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Stephen Holland [16]Stephen Michael Holland [13]Suzanne Holland [12]S. Holland [8]
Stuart Holland [5]Sharon P. Holland [4]Silas Holland [2]Scott Holland [2]

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Sean Holland
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  1. Public Health Ethics.Stephen Holland - 2007 - Polity.
     
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  2. Scepticism About the Virtue Ethics Approach to Nursing Ethics.Stephen Holland - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):151-158.
    Nursing ethics centres on how nurses ought to respond to the moral situations that arise in their professional contexts. Nursing ethicists invoke normative approaches from moral philosophy. Specifically, it is increasingly common for nursing ethicists to apply virtue ethics to moral problems encountered by nurses. The point of this article is to argue for scepticism about this approach. First, the research question is motivated by showing that requirements on nurses such as to be kind, do not suffice to establish virtue (...)
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  3.  26
    Stages of Life: A New Metaphysics of Conceptionism.David Efird & Stephen Holland - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (4):529-535.
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  4.  22
    Death, Treatment Decisions and the Permanent Vegetative State: Evidence From Families and Experts.Stephen Holland, Celia Kitzinger & Jenny Kitzinger - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):413-423.
    Some brain injured patients are left in a permanent vegetative state, i.e., they have irreversibly lost their capacity for consciousness but retained some autonomic physiological functions, such as breathing unaided. Having discussed the controversial nature of the permanent vegetative state as a diagnostic category, we turn to the question of the patients’ ontological status. Are the permanently vegetative alive, dead, or in some other state? We present empirical data from interviews with relatives of patients, and with experts, to support the (...)
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  5.  43
    What Does the Duty to Warn Require?Seema K. Shah, Sara Chandros Hull, Michael A. Spinner, Benjamin E. Berkman, Lauren A. Sanchez, Ruquyyah Abdul-Karim, Amy P. Hsu, Reginald Claypool & Steven M. Holland - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):62 - 63.
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  6.  48
    Contested Commodities at Both Ends of Life: Buying and Selling Gametes, Embryos, and Body Tissues.Suzanne Holland - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (3):263-284.
    : This essay examines the increasing commodification of the body with respect to tissues, gametes, and embryos. Such commodification contributes to a diminishing sense of human personhood on an individual level, even as it erodes commitments to human flourishing at the societal level. After the case for social harm resulting from the increasing commodification of the body is made, the question becomes whether that harm is best remedied by following any of three approaches by which government traditionally seeks to promote (...)
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  7.  7
    The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy.Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz & Laurie Zoloth (eds.) - 2001 - MIT Press.
    Discusses the ethical issues involved in the use of human embryonic stem cells in regenerative medicine.
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  8.  52
    Arguing About Bioethics.Stephen Holland (ed.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    _Arguing About Bioethics_ is a fresh and exciting collection of essential readings in bioethics, offering a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the field. Influential contributions from established philosophers and bioethicists, such as Peter Singer, Thomas Nagel, Judith Jarvis Thomson and Michael Sandel, are combined with the best recent work in the subject. Organised into clear sections, readings have been chosen that engage with one another, and often take opposing views on the same question, helping students get to grips with (...)
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  9.  47
    Dispositional Theories of Value Meet Moral Twin Earth.Sean Holland - 2001 - American Philosophical Quarterly 38 (2):177 - 195.
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  10. The Virtue Ethics Approach to Bioethics.Stephen Holland - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4):192-201.
    This paper discusses the viability of a virtue-based approach to bioethics. Virtue ethics is clearly appropriate to addressing issues of professional character and conduct. But another major remit of bioethics is to evaluate the ethics of biomedical procedures in order to recommend regulatory policy. How appropriate is the virtue ethics approach to fulfilling this remit? The first part of this paper characterizes the methodology problem in bioethics in terms of diversity, and shows that virtue ethics does not simply restate this (...)
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  11.  4
    A Perspective on Incentives for Novel Inpatient Antibiotics: No One-Size-Fits-All.Taimur Bhatti, Ka Lum, Silas Holland, Stephanie Sassman, David Findlay & Kevin Outterson - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (s1):59-65.
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  12.  2
    Diagnosis Confirmation Model: A Value-Based Pricing Model for Inpatient Novel Antibiotics.Ka Lum, Taimur Bhatti, Silas Holland, Mark Guthrie & Stephanie Sassman - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (s1):66-74.
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  13.  37
    Transforming Genetic Research Practices with Marginalized Communities: A Case for Responsive Justice.Sara Goering, Suzanne Holland & Kelly Fryer-Edwards - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (2):43-53.
    : Genetics researchers often work with distinct communities. To take moral account of how their research affects these communities, they need a richer conception of justice and they need to make those communities equal participants in decision-making about how the research is conducted and what is produced and published out of it.
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  14.  15
    Translational Genomics: Seeking a Shared Vision of Benefit.Wylie Burke, Patricia Kuszler, Helene Starks, Suzanne Holland & Nancy Press - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):54-56.
  15. On the Ordinary Concept of Death.Stephen Holland - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):109-122.
    What is death? The question is of wide-ranging practical importance because we need to be able to distinguish the living from the dead in order to treat both appropriately; specifically, the permissibility of retrieving vital organs for transplantation depends upon the potential donor's ontological status. There is a well-established and influential biological definition of death as irreversible breakdown in the functioning of the organism as a whole, but it continues to elicit disquiet and rejoinders. The central claims of this paper (...)
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  16.  12
    Furthering the Sceptical Case Against Virtue Ethics in Nursing Ethics.Stephen Michael Holland - 2012 - Nursing Philosophy 13 (4):266-275.
    In a recent article in this journal I presented a sceptical argument about the current prominence of virtue ethics in nursing ethics. Daniel Putman has responded with a defence of the relevance of virtue in nursing. The present article continues this discussion by clarifying, defending, and expanding the sceptical argument. I start by emphasizing some features of the sceptical case, including assumptions about the nature of sceptical arguments, and about the character of both virtue ethics and nursing ethics. Then I (...)
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  17.  12
    Introduction.Dena S. Davis & Suzanne Holland - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (3):219-220.
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  18.  31
    Missing Links: Hume, Smith, Kant and Economic Methodology.Stuart Holland & Teresa Carla Oliveira - 2013 - Economic Thought 2 (2):46.
    This paper traces missing links in the history of economic thought. In outlining Hume's concept of 'the reflexive mind' it shows that this opened frontiers between philosophy and psychology which Bertrand Russell denied and which logical positivism in philosophy and positive economics displaced. It relates this to Hume's influence not only on Smith, but also on Schopenhauer and the later Wittgenstein, with parallels in Gestalt psychology and recent findings from neural research and cognitive psychology. It critiques Kant's reaction to Hume's (...)
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  19.  67
    Bioethics: A Philosophical Introduction.Stephen Holland - 2002 - Polity.
    This book provides a clear and stimulating introduction to bioethics - from the more familiar debates on euthanasia, living wills and new reproductive technologies such as IVF, through to the philosophical implications of recent developments in genetics such as prenatal genetic therapy, genetic enhancement and human cloning. Offers a clear and stimulating textbook introduction to contemporary issues in bioethics. Provides original and provocative contributions to ongoing debates. Guides the reader from the more familiar debates on euthanasia, advance directives, and new (...)
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  20.  5
    Unilateral Deafness in Children Affects Development of Multi-Modal Modulation and Default Mode Networks.Vincent J. Schmithorst, Elena Plante & Scott Holland - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  21.  30
    On the Centrality of Human Value.Teresa Carla Oliveira & Stuart Holland - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):121 - 141.
    The financial crash of 2008 following the selling of fictitious derivatives was a crisis of both rationality and values whose aftermath has thrown the legitimation of deregulated markets, and governments, into question. This paper critiques the Becker metaphor of human capital and submits that human value is central to and the fulcrum of both economic and social values. It illustrates that Hume and Adam Smith directly countered the Hobbesian hypothesis that human nature is based only on self-interest, distinguishes market values (...)
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  22.  22
    Conflicts of Interest: Time for a Change?Susan Holland, Susan Heenan, Margaret Harris, Emma Whewell & Jane Worthington - 2000 - Legal Ethics 3 (2):132-151.
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  23.  23
    The Ethics of Attaching Research Conditions to Access to New Health Technologies.Stephen Holland & Tony Hope - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):366-371.
    Decisions on which new health technologies to provide are controversial because of the scarcity of healthcare resources, the competing demands of payers, providers and patients and the uncertainty of the evidence base. Given this, additional information about new health technologies is often considered valuable. One response is to make access to a new health technology conditional on further research. Access can be restricted to patients who participate in a research study, such as a randomised controlled trial; alternatively, a new treatment (...)
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  24.  22
    The Fear of New Technology: A Naturally Occurring Phenomenon.William Ball & Scott Holland - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):14 – 16.
  25.  8
    It's Not What We Say, Exactly … or Is It?Suzanne Holland - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):65-66.
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  26.  4
    Bioethics.Stephen Holland - 2006 - Philosophical Books 47 (3):245-254.
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  27.  59
    Review: Persons, Humanity, and the Definition of Death. [REVIEW]S. Holland - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1140-1143.
  28.  30
    Homosexuality: Religious Perspectives.Suzanne Holland - forthcoming - Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
  29.  63
    Public Health Paternalism—a Response to Nys.Stephen Holland - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):285-293.
    Evaluating public health measures is one of the central tasks in public health ethics. Some public health measures incur the charge that they are paternalistic in an objectionable way. In a recent intriguing contribution to this journal, Thomas Nys responds to this complaint by setting out three challenges to be met if the charge is to be made good. The first challenge is that putatively objectionable public health measures in fact preserve autonomy; the second is that autonomy is not undermined (...)
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  30.  3
    Moral Pluralism and the Debate Over Research on Embryonic TissueThe Human Embryo Research Debates: Bioethics in the Vortex of ControversyThe Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy.Andrew Lustig, Ronald M. Green, Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz & Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (5):41.
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  31.  11
    Cherchez la Firme: Redressing the Missing – Meso – Middle in Mainstream Economics.Stuart Holland & Andrew Black - 2018 - Economic Thought 7 (2):15.
    Aristotle warned against a 'missing middle' in logic. This paper submits that one of the reasons why there has been no major breakthrough in macroeconomics since the financial crisis of 2007-08 has been a missing middle in mainstream micro-macro syntheses, constrained by partial and general equilibrium premises. It maintains that transcending this needs recognition that large and dominant multinational corporations between small micro firms and macro outcomes – while also influencing both – merit the conceptual paradigm of mesoeconomics. Drawing on (...)
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  32.  48
    Human Enhancement * Edited by Julian Savulescu and Nick Bostrom.S. Holland - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):398-401.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  33.  26
    Descartes Goes to Hollywood: Mind, Body and Gender in Contemporary Cyborg Cinema.Samantha Holland - 1995 - Body and Society 1 (3-4):157-174.
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  34.  10
    On Waiting to Exhale: Or What to Do When You're Feeling Black and Blue, a Review of Recent Black Feminist CriticismCodes of Conduct: Race, Ethics, and the Color of Our CharacterSkin TradeThe Changing Same: Black Women's Literature, Criticism, and TheoryBlack Women Novelists and the Nationalist AestheticWomen of the Harlem Renaissance. [REVIEW]Sharon P. Holland, Karla F. C. Holloway, Ann duCille, Deborah E. McDowell, Madhu Dubey & Cheryl A. Wall - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (1):101.
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  35.  12
    Situational Strength Cues From Social Sources at Work: Relative Importance and Mediated Effects.Balca Alaybek, Reeshad S. Dalal, Zitong Sheng, Alexander G. Morris, Alan J. Tomassetti & Samantha J. Holland - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  36.  20
    Trust and Its Role in the Medical Encounter.Stephen Holland & David Stocks - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):260-274.
    This paper addresses two research questions. The first is theoretical: What is trust? In the first half of this paper we present a distinctive tripartite analysis. We describe three attitudes, here called reliance, specific trust and general trust, each of which is characterised and illustrated. We argue that these attitudes are related, but not reducible, to one another. We suggest that the current impasse in the analysis of trust is in part due to the fact that some writers allude to (...)
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  37.  9
    Vocabularies of Vulnerability.Sharon P. Holland - 2018 - Journal for Cultural Research 22 (2):204-208.
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  38.  16
    Fair Access to Stem Cells.Suzanne Holland - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):3-3.
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  39.  8
    Commentary on Derick Wade's ‘Back to the Bedside? Making Clinical Decisions in Patients with Prolonged Unconsciousness’ and Zoe Fritz’ ‘Can ‘Best Interests’ Derail the Trolley?’ Examining Withdrawal of Clinically Assisted Nutrition and Hydration in Patients in the Permanent Vegetative State.Stephen Holland - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (7):455-456.
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  40.  16
    Promoting International Dialogue Between Fundamental and Applied Ethics.Robert Nozick, Jos Leys, Maartje Schermer, Paul Schotsmans, Stephen Holland, William Desmond, Rolf Geiger, Jean-Christophe Merle, Nico Scarano & Christopher Bertram - 2003 - Ethical Perspectives 24 (2004):01-2014.
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  41.  12
    Genetic Research Practices with Marginalized Communities.Sara Goering, Suzanne Holland & Kelly Fryer‐Edwards - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (2):43-53.
  42.  12
    On Waiting to Exhale: Or What to Do When You 'Re Feeling Black and Blue, a Review of Recent Black Feminist Criticism'.Sharon P. Holland - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (1):101-112.
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  43.  13
    Human Dignity and the Debate Over Early Human Embryos.Nathan J. Palpant & Suzanne Holland - 2012 - In Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.), Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square. Routledge. pp. 13--239.
  44.  19
    Review of Inmaculada de Melo-Martin, Taking Biology Seriously: What Biology Can & Cannot Tell Us About Moral & Public Policy Issues. [REVIEW]Suzanne Holland & Stephanie M. Fullerton - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):47 – 48.
  45.  10
    Pragmatic Bioethics.S. Holland - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):e9-e9.
    The point of Pragmatic Bioethics is to view bioethics through the lens of American pragmatism. The book is in three parts. The papers in part one look at the “pragmatic method” and bioethics in general; those in part two are intended to suggest that bioethical debates can be informed by parts of the canon of classical American pragmatism; those in part three apply aspects of pragmatism to specific bioethical issues more overtly. This structure is odd in two related respects: the (...)
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  46.  18
    Teaching Nursing Ethics by Cases: A Personal Perspective.S. Holland - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (5):434-436.
    This article is a reflection on the use of case study material in the teaching of ethics to nursing students. Given the main aims of a course in ethics for nurses and the limited effectiveness of formal moral theory, it seems inevitable that the mainstay of nursing ethics courses will continue to be case study material. This approach has recently been criticized on a number of grounds. The author suggests here that disquiet over teaching ethics in this way should motivate (...)
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  47.  5
    Une Modeste Proposition Pour Résoudre la Crise de la Zone Euro.Yanis Varoufakis & Stuart Holland - 2016 - Multitudes 62 (1):210.
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  48.  10
    Topic for Debate.B. Brecher, G. Gardener, M. Velepic, A. Walsh, C. Belshaw & S. Holland - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (1):122-125.
  49.  4
    Review of Patricia Marino, Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World. [REVIEW]Stephen Holland - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):10-11.
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  50. Ethics and Governance of Public Health Information.Stephen Holland - 2019 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This book analyses current ethical issues in public health research.
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