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Ruth R. Faden [37]Ruth Faden [21]
  1. Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational (...)
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  2.  45
    An Ethics Framework for a Learning Health Care System: A Departure From Traditional Research Ethics and Clinical Ethics.Ruth R. Faden, Nancy E. Kass, Steven N. Goodman, Peter Pronovost, Sean Tunis & Tom L. Beauchamp - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):16-27.
  3.  86
    Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
    Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics. We begin by briefly defining public health and identifying general features of the field that are particularly relevant for a discussion of public health ethics.Public health is primarily concerned with (...)
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  4.  37
    The Research‐Treatment Distinction: A Problematic Approach for Determining Which Activities Should Have Ethical Oversight.Nancy E. Kass, Ruth R. Faden, Steven N. Goodman, Peter Pronovost, Sean Tunis & Tom L. Beauchamp - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):4-15.
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  5.  68
    The Limitations of "Vulnerability" as a Protection for Human Research Participants.Carol Levine, Ruth Faden, Christine Grady, Dale Hammerschmidt, Lisa Eckenwiler & Jeremy Sugarman - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):44 – 49.
    Vulnerability is one of the least examined concepts in research ethics. Vulnerability was linked in the Belmont Report to questions of justice in the selection of subjects. Regulations and policy documents regarding the ethical conduct of research have focused on vulnerability in terms of limitations of the capacity to provide informed consent. Other interpretations of vulnerability have emphasized unequal power relationships between politically and economically disadvantaged groups and investigators or sponsors. So many groups are now considered to be vulnerable in (...)
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  6. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy a presumption (...)
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  7.  45
    The Second Wave: Toward Responsible Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Research.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth Faden - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):5-22.
    Though much progress has been made on inclusion of non-pregnant women in research, thoughtful discussion about including pregnant women has lagged behind. We outline resulting knowledge gaps and their costs and then highlight four reasons why ethically we are obliged to confront the challenges of including pregnant women in clinical research. These are: the need for effective treatment for women during pregnancy, fetal safety, harm from the reticence to prescribe potentially beneficial medication, and the broader issues of justice and access (...)
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  8.  37
    Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies.Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth R. Faden & Daniel D. Federman (eds.) - 1994 - National Academy Press.
    Executive Summary There is a general perception that biomedical research has not given the same attention to the health problems of women that it has given ...
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  9.  49
    Trust: The Fragile Foundation of Contemporary Biomedical Research.Nancy E. Kass, Jeremy Sugarman, Ruth Faden & Monica Schoch-Spana - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (5):25-29.
  10.  49
    The Value of Unhealthy Eating and the Ethics of Healthy Eating Policies.Anne Barnhill, Katherine F. King, Nancy Kass & Ruth Faden - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):187-217.
    As concerns about the negative health effects of unhealthy eating, overweight and obesity have increased, so too have policy efforts to promote healthy eating. Federal, state, and local governments have proposed and implemented a variety of healthy eating policies. Many of these policies are controversial, facing objections that range from the practical (e.g., the policy won’t succeed at improving people’s diets) to the ethical (e.g., the policy is paternalistic or inequitable). Especially controversial have been policies limiting the options offered in (...)
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  11. History of Informed Consent.Tom L. Beauchamp & Ruth R. Faden - forthcoming - Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  12.  15
    Alternative Consent Models for Comparative Effectiveness Studies: Views of Patients From Two Institutions.Nancy Kass, Ruth Faden, Rachel E. Fabi, Stephanie Morain, Kristina Hallez, Danielle Whicher, Sean Tunis, Rachael Moloney, Donna Messner & James Pitcavage - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (2):92-105.
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  13.  26
    Learning Is Not Enough: Earning Institutional Trustworthiness Through Knowledge Translation.Stephanie R. Morain, Nancy E. Kass & Ruth R. Faden - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):31-34.
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  14.  52
    Planning for an Influenza Pandemic: Social Justice and Disadvantaged Groups.Lori Uscher-Pines, Patrick S. Duggan, Joshua P. Garoon, Ruth A. Karron & Ruth R. Faden - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (4):32-39.
    : Because an influenza pandemic would create the most serious hardships for those who already face most serious hardships, countries should take special measures to mitigate the effect of a pandemic on existing social inequalities. Unfortunately, there is little evidence that anybody is thinking about that.
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  15. Social Practices, Public Health and the Twin Aims of Justice: Responses to Comments.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):45-49.
    Articles by Lyn Horn and Alison Thompson highlight several points crucial to understanding how our theory figures in wider debates about social justice as well as the particular relevance of our theory for assessing the overall practice of public health (Horn, 2013; Thompson, 2013). We begin with these two articles, first to respond to and concur with many of their central points, and second to set the stage for dealing more efficiently with some points raised in the other articles.
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  16.  40
    Medical and Nursing Students' Television Viewing Habits: Potential Implications for Bioethics.Matthew J. Czarny, Ruth R. Faden, Marie T. Nolan, Edwin Bodensiek & Jeremy Sugarman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):1 – 8.
    Television medical dramas frequently depict the practice of medicine and bioethical issues in a strikingly realistic but sometimes inaccurate fashion. Because these shows depict medicine so vividly and are so relevant to the career interests of medical and nursing students, they may affect these students' beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions regarding the practice of medicine and bioethical issues. We conducted a web-based survey of medical and nursing students to determine the medical drama viewing habits and impressions of bioethical issues depicted in (...)
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  17.  26
    A Critique of the 'Fetus as Patient'.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth R. Faden - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):42 – 44.
  18.  52
    A Social Justice Framework For Health And Science Policy.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):596-604.
    The goal of this article is to explore how a social justice framework can help illuminate the role that consent should play in health and science policy. In the first section, we set the stage for our inquiry with the important case of Henrietta Lacks. Without her knowledge or consent, or that of her family, Mrs. Lacks’s cells gave rise to an enormous advance in biomedical science—the first immortal human cell line, or HeLa cells.
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  19.  80
    Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  20.  14
    Categorizing Empirical Research in Bioethics: Why Count the Ways?Jeremy Sugarman, Nancy Kass & Ruth Faden - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):66-67.
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  21.  24
    Pregnant Women Should Not Be Categorised as a ‘Vulnerable Population’ in Biomedical Research Studies: Ending a Vicious Cycle of ‘Vulnerability’.Carleigh B. Krubiner & Ruth R. Faden - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):664-665.
    A new study published in Journal of Medical Ethics by van der Zande et al 1 further highlights why classifying pregnant women as a ‘vulnerable population’ in the context of research is deeply problematic. Because the designation of ‘vulnerable’ is otherwise applied to populations whose decision-making capacity about research participation is somehow compromised—such as children and adults of limited cognitive ability—many of us have been arguing for some time that using this designation for pregnant women is inappropriate and disrespectful.2–4 There (...)
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  22.  26
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Medical and Nursing Students' Television Viewing Habits: Potential Implications for Bioethics”.Matthew Czarny, Ruth Faden, Marie Nolan, Edwin Bodensiek & Jeremy Sugarman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):1-1.
    Television medical dramas frequently depict the practice of medicine and bioethical issues in a strikingly realistic but sometimes inaccurate fashion. Because these shows depict medicine so vividly and are so relevant to the career interests of medical and nursing students, they may affect these students' beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions regarding the practice of medicine and bioethical issues. We conducted a web-based survey of medical and nursing students to determine the medical drama viewing habits and impressions of bioethical issues depicted in (...)
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  23.  22
    The Use of Medical Records in Research: What Do Patients Want?Nancy E. Kass, Marvin R. Natowicz, Sara Chandros Hull, Ruth R. Faden, Laura Plantinga, Lawrence O. Gostin & Julia Slutsman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):429-433.
    In the past ten years, there has been growing interest in and concern about protecting the privacy of personal medical information. Insofar as medical records increasingly are stored electronically, and electronic information can be shared easily and widely, there have been legislative efforts as well as scholarly analyses calling for greater privacy protections to ensure that patients can feel safe disclosing personal information to their health-care providers. At the same time, the volume of biomedical research conducted in this country continues (...)
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  24.  12
    The Use of Medical Records in Research: What Do Patients Want?Nancy E. Kass, Marvin R. Natowicz, Sara Chandros Hull, Ruth R. Faden, Laura Plantinga, Lawrence O. Gostin & Julia Slutsman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):429-433.
    In the past ten years, there has been growing interest in and concern about protecting the privacy of personal medical information. Insofar as medical records increasingly are stored electronically, and electronic information can be shared easily and widely, there have been legislative efforts as well as scholarly analyses calling for greater privacy protections to ensure that patients can feel safe disclosing personal information to their health-care providers. At the same time, the volume of biomedical research conducted in this country continues (...)
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  25.  14
    Women and Health Research: A Report From the Institute of Medicine.Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth Faden & Daniel Federman - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (1):55-62.
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  26.  30
    Learning Health Care Systems and Justice.Ruth R. Faden, Tom L. Beauchamp & Nancy E. Kass - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (4):3-3.
    Response to Emily A. Largent, Franklin G. Miller and Steven Joffe, A Prescription for Ethical Learning, Hastings Center Report, 43, s1, (S28-S29), (2013).
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  27.  18
    What Patients Say About Medical Research.Jeremy Sugarman, Nancy E. Kass, Steven N. Goodman, Patricia Perentesis, Praveen Fernandes & Ruth R. Faden - 1998 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 20 (4):1.
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  28.  7
    Social Value Judgements in Healthcare: A Philosophical Critique.Laura R. Biron, Ruth Faden & Benedict Rumbold - 2012 - Journal of Health Organization and Management 26 (3):317-30.
    PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to consider some of the philosophical and bioethical issues raised by the creation of the draft social values framework developed to facilitate data collection and country-specific presentations at the inaugural workshop on "Social values and health priority setting" held in February 2011. -/- DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Conceptual analysis is used to analyse the term "social values", as employed in the framework, and its relationship to related ideas such as moral values. The structure of the framework (...)
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  29.  63
    Inequalities in Health, Inequalities in Health Care: Four Generations of Discussion About Justice and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):109-127.
    : The focus of questions of justice in health policy has shifted during the last 20 years, beginning with questions about rights to health care, and then, by the late 1980s, turning to issues of rationing. More recently, attention has focused on alternatives to cost-effectiveness analysis. In addition, health inequalities, and not just inequalities in access to health care, have become the subject of moral analysis. This article examines how such trends have transformed the philosophical landscape and encouraged some in (...)
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  30.  38
    A Response to Commentators on “The Limitations of 'Vulnerability' as a Protection for Human Research Participants”.Carol Levine, Ruth Faden, Christine Grady, Dale Hammerschmidt, Lisa Eckenwiler & Jeremy Sugarman - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W32-W32.
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  31.  34
    Pregnancy and Clinical Research.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth R. Faden - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (6):3-3.
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  32.  33
    Reframing the Framework: Toward Fair Inclusion of Pregnant Women as Participants in Research.Ruth R. Faden, Margaret Olivia Little & Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):50-52.
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  33.  6
    The Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments: Reflections on a Presidential Commission.Ruth Faden - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (5):5-10.
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  34.  5
    Stakeholders' Views of Alternatives to Prospective Informed Consent for Minimal‐Risk Pragmatic Comparative Effectiveness Trials.Danielle Whicher, Nancy Kass & Ruth Faden - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):397-409.
    As interest in comparative effectiveness research grows, questions have emerged regarding whether it is ever acceptable to alter informed consent requirements for research when patients are randomly assigned to widely-used therapies. This paper reports on interviews with Institutional Review Board members and researchers and on focus groups with patients from Geisinger and Johns Hopkins health systems. The objective was to elicit participants' views of the acceptability of four different disclosure and authorization models for low-risk pragmatic comparative effectiveness trials of widely-used (...)
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  35.  10
    On the Importance of Research Ethics and Mentoring.Ruth R. Faden, Michael J. Klag, Nancy E. Kass & Sharon S. Krag - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):50 – 51.
  36. Biotechnology, Justice and Health.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2013 - Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (1):49-61.
    New biotechnologies have the potential to both dramatically improve human well-being and dramatically widen inequalities in well-being. This paper addresses a question that lies squarely on the fault line of these two claims: When as a matter of justice are societies obligated to include a new biotechnology in a national healthcare system? This question is approached from the standpoint of a twin aim theory of justice, in which social structures, including nation-states, have double-barreled theoretical objectives with regard to human well-being. (...)
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  37.  9
    HIV and Assisted Reproductive Technology: Women and Healthcare Policy.Anne Drapkin Lyerly & Ruth R. Faden - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):41-43.
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  38.  34
    The Ethics of Aggregation and Hormone Replacement Therapy.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Evan R. Myers & Ruth R. Faden - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (2):187-211.
    The use of aggregated quality of life estimatesin the formation of public policy and practiceguidelines raises concerns about the moralrelevance of variability in values inpreferences for health care. This variabilitymay reflect unique and deeply held beliefs thatmay be lost when averaged with the preferencesof other individuals. Feminist moral theorieswhich argue for attention to context andparticularity underline the importance ofascertaining the extent to which differences inpreferences for health states revealinformation which is morally relevant toclinicians and policymakers. To facilitatethese considerations, we present (...)
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  39.  18
    Physicians' Attitudes Toward Disclosure of Genetic Information to Third Parties.Gail Geller, Ellen S. Tambor, Barbara A. Bernhardt, Gary A. Chase, Karen J. Hofman, Ruth R. Faden & Neil A. Holtzman - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):238-240.
    Confidentiality is a cornerstone of the physician-patient relationship. Breaches of confidentiality in the context of genetic testing are of particular concern for a number of reasons. First, genetic testing reveals information not only about a particular patient, but also about his or her family members. Second,genetic testing can label healthy people as “at risk,” subjecting them to possible stigmatization or discrimination by third parties. Third, as genetic testing becomes more widespread and is incorporated into primary care, breaches of confidentiality might (...)
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  40.  9
    Bioethics: A Field in Transition.Ruth R. Faden - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):276-278.
    Bioethics is clearly a field in transition, if not confusion. Bioethics began as a scholarly, reflective, academic enterprise. Increasingly, however, some in bioethics are not as interested in producing scholarship as they are in practicing bioethics by providing services to institutions and clients.Bioethics also began as an interdisciplinary line of inquiry, with its major contributors all trained in some established discipline. We were and for the most part still are a field composed of theologians, philosophers, lawyers, physicians, nurses, and social (...)
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  41.  8
    Bioethics: A Field in Transition.Ruth R. Faden - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):276-278.
    Bioethics is clearly a field in transition, if not confusion. Bioethics began as a scholarly, reflective, academic enterprise. Increasingly, however, some in bioethics are not as interested in producing scholarship as they are in practicing bioethics by providing services to institutions and clients.Bioethics also began as an interdisciplinary line of inquiry, with its major contributors all trained in some established discipline. We were and for the most part still are a field composed of theologians, philosophers, lawyers, physicians, nurses, and social (...)
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  42.  14
    Managed Care and Informed Consent.Ruth R. Faden - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (4):377-379.
    : Arguments for efficiency in health care delivery have been used to support some level of withholding of information about available treatment options from patients in managed care systems. To the extent that such arguments prevail, they may necessitate changes in the established understanding of and commitment to informed consent and the disclosure of information to patients.
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  43.  11
    Chair's Perspective on the Work of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments.Ruth R. Faden - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):215-221.
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  44. El Concepto de Consentimiento Informado.Ruth Faden & Tom Beauchamp - forthcoming - Beauchamp T. And Walters L., Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, Dickenson Publishing Company, Usa.
     
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  45.  18
    Informed Consent and Clinical Research.Ruth R. Faden - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):356-359.
  46. Monitoring Informed Consent Procedures: An Exploratory Record Review.Ruth R. Faden, Carol Lewis & Barbara Rimer - 1980 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 2 (8):9.
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  47. The Right to Know in the Workplace.Ruth R. Faden - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 8:177.
     
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  48.  23
    The Right To Know In The Workplace.Ruth R. Faden & Tom L. Beauchamp - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (sup1):177-210.
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  49.  18
    Physicians' Attitudes Toward Disclosure of Genetic Information to Third Parties.Gail Geller, Ellen S. Tambor, Barbara A. Bernhardt, Gary A. Chase, Karen J. Hofman, Ruth R. Faden & Neil A. Holtzman - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):238-240.
    Confidentiality is a cornerstone of the physician-patient relationship. Breaches of confidentiality in the context of genetic testing are of particular concern for a number of reasons. First, genetic testing reveals information not only about a particular patient, but also about his or her family members. Second,genetic testing can label healthy people as “at risk,” subjecting them to possible stigmatization or discrimination by third parties. Third, as genetic testing becomes more widespread and is incorporated into primary care, breaches of confidentiality might (...)
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  50.  3
    Rethinking “Elective” Procedures for Women's Reproduction During Covid‐19.Marielle S. Gross, Bryna J. Harrington, Carolyn B. Sufrin & Ruth R. Faden - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):40-43.
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