Results for 'S��ren Holm'

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  1.  15
    The Phenomenological Ethics of K. E. Løgstrup – a Resource for Health Care Ethics and Philosophy?Søren Holm BA MA MD PhD DrMedSci - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (1):26–33.
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  2.  14
    What Should Other Healthcare Professions Learn From Nursing Ethics.Søren Holm ba ma md phd dr med sci - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (3):165–174.
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  3.  88
    Autonomy, Authenticity, or Best Interest: Everyday Decision-Making and Persons with Dementia. [REVIEW]Søren Holm - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):153-159.
    The question of when we have justification for overriding ordinary, everyday decisions of persons with dementia is considered. It is argued that no single criterion for competent decision-making is able to distinguish reliably between decisions we can legitimately override and decisions we cannot legitimately override.
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  4.  2
    Death, Democracy and Public Ethical Choice.Søren Holm Reid Cushman - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):237-252.
  5. A Life in the Shadow: One Reason Why We Should Not Clone Humans.Søren Holm - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):160-162.
    One of the arguments that is often put forward in the discussion of human cloning is that it is in itself wrong to create a copy of a human being.
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  6.  32
    Like a Frog in Boiling Water: The Public, the HFEA and Sex Selection.Søren Holm - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (1):27-39.
    This paper analyses the British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority's 2002 public consultation on sex selection, a consultation that was mainly concerned with sex selection for non-medical reasons. Based on a close reading of the consultation document and questionnaire it is argued that the consultation is biased towards certain outcomes and can most plausibly be construed as an attempt not to investigate but to influence public opinion.
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  7.  88
    The Ethical Case Against Stem Cell Research.Søren Holm - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):372-383.
    The possibility of creating human embryonic stem cell lines from the inner cell mass of blastocysts has led to considerable debate about how these scientific developments should be regulated. Part of this debate has focused on the ethical analysis and part on how this analysis should influence policymaking.
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  8.  56
    Doctors, Patients, and Nudging in the Clinical Context—Four Views on Nudging and Informed Consent.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):28-38.
    In an analysis of recent work on nudging we distinguish three positions on the relationship between nudging founded in libertarian paternalism and the protection of personal autonomy through informed consent. We argue that all three positions fail to provide adequate protection of personal autonomy in the clinical context. Acknowledging that nudging may be beneficial, we suggest a fourth position according to which nudging and informed consent are valuable in different domains of interaction.
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  9.  46
    Meta Consent – A Flexible Solution to the Problem of Secondary Use of Health Data.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):721-732.
    In this article we provide an in-depth description of a new model of informed consent called ‘meta consent’ and consider its practical implementation. We explore justifications for preferring meta consent over alternative models of consent as a solution to the problem of secondary use of health data for research. We finally argue that meta consent strikes an appropriate balance between enabling valuable research and protecting the individual.
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  10.  27
    The Right to Refuse Diagnostics and Treatment Planning by Artificial Intelligence.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):107-114.
    In an analysis of artificially intelligent systems for medical diagnostics and treatment planning we argue that patients should be able to exercise a right to withdraw from AI diagnostics and treatment planning for reasons related to the physician’s role in the patients’ formation of and acting on personal preferences and values, the bias and opacity problem of AI systems, and rational concerns about the future societal effects of introducing AI systems in the health care sector.
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  11.  3
    Ethical Problems in Clinical Practice: The Ethical Reasoning of Health Care Professionals.Søren Holm - 1997 - Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by St. Martin's Press.
    This new study provides a thorough analysis of the ethical reasoning of doctors and nurses. Based on extensive interviews, Soren Holm's work demonstrates how qualitative research methods can be used to study ethical reasoning, and that the results of such studies are important for normative ethics, that is, the analysis of how health care professionals ought to act.
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  12.  11
    The ‘Expiry Problem’ of Broad Consent for Biobank Research - And Why a Meta Consent Model Solves It.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):629-631.
    In this response to Neil Manson’s latest intervention in our debate about the best consent model for biobank research we show, contra Manson that the ‘expiry problem’ that affects broad consent models because of changes over time in methods, purposes, types of data used and governance structures is a real and significant problem. We further show that our preferred implementation of meta consent as a national consent platform solves this problem and is not subject to the cost and burden objections (...)
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  13.  33
    “Nudging” and Informed Consent Revisited: Why “Nudging” Fails in the Clinical Context.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):29 - 31.
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  14.  36
    If You Have Said A, You Must Also Say B: Is This Always True?Søren Holm - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):179-184.
    “Dissecting Bioethics,” edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics.The section is dedicated to the idea that words defined by bioethicists and others should not be allowed to imprison people's actual concerns, emotions, and thoughts. Papers that expose the many meanings of a concept, describe the different readings of a moral doctrine, or provide an alternative angle to seemingly self-evident issues are therefore particularly appreciated.The themes covered in the section so far (...)
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  15.  14
    Eliciting Meta Consent for Future Secondary Research Use of Health Data Using a Smartphone Application - a Proof of Concept Study in the Danish Population.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):51.
    The increased use of information technology in every day health care creates vast amounts of stored health data that can be used for research. The secondary research use of routinely collected data raises questions about appropriate consent mechanisms for such use. One option is meta consent where individuals state their own consent preferences in relation to future use of their data, e.g. whether they want the data to be accessible to researchers under conditions of specific consent, broad consent, blanket consent (...)
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  16.  69
    Extending Human Lifespan and the Precautionary Paradox.John Harris & Søren Holm - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (3):355 – 368.
    This paper argues that a precautionary approach to scientific progress of the sort advocated by Walter Glannon with respect to life-extending therapies involves both incoherence and irresolvable paradox. This paper demonstrates the incoherence of the precautionary approach in many circumstances and argues that with respect to life-extending therapies we have at present no persuasive reasons for a moratorium on such research.
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  17. Donation, Control and the Ownership of Conscious Things.Søren Holm & Jonathan Lewis - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (2):106-108.
  18.  13
    Context Matters—Why Nudging in the Clinical Context Is Still Different.Søren Holm - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):60-61.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 60-61.
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  19.  5
    Roles, Professions and Ethics: A Tale of Doctors, Patients, Butchers, Bakers and Candlestick Makers.Søren Holm - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):782-783.
    In her paper ‘Why Not Common Morality?’, Rosamond Rhodes argues that medical ethics cannot and should not be derived from common morality and that medical ethics should instead be conceptualised as professional ethics and the content left to the medical profession to develop and decide.1 I have considerable sympathy with the first claim and have myself argued along somewhat similar lines.2 I am, however, very sceptical about elements of the second claim and will briefly explain why. The first part of (...)
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  20.  22
    Philosophy Should and Can Contribute to Bioethics: Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly, and Søren Holm : Cutting Through the Surface: Philosophical Approaches to Bioethics. Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, 2009, 258pp, €54 HB.Vicki Langendyk - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):359-361.
    Philosophy should and can contribute to bioethics Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9476-2 Authors Vicki Langendyk, School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  21.  57
    Should Persons Detained During Public Health Crises Receive Compensation?Søren Holm - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):197-205.
    One of the ways in which public health officials control outbreaks of epidemic disease is by attempting to control the situations in which the infectious agent can spread. This may include isolation of infected persons, quarantine of persons who may be infected and detention of persons who are present in or have entered premises where infected persons are being treated. Most who have analysed such measures think that the restrictions in liberty they entail and the detriments in welfare they impose (...)
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  22.  56
    Informed Consent and Registry-Based Research - the Case of the Danish Circumcision Registry.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):53.
    Research into personal health data holds great potential not only for improved treatment but also for economic growth. In these years many countries are developing policies aimed at facilitating such research often under the banner of ‘big data’. A central point of debate is whether the secondary use of health data requires informed consent if the data is anonymised. In 2013 the Danish Minister of Health established a new register collecting data about all ritual male childhood circumcisions in Denmark. The (...)
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  23.  40
    Accountability for Reasonableness: Opening the Black Box of Process.Andreas Hasman & Søren Holm - 2005 - Health Care Analysis 13 (4):261-273.
    Norman Daniels' and James Sabin's theory of “accountability for reasonableness” is a much discussed account of due process for decision-making on health care priority setting. Central to the theory is the acceptance that people may justifiably disagree on what reasons it is relevant to consider when priorities are made, but that there is a core set of reasons, that all centre on fairness, on which there will be no disagreement. A4R is designed as an institutional decision process which will ensure (...)
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  24.  10
    Going Beyond the False Dichotomy of Broad or Specific Consent: A Meta-Perspective on Participant Choice in Research Using Human Tissue.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):44-46.
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  25. Parental Responsibility and Obesity in Children.Søren Holm - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):21-29.
    Cardiff Law School, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3AX, UK. Tel: +44(0)2920875447, Fax: +44(0)2920874097; Email: Holms{at}cardiff.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract The paper presents a brief overview of current knowledge about (i) the link between parental behaviour and lifestyle and childhood obesity, (ii) the many other factors influencing overweight and obesity rates in children and (iii) the effectiveness of interventions in children who are already overweight and obese. On the basis of this, it is analysed (...)
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  26.  39
    Response to “The Creation Lottery” by Julian Savulescu and John Harris : The Creation Lottery and Method in Bioethics: A Comment on Savulescu and Harris. [REVIEW]Søren Holm - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (3):283-287.
    I am in general a great admirer of the work of Savulescu and Harris, not because I think their conclusions are often right but because they state these conclusions and their arguments very clearly. In their joint paper “The Creation Lottery,” they do, nevertheless, tendentiously overstate their case both with regard to the conclusions that flow from identifying natural reproduction as a creation lottery and in seeing their exchange as an example of good method in bioethics. In the following short (...)
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  27.  21
    Conflict of Interest Disclosure and the Polarisation of Scientific Communities.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):356-358.
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  28.  31
    Reply to Sandin: The Paradox of Precaution Is Not Dispelled by Attention to Context.Søren Holm - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (2):184-187.
    In “A Paradox out of Context: Harris and Holm on the Precautionary Principle,” Sandin criticizes the earlier paper “Extending Human Lifespan and the Precautionary Paradox” wherein John Harris and I argued that the precautionary principle is incoherent. These criticisms offer me the possibility to briefly expand and clarify some of our previous arguments, and to show that the paradox of precaution is not dispelled by attention to context as Sandin maintains. Even when context is fully acknowledged, application of the (...)
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  29.  28
    Controlled Human Infection with SARS-CoV-2 to Study COVID-19 Vaccines and Treatments: Bioethics in Utopia.Søren Holm - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):569-573.
    A number of papers have appeared recently arguing for the conclusion that it is ethically acceptable to infect healthy volunteers with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 as part of research projects aimed at developing COVID-19 vaccines or treatments. This position has also been endorsed in a statement by a working group for the WHO. The papers generally argue that controlled human infection is ethically acceptable if the risks to participants are low and therefore acceptable, the scientific quality of the (...)
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  30.  74
    Patient Autonomy, Clinical Decision Making, and the Phenomenological Reduction.Jonathan Lewis & Søren Holm - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-13.
    Phenomenology gives rise to certain ontological considerations that have far-reaching implications for standard conceptions of patient autonomy in medical ethics, and, as a result, the obligations of and to patients in clinical decision-making contexts. One such consideration is the phenomenological reduction in classical phenomenology, a core feature of which is the characterisation of our primary experiences as immediately and inherently meaningful. This paper builds on and extends the analyses of the phenomenological reduction in the works of Husserl, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty (...)
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  31.  45
    Review Article – I Want to Live Forever – A Review of "Aging, Death and Human Longevity: A Philosophical Inquiry".Søren Holm - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):105-107.
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  32.  9
    A New Argument for No-Fault Compensation in Health Care: The Introduction of Artificial Intelligence Systems.Søren Holm, Catherine Stanton & Benjamin Bartlett - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (3):171-188.
    Artificial intelligence systems advising healthcare professionals will be widely introduced into healthcare settings within the next 5–10 years. This paper considers how this will sit with tort/negligence based legal approaches to compensation for medical error. It argues that the introduction of AI systems will provide an additional argument pointing towards no-fault compensation as the better legal solution to compensation for medical error in modern health care systems. The paper falls into four parts. The first part rehearses the main arguments for (...)
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  33.  31
    Global Bioethics – Myth or Reality?Søren Holm & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-10.
    Background There has been debate on whether a global or unified field of bioethics exists. If bioethics is a unified global field, or at the very least a closely shared way of thinking, then we should expect bioethicists to behave the same way in their academic activities anywhere in the world. This paper investigates whether there is a 'global bioethics' in the sense of a unified academic community. Methods To address this question, we study the web-linking patterns of bioethics institutions, (...)
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  34.  26
    Authenticity, Best Interest, and Clinical Nudging.Søren Holm - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (2):38-40.
    In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Moti Gorin, Steven Joffe, Neal Dickert, and Scott Halpern offer a comprehensive defense of the use of nudging techniques in the clinical context, with the aim of promoting the best interests of patients. Their argument is built on three important claims: Nudging is ubiquitous and inescapable in clinical choice situations, and there is no neutral way of informing patients about their treatment choices; many patients do not have authentic preferences concerning their treatment (...)
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  35.  95
    Should We Presume Moral Turpitude in Our Children? – Small Children and Consent to Medical Research.John Harris & Søren Holm - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):121-129.
    When children are too young to make their ownautonomous decisions, decisions have to be madefor them. In certain contexts we allow parentsand others to make these decisions, and do notinterfere unless the decision clearly violatesthe best interest of the child. In othercontexts we put a priori limits on whatkind of decisions parents can make, and/or whatkinds of considerations they have to take intoaccount. Consent to medical research currentlyfalls into the second group mentioned here. Wewant to consider and ultimately reject one (...)
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  36.  65
    Brain-Machine Interfaces and Personal Responsibility for Action – Maybe Not As Complicated After All.Søren Holm & Teck Chuan Voo - 2010 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (3).
    This comment responds to Kevin Warwick’s article on predictability and responsibility with respect to brain-machine interfaces in action. It compares conventional responsibility for device use with the potential consequences of phenomenological human-machine integration which obscures the causal chain of an act. It explores two senses of “responsibility”: 1) when it is attributed to a person, suggesting the morally important way in which the person is a causal agent, and 2) when a person is accountable and, on the basis of fairness (...)
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  37.  5
    The Future of Human Reproduction : Ethics, Choice, and Regulation.John Harris & Søren Holm (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    The Future of Human Reproduction brings together new work, by an international group of contributors from various fields and perspectives, on ethical, social, and legal issues raised by recent advances in reproductive technology. These advances have put us in a position to choose what kindsof children and parents there should be; the aim of the essays is to illuminate how we should deal with these possibilities for choice. Topics discussed include gender and race selection, genetic engineering, fertility treatment, ovarian tissue (...)
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  38.  16
    Kon's Reinvention of the Empirical Bioethics Wheel.Søren Holm - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):69-70.
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  39.  57
    Euthanasia: Agreeing to Disagree? [REVIEW]Søren Holm - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):399-402.
    In discussions about the legalisation of active, voluntary euthanasia it is sometimes claimed that what should happen in a liberal society is that the two sides in the debate “agree to disagree”. This paper explores what is entailed by agreeing to disagree and shows that this is considerably more complicated than what is usually believed to be the case. Agreeing to disagree is philosophically problematic and will often lead to an unstable compromise.
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  40.  28
    The Lived Body of the Psychosomatic Patient.Søren Holm - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (1):77-80.
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  41.  2
    What is the Foundation of Medical Ethics—Common Morality, Professional Norms, or Moral Philosophy?Søren Holm - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (2):192-198.
    This paper considers the relation between medical ethics and common morality, professional norms, and moral philosophy. It proceeds by analyzing two recent book-length critical analyses of this relationship by Bob Baker in “The Structure of Moral Revolutions—Studies of Changes in the Morality of Abortion, Death, and the Bioethics Revolution” and Rosamond Rhodes in “The Trusted Doctor—Medical Ethics and Professionalism.” It argues that despite the strengths of these critical arguments, there is nevertheless a relationship between ME, understood as the professional ethics (...)
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  42.  8
    Thinking Ahead: Bioethics and the Future, the Future of Bioethics. Challenges, Changes, Concepts: 11th IAB World Congress of Bioethics, Rotterdam, 26.–29. Juni 2012, Organisiert Von: Inez de Beaufort , Angus Dawson, Hans van Delden, Søren Holm, Maartje Schermer Und Marcel Verweij. [REVIEW]Jan-Ole Reichardt & Markus Rüther - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):79-81.
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  43.  75
    Organoid Biobanking, Autonomy and the Limits of Consent.Jonathan Lewis & Søren Holm - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (7):742-756.
    In the debates regarding the ethics of human organoid biobanking, the locus of donor autonomy has been identified in processes of consent. The problem is that, by focusing on consent, biobanking processes preclude adequate engagement with donor autonomy because they are unable to adequately recognise or respond to factors that determine authentic choice. This is particularly problematic in biobanking contexts associated with organoid research or the clinical application of organoids because, given the probability of unforeseen and varying purposes for which (...)
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  44.  82
    Doping Under Medical Control - Conceptually Possible but Impossible in the World of Professional Sports?Søren Holm - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):135 – 145.
    This paper considers the argument that if the ban on doping in sports was abolished it would be possible to have doping under medical control, i.e. open doping, prescribed by doctors with collection of reliable information about effects and side-effects. A game-theoretic argument is developed showing that this positive scenario is very unlikely to be instantiated given reasonable assumptions about the motivation of sportspersons and sports doctors. It is furthermore shown that the standard arguments against the current ban on doping (...)
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  45.  42
    Best Interest: A Philosophical Critique. [REVIEW]Søren Holm & Andrew Edgar - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (3):197-207.
    On one conception of "best interest" there can only be one course of action in a given situation that is in a person's best interest. In this paper we will first consider what theories of "best interest" and rational decision-making that can lead to this conclusion and explore some of the less commonly appreciated implications of these theories. We will then move on to consider what ethical theories that are compatible with such a view and explore their implications. In the (...)
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  46.  7
    A General Approach to Compensation for Losses Incurred Due to Public Health Interventions in the Infectious Disease Context.Søren Holm - 2020 - Monash Bioethics Review 38 (Suppl 1):32-46.
    This paper develops a general approach to how society should compensate for losses that individuals incur due to public health interventions aimed at controlling the spread of infectious diseases. The paper falls in three parts. The first part provides an initial introduction to the issues and briefly outlines five different kinds of public health interventions that will be used as test cases. They are all directed at individuals and aimed at controlling the spread of infectious diseases isolation, quarantine, recommended voluntary (...)
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  47.  15
    The Child as Organ and Tissue Donor: Discussions in the Danish Council of Ethics.Søren Holm - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):156-160.
    At the end of 1999 the Danish Council of Ethics published a report on organ and tissue donation from living donors. The report focused on kidney and bone marrow transplantations, as these are presently the most common transplantations from live donors. During the work on the report, it became clear to the Council that, apart from problems concerning coercion and commercialization that affected both adult and child donors, by far the largest ethical problems occurred in donations from children.
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  48.  15
    The Job of ‘Ethics Committees’ Should Be Ethically Informed Code Consistency Review.Søren Holm - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (7):488-488.
    Moore and Donnelly argue in the paper ‘The job of “ethics committees”’ that research ethics committees should be renamed and that their job should be specified as “review of proposals for consistency with the duly established and applicable code” only.1 They raise a large number of issues, but in this comment I briefly want to suggest that two of their arguments are fundamentally flawed. The first flawed argument is the argument related to the separation of powers. Moore and Donnelly proceed (...)
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  49.  30
    Big Data and Health Research—The Governance Challenges in a Mixed Data Economy.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (4):515-525.
    Denmark is a society that has already moved towards Big Data and a Learning Health Care System. Data from routine healthcare has been registered centrally for years, there is a nationwide tissue bank, and there are numerous other available registries about education, employment, housing, pollution, etcetera. This has allowed Danish researchers to study the link between exposures, genetics and diseases in a large population. This use of public registries for scientific research has been relatively uncontroversial and has been supported by (...)
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  50.  64
    Pharmaceutical Information Systems and Possible Implementations of Informed Consent - Developing an Heuristic.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):30-.
    Background Denmark has implemented a comprehensive, nationwide pharmaceutical information system, and this system has been evaluated by the Danish Council of Ethics. The system can be seen as an exemplar of a comprehensive health information system for clinical use. Analysis The paper analyses 1) how informed consent can be implemented in the system and how different implementations create different impacts on autonomy and control of information, and 2) arguments directed towards justifying not seeking informed consent in this context. Results and (...)
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