Results for 'S. C. A.'

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  1.  20
    In Defense of Practical Reason: A Study and An Application of Arthur Murphy's Theory. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):558-558.
    An account and development of Arthur Murphy's Theory of Practical Reason and its application to contemporary moral problems. Chapter II gives a schematic account of Murphy's theory of normative discourse. Chapter III contrasts this theory with other theories and approaches. The author justly remarks that "Murphy's intent has been primarily to restore proper balance among considerations that play a role in practical discourse and to steer clear of the pitfalls which would impair or diminish the effectiveness of reason in human (...)
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  2. Dialectics: A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of KnowledgePlausible Reasoning: An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Plausible Inference. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):368-368.
    These two small works are a good supplement to Rescher’s recent trilogy. Whereas the systems-theoretic approach is employed in Methodological Pragmatism in dealing with the problem of the legitimation of claims to factual knowledge or cognitive rationality, Dialectics deals with the argumentation aspect of thesis-introduction rather than the logical aspect of thesis-derivation. Although some key notions such as the idea of burden of proof and presumption have been stated in the former work, what is offered here is a systematic discussion (...)
     
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  3.  33
    Berkeley's Analysis of Perception. [REVIEW]A. S. C. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):371-371.
    "One basic and underlying assumption of this investigation will be that there is a distinct continuity and development in Berkeley's thought which can be traced through all of his reflective analyses of the problem of perception." The essay argues for Berkeley's theory of perception as a "prototype of the phenomenalists." It argues also for Berkeley's incorporation of elements from the representative theory of perception. Of special interest is the treatment of Berkeley's doctrine of "suggestion" and its connection with the role (...)
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  4.  11
    Bradley's Metaphysics and the Self. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):373-373.
    An able and clear defense of Bradley's principal theses and the underlying conception of metaphysical enterprise. "This is a book about a metaphysician, about metaphysics, and, most importantly, it attempts to develop elements of a metaphysical position long the lines of what is called Absolute Idealism." The Introduction takes up the Verificationists [[sic]] argument and two recent accounts of metaphysics. Part I devotes ten Chapters to the elucidation and defense of Bradley's conception of reality. It culminates in examining three alternative (...)
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  5.  21
    A Dialogue between a Philosopher and a Student of Law of the Common Laws of England. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):354-354.
    This is a critical edition of the work published in 1681, two years after Hobbes' death. The dialogue contains mature reflections of Hobbes on the doctrine of sovereignty. It deals with the relation between law and reason, sovereign power, crimes, heresies and punishments. The editor's introduction sets forth arguments for regarding the text as a complete work, contrary to the views of L. Stephen, Tönnies, and Robertson. A critical analysis of the argument in the dialogue is also provided indicating the (...)
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  6. EASTON, S. C. -Roger Bacon and his search for a Universal Science. [REVIEW]A. C. Crombie - 1954 - Mind 63:565.
     
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  7.  22
    John Dewey’s Philosophy of Value. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):385-385.
    This is a comprehensive and appreciative account of Dewey’s philosophy of value. It succeeds in rectifying certain current misconceptions of Dewey’s aims and contributions to moral philosophy, and in clearly presenting a coherent theory of value. Gouinlock begins his account by laying stress upon Dewey’s Experience and Nature as a key to Dewey’s thought. Chapter 1 is devoted to this task. It is held that "Dewey develops and articulates an inclusive philosophy by characterizing such things as art, science, and value (...)
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  8.  82
    Can There Be a Private Language? [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):412-413.
    This book is another work on the voluminous literature on the Private Language Argument. The author devotes his arguments solely to a refutation of "anti-private language thesis" as it appears in the articles of N. Malcolm, J. D. Carney, and Newton Garver. Two arguments of the thesis are considered without ascription to Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. The first is the familiar "The Diary Keeper Argument" found in Wittgenstein : "The claim that the supposition that one could keep a record of a (...)
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  9. Alfred North Whitehead an Anthology. Selected by F.S.C. Northrop and Mason W. Gross; Introductions and a Note on Whitehead's Terminology.Alfred North Whitehead, Mason Welch Gross & F. S. C. Northrop - 1953 - At the University Press.
     
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  10.  46
    John Dewey's Philosophy of Value.S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):385-385.
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  11.  9
    Kleene S. C.. A note on recursive functions. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 42 , pp. 544–546.Alonzo Church - 1936 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (3):119-119.
  12.  57
    Root Metaphor: The Live Thought of Stephen C. Pepper.S. C. A. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):162-163.
    For scholars of American philosophy, this anthology of essays on S. C. Pepper's works on metaphysics, aesthetics, and value theory is especially a welcome one. Also included is a reprint of a little known but valuable essay by Pepper entitled "Metaphor in Philosophy," which originally appeared in volume 3 of Phillip S. Wiener's Dictionary of the History of Ideas. In this essay, Pepper discusses his root metaphor theory in relation to Bacon and Kant, and some contemporary uses of the notion (...)
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  13.  43
    Confucius. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):159-160.
    The aim "has been to provide the general reader with a reliable and trustworthy account of the life, teaching and influence of Confucius and to show how a man, comparatively insignificant and obscure in his own day, came to occupy a supreme place as the Great and Revered Teacher of the Chinese people." This aim is admirably fulfilled in this sympathetic study of the roots and history of Confucian civilization and its continuing revival of interest, both in the mainland and (...)
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  14.  34
    The Concept of Expression: A Study in Philosophical Psychology and Aesthetics. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):571-571.
    A lucidly written and original contribution to the study of the concept of expression. "The aim has been to construct an analysis from the examination of typical forms of human expressions and from the logical implications of our description of such expressions." An interesting theory emerges from such an analysis in Chapters I and II. The theory is "extended to language in Chapter III and to art in Chapters IV and V." Chapter I deals with behavior and expression and plausibly (...)
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  15.  28
    Historical Spectrum of Value Theories. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):819-820.
    These volumes provide a large introduction to the works of modern value theory from their beginnings in J. Bentham, F. Nietzsche, and H. Lotze to the more recent Anglo-American studies. Volume I is concerned with "the German-Language Group." Extensive discussion is devoted to the views of F. Brentano, A. Meinong, C. von Ehrenfels, J. C. Kreibig, E. Heyde, H. Rickert, H. Münsterberg, M. Scheler, K. Wiederhold, W. Stern, F. Wilken, M. Beck, and V. Krafts. It provides a good conspectus of (...)
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  16.  29
    Human Factual Knowledge. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):376-376.
    This book is an anthology of essays dealing with the problem of the justification of claims to factual knowledge of various sorts. All, except one excerpted from a book, were originally journal articles. Part one, contains essays by R. F. Holland, William Earle, and E. J. Furlong on the problem of memory. Part two, contains essays by A. J. Ayer, C. H. Whiteley, and H. H. Price. Part three contains essays by Ayer, R. J. Hirst, and C. H. Whiteley. A (...)
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  17.  22
    Discourse on the Natural Theology of the Chinese. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):364-364.
    The fourth publication of the monograph series of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy, this lengthy letter of Leibniz on Chinese philosophy is an important contribution to East-West philosophical dialogue, for it depicts a sympathetic yet critical assessment of Chinese philosophy on the basis of translations and secondary sources available to Leibniz. Leibniz’s interest, as the translators point out, was not merely ecumenical, but an expression of high regard for the intrinsic contributions of Chinese thought. In spite of mistakes (...)
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  18. J. C. A. Gaskin, "Hume's Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (3):481.
     
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  19.  23
    Illustrations on the Moral Sense. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):556-557.
    A welcome reprint of an important work of Hutcheson with an excellent philosophical and scholarly study of the issues between Hutcheson and the rationalist Gilbert Burnet in respect to the former's contributions to metaethics. The study, modestly entitled "Editor's Introduction" is a philosophical contribution to the study of the Moral Sense Theory which argues forcibly for the plausibility of Hutcheson's epistemology of morals as a form of non-cognitivism that recognizes the proper role of reason. Peach adopts a defeasibility interpretation of (...)
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  20. C.A.A.S. Rome-Athens Scholarship, Summer 1967.J. C. Williams - 1966 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 60 (1):4.
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  21. C.A.A.S. Rome-Athens Scholarship, Summer 1967.J. C. Williams - 1966 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 60 (2):49.
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  22. Chinese Science: Explorations of an Ancient Tradition. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):805-805.
    This is an excellent compilation of essays honoring the seventieth birthday of Joseph Needham. Sivin’s preface plausibly argues for the thesis that, "since the theoretical and practical approaches seem in traditional societies everywhere to have formed a unity with the social, political, and spiritual aspects of life, the reader can enrich his understanding of the latter to the extent that he is aware of the former". The essays belong to two complementary parts. The first four essays by Derek J. de (...)
     
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  23.  14
    An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):352-352.
    A clearly written book that purports to analyze "the ends men pursue, and the ways in which these ends are ordered in some kind of system." The driving force behind the analysis is the attempt to present ends, or at least some important ends, as complex entities having a discernible and significant structure, and then to present the priorities, preferences, and relationships that men impose on their ends as themselves constituting a complex, coherent structure, whose principles of ordering may be (...)
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  24.  31
    Interpretations of Life and Mind: Essays Around the Problem of Reduction. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):126-127.
    This book is an excellent collection of papers which partly spring from, and partly bear on the Study Group on the Unity of Knowledge held in various universities, October, 1967-March, 1970. The papers all bear on the problem of reduction. In "Unity of Physical Law and Levels of Description," Ilya Prigogine argues that organized structures need physical laws of organization, not of entropy only, to explain their genesis and operation." The editor’s paper, "Reducibility: Another Side Issue," argues, following Polanyi, that (...)
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  25.  17
    Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):373-374.
    This is a challenging and original work on the concept of justification and its application to ethical statements. The book divides into two parts. The first part is devoted to a systematic treatment of the nature of justification. It begins with a critical rejection of the deductive model. Wellman presents plausible arguments for the existence of non-deductive evidences in ethics and shows how ethical theories can be tested by "thought-experiment" as analogous to the confirmation of scientific theories by laboratory trials. (...)
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  26.  21
    Essays on Austin. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):118-119.
    A collection of eight essays, this book is not intended as a comprehensive anthology like K. T. Fann’s Symposium on Austin. G. J. Warnock’s foreword indicates an attempt to rectify the apparent misunderstandings of Austin and his intentions. With the exception of the essays by D. F. Pears and John R. Searle, all are written especially for the volume. Three of the works, those by Sir Isaiah Berlin, George Pitcher, and G. J. Warnock, present an informative account of Austin’s activities (...)
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  27.  11
    On some tests for independence in nonnormal situations: neyman'S C (A) test.K. Kocherlakota & S. Kocherlakota - 1985 - History and Philosophy of Logic 14 (6).
  28.  59
    Empiricism and Sociology. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):131-132.
    This is the first volume in the Vienna Circle collection. The editorial committee plans to publish a series of about thirty volumes between 1973 and 1980. This gigantic task should render immense service to both historians and contemporary philosophers. The basic aim is to present in English anthologies of "the most important work of single members, which should contain besides a detailed essay on the man a complete bibliography of his work." The present large anthology of the writings of Neurath (...)
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  29.  83
    Conceptual Idealism. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):811-812.
    This book formulates and defends a form of idealism that shows the influences of Kant, Leibniz, Peirce, and Anglo-American neo-Hegelians. The general position is characterized as conceptual idealism. "It maintains that the concepts we standardly employ in constituting our view of reality—even extramental, material reality-involves an essential reference to minds and their capabilities." Conceptual idealism is distinct from the causal version; it is essentially concerned with the deployment of our present conceptual framework. "A concept is mind-involving in the present, conceptualistic (...)
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  30. From Bowne's Oldest Living Graduate.C. A. S. Dwight - 1953 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):360.
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  31.  41
    The Liberal Theory of Justice: A Critical Examination of the Principal Doctrines in a Theory of Justice by John Rawls. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):116-117.
    This book is a sustained criticism of John Rawls’ comprehensive work on the theory of justice. While recognizing the significant contribution of Rawls to both ethics and social theory in articulating clearly a distinct and coherent version of liberalism, Barry believes that "Rawls’ theory does not work and that many of his individual arguments are unsound." In the introductory chapter, the author gives an illuminating comparison of Rawls’ work with Henry Sedgwick’s Methods of Ethics. Throughout the book, critical references have (...)
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  32.  25
    Corporate social responsibility starts at university.Heidi S. C. A. MuijenHeidi - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):235-246.
    The author addresses the question of how to use value-learning processes to integrate corporate social responsibility (CSR) in organizations as an interesting challenge in (higher) education. Two strategies have been proposed for the issue of CSR: a compliance strategy and a cultural change strategy (Karssing, 2001). This article focuses on the ethical and philosophical presuppositions of these different approaches. The incorporation of CSR in organizations cannot be accomplished by means of a compliance strategy only. Rather, it needs to be supplemented (...)
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  33. Methodological Pragmatism: A Systems-Theoretic Approach to the Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):368-370.
    This original and important work is a sequel to Conceptual Idealism and The Primacy of Practice. It is a systematic treatment of the "problem of the legitimation of factual knowledge"-a central issue of rational warrant or cognitive rationality. It offers a doctrine of methodological pragmatism, as distinct from theses pragmatism—a distinction analogous to act- and rule-utilitarianism. Theses pragmatism "asserts that a proposition is to be accepted if its adoption is maximally success-promoting," whereas methodological pragmatism "asserts that a proposition is to (...)
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  34.  18
    Chinese Science.S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):805-805.
  35. The Primacy of Practice: Essays Towards a Pragmatically Kantian Theory of Empirical Knowledge. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):812-813.
    These essays "develop in a more ample and emphatic form the pragmatic perspective of the idealistic position" defended in previous books. The basic question deals with validating the criterion employed in the practice of determining factual truth. The pragmatic thesis is defended along the criterial rather than propositional line. Criterial pragmatism asserts "that a proposition is to be accepted if it conforms to an epistemologically warranted criterion, and that a criterion is warranted if its adoption as a principle of propositional (...)
     
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  36.  50
    The mathematical work of S. C. Kleene.J. R. Shoenfield & S. C. Kleene - 1995 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 1 (1):8-43.
    §1. The origins of recursion theory. In dedicating a book to Steve Kleene, I referred to him as the person who made recursion theory into a theory. Recursion theory was begun by Kleene's teacher at Princeton, Alonzo Church, who first defined the class of recursive functions; first maintained that this class was the class of computable functions ; and first used this fact to solve negatively some classical problems on the existence of algorithms. However, it was Kleene who, in his (...)
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  37.  12
    Dialectics.S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):368-368.
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  38.  6
    S. C. Pepper's "Concept and Quality: A World Hypothesis". [REVIEW]A. S. Cua - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (4):616.
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  39.  61
    The Design Argument: Hume's Critique of Poor Reason: J. C. A. GASKIN.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (3):331-345.
    In an article in Philosophy R. G. Swinburne set out to argue that none of Hume's formal objections to the design argument ‘have any validity against a carefully articulated version of the argument’ . This, he maintained, is largely because Hume's criticisms ‘are bad criticisms of the argument in any form’ . The ensuing controversy between Swinburne and Olding 1 has focused upon the acceptable/unacceptable aspects of the dualism presupposed in Swinburne's defence of the design argument; upon whether any simplification (...)
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  40. The Isenberg Memorial Lectures 1965-1966. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):570-570.
    An excellent collection of lectures. The collection consists of the following: Carl C. Hempel, "On the Structure of Scientific Theories"; W. V. Quine, "Stimulus and Meaning"; Stuart Hampshire, "Aesthetic as the Middle Ground"; H. D. Aiken, "On the Concept of a Moral Principle"; J. O. Urmson, "Utilitarianism"; John Wild, "Is There an Existential A Priori?"; Aron Gurwitsch, "The Husserlian Conception of the Intentionality of Consciousness"; Quentin Lauer, "The Phenomenon of Reason"; and Walter Kaufmann, "The Riddle of Oedipus: Tragedy and Philosophy." (...)
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  41.  78
    Critical notice.Review author[S.]: C. A. Mace - 1953 - Mind 62 (246):253-258.
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  42.  47
    The Problem of the Self. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):356-356.
    This interesting and original essay deals with the sense in which the self is a problem, i.e. the sense in which the self poses a problem. The central thesis is carefully argued: "that if there is a problem of the self, its solution is that self is a problem." Central to the thesis is the distinction between persons and selves. The concept of a person is in Heideggerian terms "ontic" in the sense that it does not arise from any theoretical (...)
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  43.  36
    The Open Texture of Moral Concepts. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):352-353.
    This new addition to the series New Studies in Practical Philosophy edited by W. D. Hudson is a study of deontic moral judgment, in particular of moral concepts which embody standards for the assessment of claims to right or wrong actions. Three main theses are quite clearly stated. The first thesis concerns the distinctive character of the moral point of view which is irreducible to either logical or factual considerations. The second thesis is that moral judgments claim interpersonal validity in (...)
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  44.  27
    Masters of Chinese Political Thought: From the Beginnings to the Han Dynasty. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):793-793.
    This anthology consists of a wealth of selections from pre-Confucian literature to Han Fei Tzu’s legalistic writings. Ample space is given to pre-Confucian classes to display the background of Confucius and Chinese philosophical thought. The selections are made from the point of view of a political philosopher. Major thinkers are well represented. Each selection is preceded by a brief general introduction. The editor succeeds well in presenting the spectrum and rich variety of classical Chinese philosophy. Explanatory notes are on the (...)
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  45.  21
    Without Guilt and Justice: From Decido-phobia to Autonomy. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):395-396.
    This is a sustained attack on what the author termed "decido-phobia"—the fear of making fateful decisions. The book begins with an illuminating discussion of ten popular strategies of decido-phobia. Of particular interest to moral philosophy is the attack on "moral rationalism" which "claims that purely rational procedures can show what one ought to do or what would constitute a just society". "Moral irrationalism" is also criticized for ignoring the relevance of reasons "when one is confronted with fateful decision". An ethics (...)
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  46.  21
    Unselfishness: The Role of the Vicarious Affects in Moral Philosophy and Social Theory. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (2):357-358.
    This work belongs to what Adam Smith called "the theory of moral sentiments," in particular, it is concerned with the operation of sympathetic affections, which are termed "vicarious affects"; and their rationality and legitimate role in moral theory. Professor Rescher forcefully argues for the thesis that the crucial aspect of vicarious affects lies in their function as motivational factor or reason rather than as a cause of personal conduct. A formal machinery is proposed for the quantitative aspect of the workings (...)
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  47.  12
    The Sources of Value. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):364-364.
    A welcome reprint of a classical study in the theory of value first published in 1958. This, a comprehensive empirical study of values, culminates in the pivotal concept of selective system that "first came to light in the description of the purposive act." A descriptive definition of a selective system is offered after a detailed and painstaking examination of sources of value. "A selective system is a structural process by which a unitary dynamic agency is channeled in such a way (...)
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  48.  33
    Interpretations of Life and Mind: Essays Around the Problem of Reduction.A. S. C. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):126-127.
    This book is an excellent collection of papers which partly spring from, and partly bear on the Study Group on the Unity of Knowledge held in various universities, October, 1967-March, 1970. The papers all bear on the problem of reduction. In "Unity of Physical Law and Levels of Description," Ilya Prigogine argues that organized structures need physical laws of organization, not of entropy only, to explain their genesis and operation." The editor’s paper, "Reducibility: Another Side Issue," argues, following Polanyi, that (...)
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  49.  15
    Morality and Moral Reasoning. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):376-376.
    This book is a collection of five studies, four of which have not been previously published. The first is a reprint of Professor Bernard Williams’ inaugural lecture at Bedford College in May, 1965. In "Morality and the Emotions," Williams points to the neglect of emotions in recent British moral philosophy due to the preoccupation with fact-value distinction and an immersion in "a deeply Kantian view of morality". A reassessment of the contribution of emotivism is made. The suggestion is that in (...)
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  50.  20
    Bradley's Metaphysics and the Self.A. S. C. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):373-373.
    An able and clear defense of Bradley's principal theses and the underlying conception of metaphysical enterprise. "This is a book about a metaphysician, about metaphysics, and, most importantly, it attempts to develop elements of a metaphysical position long the lines of what is called Absolute Idealism." The Introduction takes up the Verificationists [[sic]] argument and two recent accounts of metaphysics. Part I devotes ten Chapters to the elucidation and defense of Bradley's conception of reality. It culminates in examining three alternative (...)
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