113 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Ruth Macklin [112]Ruth Chimacoff Macklin [1]Ruth R. Macklin [1]
  1.  11
    Informed Consent and Standard of Care: What Must Be Disclosed.Ruth Macklin & Lois Shepherd - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):9-13.
    The Office for Human Research Protections was correct in determining that the consent forms for the National Institutes of Health -sponsored SUPPORT study were seriously flawed. Several articles defended the consent forms and criticized the OHRP's actions. Disagreement focuses on three central issues: how risks and benefits should be described in informed consent documents; the meaning and application of the concept of “standard of care” in the context of research; and the proper role of OHRP. Examination of the consent forms (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  2. Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine.Ruth Macklin - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of cultural diversity: the physician-patient (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  3.  72
    Bioethics, Vulnerability, and Protection.Ruth Macklin - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):472--486.
    What makes individuals, groups, or even entire countries vulnerable? And why is vulnerability a concern in bioethics? A simple answer to both questions is that vulnerable individuals and groups are subject to exploitation, and exploitation is morally wrong. This analysis is limited to two areas. First is the context of multinational research, in which vulnerable people can be exploited even if they are not harmed, and harmed even if they are not exploited. Second is the situation of women, who are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  4.  52
    The New Conservatives in Bioethics: Who Are They and What Do They Seek?Ruth Macklin - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (1):34-43.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  5.  34
    The Paradoxical Case of Payment as Benefit to Research Subjects.Ruth Macklin - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
  6.  26
    After Helsinki: Unresolved Issues in International Research.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):17-36.
    : Following a long process of revision, a new version of the Declaration of Helsinki was approved by the World Medical Association in 2000. Two provisions of the Declaration address ongoing international controversies regarding research sponsored by industrialized countries and conducted in developing countries. Despite the issuance of the final version of the Declaration, opponents remain locked in debate. Moreover, the Declaration remained silent on other prominent controversies concerning international research. An analysis of these current controversies reveals reasons why they (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  7.  20
    The Forum.Charles Weijer, Fern Brunger, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Ruth Macklin, Michael A. Grodin, Sondra Crosby & Susan Douglas Kelley - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (4):371-387.
  8. Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine.Ruth Macklin & John W. Cook - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (202):121-124.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  9. Moral Progress.Ruth Macklin - 1977 - Ethics 87 (4):370-382.
  10. Ethical Relativism in a Multicultural Society.Ruth Macklin - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (1):1-22.
    : The multicultural composition of the United States can pose problems for physicians and patients who come from diverse backgrounds. Although respect for cultural diversity mandates tolerance of the beliefs and practices of others, in some situations excessive tolerance can produce harm to patients. Careful analysis is needed to determine which values are culturally relative and which rest on an underlying universal ethical principle. A conception of justice as equality challenges the notion that it is always necessary to respect all (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11. Mental Health and Mental Illness: Some Problems of Definition and Concept Formation.Ruth Macklin - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (3):341-365.
  12.  5
    Changing the Presumption: Providing ART to Vaccine Research Participants.Ruth Macklin - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):W1-W5.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13. Action, Causality, and Teleology.Ruth Macklin - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (4):301-316.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  22
    Ethical Challenges in HIV Microbicide Research: What Protections Do Women Need?Ruth Macklin - 2011 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):124-143.
    As the HIV epidemic continues unabated, among the people most at risk are women and girls in developing countries. Condom distribution, adopted as a public health measure early in the epidemic, has had only marginal success. According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), “Young girls and women are regularly and repeatedly denied information about, and access to, condoms. Often they do not have the power to negotiate the use of condoms. In many social contexts, men are resistant (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  13
    Fair Benefits in Developing Countries: Maximin as a Good Start.Ruth Macklin - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):36-37.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  5
    Splitting Embryos on the Slippery Slope: Ethics and Public Policy.Ruth Macklin - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (3):209-225.
  17.  1
    Cluster Randomized Trials:Another Look.Ruth Macklin - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (1):37-43.
  18.  11
    A Defense of Fundamental Principles and Human Rights: A Reply to Robert Baker.Ruth Macklin - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (4):403-422.
  19.  14
    Bioethics and Public Policy in the Next Millennium: Presidential Address.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):373-381.
  20.  64
    The Death of Bioethics (as We Once Knew It).Ruth Macklin - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (5):211-217.
    Fast forward 50 years into the future. A look back at what occurred in the field of bioethics since 2010 reveals that a conference in 2050 commemorated the death of bioethics. In a steady progression over the years, the field became increasingly fragmented and bureaucratized. Disagreement and dissension were rife, and this once flourishing, multidisciplinary field began to splinter in multiple ways. Prominent journals folded, one by one, and were replaced with specialized publications dealing with genethics, reproethics, nanoethics, and necroethics. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  4
    Erosion of Informed Consent in U.S. Research.Lois Shepherd & Ruth Macklin - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):4-12.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  10
    Special Supplement: The XYY Controversy: Researching Violence and Genetics.Diane Bauer, Ronald Bayer, Jonathan Beckwith, Gordon Bermant, Digamber S. Borgaonkar, Daniel Callahan, Arthur Caplan, John Conrad, Charles M. Culver, Gerald Dworkin, Harold Edgar, Willard Gaylin, Park Gerald, Clarence Harris, Johnathan King, Ruth Macklin, Allan Mazur, Robert Michels, Carola Mone, Rosalind Petchesky, Tabitha M. Powledge, Reed E. Pyeritz, Arthur Robinson, Thomas Scanlon, Saleem A. Shah, Thomas A. Shannon, Margaret Steinfels, Judith P. Swazey, Paul Wachtel & Stanley Walzer - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (4):1.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23. Moral Issues in Human Genetics: Counseling or Control?Ruth Macklin - 1977 - Dialogue 16 (3):375-396.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  21
    Some Questionable Premises About Research Ethics.Ruth Macklin - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):29 – 31.
  25.  3
    Essentialism, Absolutism, and Moral Relativism.Ruth Macklin - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (2):39-40.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Mortal Choices: Ethical Dilemmas in Modern Medicine.Ruth Macklin - 1987 - Houghton Mifflin.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27.  8
    Good in Theory: Can It Work in Practice?Ruth Macklin - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):55-56.
  28.  7
    The Inner Workings of an Ethics Committee: Latest Battle Over Jehovah's Witnesses.Ruth Macklin - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):15-20.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  29.  20
    Four Forward-Looking Guidance Points.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (2):121–134.
    Four key guidance points in the UNAIDS guidance document, Ethical Considerations in HIV Preventive Vaccine Research, are compared wit.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  2
    Ethical Challenges in HIV Microbicide Research: What Protections Do Women Need?Ruth Macklin - 2011 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):124-143.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  1
    [Book Review] Surrogates & Other Mothers, the Debates Over Assisted Reproduction. [REVIEW]Ruth Macklin - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):476-477.
  32. Is There Anything Wrong with Surrogate Motherhood? An Ethical Analysis.Ruth Macklin - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 16 (1-2):57-64.
  33.  16
    Enemies of Patients.Ruth Macklin - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    A young man, terminally ill and in extreme suffering, asks to be removed from life support, requesting morphine first so he'll be asleep when the machine stops. His physician agrees, but the hospital's chief administrator intervenes, arguing that the morphine might itself cause death, leaving the physician open to criminal indictment for murder. To placate the administrator, the doctor and patient reach a grim compromise: life support will be disconnected first, and only after manifest signs of suffering appear will the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34. Which Way Down the Slippery Slope? Nazi Medical Killing and Euthanaisa Today.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - In John Harris (ed.), Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  84
    Explanation and Action: Recent Issues and Controversies.Ruth Macklin - 1969 - Synthese 20 (October):388-415.
  36.  37
    Commentary.Ruth Macklin - 1984 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 3 (3/4):111-118.
  37.  4
    Challenges Working with Presidential Bioethics Commissions.Ruth Macklin - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S1):S39-S41.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  13
    No Shortage of Dilemmas: Comment on “They Call It 'Patient Selection' in Khayelitsha”.Ruth Macklin - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):313-321.
    Any program seeking to provide antiretroviral treatment to the many patients in need is bound to confront ethical dilemmas. Dilemmas, as we know, are situations in which decisionmakers are faced with a choice between equally unsatisfactory alternatives. Yet those in charge must make a decision or establish a policy that takes one pathway to the exclusion of another. Reasonable people may disagree over the choice, arguing that an alternative selection would have been ethically superior.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. How Independent Are IRBs?Ruth Macklin - 2008 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (3).
    What does it mean to say that ethics committees that provide prospective review of research involving human beings should be “independent”? In the United States, IRBs—which are typically located within and review research protocols at the institution for which most of their members work—cannot really be considered independent. Yet separating the IRB from the research institution may in turn mean less independence from a trial’s sponsors, as this kind of IRB is commercially motivated and paid directly by the sponsor. One (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. Mental Retardation and Sterilization a Problem of Competency and Paternalism.Ruth Macklin & Willard Gaylin - 1981
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  7
    Teaching Bioethics to Future Health Professionals: A Case-Based Clinical Model.Ruth Macklin - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):200-206.
  42.  10
    Man, Mind and Morality: The Ethics of Behavior Control.Ruth Macklin - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (1):104-106.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43.  8
    Medical Ethics Anthologies: Alternatives for TeachingContemporary Issues in BioethicsEthical Issues in Modern MedicineEthics in Medicine: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary ConcernsReadings in BioethicsMoral Problems in Medicine.Robert M. Veatch, Tom L. Beauchamp, LeRoy Walters, Robert Hunt, John Arras, Stanley Joel Reiser, Arthur J. Dyck, William J. Curran, Thomas A. Shannon, Samuel Gorovitz, Andrew L. Jameton, Ruth Macklin, John M. O'Connor, Eugene V. Perrin, Beverly Page St Clair & Susan Sherwin - 1978 - Hastings Center Report 8 (3):14.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  18
    Artificial Means of Reproduction and Our Understanding of the Family.Ruth Macklin - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (1):5-11.
  45.  2
    Making Policy by Committee.Ruth Macklin - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):26-26.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  6
    Reproductive Technologies in Developing Countries.Ruth Macklin - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (3):276-282.
    Are there any ethical concerns about reproductive technologies that are specific or unique to developing countries? Three ethical concerns often mentioned specifically in regard to developing countries are, the “overpopulation argument”; the limited resources argument; and the ethical problem of poorly trained practitioners offering their services to unsuspecting and uninformed infertile individuals or couples. Each argument is explored in some detail, with the conclusion that ethical problems do, in fact, exist but are not unique to developing countries. Nevertheless, the difficulties (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  7
    Special Supplement: MBD, Drug Research and the Schools.Daniel Callahan, Leslie Dach, Harold Edgar, Willard Gaylin, Gerald Klerman, Ruth Macklin, Robert Michels, Robert C. Neville, David Rothman, Margaret Steinfels, Judith P. Swazey, George J. Annas, Larry Brown, Albert DiMascio, Daniel X. Freedman, George Hein, Hubert Jones, Melvin H. King, Ronald Lipman, Sheila Rothman & Robert L. Sprague - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (3):1.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  15
    Consent, Coercion, and Conflicts of Rights.Ruth Macklin - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (3):360-371.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  1
    Four Forward‐Looking Guidance Points.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (2):121-134.
    Four key guidance points in the UNAIDS guidance document, Ethical Considerations in HIV Preventive Vaccine Research, are compared with analogous statements in three other recently issued documents dealing with international research. Those documents are: the Declaration of Helsinki, as revised in 2000; the report of the U.S. National Bioethics Advisory Commission, issued in 2001; and a current draft revision of the 1993 CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. The four guidance points compared with statements on similar (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women.Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan & Frances Kissling - forthcoming - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1).
    Feminist bioethicists of a variety of persuasions discuss the 2013 case of Marlise Munoz, a pregnant woman whose medical care was in dispute after she became brain dead.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 113