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Ruth Chadwick [164]Ruth F. Chadwick [20]
  1.  50
    Human Genetic Research: Emerging Trends in Ethics.Ruth Chadwick & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2005 - .
    Genetic research has moved from Mendelian genetics to sequence maps to the study of natural human genetic variation at the level of the genome. This past decade of discovery has been accompanied by a shift in emphasis towards the ethical principles of reciprocity, mutuality, solidarity, citizenry and universality.
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  2. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers (...)
     
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  3.  42
    Solidaroty and Equity : New Ethical Frameworks for Genetic Databases.Ruth Chadwick & Kåre Berg - 2001 - .
    Genetic database initiatives have given rise to considerable debate about their potential harms and benefits. The question arises as to whether existing ethical frameworks are sufficient to mediate between the competing interests at stake. One approach is to strengthen mechanisms for obtaining informed consent and for protecting confidentiality. However, there is increasing interest in other ethical frameworks, involving solidarity — participation in research for the common good — and the sharing of the benefits of research.
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  4.  30
    Which Enhancement? What Kind of Obsolescence?Ruth Chadwick - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):20-22.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 20-22.
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  5.  88
    The Market for Bodily Parts: Kant and Duties to Oneself.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):129-140.
    The demand for bodily parts such as organs is increasing, and individuals in certain circumstances are responding by offering parts of their bodies for sale. Is there anything wrong in this? Kant had arguments to suggest that there is, namely that we have duties towards our own bodies, among which is the duty not to sell parts of them. Kant's reasons for holding this view are examined, and found to depend on a notion of what is intrinsically degrading. Rom Harré's (...)
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  6.  39
    Genomic Databases as Global Public Goods?Ruth Chadwick & Sarah Wilson - 2004 - Res Publica 10 (2):123-134.
    Recent discussions of genomics and international justice have adopted the concept of ‘global public goods’ to support both the view of genomics as a benefit and the sharing of genomics knowledge across nations. Such discussion relies on a particular interpretation of the global public goods argument, facilitated by the ambiguity of the concept itself. Our aim in this article is to demonstrate this by a close examination of the concept of global public goods with particular reference to its use in (...)
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  7. Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1998 - Elsivier.
     
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  8.  88
    The Communitarian Turn: Myth or Reality?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):546-553.
    This quotation from the London Review of Books is an example of a turn—a different way of looking at things that involves a redefinition of the kind of thing higher education is and how it should be provided. It is a turn away from a public good perspective—the opposite, it might be said, of the kind of turn addressed in this article.
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  9. Responsibilities for Healthcare - Kantian Reflections.Garrath Williams & Ruth Chadwick - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):155-165.
    This paper explores some ways in which Immanuel Kant’s ethical theory can be brought to bear on professional and health care ethics. Health care professionals are not mere individuals acting upon their own ends. Rather, their principles of action must be defined in terms of participation in a cooperative endeavor. This generates complex questions as to how well their roles mesh with one another and whether they comprise a well-formed collective agent. We argue that Kant’s ethics therefore, and perhaps surprisingly, (...)
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  10. The Right Not to Know: A Challenge for Accurate Self-Assessment.Ruth F. Chadwick - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):299-301.
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  11.  19
    Anne Donchin.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schuklenk - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (9):ii-ii.
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  12.  59
    Genetic Screening and Ethics: European Perspectives.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jfrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):255 – 273.
    Analysis and comparison of genetic screening programs shows that the extent of development of programs varies widely across Europe. Regional variations are due not only to genetic disease patterns but also reflect the novelty of genetic services. In most countries, the focus for genetic screening programs has been pregnant women and newborn children. Newborn children are screened only for disorders which are treatable. Prenatal screening when provided is for conditions for which termination may be offered. The only population screening programs (...)
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  13.  30
    From ELSA to Responsible Research and Promisomics.Hub Zwart & Ruth Chadwick - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-3.
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  14.  42
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
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  15.  91
    Response to Ruud ter Meulen.Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - Diametros 43:21-27.
    In addition to thinking about the meanings of solidarity, it is important to address how solidarity of the appropriate sort can be cultivated. Possibilities include the transformative power of key individuals or events; and the role of institutions. In health care it is suggested that a combination of the two strategies is required. Professional conduct includes not only acting in 'face to face' delivery, but also engaging with those institutions which enable or disable certain ways of acting, so that they (...)
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  16.  91
    Professional Ethics and the 'Good' of Science.Ruth Chadwick - 2005 - .
    Proposals for an ethical code for scientists raise questions about the usefulness of the framework of professional ethics for debating relevant issues surrounding ethics and science. Is science a profession and if so should its professional ethic be self-derived or subject to external input? What needs to be addressed is the nature of the 'good' that science promotes. Explanations of science as a public good in terms of knowledge and diversity are possibilities, but science's answer to the basic philosophical question (...)
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  17.  65
    Playing God.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Cogito 3 (3):186-193.
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  18.  9
    Ways of Showing Respect for Life.Ruth Chadwick - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (7):494-494.
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  19. Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy.
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  20. Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy. The common concern of the authors is to promote ethical conduct in the practice of journalism, as well as the quality of the information that readers and audience receive from the media.
     
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  21.  67
    How the Role of Computing is Driving New Genetics Public Policy.Antonio Marturano & Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):43-53.
    In this paper we will examine some ethical aspects of the role that computers and computing increasingly play in new genetics. Our claim is that there is no new genetics without computer science. Computer science is important for the new genetics on two levels: from a theoretical perspective, and from the point of view of geneticists practice. With respect to , the new genetics is fully impregnate with concepts that are basic for computer science. Regarding , recent developments in the (...)
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  22.  24
    The Icelandic Database : Do Modern Times Need Modern Sagas?Ruth Chadwick - unknown
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  23.  37
    Kant, Thought Insertion, and Mental Unity.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):105-113.
  24.  17
    The Ethics Weathervane.Bartha Maria Knoppers & Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundGlobal collaboration in genomic research is increasingly both a scientific reality and an ethical imperative. This past decade has witnessed the emergence of six new, interconnected areas of ethical consensus and emphasis for policy in genomics: governance, security, empowerment, transparency, the right not to know, and globalization.DiscussionThe globalization of genomic research warrants an approach to governance policies grounded in human rights.SummaryA human rights approach activates the ethical principles underpinning genomic research. It lends force to the right of all citizens to (...)
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  25.  45
    Novel, Natural, Nutritious: Towards a Philosophy of Food.Ruth Chadwick - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):193–208.
    The possibilities of genetic engineering, particularly as applied to human beings, have provoked considerable debate for over two decades, but more recently the focus of public concern, at least, has turned to genetically modified (GM) food. Food has occasionally caught the attention of philosophers (Telfer, 1996) and bioethicists (Mepham, 1996) but is now ripe for further attention in the light of the implications of GM for policy in health, economics and politics. Macer has identified opposing reactions to novel foods—to prefer (...)
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  26.  30
    Cloning.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201 - 209.
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  27.  20
    Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    In this revised edition with a new preface from the editor, leading scientists explain the nature and goals of `test tube' reproduction and genetic engineering, and their eugenic implications. In contrast to the Warnock report, the extended commentary considers the issues in the context of a social ethic rather than the individualist viewpoint.
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  28.  11
    Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control.The Vatican, the Law and the Human Embryo.G. E. M. Anscombe, Ruth Chadwick & Michael Coughlan - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):126.
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  29.  55
    Personal Genomes: No Bad News?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (2):62-65.
    Issues in genetics and genomics have been centre stage in Bioethics for much of its history, and have given rise to both negative and positive imagined futures. Ten years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is a good time to assess developments. The promise of whole genome sequencing of individuals requires reflection on personalization, genetic determinism, and privacy.
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  30.  28
    Nutrigenomics, Individualism and Public Health.Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - .
    Issues arising in connection with genes and nutrition policy include both nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. Nutrigenomics considers the relationship between specifc nutrients or diet and gene expression and, it is envisaged, will facilitate prevention of diet-related common diseases. Nutrigenetics is concerned with the effects of individual genetic variation on response to diet, and in the longer term may lead to personalised dietary recommendations. It is important also to consider the surrounding context of other issues such as novel and functional foods in (...)
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  31.  15
    Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand - 2006 - PLoS Med 3 (2):e43.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  32.  41
    Professional Ethics and Labor Disputes: Medicine and Nursing in the United Kingdom.Ruth Chadwick & Alison Thompson - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):483-497.
    The term “industrial action” includes any noncooperation with management, such as strict “working to rule,” refusal of certain duties, going slow, and ultimately withdrawal of labor. The latter form of action, striking, has posed particular problems for professional ethics, especially in those professions that provide healthcare, because of the potential impact on patients' well-being. Examination of the issues, however, displays a difference in response between the healthcare professions, in particular between doctors and nurses. In considering the ethics of industrial (especially (...)
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  33.  29
    Ethics and the Professions.Ruth Chadwick - 1994 - Journal of Value Inquiry 28 (3):481-484.
  34. The Bioethics Reader: Editors' Choice.Ruth F. Chadwick (ed.) - 2007 - Blackwell.
    A collection celebrating some of the best essays from the Blackwell journals, Bioethics and Developing World Bioethics. Contributors include Helga Kuhse, Michael Selgelid and Baroness Mary Warnock, former Chair of the British Government’s Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilization and Embryology’s. Traces some of the most important concerns of the 1980s, such as the ethics of euthanasia, reproductive technologies, the allocation of scarce medical resources, surrogate motherhood, through to a range of new issues debated today, particularly in the field of (...)
     
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  35.  85
    Genetic Technology: A Threat to Deafness. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick & Mairi Levitt - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):209-215.
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  36.  5
    Informed Consent and Genetic Research.Ruth Chadwick - unknown
  37.  50
    Immanuel Kant: Critical Assessments.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This collection brings together many of the most influential criticisms of Kantian philosophy, from his own time to the present day. Volume I is historical, including Kant criticism from Schiller to Buchdahl. It contains some previously untranslated material. Volumes II, III and IV include recent essays on Kant, covering the major aspects of his work. Volume II looks at the Critique of Pure Reason , Volume III at Kant's moral and political philosophy, and Volume IV at the Critique of Judgement (...)
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  38.  34
    Genetic Interventions and Personal Identity.Ruth Chadwick - unknown
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  39.  21
    Genetic Screening.Ruth Chadwick - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):207-208.
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  40.  30
    The Future of Professional Ethics.Ruth Chadwick - 1997 - Ethical Perspectives 4 (4):291-297.
    In this article I shall examine the concept of professional ethics with reference to three headings: how we should understand the notion of a profession; how we should characterize the problems of professional ethics; and whether we should develop professional ethics from a standpoint internal or external to the profession. I shall then proceed to speculate on the future of professional ethics with reference to each of these headings, having regard to the trends identified.
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  41.  7
    From the Editors.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schuklenk - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (1):iii–iv.
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  42.  10
    Confidentiality and Nursing Practice: Ethics and Law.Charles Ngwena & Ruth Chadwick - 1994 - Nursing Ethics 1 (3):136-150.
    This paper examines the ethical and legal duties of confidentiality owed by the nurse, with special reference to obligation to the employer. The main focus is on exploring the parameters of that duty and determining circumstances in which it might be ethically and legally justifiable to disclose confidential information. It is submitted that the obli gation to preserve the confidence of the patient or employer is relative rather than abso lute. In exceptional cases, disclosure is permissible in order to prevent (...)
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  43.  7
    From the Editors.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schüklenk - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (1):iii–iii.
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  44.  5
    Genetic Screening.Ruth Chadwick - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (3):207-208.
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  45.  3
    From the Editors.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schuklenk - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (3).
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  46.  15
    Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy. The common concern of the authors is to promote ethical conduct in the practice of journalism, as well as the quality of the information that readers and audience receive from the media.
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  47.  9
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.Solomon R. Benatar, Susan S. Braithwaite, Alexander Morgan Capron, Ruth Chadwick, Joseph C. D’Oronzio, Susan Dorr Goold, Kenneth V. Iserson, Roger L. Jackson & Greg S. Loeben - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9:446-447.
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  48. Fetal Protection in the Workplace: Women's Rights, Business Interests, and the Unborn.Robert Blank & Ruth F. Chadwick - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (3):349-350.
  49.  4
    Agricultural Biotechnology and Quality of Life: What Counts as Quality?Ruth Chadwick - unknown
  50. Applied Ethics: Critical Concepts in Philosophy.Ruth Chadwick & Doris Schroeder (eds.) - 2001 - Routledge.
    This collection examines how the field of ethics has developed over the past fifty years, by bringing together those articles that have been seminal in the development of the subject. Each of the six volumes carries an introduction presenting the historical context of the material, and a new index is provided to identify key philosophical themes and trends within the collection. The volumes are organized thematically, and include: * Vol.1: Nature and Scope * Vol. 2: Ethical Issues in Medicine, Technology (...)
     
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