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Rutger Claassen [39]Rutger J. G. Claassen [1]
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Rutger Claassen
Utrecht University
  1. The Foundations of Capability Theory: Comparing Nussbaum and Gewirth. [REVIEW]Rutger Claassen & Marcus Düwell - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):493-510.
    This paper is written from a perspective that is sympathetic to the basic idea of the capability approach. Our aim is to compare Martha Nussbaum’s capability theory of justice with Alan Gewirth’s moral theory, on two points: the selection and the justification of a list of central capabilities. On both counts, we contend that Nussbaum’s theory suffers from flaws that Gewirth’s theory may help to remedy. First, we argue that her notion of a (dignified) human life cannot fulfill the role (...)
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  2.  77
    An Agency‐Based Capability Theory of Justice.Rutger Claassen - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1279-1304.
    The capability approach is one of the main contenders in the field of theorizing social justice. Each citizen is entitled to a set of basic capabilities. But which are these? Martha Nussbaum formulated a set of ten central capabilities. Amartya Sen argued they should be selected in a process of public reasoning. Critics object that the Nussbaum-approach is too perfectionist and the Sen-approach is too proceduralist. This paper presents a third alternative: a substantive but non-perfectionist capability theory of justice. It (...)
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  3.  51
    Capability Paternalism.Rutger Claassen - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (1):57-73.
  4.  2
    Rethinking the European Social Market Economy: Introduction to the Special Issue.Rutger Claassen, Anna Gerbrandy, Sebastiaan Princen & Mathieu Segers - 2019 - Journal of Common Market Studies 57 (1):3-12.
    This contribution offers an introduction to the Special Issue 'Rethinking the European Social Market Economy'. It places the Special Issue against the background of the debate on free markets versus social protection in the European Union and the inclusion of the notion of 'social market economy' in the Treaty on European Union. It sketches the meaning and development of the social market economy concept, and introduces the key questions underlying this Special Issue and the contributions included in it.
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  5.  88
    Sailing Alone: Teenage Autonomy and Regimes of Childhood.Joel Anderson & Rutger Claassen - 2012 - Law and Philosophy 31 (5):495-522.
    Should society intervene to prevent the risky behavior of precocious teenagers even if it would be impermissible to intervene with adults who engage in the same risky behavior? The problem is well illustrated by the legal case of the 13-year-old Dutch girl Laura Dekker, who set out in 2009 to become the youngest person ever to sail around the world alone, succeeding in January 2012. In this paper we use her case as a point of entry for discussing the fundamental (...)
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  6.  42
    Financial Crisis and the Ethics of Moral Hazard.Rutger Claassen - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (3):527-551.
    The 2008 global financial crisis raises ethical as much as financial questions. Moral outrage centered on the imbalance between banks profiting from excessive risk-taking in good times and taxpayers suffering the costs in bad times. The paper analyzes this imbalance in terms of ethical theory. It first develops a rights-based framework to answer questions about the moral obligations of states and banks towards each other. It then criticizes standard economic thinking, which de-moralizes the phenomenon of moral hazard. Moral hazard between (...)
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  7.  16
    Doing Good Together: Competition Law and the Political Legitimacy of Interfirm Cooperation.Rutger Claassen & Anna Gerbrandy - 2018 - Business Ethics Quarterly 28 (4):401-425.
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  8.  78
    Institutional Pluralism and the Limits of the Market.Rutger J. G. Claassen - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (4):420-447.
    This paper proposes a theory of institutional pluralism to deal with the question whether and to what extent limits should be placed on the market. It reconceives the pluralist position as it was presented by Michael Walzer and others in several respects. First, it argues that the options on the institutional menu should not be principles of distribution but rather economic mechanisms or ‘modes of provision’. This marks a shift from a distributive to a provisional logic. Second, it argues that (...)
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  9.  1
    Making Capability Lists: Philosophy Versus Democracy.Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Political Studies 59 (3):491-508.
    The article discusses a fundamental problem that has to be faced if the general capability approach is to be developed in the direction of a theory of justice: the selection and justification of a list of capabilities. The democratic solution to this problem (defended by Amartya Sen) is to leave the selection of capabilities to a process of democratic deliberation, while the philosophical solution (defended by Martha Nussbaum) is to establish this list of capabilities as a matter of philosophical theory. (...)
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  10.  64
    Why Some Things Should Not Be For Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets, by Debra Satz. Oxford University Press, 2010.Rutger Claassen - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (3):585-597.
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  11.  36
    Public Goods, Mutual Benefits, and Majority Rule.Rutger Claassen - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (3):270-290.
  12.  5
    Markets as Mere Means.Rutger Claassen - 2017 - British Journal of Political Science 47 (2):263-281.
    There has been a remarkable shift in the relation between market and state responsibilities for public services like health care and education. While these services continue to be financed publicly, they are now often provided through the market. The main argument for this new institutional division of labor is economic: while (public) ends stay the same, (private) means are more efficient. Markets function as ‘mere means’ under the continued responsibility of the state. This paper investigates and rejects currently existing egalitarian (...)
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  13.  78
    The Commodification of Care.Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (1):43-64.
    This paper discusses the question whether care work for dependent persons (children, the elderly, and disabled persons) may be entrusted to the market; that is, whether and to what extent there is a normative justification for the “commodification of care.” It first proposes a capability theory for care that raises two relevant demands: a basic capability for receiving care and a capability for giving care. Next it discusses and rejects two objections that aim to show that market-based care undermines the (...)
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  14.  3
    An Agency-Based Capability Theory of Justice.Rutger Claassen - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1279-1304.
    The capability approach is one of the main contenders in the field of theorizing social justice. Each citizen is entitled to a set of basic capabilities. But which are these? Martha Nussbaum formulated a set of ten central capabilities. Amartya Sen argued they should be selected in a process of public reasoning. Critics object that the Nussbaum‐approach is too perfectionist and the Sen‐approach is too proceduralist. This paper presents a third alternative: a substantive but non‐perfectionist capability theory of justice. It (...)
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  15.  29
    Social Freedom and the Demands of Justice: A Study of Honneth's Recht Der Freiheit.Rutger Claassen - 2014 - Constellations 21 (1):67-82.
  16.  87
    Communication as Commodity: Should the Media Be on the Market?Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):65-79.
    Should media communication be left to the market, or rather (partly) removed from the market? This question is discussed by reconstructing an often-found ‘standard argument’ in the literature on the subject. This standard argument states that some form of market-independent media provision is required since markets will fail to deliver a specific kind of high-quality content conducive to the democratic process. This paper argues that the standard argument is defective in several respects. By doing so, it reevaluates the way we (...)
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  17.  36
    Why Economic Agency Matters: An Account of Structural Domination in the Economic Realm.Rutger Claassen & Lisa Herzog - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Authors like Iris Young and Philip Pettit have come up with proposals for theorizing ‘structural injustice’ and social relations marred by ‘domination’. These authors provide conceptual tools for f...
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  18.  5
    European Duties of Social Justice: A Kantian Framework.Rutger Claassen - 2019 - Journal of Common Market Studies 57 (1):44-59.
    This contribution asks how to approach the question of whether the European Union should – replacing or supplementing member states – also be a locus of social justice‐based duties to provide welfare state services. The contribution scrutinizes two important theories of global justice (cosmopolitan and relational theories) and finds that their normative assumptions hinder them from adequately addressing this question. A new theory is proposed, inspired by Immanuel Kant's political philosophy. The core idea is that social justice requires public authorities (...)
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  19.  89
    Schaarste en overvloed: Een strijd tussen twee interpretaties Van de menselijke conditie.Rutger Claassen - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (1):3 - 34.
    This paper discusses philosophical arguments for presenting scarcity and/or abundance as characteristic of the human condition. It criticizes those positions which presenthuman action as characterized by either 'universal scarcity' or 'universal abundance'. Universal scarcity is associated with instrumental activity and argues that the possibility of abundance supposes a Utopia of intrinsic activity which is inconceivable. Universal abundance is defended by Georges Bataille, who conceives of human life as the necessary expenditure of an original abundance. Both positions are criticized: even on (...)
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  20.  55
    Ethics, Money and Sport. This Sporting Mammon - by Adrian Walsh & Richard Giulianotti: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Rutger Claassen - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):75-77.
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  21.  35
    Temporal Autonomy in a Laboring Society.Rutger Claassen - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (5):543-562.
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to discuss which stance towards the allocation of labor and leisure would be defensible from the perspective of modern liberal political theory. There is a long tradition in philosophy defending an ideal of leisure, but this tradition has been rightly criticized for being too perfectionist. A liberal perspective seems more attractive in not dictating how much time people spend in labor or leisure, but leaving this choice to individuals. The question is whether this (...)
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  22.  46
    The Conservative Challenge to Liberalism.Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (4):465-485.
    This paper reconstructs the political?theoretical triangle between liberalism, communitarianism and conservatism. It shows how these three positions are related to each other and to what extent they are actually incompatible. The substantive outcome is the following thesis: the conservative position poses a challenge to liberalism that communitarianism is unable to offer and that liberalism cannot incorporate as it could with communitarianism. This challenge lies in the conservative?s ideal of a traditionally evolved, purposeless form of civil association, and its associated view (...)
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  23.  13
    Public Services on the Market: Issues and Arguments.Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Public Reason 3 (2):3-12.
  24. The Useful Myth of State Security: Reflections on the State's Special Role in Security Provision.Rutger Claassen - 2009 - Res Publica (Parkville, Vic.) 18 (1):1.
     
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  25.  56
    The Marketization of Security Services.Rutger Claassen - 2011 - Public Reason 3 (2).
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  26.  30
    Justice as a Claim to (Social) Property.Rutger Claassen - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-15.
    Margaret Kohn argues for a reappraisal of early twentieth-century left-republican French political theory, known as ‘solidarism’. Solidarism recognises private property as legitimate, but at the same time argues that the collective nature of economic production gives rise to a claim to social property. It is social property that should underlie the case for social justice and social rights, not the standard liberal claims to individual autonomy. This paper provides an appraisal of Kohn’s recovery of solidarism, taking as its main theme (...)
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  27. Het eeuwig tekort. Een filosofie van de schaarste.Rutger Claassen - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (3):597-598.
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  28.  28
    61 Scarcity.Rutger Claassen - 2009 - In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar. pp. 470.
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  29.  2
    Rethinking European Competition Law: From a Consumer Welfare to a Capability Approach.Rutger Claassen & Anna Gerbrandy - 2016 - Utrecht Law Review 12 (1):1-15.
    European competition law is predominantly focused on maximizing consumer welfare. This overarching purpose (which is supported by economic theory) leaves little place for safeguarding non-economic values, such as sustainability. This makes it difficult to allow cooperation between companies to contribute to such non-economic goals. In this article we explore whether it is possible to establish a different normative framework, in which such goals can be taken into account and can be balanced against the economic goal of consumer welfare. To answer (...)
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  30.  8
    The Market’s Place in the Provision of Goods.Rutger Claassen - 2009 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):152-153.
  31.  17
    Review: Jérôme Ballet, Damien Bazin, Jean-Luc Dubois, and François-Régis Mahieu, Freedom, Responsibility and Economics of the Person. [REVIEW]Rutger Claassen - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):196-200.
  32.  1
    Social Freedom and the Demands of Justice. A Study of Axel Honneth’s Recht der Freiheit.Rutger Claassen - 2014 - Constellations. An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory 21 (1):67-81.
  33.  1
    The Capability to Hold Property.Rutger Claassen - 2015 - Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 16 (2):220-236.
    This paper discusses the question of whether a capability theory of justice (such as that of Martha Nussbaum) should accept a basic “capability to hold property.” Answering this question is vital for bridging the gap between abstract capability theories of justice and their institutional implications in real economies. Moreover, it is vital for understanding the difference between egalitarian and libertarian versions of the capability approach. In the paper, three main arguments about private property are discussed: those relating property to a (...)
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  34.  1
    The Status Struggle. A Recognition-Based Interpretation of the Positional Economy.Rutger Claassen - 2008 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (9):1021-1049.
    Competition for positional goods is an important feature of contemporary consumer societies. This paper discusses three strategies for a normative evaluation of positional competition. First, it criticizes an evaluation in terms of people's motives to engage in such competition. A reconstruction of an American debate over the status-motivation of consumer behavior shows how such an analysis founders on the difficulties of distinguishing between status and non-status motives for consumption. Second, the article criticizes an approach based on assessing the (positive and (...)
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  35.  10
    Ballet, Jérôme;, Bazin, Damien;, Dubois, Jean-Luc; and Mahieu, François-Régis. Freedom, Responsibility and Economics of the Person.New York: Routledge, 2014. Pp. 171. $155.00. [REVIEW]Rutger Claassen - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):196-200.
  36. Capabilities in a Just Society: A Theory of Navigational Agency.Rutger Claassen - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    What sort of entitlements should citizens have in a just society? In this book, Rutger Claassen sets out a theory of what he terms 'navigational agency', whereby citizens should be able to navigate freely between social practices. This shows how individuals can be at the same time free and autonomous in striving for their own goals in life, but also embedded in social practices in which they have to cooperate with others. He argues that for navigational agency, people need three (...)
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  37. Externalities as a Basis for Regulation: A Philosophical View.Rutger Claassen - 2016 - Journal of Institutional Economics 12 (3):541-563.
    Externalities are an important concept in economic theories of market failure, aiming to justify state regulation of the economy. This article explores the concept of externalities from a philosophical perspective. It criticizes the utilitarian nature of economic analyses of externalities, showing how they cannot take into account values like freedom and justice. It then develops the analogy between the concept of externalities and the 'harm principle' in political philosophy. It argues that the harm principle points to the need for a (...)
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  38. Four Models of Protecting Citizenship and Social Rights in Europe: Conclusions to the Special Issue ‘Rethinking the European Social Market Economy.Rutger Claassen, Anna Gerbrandy, Sebastiaan Princen & Mathieu Segers - 2019 - Journal of Common Market Studies 57 (1):159-174.
    This article offers a synthesis of and conclusion to the contributions included in the Special Issue 'Rethinking the European Social Market Economy'. Based on different understandings of citizenship in the European Union and the roles of the EU and its member states in providing social protection arrangements, it develops a typology of four models of the EU's role in social protection. It then discusses the contributions to this Special Issue in light of this typology and draws a number of overarching (...)
     
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  39. Minima Philosophica: Verplicht broccoli eten.Rutger Claassen - 2012 - Filosofie En Praktijk 33 (4).
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  40. Recensie-Een broze consensus over de verzorgingsstaat.Rutger Claassen - 2008 - Filosofie En Praktijk 29 (2):58.
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