Results for 'Ryan E. Lawrence'

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  1.  20
    Patients’ Beliefs About Deep Brain Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression.Ryan E. Lawrence, Catharine R. Kaufmann, Ravi B. DeSilva & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (4):210-218.
    Deep brain stimulation is an experimental procedure for treatment-resistant depression. Some results show promise, but blinded trials had limited success. Ethical questions center on vulnerability: especially on whether depressed patients can weigh the risks and benefits effectively, whether depression causes “desperation,” and whether media portrayals create unrealistic hopes. We interviewed 24 psychiatric inpatients with treatment-resistant depression, qualitatively analyzing their comments. Most had minimal interest in deep brain stimulators. Some might consider them if their depression worsened, if alternatives were exhausted, or (...)
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  2.  51
    Clash of definitions: Controversies about conscience in medicine.Ryan E. Lawrence & Farr A. Curlin - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):10 – 14.
    What role should the physician's conscience play in the practice of medicine? Much controversy has surrounded the question, yet little attention has been paid to the possibility that disputants are operating with contrasting definitions of the conscience. To illustrate this divergence, we contrast definitions stemming from Abrahamic religions and those stemming from secular moral tradition. Clear differences emerge regarding what the term conscience conveys, how the conscience should be informed, and what the consequences are for violating one's conscience. Importantly, these (...)
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  3.  12
    Response to Commentators on “Clash of Definitions: Controversies about Conscience in Medicine”.Ryan E. Lawrence - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):W1-W2.
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  4.  31
    Conscientious objection and its social context.Ryan E. Lawrence - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):613-614.
    Conscientious objection among physicians is a perennial hot topic on both sides of the Atlantic. Sven Nordstrand's survey of Norwegian medical students adds fresh data to this ongoing debate.1Their starting point, whether doctors should be allowed to refuse any procedure to which they object on cultural, moral or religious grounds, is truly at the heart of the debate. Their finding that only 20.8% of students endorse this position is striking as it is less than half the number reported by Sophie (...)
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  5.  3
    Misplaced Flexibility: Revise Policies but Cling to Principles.Ryan E. Lawrence - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):36-37.
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  6.  35
    Concerns about genetic testing for schizophrenia among young adults at clinical high risk for psychosis.Ryan E. Lawrence, Phoebe Friesen, Gary Brucato, Ragy R. Girgis & Lisa Dixon - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (3):193-198.
    Background: Genetic tests for schizophrenia may introduce risks and benefits. Among young adults at clinical high risk for psychosis, little is known about their concerns and how they assess potential risks. Methods: We conducted semistructured interviews with 15 young adults at clinical high risk for psychosis to ask about their concerns. Results: Participants expressed concerns about test reliability, data interpretation, stigma, psychological harm, family planning, and privacy. Participants’ responses showed some departure from the ethics literature insofar as participants were primarily (...)
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  7.  16
    Response to Commentators on "Clash of Definitions: Controversies about Conscience in Medicine".Ryan E. Lawrence & Farr A. Curlin - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):1-2.
    What role should the physician's conscience play in the practice of medicine? Much controversy has surrounded the question, yet little attention has been paid to the possibility that disputants are operating with contrasting definitions of the conscience. To illustrate this divergence, we contrast definitions stemming from Abrahamic religions and those stemming from secular moral tradition. Clear differences emerge regarding what the term conscience conveys, how the conscience should be informed, and what the consequences are for violating one's conscience. Importantly, these (...)
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  8.  16
    Misplaced flexibility: Revise policies but Cling to principles.Ryan E. Lawrence & Farr A. Curlin - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):36 – 37.
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  9.  25
    Predictors of hospitalised patients' preferences for physician-directed medical decision-making.Grace S. Chung, Ryan E. Lawrence, Farr A. Curlin, Vineet Arora & David O. Meltzer - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):77-82.
    Background Although medical ethicists and educators emphasise patient-centred decision-making, previous studies suggest that patients often prefer their doctors to make the clinical decisions. Objective To examine the associations between a preference for physician-directed decision-making and patient health status and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods Sociodemographic and clinical information from all consenting general internal medicine patients at the University of Chicago Medical Center were examined. The primary objectives were to (1) assess the extent to which patients prefer an active role in clinical decision-making, (...)
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  10.  10
    Identification of common variants influencing risk of the tauopathy progressive supranuclear palsy.Günter U. Höglinger, Nadine M. Melhem, Dennis W. Dickson, Patrick M. A. Sleiman, Li-San Wang, Lambertus Klei, Rosa Rademakers, Rohan de Silva, Irene Litvan, David E. Riley, John C. van Swieten, Peter Heutink, Zbigniew K. Wszolek, Ryan J. Uitti, Jana Vandrovcova, Howard I. Hurtig, Rachel G. Gross, Walter Maetzler, Stefano Goldwurm, Eduardo Tolosa, Barbara Borroni, Pau Pastor, P. S. P. Genetics Study Group, Laura B. Cantwell, Mi Ryung Han, Allissa Dillman, Marcel P. van der Brug, J. Raphael Gibbs, Mark R. Cookson, Dena G. Hernandez, Andrew B. Singleton, Matthew J. Farrer, Chang-En Yu, Lawrence I. Golbe, Tamas Revesz, John Hardy, Andrew J. Lees, Bernie Devlin, Hakon Hakonarson, Ulrich Müller & Gerard D. Schellenberg - unknown
    Progressive supranuclear palsy is a movement disorder with prominent tau neuropathology. Brain diseases with abnormal tau deposits are called tauopathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer's disease. Environmental causes of tauopathies include repetitive head trauma associated with some sports. To identify common genetic variation contributing to risk for tauopathies, we carried out a genome-wide association study of 1,114 individuals with PSP and 3,247 controls followed by a second stage in which we genotyped 1,051 cases and 3,560 controls for the (...)
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  11.  3
    Multi-Process Action Control in Physical Activity: A Primer.Ryan E. Rhodes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The gap between the decision to engage in physical activity and subsequent behavioral enactment is considerable for many. Action control theories focus on this discordance in an attempt to improve the translation of intention into behavior. The purpose of this mini-review was to overview one of these approaches, the multi-process action control framework, which has evolved from a collection of previous works. The main concepts and operational structure of M-PAC was overviewed followed by applications of the framework in physical activity, (...)
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  12.  23
    The Dynamic Ebbinghaus: motion dynamics greatly enhance the classic contextual size illusion.Ryan E. B. Mruczek, Christopher D. Blair, Lars Strother & Gideon P. Caplovitz - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  13.  11
    Marijuana and Creativity.Ryan E. Holt & James C. Kaufman - 2010 - In Fritz Allhoff & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Cannabis Philosophy for Everyone. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 114–120.
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  14.  6
    Understanding the Reasons behind Anticipated Regret for Missing Regular Physical Activity.Ryan E. Rhodes & Chetan D. Mistry - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  15.  5
    Disrupting narratives of racial progress: Two preservice elementary teachers’ practices.Ryan E. Hughes & Pratigya Marhatta - 2022 - Journal of Social Studies Research 46 (3):185-208.
    This study examined the approaches used by two preservice elementary school teachers as they designed and taught antiracist social studies lessons about civil rights history during a community-based field experience. Using a theoretical framework of racial pedagogical content knowledge (RPCK), we identified three domains of RPCK needed to enact antiracist elementary social studies teaching and analyzed how these domains surfaced during lessons and interviews. Our cross-case analysis revealed that both preservice teachers struggled to balance presenting civil rights events as historically (...)
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  16.  5
    The combination of target motion and dynamic changes in context greatly enhance visual size illusions.Ryan E. B. Mruczek, Matthew Fanelli, Sean Kelly & Gideon P. Caplovitz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16:959367.
    Perceived size is a function of viewing distance, retinal images size, and various contextual cues such as linear perspective and the size and location of neighboring objects. Recently, we demonstrated that illusion magnitudes of classic visual size illusions may be greatly enhanced or reduced by adding dynamic elements. Specifically, a dynamic version of the Ebbinghaus illusion (classically considered a “size contrast” illusion) led to a greatly enhanced illusory effect, whereas a dynamic version of the Corridor illusion (a “size constancy” illusion) (...)
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  17.  23
    The betrayal of pragmatism?: Rorty's quarrel with James.Ryan E. Cull - 2000 - Philosophy and Literature 24 (1):83-95.
  18.  94
    Transformative food systems education in a land-grant college of agriculture: the importance of learner-centered inquiries. [REVIEW]Ryan E. Galt, Damian Parr, Julia Van Soelen Kim, Jessica Beckett, Maggie Lickter & Heidi Ballard - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):129-142.
    In this paper we use a critically reflective research approach to analyze our efforts at transformative learning in food systems education in a land grant university. As a team of learners across the educational hierarchy, we apply scholarly tools to the teaching process and learning outcomes of student-centered inquiries in a food systems course. The course, an interdisciplinary, lower division undergraduate course at the University of California, Davis is part of a new undergraduate major in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems. (...)
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  19. A Theory of Human Knowledge After Franciscus Patricius.E. E. Ryan - 2003 - Synthesis Philosophica 18 (1-2):319-340.
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  20.  53
    The Catholic Reformation.E. A. Ryan - 1950 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 25 (1):163-165.
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  21.  26
    Krytyczna historia ucieleśniania jako paragydmatu badawczego nauk o poznaniu:(Lawrence Shapiro, Embodied Cognitive)/Kevin Ryan.Lawrence Shapiro & Kevin Ryan - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):386 - 389.
  22.  4
    Affective Determinants of Physical Activity: A Conceptual Framework and Narrative Review.Courtney J. Stevens, Austin S. Baldwin, Angela D. Bryan, Mark Conner, Ryan E. Rhodes & David M. Williams - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The literature on affective determinants of physical activity is growing rapidly. The present paper aims to provide greater clarity regarding the definition and distinctions among the various affect-related constructs that have been examined in relation to PA. Affective constructs are organized according to the Affect and Health Behavior Framework, including: affective response to PA; incidental affect; affect processing; and affectively charged motivational states. After defining each category of affective construct, we provide examples of relevant research showing how each construct may (...)
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  23.  63
    Christian Truth in History. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (2):307-309.
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  24.  61
    Discussion of Holidays in the Later Middle Ages. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1941 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 16 (2):362-363.
  25.  52
    History of the Popes. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (3):467-468.
  26.  5
    History of the Popes. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (3):467-468.
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  27.  42
    Life of St. Charles Borromeo. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (3):525-526.
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  28.  28
    Manual of Patrology and History of Theology. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1936 - New Scholasticism 10 (3):289-290.
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  29.  53
    Papal Enforcement of Some Medieval Marriage Laws. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1940 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 15 (4):746-747.
  30.  41
    Pope Innocent III and His Times. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1941 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 16 (3):538-538.
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  31.  54
    Papal Legate at the Council of Trent. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):330-332.
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  32.  48
    Pageant of the Popes. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (1):124-125.
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  33.  60
    Pillars of the Church. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1946 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 21 (1):149-150.
  34.  52
    Spirit of Flame. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (3):532-534.
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  35.  13
    Spirit of Flame. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (3):532-534.
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  36.  56
    Saint Teresa of Ávila. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (1):141-143.
  37.  34
    The Great Religions of the Modern World. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (2):374-376.
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  38.  9
    The Great Religions of the Modern World. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (2):374-376.
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  39.  47
    The Life and the Kingdom of Jesus in Christian Souls. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1946 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 21 (4):737-740.
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  40.  48
    The Nature and Destiny of Man. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (2):360-362.
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  41.  41
    Their Name is Pius. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (2):375-375.
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  42.  5
    Their Name is Pius. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (2):375-375.
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  43.  46
    The Retrial of Joan of Arc. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1956 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 31 (3):461-462.
  44.  53
    The Sign of Jonas. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1954 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 29 (2):314-315.
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  45.  37
    The Vatican as a World Power. [REVIEW]E. A. Ryan - 1939 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 14 (4):655-656.
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  46.  4
    Predicting Working Memory Training Benefits From Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Using Resting-State fMRI.Adelle G. B. Cerreta, Ryan E. B. Mruczek & Marian E. Berryhill - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  47.  16
    Reflective and Non-conscious Responses to Exercise Images.Kathryn Cope, Corneel Vandelanotte, Camille E. Short, David E. Conroy, Ryan E. Rhodes, Ben Jackson, James A. Dimmock & Amanda L. Rebar - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  48.  25
    On scientific thinking.Ryan D. Tweney, Michael E. Doherty & Clifford R. Mynatt (eds.) - 1981 - New York: Columbia University Press.
  49.  14
    In Search of Humanity: Essays in Honor of Clifford Orwin.Ryan Balot, Timothy W. Burns, Paul A. Cantor, Brent Edwin Cusher, Donald Forbes, Steven Forde, Bryan-Paul Frost, Kenneth Hart Green, Ran Halévi, L. Joseph Hebert, Henry Higuera, Robert Howse, S. N. Jaffe, Michael S. Kochin, Noah Lawrence, Mark J. Lutz, Arthur M. Melzer, Jeffrey Metzger, Miguel Morgado, Waller R. Newell, Michael Palmer, Lorraine Smith Pangle, Thomas L. Pangle, Marc F. Plattner, William B. Parsons, Linda R. Rabieh, Andrea Radasanu, Michael Rosano, Diana J. Schaub, Susan Meld Shell & Nathan Tarcov (eds.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This collection of essays, offered in honor of the distinguished career of prominent political philosophy professor Clifford Orwin, brings together internationally renowned scholars to provide a wide context and discuss various aspects of the virtue of “humanity” through the history of political philosophy.
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  50.  7
    Patient Ineligibility as a Barrier to Participation in Clinical Trials.Ryan Lawrence - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (8):83-85.
    Garland and colleagues provide many compelling reasons for why clinicians ought to participate in pragmatic clinical trials (Garland et al. 2023), also known as effectiveness trials (Thorpe et al....
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