas: 1) it is central to his changing views about cynicism and trust in everyday life; 2) metaphor in general is a method of sociological inquiry; and 3) metaphor suggests a "limit" that his later work attempts to transcend.
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  34.  5
    "Prioritization": Rationing Health Care in New Zealand.Joanna Manning & Ron Paterson - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 33 (4):681-697.
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  35.  32
    Liberal and Communitarian Defenses of Workplace Privacy.Rita C. Manning - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):817-823.
    In this paper, I survey liberal and communitarian defenses of privacy, paying particular attention to defenses of privacy in the workplace. I argue that liberalism cannot explain all our of intuitions about the wrongness of workplace invasions of privacy. Communitarianism, on the other hand, is able to account for these intuitions.
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  36.  10
    Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing.Dan Klein & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP/LR F1) is better than that of early lexicalized PCFG models, and surprisingly close to the current state-of-theart. This result has potential uses beyond establishing a strong lower bound on the maximum possible accuracy of unlexicalized models: an unlexicalized PCFG is (...)
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  37.  3
    A Generative Constituent-Context Model for Improved Grammar Induction.Dan Klein & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We present a generative distributional model for the unsupervised induction of natural language syntax which explicitly models constituent yields and contexts. Parameter search with EM produces higher quality analyses than previously exhibited by unsupervised systems, giving the best published unsupervised parsing results on the ATIS corpus. Experiments on Penn treebank sentences of comparable length show an even higher F1 of 71% on nontrivial brackets. We compare distributionally induced and actual part-of-speech tags as input data, and examine extensions to the basic (...)
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  38.  70
    Resemblances.Phil Manning - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):207-233.
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  39. Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Personhood.Rita C. Manning - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):77 - 84.
    In this paper, I consider the claim that a corporation cannot be held to be morally responsible unless it is a person. First, I argue that this claim is ambigious. Person flags three different but related notions: metaphysical person, moral agent, moral person. I argue that, though one can make the claim that corporates are metaphysical persons, this claim is only marginally relevant to the question of corporate moral responsibility. The central question which must be answered in discussions of corporate (...)
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  40.  37
    Conclusion Of.Henry Edward Manning - 1992 - The Chesterton Review 18 (4):625-629.
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  41.  44
    Convergence in Environmental Values: An Empirical and Conceptual Defense.Ben A. Minteer & Robert E. Manning - 2000 - Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (1):47 – 60.
    Bryan Norton 's convergence hypothesis, which predicts that nonanthropocentric and human-based philosophical positions will actually converge on long-sighted, multi-value environmental policy, has drawn a number of criticisms from within environmental philosophy. In particular, nonanthropocentric theorists like J. Baird Callicott and Laura Westra have rejected the accuracy of Norton 's thesis, refusing to believe that his model's contextual appeals to a plurality of human and environmental values will be able adequately to provide for the protection of ecological integrity. These theoretical criticisms (...)
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  42.  20
    Biological Function, Selection, and Reduction.Richard N. Manning - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (1):69-82.
    It is widely assumed that selection history accounts of function can support a fully reductive naturalization of functional properties. I argue that this assumption is false. A problem with the alternative causal role account of function in this context is that it invokes the teleological notion of a goal in analysing real function. The selection history account, if it is to have reductive status, must not do the same. But attention to certain cases of selection history in biology, specifically those (...)
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  43.  23
    Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Cognitive Science.Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335-344.
  44.  3
    "Prioritization": Rationing Health Care in New Zealand.Joanna Manning & Ron Paterson - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (4):681-697.
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  45.  12
    Imagination Inflation: Imagining a Childhood Event Inflates Confidence That It Occurred.Charles G. Manning & Elizabeth F. Loftus - unknown
    Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one's past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the social psychology literature showing that imagining a future event increases the subjective likelihood that the event will occur. The concepts of cognitive availability and the source monitoring framework provide reasons to expect that imagination may inflate confidence that a childhood event occurred. However, people routinely produce myriad counterfactual imaginings (i.e., (...)
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  46.  6
    Ergativity: Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    I wish to present a codi cation of syntactic approaches to dealing with ergative languages and argue for the correctness of one particular approach, which I will call the Inverse Grammatical Relations hypothesis.1 I presume familiarity with the term `ergativity', but, brie y, many languages have ergative case marking, such as Burushaski in (1), in contrast to the accusative case marking of Latin in (2). More generally, if we follow Dixon (1979) and use A to mark the agent-like argument of (...)
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  47.  24
    Russian Dissenters. [REVIEW]Clarence Augustus Manning - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (10):270-274.
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  48.  24
    Dissociations Between Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    In Pollard and Sag (1987) and Pollard and Sag (1994:Ch. 1–8), the subcategorized arguments of a head are stored on a single ordered list, the subcat list. However, Borsley (1989) argues that there are various defi- ciencies in this approach, and suggests that the unified list should be split into separate lists for subjects, complements, and specifiers. This proposal has been widely adopted in what is colloquially known as HPSG3 (Pollard and Sag (1994:Ch. 9) and other recent work in HPSG). (...)
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  49.  7
    Stoicism and Slavery in the Roman Empire.C. E. Manning - 1989 - In Wolfgang Haase (ed.), Philosophie, Wissenschaften, Technik. Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 1518-1544.
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  50. Role of Memory in Air Traffic Control.Scott D. Gronlund, Daryl D. Ohrt, Michael R. P. Dougherty, Jennifer L. Perry & Carol A. Manning - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 4 (3):263-280.
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