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Solomon R. Benatar [27]S. Benatar [15]Solomon Benatar [13]S. R. Benatar [13]
Soloman R. Benatar [1]Soloman Benatar [1]
  1.  29
    Responsibilities in international research: a new look revisited.S. R. Benatar & P. A. Singer - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):194-197.
    Following promulgation of the Nuremberg code in 1947, the ethics of research on human subjects has been a challenging and often contentious topic of debate. Escalation in the use of research participants in low-income countries over recent decades , has intensified the debate on the ethics of international research and led to increasing attention both to exploitation of vulnerable subjects and to considerations of how the 10:90 gap in health and medical research could be narrowed. In 2000, prompted by the (...)
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  2. Global Health and Global Health Ethics.Solomon Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction; Part I. Global Health, Definitions and Descriptions: 1. What is global health? Solly Benatar and Ross Upshur; 2. The state of global health in a radically unequal world: patterns and prospects Ron Labonte and Ted Schrecker; 3. Addressing the societal determinants of health: the key global health ethics imperative of our times Anne-Emmanuelle Birn; 4. Gender and global health: inequality and differences Lesley Doyal and Sarah Payne; 5. Heath systems and health Martin McKee; Part (...)
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  3.  49
    Avoiding Exploitation in Clinical Research.Solomon R. Benatar - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):562-565.
    Clinical research has become a burgeoning activity in recent years, largely stimulated by the pharmaceutical industry's interest in new drugs with high marketing profiles. Several other forces fuel this thrust: the increasing dependence of academic medical institutions on research funding from industry; the need for large, efficient multicenter trials to obtain reliable and statistically significant results in the shortest possible time for drug registration purposes; and access to research subjects in countries. The intense interest in HIV/AIDS research and recent controversies (...)
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  4.  47
    Global health ethics: critical reflections on the contours of an emerging field, 1977–2015.Gail Robson, Nathan Gibson, Alison Thompson, Solomon Benatar & Avram Denburg - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):53.
    The field of bioethics has evolved over the past half-century, incorporating new domains of inquiry that signal developments in health research, clinical practice, public health in its broadest sense and more recently sensitivity to the interdependence of global health and the environment. These extensions of the reach of bioethics are a welcome response to the growth of global health as a field of vital interest and activity. This paper provides a critical interpretive review of how the term “global health ethics” (...)
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  5.  26
    Global health ethics: critical reflections on the contours of an emerging field, 1977–2015.Gail Robson, Nathan Gibson, Alison Thompson, Solomon Benatar & Avram Denburg - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-10.
    The field of bioethics has evolved over the past half-century, incorporating new domains of inquiry that signal developments in health research, clinical practice, public health in its broadest sense and more recently sensitivity to the interdependence of global health and the environment. These extensions of the reach of bioethics are a welcome response to the growth of global health as a field of vital interest and activity. This paper provides a critical interpretive review of how the term “global health ethics” (...)
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  6.  30
    Towards Progress in Resolving Dilemmas in International Research Ethics.Solomon R. Benatar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):574-582.
    Interest in the ethics of research on human subjects, stimulated by atrocious human experimentation during WWII and the resultant Nuremberg Code, has been sustained by examples of unethical research in many countries and by proliferation of codes and guidelines. Such interest has intensified in recent years in association with expanding international collaborative research endeavors. The ongoing controversy in international research ethics takes place at two levels. At the practical level it is about the competing concerns of those predominantly interested in (...)
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  7.  17
    Towards Progress in Resolving Dilemmas in International Research Ethics.Solomon R. Benatar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):574-582.
    Interest in the ethics of research on human subjects, stimulated by atrocious human experimentation during WWII and the resultant Nuremberg Code, has been sustained by examples of unethical research in many countries and by proliferation of codes and guidelines. Such interest has intensified in recent years in association with expanding international collaborative research endeavors. The ongoing controversy in international research ethics takes place at two levels. At the practical level it is about the competing concerns of those predominantly interested in (...)
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  8.  25
    Critical reflections on evidence, ethics and effectiveness in the management of tuberculosis: public health and global perspectives.Geetika Verma, Ross E. G. Upshur, Elizabeth Rea & Solomon R. Benatar - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):2.
    Background Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Recent scholarly attention to public health ethics provides an opportunity to analyze several ethical issues raised by the global tuberculosis pandemic. Discussion Recently articulated frameworks for public health ethics emphasize the importance of effectiveness in the justification of public health action. This paper critically reviews the relationship between these frameworks and the published evidence of effectiveness of tuberculosis interventions, with a specific focus on the controversies engendered by the endorsement (...)
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  9.  49
    Justice and medical research: A global perspective.Soloman R. Benatar - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (4):333–340.
    Economic globalization has profound implications for health. The scale of injustice at a global level, reflected in inexorably widening disparities in wealth and health, also has critical implications for health related research – in particular when the opportunities for exploiting research subjects are carefully considered. The challenge of developing universal guidelines for international clinical research is addressed against the background of a polarizing, yet interdependent, world in which all are ultimately threatened by lack of social justice. It is proposed that (...)
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  10.  17
    Inter-Philosophies Dialogue: Creating a Paradigm for Global Health Ethics.Solomon Benatar, Ibrahim Daibes & Sandra Tomsons - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (3):323-346.
    The progress of history rests on the battle for supremacy of competing ideas.... The power and wealth of western countries give them a dominant role in shaping the international public discourse. This is a privileged position... [an] imbalance of voice in the international discourse [that] has built up a dangerous sense of resentment by the silent majority of the world’s people. The dominant bioethical paradigm that provides the context for research ethics discourse has evolved within western philosophy’s powerful normative framework (...)
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  11.  55
    Imperialism, research ethics and global health.S. R. Benatar - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):221-222.
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  12. An examination of ethical aspects of migration and recruitment of health care professionals from developing countries.Solomon R. Benatar - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (1):2-7.
  13.  37
    Global Health and Justice: Re‐examining our Values.Solomon R. Benatar - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):297-304.
    Widening disparities in health within and between nations reflect a trajectory of ‘progress’ that has ‘run its course’ and needs to be significantly modified if progress is to be sustainable. Values and a value system that have enabled progress are now being distorted to the point where they undermine the future of global health by generating multiple crises that perpetuate injustice. Reliance on philanthropy for rectification, while necessary in the short and medium terms, is insufficient to address the challenge of (...)
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  14.  65
    Just Healthcare beyond Individualism: Challenges for North American Bioethics.Solomon R. Benatar - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):397-415.
    Medical practitioners have traditionally seen themselves as part of an international community with shared and unifying scientific and ethical goals in the treatment of disease, the promotion of health, and the protection of life. This shared mission is underpinned by explicit acceptance of traditional concepts of medical morality, and by an implied link between individual human rights and the ethics of medical practice long enshrined in a range of World Medical Association (WMA) and other medical codes. These have been powerful (...)
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  15.  51
    Explaining and responding to the Ebola epidemic.Solomon Benatar - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:5.
    The Ebola epidemic in West Africa is not merely a biomedical problem that can be seen in isolation and dealt with only through emergency medical rescue processes. The ethical dilemmas surfaced by this epidemic are also not confined to the usual micro-ethical problems associated with medical care and medical research. The pandemic, as one of many manifestations of failed human and social development that has brought the world to dangerous ‘tipping points’, requires deep introspection and action to address upstream causal (...)
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  16.  58
    Inclusion of Adolescent Women in Microbicide Trials: A Public Health Imperative!S. Pomfret, Q. A. Karim & S. R. Benatar - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (1):39-50.
    Conventional and well-established guidelines for the ethical conduct of clinical research are necessary but not sufficient for addressing research dilemmas related to public health research. There is a particular need for a public health ethics framework when, in the face of an epidemic, research is urgently needed to promote the common good. While there is limited experience in the use of a public health ethics framework, the value and potential of such an approach is increasingly being appreciated. Here we use (...)
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  17.  38
    The HIV/aIDS pandemic: A sign of instability in a complex global system.Solomon R. Benatar - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):163 – 177.
    Intense scientific work on HIV/AIDS has led to the development of effective combination drug therapies and there is hope that effective vaccines will soon be produced. However, the majority of people with HIV/AIDS in the world are not benefiting from such advances because of extreme poverty. This article focuses on the pandemic as a reflection of a complex trajectory of social and economic forces that create widening global disparities in wealth and health and concomitant ecological niches for the emergence of (...)
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  18.  29
    Facing Ethical Challenges in Rolling Out Antiretroviral Treatment in Resource-Poor Countries: Comment on “They Call It ‘Patient Selection’ in Khayelitsha”.Solomon Benatar - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):322-330.
    It is widely acknowledged that the HIV and AIDS pandemic is a global emergency and that cheap, effective treatment should be provided for as many people as possible worldwide. But there are many challenges to rolling out antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings. These include the cost of drugs, sustaining their supply and distribution, the complexity of treatment regimens, selection of patients for treatment, shortage of medical and nursing personnel, inadequacy of healthcare facilities, the need for uninterrupted, lifelong treatment, and monitoring (...)
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  19.  49
    International health inequalities and global justice: toward a middle ground.N. Daniels, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 97--107.
    Disturbing international inequalities in health abound. Life expectancy in Swaziland is half that in Japan. A child unfortunate enough to be born in Angola has 73 times as great a chance of dying before age 5 as a child born in Norway. A mother giving birth in southern sub-Saharan Africa has 100 times as great a chance of dying from her labor as one birthing in an industrialized country. For every mile one travels outward toward the Maryland suburbs from downtown (...)
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  20.  61
    Distributive justice and clinical trials in the third world.Solomon R. Benatar - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):169-176.
  21. Global Health: Data, Definitions and Deliberations.Soloman Benatar - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  22. The global crisis and global health.Stephen Gill, Isabella Bakker, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  23.  28
    Bioethics: Power and Injustice: Iab Presidential Address.Solomon R. Benatar - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):387-399.
    ABSTRACT A major focus within the modern bioethics debate has been on reshaping power relationships within the doctor–patient relationship. Empowerment of the vulnerable has been achieved through an emphasis on human rights and respect for individual dignity. However, power imbalances remain pervasive within healthcare. To a considerable extent this relates to insufficient attention to social injustice. Such power imbalances together with the development of new forms of power, for example through new genetic biotechnology, raise the spectre of increasing social injustice. (...)
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  24. Gender and global health: inequality and differences.L. Doyal, S. Payne, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  25. Is there a need for global health ethics? For and against.D. Hunter, A. J. Dawson, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  26. The health impact fund: how to make new medicines accessible to all.Thomas Pogge, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--250.
  27. Values in global health governance.K. A. Stewart, G. T. Keusch, A. Kleinman, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  28. International aid and global health.A. B. Zwi, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 184--197.
  29.  83
    Challenges for global health in the 21st century: Some upstream considerations.Gopal Sreenivasan & Solomon R. Benatar - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (1):3-11.
  30.  59
    Blinkered bioethics.S. R. Benatar - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (3):291-292.
    The blinkered debate on organ donation neglects the widening gap between the developed and developing worldsThe current debate about organ donation and the associated advocacy for selling kidneys, while laudable for its concern about increasing the ability to save the lives of some people with chronic renal failure, is characterised by four features that locate the reasoning process within a narrow and inadequate framework. Firstly, the focus on saving lives is myopic, with the lives of the most privileged in the (...)
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  31. Poverty, distance and two dimensions of ethics.J. Glover, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 311--318.
  32. The social functions of bioethics in South Africa.Anton van Niekerk & Solomon Benatar - 2011 - In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  17
    Health Care Services in a New South Africa.Solomon R. Benatar & H. C. J. Rensburg - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (4):16-21.
    In meeting the challenges of fashioning a new health care system, South Africa stands poised to contribute to a better future for its own citizens and the subcontinent.
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  34.  11
    Health Care Services in a New South Africa.Solomon R. Benatar & H. C. J. van Rensburg - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (4):16.
    In meeting the challenges of fashioning a new health care system, South Africa stands poised to contribute to a better future for its own citizens and the subcontinent.
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  35.  13
    Detention without Trial, Hunger Strikes and Medical Ethics.S. R. Benatar - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):140-145.
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  36.  16
    Ethics, Medicine, and Health in South Africa.Solomon R. Benatar - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):3-8.
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  37.  56
    Virtue in Medicine Reconsidered: Individual Health and Global Health.Solomon Benatar & Ross Upshur - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (1):126-147.
    At this crucial time, on the centenary of major reforms, we invite all concerned stakeholders to join us in much needed rethinking for reforms of professional education in the 21st century. . . . All health professionals in all countries should be educated to mobilise knowledge and to engage in critical reasoning and ethical conduct so that they are competent to participate in patient and population-centred health systems as members of locally responsive and globally connected teams. What this Commission argues (...)
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  38. A response to J S Taylor.S. R. Benatar - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):180-181.
    I am very pleased to see the response by J S Taylor to my critique of the “organs debate”. He makes some notable and important points, but also some errors to which attention should be drawn.Taylor erroneously attributes to me concern that the organ debate excessively focuses on saving the lives of a few people. My concern was about the narrow framework within which the debate is embedded and that it focuses on the lives of a few privileged people—those who (...)
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  39.  16
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This library serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.Solomon R. Benatar, Susan S. Braithwaite, Alexander Morgan Capron, Ruth Chadwick, Joseph C. D’Oronzio, Susan Dorr Goold, Kenneth V. Iserson, Roger L. Jackson & Greg S. Loeben - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9:446-447.
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  40. Bioethics with blinders.Solomon Benatar & Theodore Fleischer - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (6):4.
     
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  41. Commentary: Blinkered Bioethics.S. R. Benatar - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
     
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  42.  16
    Canadian Pharmaceuticals.S. R. Benatar - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (5):6.
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  43.  13
    Detention without Trial, Hunger Strikes and Medical Ethics.S. R. Benatar - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):140-145.
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  44.  6
    Global Bioethics and Global Education.Solomon Benatar - 2018 - In Henk ten Have (ed.), Global Education in Bioethics. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 23-36.
    A new context for ethics and ethics education is evident in a rapidly changing world and our threatened planet. The current focus on considerations of inter-personal ethics within an anthropocentric perspective on life should be extended to embrace considerations of global and ecological ethics within an eco-centric perspective on global and planetary health. The pathway to understanding and adapting to this new context includes promoting shifts in life styles from selfish hyper-individualism and wasteful consumerism towards cautious use of limited resources (...)
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  45. Global health ethics and cross-cultural considerations in bioethics.Solomon R. Benatar - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge textbook of bioethics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 341.
     
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  46.  7
    Global Health: Ethical Challenges.Solomon Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Offers theoretical and practical guidance for addressing global health, and a deeper understanding of the challenges humanity faces.
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  47.  41
    Global Health, Vulnerable Populations, and Law.Solomon R. Benatar - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):42-47.
    Given the fragility of individual and population wellbeing in an interdependent world threatened by many overlapping crises, the suggestion is made that new legal mechanisms have the robust potential to reduce human vulnerability locally and globally.
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  48.  22
    Global Health, Vulnerable Populations, and Law.Solomon R. Benatar - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):42-47.
    The most common response to the challenge of protecting health through law is to focus on protecting the rights of vulnerable individuals and to enhance their access to health care. Each one of us is vulnerable or potentially vulnerable because of the fragile, existential nature of the human condition. Catastrophic and unexpected events could instantaneously transform us from a state of total independence and potential vulnerability to one of extreme vulnerability and complete dependence. Some legal provisions have the potential to (...)
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  49.  13
    Improving global health: the need to think ‘outside the box’!Solomon R. Benatar - 2003 - Monash Bioethics Review 22 (2):S69-S72.
  50. Letter From The Presidents Of The Aba And The Iab.Solomon Benatar & Ren-Zong Qiu - 2003 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 13 (3):98-98.
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