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Russ Shafer-Landau [82]Russell Scott Shafer-Landau [1]
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Profile: Russ Shafer-Landau (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
  1. Moral Realism: A Defence.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. His central thesis, as well as the many novel supporting arguments used to defend it, will spark much controversy among those concerned with the foundations of ethics.
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  2. Evolutionary Debunking, Moral Realism, and Moral Knowledge.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2012 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (1).
    This paper reconstructs what I take to be the central evolutionary debunking argument that underlies recent critiques of moral realism. The argument claims that given the extent of evolutionary influence on our moral faculties, and assuming the truth of moral realism, it would be a massive coincidence were our moral faculties reliable ones. Given this coincidence, any presumptive warrant enjoyed by our moral beliefs is defeated. So if moral realism is true, then we can have no warranted moral beliefs, and (...)
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  3. The Moral Fixed Points: New Directions for Moral Nonnaturalism.Terence Cuneo & Russ Shafer-Landau - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 171 (3):399-443.
    Our project in this essay is to showcase nonnaturalistic moral realism’s resources for responding to metaphysical and epistemological objections by taking the view in some new directions. The central thesis we will argue for is that there is a battery of substantive moral propositions that are also nonnaturalistic conceptual truths. We call these propositions the moral fixed points. We will argue that they must find a place in any system of moral norms that applies to beings like us, in worlds (...)
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  4. A Defence of Categorical Reasons.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2009 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt2):189-206.
    In this paper I offer two arguments designed to defend the existence of categorical reasons, which I define as those justifying considerations that obtain independently of their relation to an agent's commitments. The first argument is based on certain paradigm cases meant to reveal difficulties for practical instrumentalism—the view, as I define it here, that categorical reasons do not exist, because all reasons must serve the commitments of the agents to whom they apply. The second argument relies on considerations of (...)
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  5. The Fundamentals of Ethics.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Part I: The good life -- Hedonism : its powerful appeal -- Is happiness all that matters? -- Getting what you want -- Problems for the desire theory -- Part II: Doing the right thing -- Morality and religion -- Natural law theory -- Psychological egoism -- Ethical egoism -- Consequentialism : its nature and attractions -- Consequentialism : its difficulties -- The kantian perspective : fairness and justice -- The kantian perspective : autonomy and respect -- The (...)
     
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  6. Three Problems for Schroeder's Hypotheticalism. [REVIEW]Russ Shafer-Landau - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (3):435-443.
    Three problems for Schroeder’s Humean theory of reasons.
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  7. Ethics as Philosophy : A Defense of Ethical Nonnaturalism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2006 - In Terry Horgan & Mark Timmons (eds.), Metaethics After Moore. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  98
    A Defense of Motivational Externalism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (3):267-291.
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  9. Whatever Happened to Good and Evil?Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Since September 11, 2001, many people in the United States have been more inclined to use the language of good and evil, and to be more comfortable with the idea that certain moral standards are objective (true independently of what anyone happens to think of them). Some people, especially those who are not religious, are not sure how to substantiate this view. Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? provides a basis for exploring these doubts and ultimately defends the objectivity of (...)
     
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  10. Ethical Disagreement, Ethical Objectivism and Moral Indeterminacy.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):331-344.
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  11.  93
    Moral Rules.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1997 - Ethics 107 (4):584-611.
    The traditional conception of ethical theory sees it as the project of developing a coherent set of rules from which one can infer all determinate moral verdicts. I am not optimistic about the prospects for constructing such a theory. To explain this pessimism, we need to understand what moral rules are and what roles they might play in ethical theory.
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  12. The Fundamentals of Ethics.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    The Fundamentals of Ethics is designed to introduce students to the central ideas of moral philosophy in an accessible and engaging way. It contains several chapters each on The Good Life, Normative Ethics, and Metaethics, and provides more detailed coverage of these areas than is available in any competing introductory textbook. It also devotes attention to issues that are often omitted in other introductions, such as the Doctrines of Doing and Allowing and of Double Effect, ethical particularism, the desire-satisfaction theory (...)
     
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  13. Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology.Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo (eds.) - 2007 - Blackwell.
    A substantial collection of seminal articles, Foundations of Ethics covers all of the major issues in metaethics. Covers all of the major issues in metaethics including moral metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology, and philosophy of language. Provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources and expert commentary for students of ethical theory. Includes seminal essays by ethicists such as G.E. Moore, Simon Blackburn, Gilbert Harman, Christine Korsgaard, Michael Smith, Bernard Williams, Jonathan Dancy, and many other leading figures of ethical theory.
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  14.  65
    Replies to Critics.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (2):313-329.
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  15. Moral and Theological Realism: The Explanatory Argument.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):311-329.
    There are striking parallels, largely unexplored in the literature, between skeptical arguments against theism and against moral realism. After sketching four arguments meant to do this double duty, I restrict my attention to an explanatory argument that claims that we have most reason to deny the existence of moral facts (and so, by extrapolation, theistic ones), because such putative facts have no causal-explanatory power. I reject the proposed parity, and offer reasons to think that the potential vulnerabilities of moral realism (...)
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  16.  83
    The Failure of Retributivism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 82 (3):289 - 316.
  17.  59
    Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Vol. 3.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
  18.  84
    Can Punishment Morally Educate?Russ Shafer-Landau - 1991 - Law and Philosophy 10 (2):189 - 219.
    Over the past ten years or so, there has been a renewed interest in the moral education theory of punishment. The attractions of the theory are numerous, not least of which is that it offers hopes for a breakthrough in the apparently intractable debate between deterrence theorists and retributivists. Nevertheless, I believe there are severe problems with recent formulations of the theory. First, contemporary educationists all place great emphasis on autonomy, yet fail to show how continued respect for autonomy is (...)
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  19.  89
    Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):83 - 96.
  20. Moral Judgement and Normative Reasons.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1999 - Analysis 59 (261):33–40.
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  21.  40
    Vegetarianism, Causation and Ethical Theory.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1994 - Public Affairs Quarterly 8 (1):85-100.
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  22. Error Theory and the Possibility of Normative Ethics.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Philosophical Issues 15 (1):107-120.
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  23.  22
    Liberalism and Paternalism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):169-191.
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  24.  77
    Moral Judgement and Moral Motivation.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):353-358.
    I criticize an important argument of Michael Smith, from his recent book The Moral Problem (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994). Smith's argument, if sound, would undermine one form of moral externalism 2013 that which insists that moral judgements only contingently motivate their authors. Smith claims that externalists must view good agents as always prompted by the motive of duty, and that possession of such a motive impugns the goodness of the agent. I argue (i) that externalists do not (ordinarily) need to assign (...)
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  25.  71
    Retributivism and Desert.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):189–214.
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  26. Oxford Studies in Metaethics Vol. 4.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
  27.  69
    The Meaning of Moral Disagreements.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):83-89.
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  28.  65
    Supervenience and Moral Realism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1994 - Ratio 7 (2):145-152.
  29. Oxford Studies in Metaethics Vol. 2.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
  30.  51
    Audi's Intuitionism. [REVIEW]Russ Shafer-landau - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):250–261.
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  31. Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology.Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo (eds.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  32. Moral Motivation and Moral Judgment.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48:353-8.
  33.  83
    Precis of Moral Realism: A Defence (Clarendon Press: Oxford, 2003).Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (2):263 - 267.
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  34.  19
    Through the Moral Maze.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):482-485.
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    Autonomy, Value, and Conditioned Desire, Robert Noggle.Russ Shafer-Landau & Michael R. Martin - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (1).
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  36.  30
    On the Evaluation of Rationality.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (S1):137-140.
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    Comments: On the Evaluation of Rationality.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (Supplement):137-140.
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  38.  22
    Review: Replies to Critics. [REVIEW]Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (2):313 - 329.
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  39.  25
    Knowing Right From Wrong.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (1):62 – 80.
  40.  2
    The Meaning of Moral Disagreements.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59:83-89.
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  41.  11
    The Good in the Right by Robert Audi.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):250-261.
  42.  1
    Ethical Disagreement, Ethical Objectivism and Moral Indeterminacy.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):331-344.
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  43.  4
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Fabian Freyenhagen & Russ Shafer-Landau - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3).
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  44.  2
    Precis of Moral Realism: A Defence.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (2):263-267.
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  45.  3
    Review of Joel Feinberg, Problems at the Root of Law[REVIEW]Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (9).
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  46. .Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
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  47. Ethical Theory: An Anthology.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2007 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ is an authoritative collection of key essays by top scholars in the field, addressing core issues including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, as well as traditionally underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge and moral responsibility. Brings together seventy-six classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from classic writing by Hume and Kant to contemporary writing by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, and Judith Jarvis Thomson Guides students through key areas in the field, among them consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, (...)
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  48. Ethical Theory: An Anthology.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The second edition of_ Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ features a comprehensive collection of more than 80 essays from classic and contemporary philosophers that address questions at the heart of moral philosophy. Brings together 82 classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from seminal works by Hume and Kant to contemporary views by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and many more Features updates and the inclusion of a new section on feminist ethics, along with a general introduction and section (...)
     
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  49. Metaethics: Critical Concepts in Philosophy.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    v. 1. The historial development of metaethics -- v. 2. The major metaethical views -- v. 3. Metaethical issues, part 1 -- v. 4. Metaethical issues, part 2.
     
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  50. Metaethics.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    Metaethics is the branch of knowledge that considers the foundational issues of morality, and deals especially with the nature of ethical statements. Philosophers doing metaethics ask vital and fundamental questions such as these: • is morality merely conventional, or are there objective standards of right and wrong? • how can we gain moral knowledge? • why should we be moral? • can there be a science of morality? Over the past thirty years, there has been a great surge of interest (...)
     
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