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Ruth Chadwick [151]Ruth F. Chadwick [20]
  1. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
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  2.  47
    Human Genetic Research: Emerging Trends in Ethics.Ruth Chadwick & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2005 - .
    Genetic research has moved from Mendelian genetics to sequence maps to the study of natural human genetic variation at the level of the genome. This past decade of discovery has been accompanied by a shift in emphasis towards the ethical principles of reciprocity, mutuality, solidarity, citizenry and universality.
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  3. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers (...)
     
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  4.  29
    Which Enhancement? What Kind of Obsolescence?Ruth Chadwick - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):20-22.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 20-22.
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  5.  35
    Solidaroty and Equity : New Ethical Frameworks for Genetic Databases.Ruth Chadwick & Kåre Berg - 2001 - .
    Genetic database initiatives have given rise to considerable debate about their potential harms and benefits. The question arises as to whether existing ethical frameworks are sufficient to mediate between the competing interests at stake. One approach is to strengthen mechanisms for obtaining informed consent and for protecting confidentiality. However, there is increasing interest in other ethical frameworks, involving solidarity — participation in research for the common good — and the sharing of the benefits of research.
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  6. The Right Not to Know: A Challenge for Accurate Self-Assessment.Ruth F. Chadwick - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):299-301.
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  7.  87
    The Market for Bodily Parts: Kant and Duties to Oneself.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):129-140.
    The demand for bodily parts such as organs is increasing, and individuals in certain circumstances are responding by offering parts of their bodies for sale. Is there anything wrong in this? Kant had arguments to suggest that there is, namely that we have duties towards our own bodies, among which is the duty not to sell parts of them. Kant's reasons for holding this view are examined, and found to depend on a notion of what is intrinsically degrading. Rom Harré's (...)
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  8. Responsibilities for Healthcare - Kantian Reflections.Garrath Williams & Ruth Chadwick - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):155-165.
    This paper explores some ways in which Immanuel Kant’s ethical theory can be brought to bear on professional and health care ethics. Health care professionals are not mere individuals acting upon their own ends. Rather, their principles of action must be defined in terms of participation in a cooperative endeavor. This generates complex questions as to how well their roles mesh with one another and whether they comprise a well-formed collective agent. We argue that Kant’s ethics therefore, and perhaps surprisingly, (...)
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  9.  16
    Anne Donchin.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schuklenk - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (9):ii-ii.
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  10.  85
    The Communitarian Turn: Myth or Reality?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):546-553.
    This quotation from the London Review of Books is an example of a turn—a different way of looking at things that involves a redefinition of the kind of thing higher education is and how it should be provided. It is a turn away from a public good perspective—the opposite, it might be said, of the kind of turn addressed in this article.
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  11.  22
    From ELSA to Responsible Research and Promisomics.Hub Zwart & Ruth Chadwick - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-3.
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  12.  90
    Professional Ethics and the 'Good' of Science.Ruth Chadwick - 2005 - .
    Proposals for an ethical code for scientists raise questions about the usefulness of the framework of professional ethics for debating relevant issues surrounding ethics and science. Is science a profession and if so should its professional ethic be self-derived or subject to external input? What needs to be addressed is the nature of the 'good' that science promotes. Explanations of science as a public good in terms of knowledge and diversity are possibilities, but science's answer to the basic philosophical question (...)
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  13.  36
    Genomic Databases as Global Public Goods?Ruth Chadwick & Sarah Wilson - 2004 - Res Publica 10 (2):123-134.
    Recent discussions of genomics and international justice have adopted the concept of ‘global public goods’ to support both the view of genomics as a benefit and the sharing of genomics knowledge across nations. Such discussion relies on a particular interpretation of the global public goods argument, facilitated by the ambiguity of the concept itself. Our aim in this article is to demonstrate this by a close examination of the concept of global public goods with particular reference to its use in (...)
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  14.  54
    Genetic Screening and Ethics: European Perspectives.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jfrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):255 – 273.
    Analysis and comparison of genetic screening programs shows that the extent of development of programs varies widely across Europe. Regional variations are due not only to genetic disease patterns but also reflect the novelty of genetic services. In most countries, the focus for genetic screening programs has been pregnant women and newborn children. Newborn children are screened only for disorders which are treatable. Prenatal screening when provided is for conditions for which termination may be offered. The only population screening programs (...)
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  15.  25
    Gene Editing: An Ethical Disruptor?Ruth Chadwick - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):3-3.
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  16.  3
    Direct to Consumer Testing, Drugs and Gifts.Ruth Chadwick - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (3):222-222.
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  17.  67
    How the Role of Computing is Driving New Genetics Public Policy.Antonio Marturano & Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):43-53.
    In this paper we will examine some ethical aspects of the role that computers and computing increasingly play in new genetics. Our claim is that there is no new genetics without computer science. Computer science is important for the new genetics on two levels: from a theoretical perspective, and from the point of view of geneticists practice. With respect to , the new genetics is fully impregnate with concepts that are basic for computer science. Regarding , recent developments in the (...)
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  18.  23
    The Icelandic Database : Do Modern Times Need Modern Sagas?Ruth Chadwick - unknown
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  19.  14
    The Ethics Weathervane.Bartha Maria Knoppers & Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundGlobal collaboration in genomic research is increasingly both a scientific reality and an ethical imperative. This past decade has witnessed the emergence of six new, interconnected areas of ethical consensus and emphasis for policy in genomics: governance, security, empowerment, transparency, the right not to know, and globalization.DiscussionThe globalization of genomic research warrants an approach to governance policies grounded in human rights.SummaryA human rights approach activates the ethical principles underpinning genomic research. It lends force to the right of all citizens to (...)
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  20. Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1998 - Elsivier.
  21.  60
    Playing God.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Cogito 3 (3):186-193.
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  22.  39
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
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  23.  44
    Novel, Natural, Nutritious: Towards a Philosophy of Food.Ruth Chadwick - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):193–208.
    The possibilities of genetic engineering, particularly as applied to human beings, have provoked considerable debate for over two decades, but more recently the focus of public concern, at least, has turned to genetically modified (GM) food. Food has occasionally caught the attention of philosophers (Telfer, 1996) and bioethicists (Mepham, 1996) but is now ripe for further attention in the light of the implications of GM for policy in health, economics and politics. Macer has identified opposing reactions to novel foods—to prefer (...)
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  24.  37
    Kant, Thought Insertion, and Mental Unity.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):105-113.
  25.  79
    Response to Ruud ter Meulen.Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - Diametros 43:21-27.
    In addition to thinking about the meanings of solidarity, it is important to address how solidarity of the appropriate sort can be cultivated. Possibilities include the transformative power of key individuals or events; and the role of institutions. In health care it is suggested that a combination of the two strategies is required. Professional conduct includes not only acting in 'face to face' delivery, but also engaging with those institutions which enable or disable certain ways of acting, so that they (...)
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  26. Rotterdam 2012: The Next World Congress of Bioethics.Ruth Chadwick - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (3):ii-ii.
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  27.  54
    Personal Genomes: No Bad News?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (2):62-65.
    Issues in genetics and genomics have been centre stage in Bioethics for much of its history, and have given rise to both negative and positive imagined futures. Ten years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is a good time to assess developments. The promise of whole genome sequencing of individuals requires reflection on personalization, genetic determinism, and privacy.
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  28.  15
    Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand - 2006 - PLoS Med 3 (2):e43.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  29.  27
    Nutrigenomics, Individualism and Public Health.Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - .
    Issues arising in connection with genes and nutrition policy include both nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. Nutrigenomics considers the relationship between specifc nutrients or diet and gene expression and, it is envisaged, will facilitate prevention of diet-related common diseases. Nutrigenetics is concerned with the effects of individual genetic variation on response to diet, and in the longer term may lead to personalised dietary recommendations. It is important also to consider the surrounding context of other issues such as novel and functional foods in (...)
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  30.  82
    Genetic Technology: A Threat to Deafness. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick & Mairi Levitt - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):209-215.
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  31.  40
    Professional Ethics and Labor Disputes: Medicine and Nursing in the United Kingdom.Ruth Chadwick & Alison Thompson - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):483-497.
    The term “industrial action” includes any noncooperation with management, such as strict “working to rule,” refusal of certain duties, going slow, and ultimately withdrawal of labor. The latter form of action, striking, has posed particular problems for professional ethics, especially in those professions that provide healthcare, because of the potential impact on patients' well-being. Examination of the issues, however, displays a difference in response between the healthcare professions, in particular between doctors and nurses. In considering the ethics of industrial (especially (...)
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  32.  31
    Telling the Truth About Genomics.Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - .
    Issues about communication in genomics have moved out of the clinic and into the public arena. Scientists other than clinicians are confronted by calls for public engagement. Genomics gives rise to these demands partly because it inevitably raises the three basic questions of philosophy as outlined by Kant: What can I know? What ought I to do? What may I hope? Genomics on its own cannot answer these questions. In relation to what can be known, its answer is at best (...)
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  33.  10
    Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control.The Vatican, the Law and the Human Embryo.G. E. M. Anscombe, Ruth Chadwick & Michael Coughlan - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):126.
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  34. Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy. The common concern of the authors is to promote ethical conduct in the practice of journalism, as well as the quality of the information that readers and audience receive from the media.
     
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  35.  19
    Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    In this revised edition with a new preface from the editor, leading scientists explain the nature and goals of `test tube' reproduction and genetic engineering, and their eugenic implications. In contrast to the Warnock report, the extended commentary considers the issues in the context of a social ethic rather than the individualist viewpoint.
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  36. The Bioethics Reader: Editors' Choice.Ruth F. Chadwick (ed.) - 2007 - Blackwell.
    A collection celebrating some of the best essays from the Blackwell journals, Bioethics and Developing World Bioethics. Contributors include Helga Kuhse, Michael Selgelid and Baroness Mary Warnock, former Chair of the British Government’s Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilization and Embryology’s. Traces some of the most important concerns of the 1980s, such as the ethics of euthanasia, reproductive technologies, the allocation of scarce medical resources, surrogate motherhood, through to a range of new issues debated today, particularly in the field of (...)
     
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  37.  49
    Don’T Swallow Your Greens.Ruth Chadwick - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 19 (19):58-58.
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  38. Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy.
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  39. Ethics and Nursing Practice: A Case Study Approach.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1992 - Macmillan.
     
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  40.  29
    Cloning.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201 - 209.
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  41.  27
    Ethics and the Professions.Ruth Chadwick - 1994 - Journal of Value Inquiry 28 (3):481-484.
  42.  5
    Informed Consent and Genetic Research.Ruth Chadwick - unknown
  43.  73
    Enhancements: Improvements for Whom?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4).
  44.  34
    Genetic Interventions and Personal Identity.Ruth Chadwick - unknown
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  45.  20
    Genetic Screening.Ruth Chadwick - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):207-208.
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  46.  34
    Euroscreen 2: Zu einer gemeinsamen Versicherungs- und Kommerzialisierungspolitik und zu einer Politik des öffentlichen Bewusstseins über Genetik. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jørgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 2000 - Ethik in der Medizin 12 (4):269-273.
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  47.  16
    Reproductive Autonomy and Responsibility: Current Trends.Ruth Chadwick - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (1):2-2.
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  48.  15
    Reproductive Cloning Revisited.Ruth Chadwick - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):146-146.
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  49.  21
    New Questions, or Only Old Questions in a New Guise?Ruth Chadwick - 2010 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (3).
    This comment reminds us that technological developments can redraw the boundaries of our concepts, introduce new ones and change interpretations, and it asks to what extent the BMI experiments covered by Kevin Warwick’s article have such implications. The distinction between human enhancement and improvement is raised and the fact that consenting to uncertain and unforeseeable outcomes is always challenging. But why is it more challenging to consent to an intelligent implant, although it may change emotions, personality and even identity, than (...)
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  50. Treatment and Research Ethics.Ruth Chadwick & Gordon Aindow - 2007 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oup Usa.
     
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