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Silvia Camporesi [26]S. Camporesi [6]
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  1.  83
    Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes.Katrina Karkazis, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Georgiann Davis & Silvia Camporesi - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16.
    In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by (...)
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  2.  50
    Investigating Public Trust in Expert Knowledge: Narrative, Ethics, and Engagement.Mark Davis, Maria Vaccarella & Silvia Camporesi - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):23-30.
    “Public Trust in Expert Knowledge: Narrative, Ethics, and Engagement” examines the social, cultural, and ethical ramifications of changing public trust in the expert biomedical knowledge systems of emergent and complex global societies. This symposium was conceived as an interdisciplinary project, drawing on bioethics, the social sciences, and the medical humanities. We settled on public trust as a topic for our work together because its problematization cuts across our fields and substantive research interests. For us, trust is simultaneously a matter of (...)
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  3.  18
    When Does an Advantage Become Unfair? Empirical and Normative Concerns in Semenya’s Case.Silvia Camporesi - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (11):700-704.
    There is a fundamental tension in many sports: human sex is not binary, but there are only two categories in which people can compete: male and female. Over the past 10 years, the International Association of Athletics Federations regulations have been at the centre of two notable legal disputes. The Court of Arbitration for Sport reached two contradictory rulings: in the first case, the IAAF regulations for the eligibility of athletes to compete in the female category were suspended on grounds (...)
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  4.  80
    Caster Semenya: Sport, Categories and the Creative Role of Ethics.S. Camporesi & P. Maugeri - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):378-379.
    Caster Semenya, a South African 18-year-old, won the 800-metre track running title at the Berlin World Athletics Championships in 2009. Only 3 h later, her gender was being harshly contested. The investigation of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) was neither discreet nor respectful of her privacy. Caster's case has implications for the ethics of sports and debates about gender and enhancement, and for the philosophical debate about the nature of categories and the classification of people. The IAAF has (...)
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  5. Choosing Deafness with Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: An Ethical Way to Carry on a Cultural Bloodline?Silvia Camporesi - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):86.
    These words were written by ethicist Jonathan Glover in his paper “Future People, Disability and Screening” in 1992. Whereas screening and choosing for a disability remained a theoretical possibility 16 years ago, it has now become reality. In 2006, Susannah Baruch and colleagues at John Hopkins University published a survey of 190 American preimplantation genetic diagnosis clinics, and found that 3% reported having the intentional use of PGD “to select an embryo for the presence of a disability.” Even before, in (...)
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  6.  33
    Performance Enhancement, Elite Athletes and Anti Doping Governance: Comparing Human Guinea Pigs in Pharmaceutical Research and Professional Sports.Silvia Camporesi & Michael J. McNamee - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:4.
    In light of the World Anti Doping Agency’s 2013 Code Revision process, we critically explore the applicability of two of three criteria used to determine whether a method or substance should be considered for their Prohibited List, namely its (potential) performance enhancing effects and its (potential) risk to the health of the athlete. To do so, we compare two communities of human guinea pigs: (i) individuals who make a living out of serial participation in Phase 1 pharmacology trials; and (ii) (...)
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  7.  38
    Oscar Pistorius, Enhancement and Post-Humans.S. Camporesi - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):639-639.
    Oscar Pistorius was born without fibulas and had both legs amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old. A business student at the University of Pretoria, Pistorius runs with the aid of carbon-fibre artificial limbs and is the double amputee world record holder in the 100, 200 and 400 metres events.1“I don’t see myself as disabled,” says Oscar, “There’s nothing I can’t do that able-bodied athletes can do.”2 But then the question is: do prosthetic limbs simply level the (...)
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  8.  18
    Bend It Like Beckham! The Ethics of Genetically Testing Children for Athletic Potential.Silvia Camporesi - 2013 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 7 (2):175-185.
    The recent boom of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests, aimed at measuring children?s athletic potential, is the latest wave in the ?pre-professionalization? of children that has characterized, especially but not exclusively, the USA in the last 15 years or so. In this paper, I analyse the use of DTC genetic tests, sometimes coupled with more traditional methods of ?talent scouting?, to assess a child?s predisposition to athletic performance. I first discuss the scientific evidence at the basis of these tests, and the (...)
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  9.  5
    Ethicists, Doctors and Triage Decisions: Who Should Decide? And on What Basis?Silvia Camporesi & Maurizio Mori - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106499.
    We report here an emerging dispute in Italy concerning triage criteria for critically ill covid-19 patients, and how best to support doctors having to make difficult decisions in a context of insufficient life saving resources. The dispute we present is particularly significant as it juxtaposes two opposite views of who should make triage decisions, and how doctors should best be supported. There are both empirical and normative questions at stake here. The empirical questions pertain to the available level of evidence (...)
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  10.  16
    Rearranging Deck Chairs on a Sinking Ship?: Some Reflections on Ethics and Reproduction Looking Back at 2017 and Ahead at 2018.Silvia Camporesi - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):7-13.
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  11.  21
    Fearing a Non-Existing Minotaur? The Ethical Challenges of Research on Cytoplasmic Hybrid Embryos.S. Camporesi & G. Boniolo - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):821-825.
    In this paper we address the ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos, or “cybrids”. The controversial pronouncement of the UK’s Human Embryology and Fertilisation Authority of September 2007 on the permissibility of this area of research is the starting point of our discussion, and we argue in its favour. By a rigorous definition of the entities at issue, we show how the terms “chimera” and “hybrid” are improper in the case of cybrids, and how their use can bias (...)
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  12.  34
    An Alternative Solution to Lifting the Ban on Doping: Breaking the Payoff Matrix of Professional Sport by Shifting Liability Away From Athletes.Silvia Camporesi - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):109-118.
    The persistence of doping in professional sports—either by individuals on an isolated basis and by whole teams as part of a systematic doping programme—means that professional sport today is rarely if ever untainted. There are financial incentives in place that incentivise doping and there are data that show that doping is often a systematic, organised enterprise. The main question to be answered today in professional sports is whether doping’s repressive anti-doping policies do not have greater negative consequences for society. Whilst (...)
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  13.  6
    Gene Transfer for Pain: A Tool to Cope with the Intractable, or a Unethical Enduranceenhancing Technology?S. Camporesi & M. J. McNamee - 2012 - Genomics, Society and Policy 8 (1):1-12.
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  14.  18
    Can We Finally See Pain?: Brain Imaging Techniques and Implications for the Law.Silvia Camporesi - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10):9-10.
    The assessment of chronic pain is a highly unmet medical need. Chronic pain is also the subject of a large and costly category of legal claims. Yet, with pain cases, the jury always face a doubt: is the claimant faking or malingering? How can we be assured that the claimant is 'really' in pain? Most recently, several new neuroimaging technologies are promising to solve these questions, by rendering pain visible, measurable and, to some degree, verifiable. The results of these advancements (...)
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  15.  21
    Bioethics and Biopolitics: Presents and Futures of Reproduction.Silvia Camporesi - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2):177-181.
    This Bioethics and Biopolitics: Presents and Futures of Reproduction symposium draws together a series of articles that were each submitted independently by their authors to the JBI and which explore the biopower axis in the externalization of reproduction in four contexts: artificial gestation, PGD for sex selection, women’s rights, and testicular cryopreservation. While one contribution explores a “future” of reproduction, the other three explore a “present,” or better, explore different “presents.” What may counts as “present,” and what may count as (...)
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  16.  47
    Genetic Enhancement in Sports: The Role of Reason and Private Rationalities in the Public Arena.Silvia Camporesi & Paolo Maugeri - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):248-257.
    Reviews of philosophical books run the risk of being either excessively and unconstructively critical or superficially praiseworthy. To avoid both these risks, we test the approach outlined by Häyry in his book Rationality and the Genetic Challenge: Making People Better? by applying it to an eighth genetic challenge, namely, a variation of the genetic enhancement challenge discussed by Häyry as it applies to sports. We assess whether genetic enhancement in sports should be conceived as an eighth wonder or an eighth (...)
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  17.  90
    Reproductive Cloning in Humans and Therapeutic Cloning in Primates: Is the Ethical Debate Catching Up with the Recent Scientific Advances?S. Camporesi & L. Bortolotti - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e15-e15.
    After years of failure, in November 2007 primate embryonic stem cells were derived by somatic cellular nuclear transfer, also known as therapeutic cloning. The first embryo transfer for human reproductive cloning purposes was also attempted in 2006, albeit with negative results. These two events force us to think carefully about the possibility of human cloning which is now much closer to becoming a reality. In this paper we tackle this issue from two sides, first summarising what scientists have achieved so (...)
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  18. Choosing Deafness with PHD: An Ethical Way to Carry on a Cultural Bloodline?S. Camporesi - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):86-96.
    These words were written by ethicist Jonathan Glover in his paper “Future People, Disability and Screening” in 1992. Whereas screening and choosing for a disability remained a theoretical possibility 16 years ago, it has now become reality. In 2006, Susannah Baruch and colleagues at John Hopkins University published a survey of 190 American preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) clinics, and found that 3% reported having the intentional use of PGD “to select an embryo for the presence of a disability.” Even before, (...)
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  19.  8
    A Local Criterion of Fairness in Sport: Comparing the Property Advantages of Caster Semenya and Eero Mäntyranta with Implications for the Construction of Categories in Sport.Silvia Camporesi & Mika Hämäläinen - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (3):262-269.
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  20.  8
    Can Bioethics Be an Honest Way of Making a Living? A Reflection on Normativity, Governance and Expertise.Silvia Camporesi & Giulia Cavaliere - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):159-163.
    The authority of bioethics as a field of inquiry and of bioethicists as scholars with a distinctive expertise is being questioned on various fronts. Sarah Franklin’s 2019 Nature commentary ‘Ethical research – the long and bumpy road from shirked to shared’ is the latest example. In this paper, we respond to these challenges by focusing on two key issues. First, we discuss the theory and practice of bioethics. We argue that both of these endeavours are fundamental components of this field (...)
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  21.  10
    Erratum To: Bioethics and Biopolitics: Presents and Futures of Reproduction.Silvia Camporesi - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2):183-183.
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  22. Gene Enhancement e Doping genetico.Silvia Camporesi - 2012 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 30 (1).
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  23.  8
    It Didn’T Have to Be This Way Reflections on the Ethical Justification of the Running Ban in Northern Italy in Response to the 2020 COVID-19 Outbreak. [REVIEW]Silvia Camporesi - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):643-648.
    In this paper I discuss the ethical justifiability of the limitation of freedom of movement, in particular of the ban on running outdoors, enforced in Italy as a response to the COVID-19 outbreak in the spring of 2020. I argue that through the lens of public health ethics literature, the ban on running falls short of the criterion of proportionality that public health ethics scholars and international guidelines for the ethical management of infectious disease outbreak recommend for any measure that (...)
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  24.  15
    Review of Catherine Mills, Futures of Reproduction: Bioethics and Biopolitics1. [REVIEW]Silvia Camporesi - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):1-3.
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  25.  23
    Review of Duncan Wilson, The Making of British Bioethics1. [REVIEW]Silvia Camporesi - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):10-12.
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  26.  16
    Review of Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, and Alan Cribb, Eds., Empirical Bioethics: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives1. [REVIEW]Silvia Camporesi - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):W1-W3.
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  27.  15
    Simona Giordano, Exercise and Eating Disorders: An Ethical and Legal Analysis.Silvia Camporesi - 2014 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 8 (2):216-220.
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  28.  1
    The Biological Foundations of Bioethics By Tim Lewens Oxford University Press, 2015, 240 Pp, £ 30.00 ISBN: 9780198712657. [REVIEW]Silvia Camporesi - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (4):605-609.
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  29.  36
    The Context of Clinical Research and Its Ethical Relevance: The COMPAS Trial as a Case Study.Silvia Camporesi & Matteo Mameli - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):39 - 40.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 39-40, January 2012.
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  30.  33
    The Ethics of the New Eugenics: Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel, Editors, 2014, Berghahn Books.Silvia Camporesi - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):353-356.
    The Ethics of the New Eugenics, edited by Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel ,An introductory “Note on the Text” states: “The research on which this book is based was commissioned by the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics. It is the result of the collective work of many individuals at the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics. Initial drafting and subsequent editing was the work of Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel, as agreed to by the Ethics Committee of the Scottish Council on (...)
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  31.  6
    The Legacy of Caster Semenya: Examining the Normative Basis for the Construction of Categories in Sport.Silvia Camporesi - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):597-598.
    Caster Semenya is done with track and field. At 29, her hopes for a continued career as a professional middle-distance runner are dashed. After her case against International Association for Athletics Federation 1 was dismissed by the Court for Arbitration of Sport on 1 May 2019, she has switched to football later in the year.1 Semenya’s case may have come to its legal conclusion, however it has generated an aporia regarding the binary classification in athletics, which has yet to be (...)
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  32.  24
    Institute of Medical Ethics Guidelines for Confirmation of Appointment, Promotion and Recognition of UK Bioethics and Medical Ethics Researchers.Lucy Frith, Carwyn Hooper, Silvia Camporesi, Thomas Douglas, Anna Smajdor, Emma Nottingham, Zoe Fritz, Merryn Ekberg & Richard Huxtable - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):289-291.
    This document is designed to give guidance on assessing researchers in bioethics/medical ethics. It is intended to assist members of selection, confirmation and promotion committees, who are required to assess those conducting bioethics research when they are not from a similar disciplinary background. It does not attempt to give guidance on the quality of bioethics research, as this is a matter for peer assessment. Rather it aims to give an indication of the type, scope and amount of research that is (...)
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