49 found
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  1. Seeing Subjectivity: Defending a Perceptual Account of Other Minds.Joel Krueger & Søren Overgaard - 2012 - ProtoSociology (47):239-262.
    The problem of other minds has a distinguished philosophical history stretching back more than two hundred years. Taken at face value, it is an epistemological question: it concerns how we can have knowledge of, or at least justified belief in, the existence of minds other than our own. In recent decades, philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, anthropologists and primatologists have debated a related question: how we actually go about attributing mental states to others (regardless of whether we ever achieve knowledge or rational (...)
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  2. An Introduction to Metaphilosophy.Søren Overgaard, Paul Gilbert & Stephen Burwood - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is philosophy? How should we do it? Why should we bother to? These are the kinds of questions addressed by metaphilosophy - the philosophical study of the nature of philosophy itself. Students of philosophy today are faced with a confusing and daunting array of philosophical methods, approaches and styles and also deep divisions such as the notorious rift between analytic and Continental philosophy. This book takes readers through a full range of approaches - analytic versus Continental, scientistic versus humanistic, (...)
     
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  3.  65
    The Interactive Turn in Social Cognition Research: A Critique.Søren Overgaard & John Michael - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):160-183.
    Proponents of the so-called “interactive turn in social cognition research” maintain that mainstream research on social cognition has been fundamentally flawed by its neglect of social interaction, and that a new paradigm is needed in order to redress this shortcoming. We argue that proponents of the interactive turn (“interactionists”) have failed to properly substantiate their criticisms of existing research on social cognition. Although it is sometimes unclear precisely what these criticisms of existing theories are supposed to target, we sketch two (...)
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  4.  30
    Consciousness, Belief, and the Group Mind Hypothesis.Søren Overgaard & Alessandro Salice - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1-25.
    According to the Group Mind Hypothesis, a group can have beliefs over and above the beliefs of the individual members of the group. Some maintain that there can be group mentality of this kind in the absence of any group-level phenomenal consciousness. We present a challenge to the latter view. First, we argue that a state is not a belief unless the owner of the state is disposed to access the state’s content in a corresponding conscious judgment. Thus, if there (...)
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  5.  54
    Other Minds Embodied.Søren Overgaard - 2017 - Continental Philosophy Review 50 (1):65-80.
    I distinguish three kinds of other minds problems—conceptual, epistemological and empirical. I argue that while Merleau-Ponty believes embodiment helps with tackling the conceptual and epistemological problems, he suggests that it is of no clear use in solving the empirical problem. I sketch some considerations that could lend support to Merleau-Ponty’s claims about the conceptual and epistemological problems, without claiming that these are conclusive. I then proceed to argue that Merleau-Ponty’s take on the empirical problem is essentially correct.
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  6.  63
    Husserl and Heidegger on Being in the World.Søren Overgaard - 2004 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    It is a study of the phenomenological philosophies of Husserl and Heidegger. Through a critical discussion including practically all previously published English and German literature on the subject, the aim is to present a thorough and evenhanded account of the relation between the two. The book provides a detailed presentation of their respective projects and methods, and examines several of their key phenomenological analyses, centering on the phenomenon of being-in-the-world. It offers new perspectives on Husserlian and Heideggerian phenomenology, e.g. concerning (...)
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  7.  39
    Other People.Søren Overgaard - 2012 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Phenomenology. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter develops a perceptual solution to the epistemological problem of other minds, relying on central ideas from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology. The Merleau-Pontian account is contrasted with another attempted perceptual solution to the other minds problem, and it is argued that only the former meets the phenomenologists' desideratum of providing an alternative to inferential solutions. The chapter also provides responses to various objections to the perceptual solution, including a pair of objections recently put forward by Alec Hyslop.
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  8.  90
    Mindreading as Social Expertise.John Michael, Wayne Christensen & Søren Overgaard - 2014 - Synthese 191 (5):1-24.
    In recent years, a number of approaches to social cognition research have emerged that highlight the importance of embodied interaction for social cognition (Reddy, How infants know minds, 2008; Gallagher, J Conscious Stud 8:83–108, 2001; Fuchs and Jaegher, Phenom Cogn Sci 8:465–486, 2009; Hutto, in Seemans (ed.) Joint attention: new developments in psychology, philosophy of mind and social neuroscience, 2012). Proponents of such ‘interactionist’ approaches emphasize the importance of embodied responses that are engaged in online social interaction, and which, according (...)
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  9.  41
    Perceptual Error, Conjunctivism, and Husserl.Søren Overgaard - 2018 - Husserl Studies 34 (1):25-45.
    Claude Romano and Andrea Staiti have recently discussed Husserl’s account of perception in relation to debates in current analytic philosophy between so-called “conjunctivists” and “disjunctivists”. Romano and Staiti offer strikingly different accounts of the nature of illusion and hallucination, and opposing readings of Husserl. Romano thinks hallucinations and illusions are fleeting, fragile phenomena, while Staiti claims they are inherently retrospective phenomena. Romano reads Husserl as being committed to a form of conjunctivism that Romano rejects in favour of a version of (...)
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  10. Rethinking Other Minds: Wittgenstein and Levinas on Expression.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 48 (3):249 – 274.
    One reason why the problem of other minds keeps cropping up in modern philosophy is that we seem to have conflicting intuitions about our access to the mental lives of others. On the one hand, we are inclined to think that it is wrong to claim, like Cartesian dualists must, that the minds of others are essentially inaccessible to direct experience. But on the other hand we feel that it is equally wrong to claim, like the behaviorists, that the mental (...)
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  11. The Problem of Other Minds: Wittgenstein's Phenomenological Perspective. [REVIEW]Søren Overgaard - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):53-73.
    This paper discusses Wittgenstein's take on the problem of other minds. In opposition to certain widespread views that I collect under the heading of the “No Problem Interpretation,” I argue that Wittgenstein does address some problem of other minds. However, Wittgenstein's problem is not the traditional epistemological problem of other minds; rather, it is more reminiscent of the issue of intersubjectivity as it emerges in the writings of phenomenologists such as Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, and Heidegger. This is one sense in which (...)
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  12.  65
    The Unobservability Thesis.Søren Overgaard - 2017 - Synthese 194 (3).
    The unobservability thesis states that the mental states of other people are unobservable. Both defenders and critics of UT seem to assume that UT has important implications for the mindreading debate. Roughly, the former argue that because UT is true, mindreaders need to infer the mental states of others, while the latter maintain that the falsity of UT makes mindreading inferences redundant. I argue, however, that it is unclear what ‘unobservability’ means in this context. I outline two possible lines of (...)
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  13.  79
    Motivating Disjunctivism.Søren Overgaard - 2013 - Husserl Studies 29 (1):51-63.
  14.  31
    McNeill on Embodied Perception Theory.Søren Overgaard - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (254):135-143.
  15. On the Looks of Things.Søren Overgaard - 2010 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (2):260-284.
    In recent publications, Michael Tye and Alva Noë have claimed that there is a sense in which a tilted plate looks round and another sense in which it looks elliptical. This paper argues that their proposal faces decisive objections. On Tye and Noë's account of ordinary, veridical perception, appearances are in constant conflict. As a characterization of ordinary visual experience, this cannot be correct. I examine various responses to this criticism, and conclude that they all fail. I then argue that (...)
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  16.  69
    Enactivism and the Perception of Others’ Emotions.Søren Overgaard - 2017 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 41 (1):105-129.
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  17.  69
    How to Do Things with Brackets: The Epoché Explained.Søren Overgaard - 2015 - Continental Philosophy Review 48 (2):179-195.
    According to ‘purification interpretations’, the point of the epoché is to purify our ordinary experience of certain assumptions inherent in it. In this paper, I argue that purification interpretations are wrong. Ordinary experience is just fine as it is, and phenomenology has no intention of correcting or purifying it. To understand the epoché, we must keep the reflective nature of phenomenology firmly in mind. When we do phenomenology, we occupy two distinct roles, which come with very different responsibilities. As reflecting (...)
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  18.  23
    Heidegger on Embodiment.Søren Overgaard - 2004 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 35 (2):116-131.
  19. Epoché and Solipsistic Reduction.Søren Overgaard - 2002 - Husserl Studies 18 (3):209-222.
  20.  89
    Royaumont Revisited.Søren Overgaard - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (5):899-924.
    Michael Dummett has claimed that the only way to establish communication between the analytic and Continental schools of philosophy is to go back to their point of divergence in Frege and the early Husserl. In this paper, I try to show that Dummett's claim is false. I examine in detail the discussions at the infamous 1958 Royaumont Colloquium on analytic philosophy. Many ? including Dummett ? believe that these discussions underscore the futility of attempting to bridge the gap between Continental (...)
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  21. How to Analyze Immediate Experience: Hintikka, Husserl, and the Idea of Phenomenology.Søren Overgaard - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (3):282-304.
    This article discusses Jaakko Hintikka's interpretation of the aims and method of Husserl's phenomenology. I argue that Hintikka misrepresents Husserl's phenomenology on certain crucial points. More specifically, Hintikka misconstrues Husserl's notion of "immediate experience" and consequently fails to grasp the functions of the central methodological tools known as the "epoché" and the "phenomenological reduction." The result is that the conception of phenomenology he attributes to Husserl is very far from realizing the philosophical potential of Husserl's position. Hence if we want (...)
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  22. Disjunctivism and the Urgency of Scepticism.Søren Overgaard - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (1):5-21.
    This paper argues that McDowell is right to claim that disjunctivism has anti-sceptical implications. While the disjunctive conception of experience leaves unaffected the Cartesian sceptical challenge, it undermines another type of sceptical challenge. Moreover, the sceptical challenge against which disjunctivism militates has some philosophical urgency in that it threatens the very notion that perceptual experience can acquaint us with the world around us.
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  23.  25
    Intersubjectivity.Søren Overgaard - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  24. Understanding (Other) Minds : Wittgenstein's Phenomenological Contribution.Daniel Zahavi & Søren Overgaard - 2008 - In David K. Levy & Edoardo Zamuner (eds.), Wittgenstein’s Enduring Arguments. Routledge.
     
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  25.  93
    Exposing the Conjuring Trick: Wittgenstein on Subjectivity. [REVIEW]Søren Overgaard - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (3):263-286.
    Since the publication of the Philosophical Investigations in 1953, Wittgenstein''s later philosophy of mind has been the subject of numerous books and articles. Although most commentators agree that Wittgenstein was neither a behaviorist nor a Cartesian dualist, many continue to ascribe to him a position that strongly resembles one of the alternatives. In contrast, this paper argues that Wittgenstein was strongly opposed to behaviorism and Cartesianism, and that he was concerned to show that these positions implicitly share a problematic assumption. (...)
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  26.  94
    Heidegger's Early Critique of Husserl.Søren Overgaard - 2003 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (2):157 – 175.
    This paper examines Heidegger's critique of Husserl in its earliest extant formulation, viz. the lecture courses Ontologie from 1923 and Einführung in die phänomenologische Forschung from 1923/4. Commentators frequently ignore these lectures, but I try to show that a study of them can reveal both the extent to which Heidegger remains committed to phenomenological research in something like its Husserlian form, and when and why Heidegger must part with Husserl. More specifically, I claim that Heidegger rightly criticizes Husserl's account of (...)
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  27. Phenomenological Sociology - the Subjectivity of Everyday Life.Dan Zahavi & Søren Overgaard - manuscript
    In Jacobsen, M.H. (ed.): Sociologies of the Unnoticed. Palgrave/Macmillan, 2008.
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  28.  32
    Heidegger's Concept of Truth Revisited.Søren Overgaard - 2002 - SATS 3 (2):73-90.
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  29.  91
    Ordinary Experience and the Epoché: Husserl and Heidegger Versus Rosen (and Cavell).Søren Overgaard - 2010 - Continental Philosophy Review 43 (3):307-330.
    In various publications, Stanley Cavell and Stanley Rosen have emphasized the philosophical importance of what they both call the ordinary. They both contrast their recovery of the ordinary with traditional philosophy, including the phenomenological philosophy of Edmund Husserl. In this paper, I address Rosen’s claims in particular. I argue that Rosen turns the real situation on its head. Contra Rosen, it is not the case that the employment of Husserl’s epoché distorts the authentic voice of the ordinary—a voice that is (...)
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  30.  16
    Being There: Heidegger's Formally Indicative Concept of Dasein.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:145-163.
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  31.  12
    Being There.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:145-163.
  32.  16
    Gronke, Horst: Das Denken des Anderen: Führt die Selbstaufhebung von Husserls Phänomenologie der Intersubjektivität zur transzendentalen Sprachpragmatik? Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1999, 294 sider; Zahavi, Dan: Husserl und die transzendentale Intersubjektivität: Eine Antwort auf die sprachpragmatische Kritik. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996, 204+xii sider. [REVIEW]Søren Overgaard - 2000 - SATS 1 (2):191–199.
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  33.  14
    How Not to Think of Perception.Søren Overgaard - 2020 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 27:121-132.
    Perception seems like it puts us directly in touch with real things in our environment. But according to a popular view, perception actually does no such thing. Perceptual experiences are internally generated imagery, and we don’t see what is really out there. I call this view “the Hard-Nosed View,” and I argue that it is deeply problematic. In fact, the view is self-defeating: it undermines the very evidence supposed to establish or support the view. Indeed, if perceptual experiences are just (...)
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  34.  11
    “Incarnality” and Metontology: A Reply to Frank Schalow.Søren Overgaard - 2006 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 37 (1):92-94.
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  35.  18
    Inside Phenomenology.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:398-404.
  36.  12
    Inside Phenomenology: A Reply to Damian Byers.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:398-404.
  37.  61
    Movement is Our Mother Tongue: Maxine Sheets-Johnstone, The Corporeal Turn: An Interdisciplinary Reader. Exeter, UK, and Charlottesville, VA, USA: Imprint Academic. ISBN 9 781845 401535.Søren Overgaard - 2011 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):139-143.
  38. Never Mind the Body: On Somatic Markers and the Emotionality of Reason.Søren Overgaard - 2010 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 88:143-161.
  39.  14
    Naïve Realism and the Problem of Illusion.Søren Overgaard - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
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  40. Social Perception and “Spectator Theories” of Other Minds.Søren Overgaard & Joel Krueger - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):434 - 435.
    We resist Schilbach et al.’s characterization of the “social perception” approach to social cognition as a “spectator theory” of other minds. We show how the social perception view acknowledges the crucial role interaction plays in enabling social understanding. We also highlight a dilemma Schilbach et al. face in attempting to distinguish their second person approach from the social perception view.
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  41.  73
    S. Taguchi, Das Problem Des 'Ur-Ich' Bei Edmund Husserl: Die Frage Nach der Selbstverständlichen 'Nähe' Des Selbst. [REVIEW]Søren Overgaard - 2009 - Husserl Studies 25 (1):89-95.
  42.  64
    The Ethical Residue of Language in Levinas and Early Wittgenstein.Søren Overgaard - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (2):223-249.
    Using the later Levinas as a point of departure, this article tries to provide an account of the ethics of Wittgenstein's Tractatus . Although there has not been written much on this topic, there seems to be an increasing awareness among philosophers that there are interesting points of convergence between Levinas and the early Wittgenstein. In contrast to most (if not all) other accounts of the relation, however, this article argues that the truly significant convergence emerges only when one abandons (...)
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  43.  5
    The Future of TTOM.Søren Overgaard - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    “Thinking through other minds,” or TTOM, is defined in two different ways. On the one hand, it refers to something people do – for example, inferences they make about others’ expectations. On the other hand, it refers to a particular theoretical model of those things that people do. If the concept of TTOM is to have any future, this ambiguity must be redressed.
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  44.  26
    Transcendental Phenomenology and the Question of Transcendence.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:377-388.
  45.  26
    Transcendental Phenomenology and the Question of Transcendence: A Discussion of Damian Byers’s Intentionality and Transcendence.Søren Overgaard - 2005 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 5:377-388.
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  46. The Private Language Argument and Externalism.Søren Overgaard - 2004 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 39 (1):17-48.
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  47.  7
    The Vertical-Horizontal Illusion.Søren Overgaard - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-15.
    Näive Realists have recently proposed that illusions occur in circumstances that are ‘non-paradigmatic’ or with which we are insufficiently familiar. While this proposal may work for many of the illusions philosophers normally discuss, I argue in this paper that there are other illusions that do not fit this pattern. In particular, the vertical-horizontal illusion occurs in circumstances that are both familiar and paradigmatic, while disappearing in more unusual circumstances.
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  48.  14
    Was Heidegger an “Archaicist”?Søren Overgaard - 2013 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 34 (2):381-389.
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  49. Situating the Problem of Embodiment: A Reply to Overgaard. Discussion.Frank Schalow & Søren Overgaard - 2006 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 37 (1):89-94.
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