Results for 'Ruth Bell'

999 found
Order:
  1.  40
    Global Health Governance: Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the Imperative for Change.Ruth Bell, Sebastian Taylor & Michael Marmot - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):470-485.
    In May 2009 the World Health Assembly passed a resolution on reducing health inequities through action on the social determinants of health, based on the work of the global Commission on Social Determinants of Health, 2005–2008. The Commission's genesis and findings raise some important questions for global health governance. We draw out some of the essential elements, themes, and mechanisms that shaped the Commission. We start by examining the evolving nature of global health and the Commission's foundational inspiration – the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2.  6
    Global Health Governance: Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the Imperative for Change.Ruth Bell, Sebastian Taylor & Michael Marmot - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):470-485.
    On August 28, 2008, Michael Marmot, Chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, formally handed over the Commission’s Final Report to Margaret Chan, the Director-General of the World Health Organization, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. It was a significant moment. Dr. Chan addressed a hall packed with representatives of the world’s communications media in a speech that was remarkably direct. Dr. Chan reiterated the Commission’s position that to improve health and health equity action needs to be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  5
    Naked as Nature Intended.David Bell & Ruth Holliday - 2000 - Body and Society 6 (3-4):127-140.
    This article explores the ways in which naturism articulates a set of relationships between the body and nature. We begin by sketching the histories of some Western naturist movements, tracing their lineage back to 19th-century life reform movements and through into inter-war reorientations of citizenship and morality. We consider the problematic of the naked body's relationship to the erotic, drawing on some materials on outdoor sex; set alongside this is a discussion of the regenerative use of wilderness in the mythopoetic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  10
    Review of Paul A. Lombardo, Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court, and Buck V. Bell[REVIEW]Ruth Levy Guyer - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):75-76.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  24
    When Is My Genetic Information Your Business? Biological, Emotional, and Financial Claims to Knowledge.Ruth Wilkinson - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):110.
    Deciding to undergo a predictive genetic test is difficult. The patient has no symptoms that might tip the balance in favor of the test, and knowledge of the information might have significant implications for her physical and mental health, her family, and her financial position. Furthermore, although the decision to undergo many medical tests might reasonably be said to be the patient's own business, it could be argued that predictive genetic tests are different. Dean Bell and Belinda Bennett argue (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6. ""BIBLIOGRAPHY (Suggested in Part by the Authors of" Beyond Relativism").T. W. Adorno, T. J. J. Altizer, Reza A. Aresteh, Michael Argyle, Magda B. Arnold, Peter R. Bell, R. N. Bellah, Ruth F. Benedict, Peter Berger & I. Berlin - forthcoming - Humanitas.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  30
    What Is a "Work of Art"?Ruth Saw - 1961 - Philosophy 36 (136):18 - 29.
    This examination of the concept “work of art” has been prompted by the desire to find a starting point for aesthetic inquiry which, to begin with at any rate, will arouse no dispute. A claim for general agreement such as Clive Bell's: “The starting point for all systems of aesthetics must be the personal experience of a pecular emotion”, is countered by I. A. Richards's “the phantom aesthetic state”, and any attempt to claim “beauty” as the central concept is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  10
    What is a “Work of Art”?Ruth Saw - 1961 - Philosophy 36 (136):18.
    This examination of the concept “work of art” has been prompted by the desire to find a starting point for aesthetic inquiry which, to begin with at any rate, will arouse no dispute. A claim for general agreement such as Clive Bell's: “The starting point for all systems of aesthetics must be the personal experience of a pecular emotion”, is countered by I. A. Richards's “the phantom aesthetic state”, and any attempt to claim “beauty” as the central concept is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Quantum Nonlocality: Not Eliminated by the Heisenberg Picture. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Kastner - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (7):1137-1142.
    It is argued that the Heisenberg picture of standard quantum mechanics does not save Einstein locality as claimed in Deutsch and Hayden (Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 456, 1759–1774, 2000). In particular, the EPR-type correlations that the authors obtain by comparing two qubits in a local manner are shown to exist before that comparison. In view of this result, the local comparison argument would appear to be ineffective in supporting their locality claim.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Bell Hooks Speaking About Paulo Freire—the Man, His Work.Bell Hooks - 1993 - In Peter McLaren & Peter Leonard (eds.), Paulo Freire: A Critical Encounter. Routledge.
  11.  41
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12. II—Ruth Garrett Millikan: Loosing the Word–Concept Tie.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):125-143.
    Sainsbury and Tye (2011) propose that, in the case of names and other simple extensional terms, we should substitute for Frege's second level of content—for his senses—a second level of meaning vehicle—words in the language of thought. I agree. They also offer a theory of atomic concept reference—their ‘originalist’ theory—which implies that people knowing the same word have the ‘same concept’. This I reject, arguing for a symmetrical rather than an originalist theory of concept reference, claiming that individual concepts are (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  84
    The Revolution of Moore and Russell: A Very British Coup?: David Bell.David Bell - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:193-209.
    The question I shall attempt to address in what follows is an essentially historical one, namely: Why did analytic philosophy emerge first in Cambridge, in the hands of G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell, and as a direct consequence of their revolutionary rejection of the philosophical tenets that form the basis of British Idealism? And the answer that I shall try to defend is: it didn't. That is to say, the ‘analytic’ doctrines and methods which Moore and Russell embraced in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  14. Modality, Morality and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus.Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15.  39
    On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.
  16.  16
    From Critical Education to An Embodied Pedagogy of Hope: Seeking a Liberatory Praxis with Black, Working Class Girls in the Neoliberal 16–19 College. [REVIEW]Camilla Stanger - 2018 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 37 (1):47-63.
    In this article I present a discussion about the purpose of education of, for and with black, working class, young women within an inner-London, twenty-first century college, and explore the complex and imperfect ways that educational purpose translates into educational practice. I discuss the respective value of two contrasting discourses of education that operate in this college: firstly, a neoliberal discourse of education and educational success; secondly, a critical tradition of education, as traced through the work of Paulo Freire, feminist (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Discussion on the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics: Collected Papers on Quantum Philosophy.John Stewart Bell - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book comprises all of John Bell's published and unpublished papers in the field of quantum mechanics, including two papers that appeared after the first edition was published. It also contains a preface written for the first edition, and an introduction by Alain Aspect that puts into context Bell's great contribution to the quantum philosophy debate. One of the leading expositors and interpreters of modern quantum theory, John Bell played a major role in the development of our (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   337 citations  
  19.  14
    Ruth Sonderegger (Amsterdam): Über einige Neuerscheinungen zur Asthetik.Ruth Sonderegger - 2006 - Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):289 - 302.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Language: A Biological Model.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2005 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Ruth Millikan is well known for having developed a strikingly original way for philosophers to seek understanding of mind and language, which she sees as biological phenomena. She now draws together a series of groundbreaking essays which set out her approach to language. Guiding the work of most linguists and philosophers of language today is the assumption that language is governed by prescriptive normative rules. Millikan offers a fundamentally different way of viewing the partial regularities that language displays, comparing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   91 citations  
  21.  86
    A Bell Rings for Chesterton.Martin Bell - 2000 - The Chesterton Review 26 (3):394-397.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Clive Bell.From Clive Bell - 1999 - In Nigel Warburton (ed.), Philosophy: The Basic Readings. Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  99
    On Clear and Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Written by one of today's most creative and innovative philosophers, Ruth Garrett Millikan, this book examines basic empirical concepts; how they are acquired, how they function, and how they have been misrepresented in the traditional philosophical literature. Millikan places cognitive psychology in an evolutionary context where human cognition is assumed to be an outgrowth of primitive forms of mentality, and assumed to have 'functions' in the biological sense. Of particular interest are her discussions of the nature of abilities as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   142 citations  
  24. Beyond Concepts: Unicepts, Language, and Natural Information.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Ruth Garrett Millikan presents a strikingly original account of how we get to grips with the world in thought. Her question is Kant's 'How is knowledge possible?', answered from a contemporary naturalist standpoint. We begin with an understanding of what the world is like prior to cognition, then develop a theory of cognition within that world.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  25.  55
    Ruth Garrett Millikan, Review of Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature by Peter Godfrey-Smith. [REVIEW]Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):375-377.
  26.  39
    Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context.Daniel A. Bell - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    Is liberal democracy appropriate for East Asia? In this provocative book, Daniel Bell argues for morally legitimate alternatives to Western-style liberal democracy in the region. Beyond Liberal Democracy, which continues the author's influential earlier work, is divided into three parts that correspond to the three main hallmarks of liberal democracy--human rights, democracy, and capitalism. These features have been modified substantially during their transmission to East Asian societies that have been shaped by nonliberal practices and values. Bell points to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  27.  20
    Authority: David R. Bell.David R. Bell - 1970 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 4:190-203.
    Some things are pervasive and yet elusive. If it can be agreed that the concept of my title and its instances are of this kind, then the observation may serve to justify the present enterprise. The elusiveness of authority is that so often pursued in philosophical enterprise, namely the repeated confident use of a general term by even the unsophisticated, accompanied by the Socratic puzzlement that sets in as soon as a rationale or account of this use is sought. Such (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Bell’s Theorem: Two Neglected Solutions.Louis Vervoort - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (6):769-791.
    Bell’s theorem admits several interpretations or ‘solutions’, the standard interpretation being ‘indeterminism’, a next one ‘nonlocality’. In this article two further solutions are investigated, termed here ‘superdeterminism’ and ‘supercorrelation’. The former is especially interesting for philosophical reasons, if only because it is always rejected on the basis of extra-physical arguments. The latter, supercorrelation, will be studied here by investigating model systems that can mimic it, namely spin lattices. It is shown that in these systems the Bell inequality can (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  29.  78
    Bell’s Theorem, Quantum Probabilities, and Superdeterminism.Eddy Keming Chen - forthcoming - In Eleanor Knox & Alastair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Physics. Routledge.
    In this short survey article, I discuss Bell’s theorem and some strategies that attempt to avoid the conclusion of non-locality. I focus on two that intersect with the philosophy of probability: (1) quantum probabilities and (2) superdeterminism. The issues they raised not only apply to a wide class of no-go theorems about quantum mechanics but are also of general philosophical interest.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30. Varieties of Meaning: The 2002 Jean Nicod Lectures.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2004 - MIT Press.
    How the various things that are said to have meaning—purpose, natural signs, linguistic signs, perceptions, and thoughts—are related to one another.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   146 citations  
  31.  40
    Hard Feelings: The Moral Psychology of Contempt.Macalester Bell - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    Bell argues that contempt has an important role to play in confronting and addressing immorality, and in that respect is essential to moral relations. Her book is not just a defense of contempt, but an account of the virtues and vices of it, providing a model for thinking more generally about the negative emotions as a response to vice.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  32.  2
    Phenomenology’s Inauguration in English and in the North American Curriculum: Winthrop Bell’s 1927 Harvard Course.Jason Bell - 2019 - In Michela Ferri (ed.), The Reception of Husserlian Phenomenology in North America. Springer Verlag. pp. 25-45.
    In 1927, Winthrop Bell inaugurated the teaching of phenomenology in the English-speaking world, with his course “Husserl and the Phenomenological Movement” at Harvard University. The seminar shows ways to introduce phenomenology to students who have a philosophical background, but who do not yet know phenomenology. Additionally, it reveals phenomenology’s relations to pragmatism, analytic philosophy, and the broader continental tradition. Bell, as the first Anglophone student who wrote his dissertation with Husserl, enjoyed a privileged access to his phenomenological teachers, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. A New Approach to Quantum Logic.J. L. Bell - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):83-99.
    The idea of a 'logic of quantum mechanics' or quantum logic was originally suggested by Birkhoff and von Neumann in their pioneering paper [1936]. Since that time there has been much argument about whether, or in what sense, quantum 'logic' can be actually considered a true logic (see, e.g. Bell and Hallett [1982], Dummett [1976], Gardner [1971]) and, if so, how it is to be distinguished from classical logic. In this paper I put forward a simple and natural semantical (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  34. The Rational Imagination: How People Create Alternatives to Reality.Ruth M. J. Byrne - 2005 - MIT Press.
    A leading scholar in the psychology of thinking and reasoning argues that the counterfactual imagination—the creation of "if only" alternatives to ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   79 citations  
  35. Bell's Theorem: What It Takes.Jeremy Butterfield - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):41-83.
    I compare deterministic and stochastic hidden variable models of the Bell experiment, exphasising philosophical distinctions between the various ways of combining conditionals and probabilities. I make four main claims. (1) Under natural assumptions, locality as it occurs in these models is equivalent to causal independence, as analysed (in the spirit of Lewis) in terms of probabilities and conditionals. (2) Stochastic models are indeed more general than deterministic ones. (3) For factorizable stochastic models, relativity's lack of superluminal causation does not (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  36.  55
    In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women.Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan & Frances Kissling - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1):156-167.
    Feminist bioethicists of a variety of persuasions discuss the 2013 case of Marlise Munoz, a pregnant woman whose medical care was in dispute after she became brain dead.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Thoughts Without Laws: Cognitive Science with Content.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (January):47-80.
  38.  43
    A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1990 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):898-901.
  39.  44
    A Course in Mathematical Logic.J. L. Bell - 1977 - Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada American Elsevier Pub. Co..
    A comprehensive one-year graduate (or advanced undergraduate) course in mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. No previous knowledge of logic is required; the book is suitable for self-study. Many exercises (with hints) are included.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  40.  46
    Presupposition and the Delimitation of Semantics.Ruth M. Kempson - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
  41.  55
    Bell’s Theorem and the Issue of Determinism and Indeterminism.Michael Esfeld - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (5):471-482.
    The paper considers the claim that quantum theories with a deterministic dynamics of objects in ordinary space-time, such as Bohmian mechanics, contradict the assumption that the measurement settings can be freely chosen in the EPR experiment. That assumption is one of the premises of Bell’s theorem. I first argue that only a premise to the effect that what determines the choice of the measurement settings is independent of what determines the past state of the measured system is needed for (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  42.  29
    Environmental and Medical Bioethics in Late Modernity: Anthony Giddens, Genetic Engineering and the Post-Modern State: Ruth McNally and Peter Wheale.Ruth Mcnally - 1994 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 36:211-225.
    A controversial question among contemporary scholars is whether advanced industrial societies are still in modernity, or whether they are on the threshold of, or even have entered, a new postmodern order. In The Consequences of Modernity Anthony Giddens writes: ‘Beyond modernity, we can perceive a new and different order, which is “post-modern”, but this is quite distinct from what is at the moment called by many “post-modernity”’. However, he does recognize that there is something perceptibly different about the present, which (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Patterns of Culture.Ruth Benedict - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55:497.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   95 citations  
  44. Art.Clive Bell - 1913 - Frederick A. Stokes Co.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  45.  65
    Bell's Theorem Versus Local Realism in a Quaternionic Model of Physical Space.Joy Christian - 2019 - IEEE Access 7:133388-133409.
    In the context of EPR-Bohm type experiments and spin detections confined to spacelike hypersurfaces, a local, deterministic and realistic model within a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with a constant spatial curvature (S^3 ) is presented that describes simultaneous measurements of the spins of two fermions emerging in a singlet state from the decay of a spinless boson. Exact agreement with the probabilistic predictions of quantum theory is achieved in the model without data rejection, remote contextuality, superdeterminism or backward causation. A singularity-free Clifford-algebraic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  50
    Charles Taylor.Ruth Abbey (ed.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Charles Taylor is one of the most influential and prolific philosophers in the English-speaking world today. The breadth of his writings is unique, ranging from reflections on artificial intelligence to analyses of contemporary multicultural societies. This thought-provoking introduction to Taylor's work outlines his ideas in a coherent and accessible way without reducing their richness and depth. His contribution to many of the enduring debates within Western philosophy is examined and the arguments of his critics assessed. Taylor's reflections on the topics (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  47. Conceptualising Meaningful Work as a Fundamental Human Need.Ruth Yeoman - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-17.
    In liberal political theory, meaningful work is conceptualised as a preference in the market. Although this strategy avoids transgressing liberal neutrality, the subsequent constraint upon state intervention aimed at promoting the social and economic conditions for widespread meaningful work is normatively unsatisfactory. Instead, meaningful work can be understood to be a fundamental human need, which all persons require in order to satisfy their inescapable interests in freedom, autonomy, and dignity. To overcome the inadequate treatment of meaningful work by liberal political (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  48.  70
    What Is Liberalism?Duncan Bell - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (6):682-715.
    Liberalism is a term employed in a dizzying variety of ways in political thought and social science. This essay challenges how the liberal tradition is typically understood. I start by delineating different types of response—prescriptive, comprehensive, explanatory—that are frequently conflated in answering the question “what is liberalism?” I then discuss assorted methodological strategies employed in the existing literature: after rejecting “stipulative” and “canonical” approaches, I outline a contextualist alternative. Liberalism, on this account, is best characterised as the sum of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  49.  83
    The Bell–Kochen–Specker Theorem.D. M. Appleby - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (1):1-28.
    Meyer, Kent and Clifton (MKC) claim to have nullified the Bell-Kochen-Specker (Bell-KS) theorem. It is true that they invalidate KS's account of the theorem's physical implications. However, they do not invalidate Bell's point, that quantum mechanics is inconsistent with the classical assumption, that a measurement tells us about a property previously possessed by the system. This failure of classical ideas about measurement is, perhaps, the single most important implication of quantum mechanics. In a conventional colouring there are (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  50. Truth, Rules, Hoverflies, and the Kripke-Wittgenstein Paradox.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (3):323-53.
1 — 50 / 999