Results for 'S. -B. Li'

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  1.  23
    Characteristics of Confucian RitualsA Critique of Fan Ruipings Interpretation.Chenyang Li - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (3):407-411.
    In this paper I argue that Fan Ruipings explication of the Confucian notion of li is problematic in several ways. First, his division of human (...)activities intosocialandnaturalis less than illuminating, as humannaturalactivities are already inescapably social. Second, I question the appropriateness for him to characterize li in terms ofclosed activities,” as some rituals are evidently open-ended. Third, he seems to have overemphasized the constitutive function of li and understated its regulative function. Fourth, contrary to Fans claim, Confucian li accomplishesexternal goalsin human life as well asinternal goals.” Finally, Fans requirement for being a Confucian with respect to the observance of li is unrealistically high and makes it difficult for people to qualify as Confucian. (shrink)
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  2.  4
    The Thought of Yang Zhu in the History of Laozis Thought: Along with a Discussion of the Authenticity of the Liezi.Gusheng Liu & Haijie Li - 2019 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 50 (3-4):75-91.
    Liu and Li argue that Yang Zhu and Liezi were important historical figures in the pre-Qin Daoist lineage and that theYang Zhuchapter in the (...)Liezi adequately represents their thought. They further trace the philosophical evolution of Yang Zhu appraisals by such scholars as Zhang Zhan in the Eastern Jin era, Lu Zhongxuan and Li Xisheng in the Tang, Chen Jingyuan, Zhu Xi, and Lin Xiyi in the Song, Wu Cheng in the Yuan, and Zhu Dezhi in the Ming. All these scholars tend to appreciate Yang Zhus thought or, at least, take it seriously as coherent philosophy. This paper represents the currently dominant approach to Yang Zhu as a valuable philosopher. (shrink)
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  3.  26
    Influence of Interaction: A Study of Zhu Xis Reading of the Taijitu Shuo and the Tongshu.Lizhu Li - 2017 - Asian Philosophy 27 (4):369-377.
    Zhu Xi, as a great leader of Neo-Confucianism, established the succession of the Way and raised Zhou Dunyi to the position of successor of Mencius. Zhu (...)Xi drew attention to Zhous thought and wrote a commentary on his Taijitu Shuo 太極圖說 and Tongshu 通書. During the process of annotating these two works, Zhu discussed the texts with scholars such as Li Tong, Zuqian, Zhang Shi, and Lu Jiuyuan to improve his annotation. The suggestions from other scholars affected Zhus explanation of Zhous works. This essay studies the interaction between Zhu and his friends and attempts to explain how Zhus commentaries on the Taijitu Shuo and Tongshu were affected by other scholarssuggestions. (shrink)
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  4.  40
    Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzis Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 Pages[REVIEW]Elizabeth Woo Li - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (1):115-118.
    Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzis Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 pages (...) Content Type Journal Article Pages 115-118 DOI 10.1007/s11712-011-9252-z Authors Elizabeth Woo Li, Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing, China Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 11 Journal Issue Volume 11, Number 1. (shrink)
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  5.  46
    The Ontologicalization of the Confucian Concept of Xin Xing: Zhou Lianxis Founding Contribution to the Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism[REVIEW]Jinglin Li - 2006 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):204-221.
    The Confucian concept of "cheng" (integrity) emphasizes logical priority of value realization over "zhen shi' (reality or truth). Through value realization and the completion of being, zhenshi (...)
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  6.  58
    Exponential Growth, Animal Welfare, Environmental and Food Safety Impact: The Case of Chinas Livestock Production[REVIEW]Peter J. Li - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (3):217-240.
    Developmental states are criticized for rapidindustrialization without enlightenment.” In the last 30 years, Chinas breathtaking growth has been achieved at a high environmental and food (...)safety cost. This article, utilizing a recent survey of Chinas livestock industry, illustrates the initiating role of Chinas developmental state in the exponential expansion of the countrys livestock production. The enthusiastic response of the livestock industry to the many state policy incentives has made China the worlds biggest animal farming nation. Shortage of meat and dairy supply is history. Yet, the Chinese government is facing new challenges of no less a threat to political stability. Production intensification has created a welfare crisis impacting the worlds biggest number of farm animals. The resulting food safety incidents are affecting consumer confidence and health. Untreated waste contributes to the nations environmental degradation. Developmental states may have a proud record of growth in the initial stage of industrialization. Their prospects for sustained development have long been questioned. China has come to an important juncture to march towards a sustained development. (shrink)
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  7.  14
    The Works of Li Po the Chinese Poet.E. H. S., Shigeyoshi Obata & Li Po - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (2):262.
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  8.  28
    The Effect of the Governance Environment on Marketing Channel Behaviors: The Diamond Industries in the U.S., China, and Hong Kong[REVIEW]Shaomin Li, Kiran Karande & Dongsheng Zhou - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):453 - 471.
    International differences in how market exchanges are conducted (e.g., the mode of entry, level of ownership, and conflict resolution) have been attributed mainly to national culture (...)and cultural distance. However, the cultural arguments cannot explain why economies/countries with similar cultural backgrounds (e.g., Hong Kong and China) exhibit differences in exchange arrangements. Thus, the cultural arguments provide little strategic guidance to multinational corporations (MNCs) in international marketing. We propose that in addition to culture, the governance environment in a country, namely, the political, economic, and social institutions that facilitate or constrain the choice of governance mechanisms, influences the way organizations conduct market exchanges. This important factor heretofore has been ignored. Specifically, we introduce a typology of rule-based and relation-based governance environment to explain how the environment affects marketing channel behaviors, such as barriers to entry, channel exclusivity, information access, trust, and dispute resolution. We analyze the diamond industry in the rule-based governance environment in the U.S. and in the relation-based governance environment in China, and using the diamond industry in Hong Kong as a validation, to develop theoretical propositions and strategic implications for MNCs. (shrink)
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  9. Baldwin, JT and Holland, K., Constructing Ω-Stable Struc-Tures: Model Completeness (13) 159172 Berarducci, A. and Servi, T., An Effective Version of Wilkie's Theorem of the Complement and Some Effective o-Minimality Results (13) 4374[REVIEW]R. Downey, A. Li, G. Wu, M. Dzˇamonja & S. Shelah - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 125:173.
  10. China's Cultural Tradition and Modernization-And a Concurrent Discussion on Chinese Authoritarianism.S. Z. Li - 2001 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 33 (2):63-91.
  11.  27
    Menzerath's Law at the GeneExon Level in the Human Genome.Wentian Li - 2012 - Complexity 17 (4):49-53.
  12.  64
    Analyses of Baby Name Popularity Distribution in U.S. for the Last 131 Years.Wentian Li - 2013 - Complexity 18 (1):44-50.
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  13.  3
    Industrial Composition and Agglomeration Shadow: Evidence From Chinas Large Urban Systems.Jiaming Li & Dongqi Sun - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-11.
    New economic geography raises the question why theagglomeration shadoweffect is significant in some urban regions but not others. This study attempts to answer this question (...)
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  14.  36
    Workplace Dignity in a Total Institution: Examining the Experiences of Foxconns Migrant Workforce[REVIEW]Kristen Lucas, Dongjing Kang & Zhou Li - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):91-106.
    In 2010, a cluster of suicides at the electronics manufacturing giant Foxconn Technology Group sparked worldwide outcry about working conditions at its factories in China. Within a (...)
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  15. Quines Naturalized Epistemology, Epistemic Normativity and the Gettier Problem.Qilin Li - manuscript
    In this paper, it is argued that there are (at least) two different kinds ofepistemic normativityin epistemology, which can be scrutinized and revealed by some (...)
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  16.  27
    The Impact of Operational Diversity on Corporate Philanthropy: An Empirical Study of U.S. Companies[REVIEW]Jean D. Kabongo, Kiyoung Chang & Ying Li - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):49-65.
    This paper investigates the impact of diversity on corporate philanthropy. Compared to previous studies that have considered the influence of board diversity and CEO gender on corporate (...)
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  17.  57
    An Ethical Stakeholder Approach to Crisis Communication: A Case Study of Foxconns 2010 Employee Suicide Crisis[REVIEW]Kaibin Xu & Wenqing Li - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):371-386.
    We have conducted a case study of Foxconns suicide crisis when 12 Foxconn employees committed suicide during the first 5 months of 2010. In this case (...)study, we have examined Foxconns crisis communication strategies during the critical period and explored the failure in crisis communication in terms of the stakeholder approach. Our findings show that Foxconn adopted a mixed response strategy by trying to address the concerns of various stakeholders while refusing to take responsibility for the suicides. Foxconns failure in the crisis was due to its imbalanced stakeholder relations that failed to recognize employees as important stakeholders, resulting in the failure to provide the ethics of care and justice that was warranted. Our findings suggest that an ethical stakeholder approach can complement Benoits and Coombscrisis communication theories and strategies. (shrink)
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  18.  34
    Standards for Academic and Professional Instruction in Foundations of Education, Educational Studies, and Educational Policy Studies Third Edition, 2012, Draft Presented to the Educational Community by the American Educational Studies Association's Committee on Academic Standards and Accreditation.Committee on Academic Standards and Accreditation: Sandra Winn Tutwiler, Kathleen deMarrais, David Gabbard, Andrea Hyde, Pamela Konkol, Huey-li Li, Yolanda Medina, Joseph Rayle & Amy Swain - 2013 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 49 (2):107-118.
    (2013). Standards for Academic and Professional Instruction in Foundations of Education, Educational Studies, and Educational Policy Studies Third Edition, 2012, Draft Presented to the Educational Community by (...)
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  19.  6
    Chinas Open Letter: a Rhetorical Analysis of Identity Creation.Zhou Li & Raymie McKerrow - 2018 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (2):162-178.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, we utilize a rhetorically grounded textual analysis to study the Open Letter, the first publicized text sent out from the Central government to all (...)
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  20.  3
    Complex Dynamic Analysis for Game Model Under Different Regulatory Levels in Chinas Housing Rental Market.Lingling Mu, Xiangyu Qin, Yuan Li & Ping Liu - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-10.
    In this paper, we construct an evolutionary game model of government and real estate operators in the housing rental market in the context of financial institutions and (...)
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  21. The Law of Large Numbers in Children's Diversity-Based Reasoning.Gedeon Deák, Hong Li, Yiyuan Li, Bihua Cao & Fuhong Li - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):388-404.
    Adults increase the certainty of their inductive inferences by observing more diverse instances. However, most young children fail to do so. The present study tested the hypothesis (...)
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  22.  3
    Withdrawal of Treatment in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at a Childrens Hospital in China: a 10-Year Retrospective Study.Huaqing Liu, Dongni Su, Xubei Guo, Yunhong Dai, Xingqiang Dong, Qiujiao Zhu, Zhenjiang Bai, Ying Li & Shuiyan Wu - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundPublished data and practice recommendations on end-of-life care generally reflect Western practice frameworks; there are limited data on withdrawal of treatment for children in China.MethodsWithdrawal (...)
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  23.  4
    How Chinas Education Responses to COVID-19: A Perspective of Policy Analysis.Eryong Xue, Jian Li, Tingzhou Li & Weiwei Shang - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-13.
    This study explores how Chinas education responses to COVID-19 from a perspective of policy analysis. Specifically, it involves building an educational policy system for COVID-19 (...)
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  24.  24
    Intertextuality as a Strategy of Glocalization: A Comparative Study of Nikes and Adidass 2008 Advertising Campaigns in China.Songqing Li - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (230):495-513.
    This paper examines within the theoretical framework of intertextuality the mobilization of glocalization as an international marketing strategy in Nikes and Adidass 2008 advertising campaigns in (...) China. Intertextuality is seen as a form of mediation through which the glocalization strategy conducted within the domain of global marking is taken up in the domain of advertising communication. The paper also assumes the interrelations of intertextual performance to value orientations and group affiliations. By analyzing intertextuality in relation to affinity groups, it aims to resolve to some extent the conundrum of Nikes more successful than Adidas in the sportswear market of China in a social-semiotic perspective. Two print ads constituting a representative example of the corpus were selected for a qualitative analysis. The comparative analysis of intertextuality reveals the contrasting methods of glocalization applied by Nike and Adidas in their 2008 advertising campaigns, thus offering an explanation for Nikes triumph in competition with Adidas in China. (shrink)
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  25.  77
    The Principle of Utility and the Principle of Righteousness: Yen Fu and Utilitarianism in Modern China: Qiang Li.Qiang Li - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):109-126.
    One aspect of the intellectual changes taking place in China in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was the emergence of utilitarian ideas. Although it may (...)
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  26.  48
    Prediction of Subcellular Localization of Apoptosis Protein Using Chous Pseudo Amino Acid Composition.Hao Lin, Hao Wang, Hui Ding, Ying-Li Chen & Qian-Zhong Li - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3):321-330.
    Apoptosis proteins play an essential role in regulating a balance between cell proliferation and death. The successful prediction of subcellular localization of apoptosis proteins directly from primary (...)
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  27.  4
    Xi Jinping's Keynote in the Belt and Road Forum: a Pentadic Cartography.Zhou Li & Raymie E. McKerrow - forthcoming - Critical Discourse Studies:1-15.
    In this essay, we utilize pentadic cartography to analyze Xi's keynote speech in the Belt and Road Forum in May 2017. Following the steps offered by (...)Anderson and Prelli, we first identified the fiv... (shrink)
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  28.  3
    Conceptual Barriers to Palliative Care and Enlightenment From Chuang-Tzes Thoughts.Junxiang Liu, Tianyu Zhang, Yiyao Lian, Fei Li & Xiaohong Ning - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (3):386-394.
    This paper claims that palliative care is a suitable approach for offering comprehensive support to patients with life-threatening illness and unavoidable asthenia, to enhance their quality (...)of life in aging and chronic illness. There are however some conceptual barriers to accessing that care on the Chinese Mainland: Death-denying culture and society; Misguidance and malpractice derived from the biomedical model; Prejudice against PC and certain deviant understandings of filial piety culture. To counter these obstacles, the study introduces the philosophy of Chinese Taoist Chuang-tze to enlighten the public from ignorance and remove some illusions about death and dying; inspire people to face and accept illness and death calmly, and keep harmony and inner peace of mind to alleviate suffering, with the aim of providing wisdom and a shift of attitude toward life and death. Chuang-tzes thoughts are consistent with the provision of palliative care, and to a certain degree, can promote its acceptability and delivery, and the conception of good death in practice. (shrink)
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  29.  11
    Evolutionary Progress: Stephen Jay Goulds Rejection and Its Critique.Jianhui Li - 2019 - Philosophy Study 9 (6).
    In evolutionary theory, we generally believe that the evolution of life is from simple to complex, from single to diverse, and from lower to higher. Thus, the (...)
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  30.  35
    On Laozi's DaoAn Attempt to Make Philosophy Speak Chinese.Ruohui Li - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (1):1-19.
    How is the meaning of the Dao to be understood? To answer this question, we should not make indiscreet remarks outside of the framework of Laozis (...)thought; rather, we should enter the system, helping Laozi to establish a philosophical system on the Dao. Such an establishment is equivalent to that of a logical system of Laozis philosophy. We consider the presentation of Laozis thought as unverified propositions, and the purpose of this essay is to expound on these propositions and make them philosophy in a strict sense: The Dao that can be talked about is not Dao anymore, and while the Dao seems to have its name, it actually does not. Names are also particular things. The Dao is neither a name nor a thing; instead, the Dao implies nonexistence. Nonexistence means the possibility of the being of all things, and all these things are the manifestation of the Dao, thus nonexistence is also existence. Things are discriminated from the Dao, and because all these things are discriminated from each other, there is de (virtues). Where the discrimination is removed, there is the Dao, and adherence to the discrimination means deviation from the Dao. The diversity of things stirs up desires, and the control and utilization of things are a departure from the Dao. Only desires without self are compatible with nature. Desire discriminates with artificial measurements, and thus leads to knowledge. To acquire knowledge is to learn, and learning develops the capability to differentiate between the self and the other, so only a decline in learning can be conducive to human life. One can achieve something, transform external things and withstand nature only after he learns and acquires knowledge. On the other hand, wuwei 无为 (doing nothing) leads to wuwo 无我 (self-denial), avoiding the invention or differentiation of things. So, life is just the movement of the Dao, in which all things are allowed to take their own courses and nothing is left unaccomplished. (shrink)
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  31.  12
    The Ontological Dimension of Xunzi's Ritual Propriety: A Comparative Study of Xunzi and Heidegger.Jifen Li - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 69 (1):156-175.
    In Confucianism, ritual propriety 1 is commonly understood as an instrument for guiding people's actions. In this essay, however, I argue that taking ritual propriety merely (...)as an instrument external to human beings fails to appreciate important aspects of Xunzi's conception of ritual propriety. Drawing on suggestions from Martin Heidegger's philosophy, I argue that ritual propriety in the Xunzi is analogous to language in Heidegger in important ways. For Heidegger, language is the "house of Being." For Xunzi, ritual propriety could also be described as the house of the being of humanity. "House" refers to the medium in which human beings dwell. As the "house" of the morally refined person, ritual... (shrink)
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  32.  11
    The Decline in Chinas Fertility Level: a Decomposition Analysis.Quanbao Jiang, Shucai Yang, Shuzhuo Li & Marcus W. Feldman - 2019 - Journal of Biosocial Science 51 (6):785-798.
    Many factors have contributed to the decline in Chinas fertility level. Using Chinas population census data from 1990, 2000 and 2010, the present study investigates the (...) factors causing the decline in Chinas fertility rate by decomposing changes in two fertility indices: the total fertility rate and the net reproduction rate. The change in the TFR is decomposed into the change in the marital fertility rate and the change in the proportion of married women. Four factors contribute to the change in the NRR. The following are the main findings. A drop in the MFR caused a decrease in the TFR and the NRR between 1989 and 2000. However, the change in MFR increased TFR and NRR between 2000 and 2010. Marriage postponement caused a decline in the fertility level between 1989 and 2000 as well as between 2000 and 2010. The effect of the MFR and marriage postponement varied with age and region and also between urban and rural areas. (shrink)
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  33.  19
    Dimensions of Candrakīrtis Conventional Reality.Shenghai Li - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (1):49-72.
    Although Candrakīrti has been a focus in the recent scholarly attention on conventional reality in Buddhist philosophy, the complexity of his discussions of the status of phenomenal (...)
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  34. On the Creativity and Innateness of theStrong, Moving Vital Force”: A Discussion of Feng YoulansExplanation of MenciusChapter on theStrong, Moving Vital Force’”.Jinglin Li - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2):198-210.
    Feng Youlan emphasizes the concept ofcreativityin his articleExplanation of MenciusChapter on Strong, Moving Vital Force”, in particular highlighting the problem whether thestrong (...), moving vital forceisinnateoracquired”. Cheng Hao and Zhu Xi believed thestrong, moving vital forcewas endowed by Heaven, so was therefore innate; “nourishmentcleared fog and allowed one torecover ones original nature”. Menciustheory onthe good of human natureis illustrated in the concept of integratedoriginal endowment”. So Cheng Hao and Zhu Xis theory ofrecovering the original natureproposed that thestrong, moving vital forcewas innate, which is in complete agreement with Mencius and of which there is ample evidence in Mencius. However, “natureiscreated by the accumulation of righteousness”. Namely, it is the completion and presentation of the process of creation and transformation of human beings. Only when we consider both Cheng Hao and Zhu Xis theory and Feng Youlans theory can we fully understand Menciustheory ofthe nourishment of the strong, moving vital force”, which is of great theoretical and academic value in accurately understanding Mencius and the Confucian theory of mind-nature. (shrink)
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  35.  8
    Should Parents Design Their Childrens Genome: Some General Arguments and a Confucian Solution.Jianhui Li & Xin Zhang - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (3):43-0.
    With the emergence of clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats /CRISPR-associated protein 9 as one of the most promising new gene-editing techniques, scientists are now endeavoring (...) to apply it to various domains. Among all the possible applications, gene editing in human embryos has received the most attention. Against this background, this article carries out a philosophical study on the ethical problems of human embryo gene editing or designing. Arguments against human embryo gene designing include that parents should be prohibited from deciding their childrens future; commodifying children should be prohibited; the natural reproductive process should not be disturbed; and human embryo gene designing might foster discrimination. Arguments for human embryo gene designing include that parents should have the freedom to design their own babies and this freedom should not be limited; designing babies can promote the happy life of the baby; and totally forbidding embryo gene editing would drive the practice underground, where it would be performed illegally. This article analyzes all of these arguments and points out that all of them have some flaws. In order to draw a thoughtful conclusion, we turn to Confucianism and find a new perspective to determine whether designing babies with CRISPR technology is ethically permissible. (shrink)
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  36.  65
    "New Year's Dream": A Chinese Anarcho-Cosmopolitan Utopia.Guangyi Li - 2013 - Utopian Studies 24 (1):89-104.
    The revolution has not yet succeeded. Comrades, carry on! On February 17, 1904, one month after the Russo-Japanese War broke out in northeastern China (Manchuria), Cai (...)Yuanpei,1 a prominent Chinese intellectual, began to publish his short storyXinnian meng” (New Years dream) in Eshi jingwen (Alarming news about Russia), a daily based in Shanghai.2 In this piece, Cai depicts his dream of a future world where humans ultimately achieve universal freedom and affluence. The contemporary scholar Arif Dirlik praised Cai Yuanpeis creativity, regardingNew Years Dreamas worthy of inclusion in ananarchist canon.”3 Cai Yuanpei, although a prestigious scholar and educator and the most famous chancellor of .. (shrink)
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  37.  30
    Chinas Micro Film: Socialist Cultural Production in the Micro Era.Qingben Li - 2016 - Cultura 13 (2):67-75.
    During the past ten years, Chinas micro film industry has made a rapid development aided by technological changes. Focusing on three types of micro films, this (...)paper reveals some characteristics of Chinas micro films within socialist cultural production with Chinese characteristics. This model departs from a past when the government managed everything during the Planned Economy, but is also different from the models of cultural policy in the West. The micro films examined are A Murder Case Triggered by a Steamed Bun, a parody of film Wuji, market-conspiracy micro films such asImminent and The Only Choice, and social-welfare micro films likeI will give you happiness when I grow up. All of them bring forth the issue of coordination and harmonization of conflict between social-welfare and market efficiency. (shrink)
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  38.  83
    What is "the Ineffable" Exactly? An Extensive Reading of Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.Hong Li & Donghui Han - 2007 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (3):402-411.
    "The ineffable" in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is an essential term that has various interpretations. It could be divided into two types, namely, positive and negative, or (...) real and fake. The negative or fake type can be clarified by logical analysis, while the positive or real type can be understood only through philosophical critique. Both the positive and negative types consist of infinity or absoluteness, but the infinity is subject to distinctions in meaning and logic. "" «» , , , . , . , . (shrink)
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  39.  11
    The Nirvāṇa of the Buddha and the Afterlife of Aśvaghoṣas Life of the Buddha.Shenghai Li - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (2):361-382.
    Aśvaghoṣa follows his scriptural sources closely in his narration of the story of the Buddhas last journey leading to his nirvāṇa. The Buddhacarita and the Pāli (...)Mahāparinibbānasutta mirror each other in their accounts of most of the places that the Buddha visited and the many events that took place during that journey. What the Buddhacarita and the Pāli sutta have in common also suggests that Aśvaghoṣas sources are already highly literary, even though the Buddhist poet transforms the traditional materials through versification and literary embellishment. He also freshly designs occasional religious dialogs and philosophical meditation. Aśvaghoṣas literary accomplishments met with different responses outside South Asia. In China, the translation of the Buddhacarita was used as an authority and a source of information in erudite biographies of the Buddha, a Buddhist history, a Buddhist encyclopedia, and lexicographical works. In Tibet, where Indian literary classics were actively studied, interpreted, and used as literary models, the Buddhacarita has been surprisingly ignored after it was rendered by a lesser known Tibetan translator between 1260 and 1280. (shrink)
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  40.  4
    Dynamic Transmission of Correlation Between Investor Attention and Stock Price: Evidence From Chinas Energy Industry Typical Stocks.Yajie Qi, Huajiao Li, Sui Guo & Sida Feng - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
    The relationship between investor attention and stock prices has been a topic of interest in economics. Previous studies have shown that the correlation relationship between the two (...)
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  41.  15
    Application of Bi-Gaussian S-Transform in High-Resolution Seismic Time-Frequency Analysis.Zixiang Cheng, Wei Chen, Yangkang Chen, Ying Liu, Wei Liu, Huijian Li & Runfei Yang - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (1):SC1-SC7.
    The S-transform is one of the most widely used methods of time-frequency analysis. It combines the respective advantages of the short-time Fourier transform and wavelet (...)
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  42.  27
    Establishing a 'Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale' and Testing its Reliability and Validity.C. K. Fang, P. Y. Li, M. L. Lai, M. H. Lin, D. T. Bridge & H. W. Chen - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):6-12.
    The purpose of this study was to develop a Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale (PSpWBS). The significance of a physician's spiritual well-being was explored through (...)in-depth interviews with and qualitative data collection from focus groups. Based on the results of qualitative analysis and related literature, the PSpWBS consisting of 25 questions was established. Reliability and validity tests were performed on 177 subjects. Four domains of the PSpWBS were devised: physician's characteristics; medical practice challenges; response to changes; and overall well-being. The explainable total variance was 65.65%. Cronbach α was 0.864 when the internal consistency of the whole scale was calculated. Factor analysis showed that the internal consistency Cronbach α value for each factor was between 0.625 and 0.794 and the split-half reliability was 0.865. The scale has satisfactory reliability and validity and could serve as the basis for assessment of the spiritual well-being of a physician. (shrink)
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  43.  9
    Youngs Modulus Variation with Azimuth for Fracture-Orientation Estimation.Zhaoyun Zong, Qianhao Sun, Chunpeng Li & Xingyao Yin - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (4):T809-T818.
    This study focuses on developing a pragmatic and robust method in the estimation of fracture orientation assuming a single set of aligned fractures. The Youngs modulus (...)in the direction of fracture orientation is larger than that in the perpendicular direction that helps to solve the problem of the ambiguity in fracture-orientation estimation existing in the method of using the variation of amplitude-variation-with-offset gradients with azimuth. First, the relationship between the Youngs modulus and fracture density and orientation is analyzed. The Youngs modulus changes regularly with the variation of incident angles and azimuth, and the changing track is a cosine curve when the incident angle is fixed. The variation of the Youngs modulus increases with the increase of fracture density. Second, we use the Youngs modulus variation with azimuth to predict the fracture orientation. The Youngs modulus inversion algorithm for different azimuths of prestack seismic data and the ellipse fitting of the Youngs moduli in different azimuth with the least-squares algorithm are included in this proposed approach. Finally, we determine the advantage and robustness of our method in fracture-orientation estimation with synthetic and real-data examples. Compared with the conventional methods using AVO gradients, the direction of longer axis of the fitting ellipse of the Youngs modulus in different azimuth indicates the fracture orientation without ambiguity. (shrink)
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  44.  9
    Youngs Modulus Variation with Azimuth for Fracture-Orientation Estimation.Zhaoyun Zong, Qianhao Sun, Chunpeng Li & Xingyao Yin - 2018 - Interpretation 6 (4):T809-T818.
    This study focuses on developing a pragmatic and robust method in the estimation of fracture orientation assuming a single set of aligned fractures. The Youngs modulus (...)in the direction of fracture orientation is larger than that in the perpendicular direction that helps to solve the problem of the ambiguity in fracture-orientation estimation existing in the method of using the variation of amplitude-variation-with-offset gradients with azimuth. First, the relationship between the Youngs modulus and fracture density and orientation is analyzed. The Youngs modulus changes regularly with the variation of incident angles and azimuth, and the changing track is a cosine curve when the incident angle is fixed. The variation of the Youngs modulus increases with the increase of fracture density. Second, we use the Youngs modulus variation with azimuth to predict the fracture orientation. The Youngs modulus inversion algorithm for different azimuths of prestack seismic data and the ellipse fitting of the Youngs moduli in different azimuth with the least-squares algorithm are included in this proposed approach. Finally, we determine the advantage and robustness of our method in fracture-orientation estimation with synthetic and real-data examples. Compared with the conventional methods using AVO gradients, the direction of longer axis of the fitting ellipse of the Youngs modulus in different azimuth indicates the fracture orientation without ambiguity. (shrink)
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  45.  1
    The Sense of Obligation in Children's Testimonial Learning.Pearl Han Li, Annelise Pesch & Melissa A. Koenig - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    We extend Tomasello's discussion of children's developing sense of obligation to testimonial learning. First, we review a battery of behaviors in testimonial exchanges that parallel those (...) described by Tomasello. Second, we explore the variable ways in which children hold others accountable, suggestive that children's evaluations of moral and epistemic responsibilities in joint collaborative activities are distinct. (shrink)
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  46.  23
    Culture, Reform Politics, and Future Directions: A Review of Chinas Animal Protection Challenge[REVIEW]Peter J. Li & Gareth Davey - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (1):34-53.
    Incidents of animal abuse in China attract worldwide media attention. Is China culturally inclined to animal cruelty, or is the countrys development strategy a better explanation? (...)This article addresses the subject of animal protection in China, a topic that has been ignored for too long by Western China specialists. A review of ancient Chinese thought asks whether China lacks a legacy of compassion for animals. The article then considers how Chinas reform politics underlie the animal welfare crisis. Through its discussion of the welfare crisis impacting nonhuman animals in China, this paper sheds light on the enormity of the countrys animal protection challenge. It concludes with an optimistic prediction for the future, despite the obstacles that remain in the way of animal protection policy change. (shrink)
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  47.  23
    Analysis Over Factors of Innovation in Chinas Fast Economic Growth Since its Beginning of Reform and Opening Up.Chun Ding & Junyang Li - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (3):377-386.
    The technological progress makes great contribution to the rapid economic growth of China during its past three decades of reform and opening up. An empirical analysis conducted (...)
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  48.  2
    Listening for Kierkegaardian Echoes in Lyotard: the Paradox of Faith and Lyotards Ethical Turn.Elizabeth Li & Katie Crabtree - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 80 (4-5):374-389.
    ABSTRACTThis paper seeks to discern the Kierkegaardian echoes present in the writings of the French philosopher Jean-François Lyotard. While these thinkers share a number of commonalities (...)such as their resistance to categorisation and their imaginative and complex writing styles, Lyotards engagement with Kierkegaard has been largely dismissed as inconsequential. However, a modest yet consistent device invoked by Lyotard is Kierkegaards paradox of faith from Fear and Trembling. While these references to Kierkegaard read as terse blips in Lyotards texts, this paper argues that the Kierkegaardian echoes that can be heard in Lyotards writings are crucial for a deeper understanding of Lyotards ethical turn. Rather than being insignificant, Lyotards direct as well as second-hand engagement with Kierkegaard has profound effects on his philosophy of the differend. By exploring Lyotards enigmatic, yet brief appeals to the paradox of faith, this paper shows that Lyotard strikes a chord with Kierkegaard by using the paradox of faith as an intertextual reference to a critique of Hegelian mediation and for discussing the ethical dilemmas inherent to one of the most shocking and incomprehensible events of the twentieth century, Auschwitz. (shrink)
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  49.  6
    Time, Right and the Justice of War and Peace in Hugo Grotiuss Political Thought.Hansong Li - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (4):536-552.
    ABSTRACTThe juridical force of time forms a critical, but hitherto unexplored part of Hugo Grotiuss discourse on the justice of war and peace. Grotius defines war (...)as a span of time in which disputed rights and armed conflicts between states are examined in reference to temporal coordinates. This method allows him to adjust otherwise static laws to meet the demands of times and spaces in an increasingly expanded world. In doing so, Grotius is also able to reconcile multiple layers of laws in a temporal framework, which suspends one layer of law, to be revived at later times. Finally, cautious in the use of the language of time, Grotius admits both that right demands immediacy, and that justice suffers delays. By this nexus of delay and emergency, Grotius warns against the abuse oftimeas a legal concept to justify unlawful claims, which still rings with alarm today. (shrink)
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  50.  11
    From Self-Attaching to Self-Emptying: An Investigation of Xuanzangs Account of Self-Consciousness.Jingjing Li - 2017 - Open Theology 3:184-197.
    In this paper, I investigate the account of self-consciousness provided by Chinese Yogācārins Xuanzang (602-664CE) and Kuiji (632-682CE). I will explain how they clarify the (...)
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