Results for 'Ruth Marquis'

999 found
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  1.  64
    Spencer, E.M., Mills, A.E., Rorty, M.V. And Werhane, P.H. (Eds.), Organization Ethics in Health Care.Ruth Marquis - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):295-296.
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  2.  72
    Don Marquis Replies.Don Marquis - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):9-11.
  3.  44
    From a Geometrical Point of View: A Study in the History and Philosophy of Category Theory.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2009 - Springer.
    A Study of the History and Philosophy of Category Theory Jean-Pierre Marquis. to say that objects are dispensable in geometry. What is claimed is that the specific nature of the objects used is irrelevant. To use the terminology already ...
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  4. Why Abortion is Immoral.Don Marquis - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):183-202.
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  5. Categories in Context: Historical, Foundational, and Philosophical.Elaine Landry & Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2005 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (1):1-43.
    The aim of this paper is to put into context the historical, foundational and philosophical significance of category theory. We use our historical investigation to inform the various category-theoretic foundational debates and to point to some common elements found among those who advocate adopting a foundational stance. We then use these elements to argue for the philosophical position that category theory provides a framework for an algebraic in re interpretation of mathematical structuralism. In each context, what we aim to show (...)
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  6. Category Theory and the Foundations of Mathematics: Philosophical Excavations.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 1995 - Synthese 103 (3):421 - 447.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the role of category theory in the foundations of mathematics. There is a good deal of confusion surrounding this issue. A standard philosophical strategy in the face of a situation of this kind is to draw various distinctions and in this way show that the confusion rests on divergent conceptions of what the foundations of mathematics ought to be. This is the strategy adopted in the present paper. It is divided into 5 (...)
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  7. The Moral-Principle Objection to Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Don Marquis - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):190–206.
    Opponents of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research claim that such research is incompatible with the moral principle that it is always wrong intentionally to end a human life. In this essay, I discuss how that principle might be revised so that it is subject to as few difficulties as possible. I then argue that even the most defensible version of the principle is compatible with the moral permissibility of hESC research.
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  8.  41
    Abstract Mathematical Tools and Machines for Mathematics.Jean-pierre Marquis - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3):250-272.
    In this paper, we try to establish that some mathematical theories, like K-theory, homology, cohomology, homotopy theories, spectral sequences, modern Galois theory (in its various applications), representation theory and character theory, etc., should be thought of as (abstract) machines in the same way that there are (concrete) machines in the natural sciences. If this is correct, then many epistemological and ontological issues in the philosophy of mathematics are seen in a different light. We concentrate on one problem which immediately follows (...)
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  9.  65
    Korcz's Objections to the Future-of-Value Argument.Don Marquis - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):56–60.
  10.  81
    Category Theory.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  11. Harming the Dead.Don Marquis - 1985 - Ethics 96 (1):159-161.
  12.  36
    Approximations and Truth Spaces.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 20 (4):375 - 401.
    Approximations form an essential part of scientific activity and they come in different forms: conceptual approximations (simplifications in models), mathematical approximations of various types (e.g. linear equations instead of non-linear ones, computational approximations), experimental approximations due to limitations of the instruments and so on and so forth. In this paper, we will consider one type of approximation, namely numerical approximations involved in the comparison of two results, be they experimental or theoretical. Our goal is to lay down the conceptual and (...)
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  13. Special-Issue Book Review.Jean-pierre Marquis - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (2):202-205.
  14.  77
    John L. BELL. The Continuous and the Infinitesimal in Mathematics and Philosophy. Monza: Polimetrica, 2005. Pp. 349. ISBN 88-7699-015-. [REVIEW]Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2006 - Philosophia Mathematica 14 (3):394-400.
    Some concepts that are now part and parcel of mathematics used to be, at least until the beginning of the twentieth century, a central preoccupation of mathematicians and philosophers. The concept of continuity, or the continuous, is one of them. Nowadays, many philosophers of mathematics take it for granted that mathematicians of the last quarter of the nineteenth century found an adequate conceptual analysis of the continuous in terms of limits and that serious philosophical thinking is no longer required, except (...)
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  15.  29
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (3).
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  16.  38
    A Subject with No Object. [REVIEW]Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2000 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):161-178.
  17.  21
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1969 - British Journal of Aesthetics 9 (4).
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  18.  21
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1971 - British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (1).
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  19.  26
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1962 - British Journal of Aesthetics 2 (1).
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  20.  26
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1963 - British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (1).
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  21.  41
    Methodocracy, Misogyny, and Bad Faith: Sexism in the Philosophic Establishment.Sheila Ruth - 1979 - Metaphilosophy 10 (1):48–61.
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  22.  21
    Removing Inconsistencies in Assumption-Based Theories Through Knowledge-Gathering Actions.Jérôme Lang & Pierre Marquis - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (2):179-214.
    In this paper, the problem of purifying an assumption-based theory KB, i.e., identifying the right extension of KB using knowledge-gathering actions (tests), is addressed. Assumptions are just normal defaults without prerequisite. Each assumption represents all the information conveyed by an agent, and every agent is associated with a (possibly empty) set of tests. Through the execution of tests, the epistemic status of assumptions can change from "plausible" to "certainly true", "certainly false" or "irrelevant", and the KB must be revised so (...)
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  23.  25
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1964 - British Journal of Aesthetics 4 (2).
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  24.  15
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]S. A. W. Ruth - 1967 - British Journal of Aesthetics 7 (3).
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  25.  37
    J. J. Katz, Realistic Rationalism. [REVIEW]Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (3):419-423.
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  26. Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues.Steven M. Cahn & Peter Markie (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The second part, (...)
     
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  27.  30
    Corrupting Conversations with the Marquis de Sade: On Education, Gender, and Sexuality.Adam J. Greteman - 2016 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 35 (6):605-620.
    In this essay, the author joins a conversation started by Martin regarding gender and education seeking to extend the conversation to address sexuality. To do so, the author brings a reading of the Marquis de Sade to challenge the emphasis on reproduction in education as it relates to gendered and sexual norms. The author, following Martin’s approach in Reclaiming the Conversation, reads one particular text of Sade’s—Philosophy in the Bedroom—to argue for queer possibilities that Sade brings to the conversation (...)
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  28. Modality, Morality and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus.Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
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  29. Review On: Ruth Barcan Marcus, Modalities. Philosophical Essays, New York/Oxford (Oxford University Press) 1993. [REVIEW]Eva-Maria Engelen - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (1):125-128.
    The great contribution Marcus has made to several of intensely discussed topics in philosophy might not have been noticed fully without this collection of some of her most important articles that makes it evident that her achievement is not limited to inventing the famous Barcan formula.
     
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  30.  37
    Abortion and Deprivation: A Reply to Marquis.Anna Christensen - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):22-25.
    In ‘ Why Abortion is Immoral ’, Don Marquis argues that abortion is wrong for the same reason that murder is wrong, namely, that it deprives a human being of an FLO, a ‘future like ours,’ which is a future full of value and the experience of life. Marquis’ argument rests on the assumption that the human being is somehow deprived by suffering an early death. I argue that Marquis’ argument faces the ‘Epicurean Challenge’. The concept of (...)
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  31. Today and Tomorrow: Review of Charles Taylor by Ruth Abbey. [REVIEW]Arto Laitinen - 2001 - Radical Philosophy 30:108.
    The Philosophy Now series promises to combine rigorous analysis with authoritative expositions. Ruth Abbey’s book lives up to this demand by being a clear, reliable and more than up-to-date introduction to Charles Taylor ’s philosophy. Although it is an introductory book, the amount of footnotes and references ought to please those who want to study the original texts more closely. Abbey’s book is structured thematically: morality, selfhood, politics and epistemology get 50 pages each. The focus is on the internal (...)
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  32.  50
    In Defense of Brain Death: Replies to Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan.John P. Lizza - 2018 - Diametros 55:68-90.
    In this paper, I defend brain death as a criterion for determining death against objections raised by Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan. I argue that any definition of death for beings like us relies on some sortal concept by which we are individuated and identified and that the choice of that concept in a practical context is not determined by strictly biological considerations but involves metaphysical, moral, social, and cultural considerations. This view supports acceptance (...)
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  33.  28
    In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women.Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan & Frances Kissling - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1):156-167.
    Feminist bioethicists of a variety of persuasions discuss the 2013 case of Marlise Munoz, a pregnant woman whose medical care was in dispute after she became brain dead.
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  34. II—Ruth Garrett Millikan: Loosing the Word–Concept Tie.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):125-143.
    Sainsbury and Tye (2011) propose that, in the case of names and other simple extensional terms, we should substitute for Frege's second level of content—for his senses—a second level of meaning vehicle—words in the language of thought. I agree. They also offer a theory of atomic concept reference—their ‘originalist’ theory—which implies that people knowing the same word have the ‘same concept’. This I reject, arguing for a symmetrical rather than an originalist theory of concept reference, claiming that individual concepts are (...)
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  35. Does a Normal Foetus Really Have a Future of Value? A Reply to Marquis.Robert P. Lovering - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):131–45.
    The traditional approach to the abortion debate revolves around numerous issues, such as whether the fetus is a person, whether the fetus has rights, and more. Don Marquis suggests that this traditional approach leads to a standoff and that the abortion debate “requires a different strategy.” Hence his “future of value” strategy, which is summarized as follows: (1) A normal fetus has a future of value. (2) Depriving a normal fetus of a future of value imposes a misfortune on (...)
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  36.  35
    Elaborating Naturalized Critical Realism: Response to Ruth Groff, Dave Elder-Vass, Daniel Little and Petri Ylikoski.Tuukka Kaidesoja - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (2):359-375.
    This paper is a reply to the discussions of Ruth Groff, Dave Elder-Vass, Daniel Little, and Petri Ylikoski of Tuukka Kaidesoja : Naturalizing Critical Realist Social Ontology.
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  37. Avoiding the Personhood Issue: Abortion, Identity, and Marquis's ‘Future‐Like‐Ours’ Argument.Eric Reitan - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (4):272-281.
    One reason for the persistent appeal of Don Marquis' ‘future like ours’ argument is that it seems to offer a way to approach the debate about the morality of abortion while sidestepping the difficult task of establishing whether the fetus is a person. This essay argues that in order to satisfactorily address both of the chief objections to FLO – the ‘identity objection’ and the ‘contraception objection’ – Marquis must take a controversial stand on what is most essential (...)
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  38. Why the Count de Borda Cannot Beat the Marquis de Condorcet.Mathias Risse - unknown
    Although championed by the Marquis the Condorcet and many others, majority rule has often been rejected as indeterminate, incoherent, or implausible. Majority rule’s arch competitor is the Borda count, proposed by the Count de Borda, and there has long been a dispute between the two approaches. In several..
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  39.  11
    Murder, Abortion, Contraception, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Deprivation of Non-Discernible and Non-Existent People: A Reply to Marquis and Christensen.Hugh V. McLachlan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):415-416.
    Marquis’s account of the ethics of abortion is unsatisfactory but not as Christensen implies baseless. It requires to be amended rather than abandoned. It is true, as Marquis asserts that murder and abortion both might deprive people of something of value to them, in particular, the life of a sort that might have been to them worth living. However, it is mistaken to conclude, as Marquis does, that murder and abortion are thereby morally equivalent. Not all deprivation (...)
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  40.  59
    Ruth Barcan Marcus and the Barcan Formula.Terence Parsons - 1995 - In Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.), Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--11.
  41.  27
    Ruth's Resolve: What Jesus' Great-Grandmother May Teach About Bioethics and Care.A. L. Hall - 2005 - Christian Bioethics 11 (1):35-50.
    When thinking about the intersection of care and Christian bioethics, it is helpful to follow closely the account of Ruth, who turned away from security and walked alongside her grieving mother-in-law to Bethlehem. Remembering Ruth may help one to heed Professor Kaveny?s summoning of Christians to remember ?the Order of Widows? and the church?s historic calling to bring ?the almanahinto its center rather than pushing her to its margins.? Disabled, elderly and terminally ill people often seem, at least (...)
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  42. Review of Millikan, Ruth Garrett, Language: A Biological Model[REVIEW]Brian Epstein - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (5).
    Ruth Mil­likan is one of the most inter­est­ing and influ­en­tial philoso­phers alive. Her work is also hard to pen­e­trate. In this review, I try to present and assess her work on the nature of lan­guage, which is col­lected in this anthol­ogy. I also crit­i­cize her analy­sis of “nat­ural con­ven­tion” as well as her dis­cus­sion of illo­cu­tion­ary acts.
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  43.  69
    Reply to Marquis: How Things Stand with the 'Future Like Ours' Argument.C. Strong - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):567-569.
    In an earlier essay in this journal I critiqued Don Marquis's well-known argument against abortion. I distinguished two versions of Marquis's argument, which I refer to as ‘the essence argument’ and ‘the sufficient condition argument’. I presented two counterexamples showing that the essence argument was mistaken, and I argued that the sufficient condition argument should be rejected because Marquis had not adequately responded to an important objection to it. In response to my critique, Marquis put forward (...)
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  44.  46
    On Modality and Reference: Ruth Barcan Marcus (1921-2012).Genoveva Martí - 2012 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):203-212.
    Obituary. Ruth Barcan Marcus' contributions to modal logic and to semantics are discussed.
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  45.  12
    Ruth Sonderegger (Amsterdam): Über einige Neuerscheinungen zur Asthetik.Ruth Sonderegger - 2006 - Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):289 - 302.
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  46.  35
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
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  47.  27
    Reading Ruth 4 and Leviticus 25:8–55 in the Light of the Landless and Poor Women in South Africa: A Conversation with Fernando F. Segovia and Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara. [REVIEW]V. Ndikhokele N. Mtshiselwa - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (1):01-05.
    Recent statistics in South Africa shows that women mostly experience poverty as compared to their male counterparts. In the context of the experience of poverty by women, several Old Testament scholars have convincingly explored the theme of poverty in the Hebrew Bible. In her contextual rereading of the Naomi-Ruth Story, Madipoane Masenya links the issue of poverty to the theme of land. Also, from the historical-critical and partly, the contextual approach to ancient texts, Esias E. Meyer argues that Leviticus (...)
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  48. Ruth Anna Putnam and the Fact-Value Distinction.J. J. C. Smart - 1999 - Philosophy 74 (3):431-437.
    This article is a defence of the Fact-Value distinction against considerations brought up by Ruth Anna Putnam in three articles in Philosophy, especially her ‘Perceiving Facts and Values’ January 1998. I defend metaphysical realism about facts and anti-realism about values against Putnam' intermediate position about both and I relate the matter to the logic of imperatives. The motivations of scientists or historians to select fields of investigation are irrelevant to the objectivity of their hypotheses, and so is the goodness (...)
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  49.  52
    Ruth Garrett Millikan, Review of Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature by Peter Godfrey-Smith. [REVIEW]Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):375-377.
  50. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason, Ruth Chang (Ed.), Harvard University Press, 1998, 303 Pages. [REVIEW]Adam Morton - 2000 - Economics and Philosophy 16 (1):147-174.
    review of Ruth Chang's collection in which I argue that the apparent agreements between the authors disguise underlying important differences.
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