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Stephen C. Levinson [50]Sanford Levinson [25]Stephen Levinson [4]S. Levinson [2]
  1. Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature.Stephen C. Levinson - 2000 - MIT Press.
    When we speak, we mean more than we say. In this book Stephen C. Levinson explains some general processes that underlie presumptions in communication.
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  2. The Myth of Language Universals: Language Diversity and its Importance for Cognitive Science.Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):429-448.
    Talk of linguistic universals has given cognitive scientists the impression that languages are all built to a common pattern. In fact, there are vanishingly few universals of language in the direct sense that all languages exhibit them. Instead, diversity can be found at almost every level of linguistic organization. This fundamentally changes the object of enquiry from a cognitive science perspective. This target article summarizes decades of cross-linguistic work by typologists and descriptive linguists, showing just how few and unprofound the (...)
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  3.  37
    Turn-Taking in Human Communication – Origins and Implications for Language Processing.Stephen C. Levinson - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):6-14.
  4. Can Language Restructure Cognition? The Case for Space.Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Stephen C. Levinson - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):108-114.
  5.  7
    Timing in Turn-Taking and its Implications for Processing Models of Language.Stephen C. Levinson & Francisco Torreira - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  6. The Original Sin of Cognitive Science.Stephen C. Levinson - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):396-403.
    Classical cognitive science was launched on the premise that the architecture of human cognition is uniform and universal across the species. This premise is biologically impossible and is being actively undermined by, for example, imaging genomics. Anthropology (including archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistics, and cultural anthropology) is, in contrast, largely concerned with the diversification of human culture, language, and biology across time and space—it belongs fundamentally to the evolutionary sciences. The new cognitive sciences that will emerge from the interactions with the (...)
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  7.  96
    Differential Ineffability and the Senses.Stephen C. Levinson & Asifa Majid - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):407-427.
    Ineffability, the degree to which percepts or concepts resist linguistic coding, is a fairly unexplored nook of cognitive science. Although philosophical preoccupations with qualia or nonconceptual content certainly touch upon the area, there has been little systematic thought and hardly any empirical work in recent years on the subject. We argue that ineffability is an important domain for the cognitive sciences. For examining differential ineffability across the senses may be able to tell us important things about how the mind works, (...)
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  8.  33
    Plasticity of Human Spatial Cognition: Spatial Language and Cognition Covary Across Cultures.Daniel B. M. Haun, Christian J. Rapold, Gabriele Janzen & Stephen C. Levinson - 2011 - Cognition 119 (1):70-80.
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  9.  77
    Tools From Evolutionary Biology Shed New Light on the Diversification of Languages.Stephen C. Levinson & Russell D. Gray - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):167-173.
  10.  27
    Oscillatory Brain Responses Reflect Anticipation During Comprehension of Speech Acts in Spoken Dialog.Rosa S. Gisladottir, Sara Bögels & Stephen C. Levinson - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  11.  23
    Relativity in Spatial Conception and Description.Stephen C. Levinson - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 177--202.
  12.  23
    Returning the Tables: Language Affects Spatial Reasoning.Stephen C. Levinson, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Björn H. Rasch - 2002 - Cognition 84 (2):155-188.
  13.  24
    Next Speakers Plan Their Turn Early and Speak After Turn-Final “Go-Signals”.Mathias Barthel, Antje S. Meyer & Stephen C. Levinson - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  14.  3
    Breathing for Answering: The Time Course of Response Planning in Conversation.Francisco Torreira, Sara Bã¶Gels & Stephen C. Levinson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  15.  10
    First Encounters: Repair Sequences in Cross‐Signing.Kang-Suk Byun, Connie de Vos, Anastasia Bradford, Ulrike Zeshan & Stephen C. Levinson - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (2):314-334.
  16.  2
    Introduction to Part III.John Gumperz & Stephen Levinson - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 17--225.
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  17.  16
    First Encounters: Repair Sequences in Cross‐Signing.Kang‐Suk Byun, Connie Vos, Anastasia Bradford, Ulrike Zeshan & Stephen C. Levinson - forthcoming - Topics in Cognitive Science.
    Most human communication is between people who speak or sign the same languages. Nevertheless, communication is to some extent possible where there is no language in common, as every tourist knows. How this works is of some theoretical interest. A nice arena to explore this capacity is when deaf signers of different languages meet for the first time and are able to use the iconic affordances of sign to begin communication. Here we focus on other-initiated repair, that is, where one (...)
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  18.  4
    Turn-Timing in Signed Conversations: Coordinating Stroke-to-Stroke Turn Boundaries.Connie de Vos, Francisco Torreira & Stephen C. Levinson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  19.  4
    Early Developmental Changes in the Timing of Turn-Taking: A Longitudinal Study of Mother–Infant Interaction.Elma E. Hilbrink, Merideth Gattis & Stephen C. Levinson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  20.  2
    Temporal Preparation for Speaking in Question-Answer Sequences.Lilla Magyari, Jan P. De Ruiter & Stephen C. Levinson - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  21.  23
    Editorial: Turn-Taking in Human Communicative Interaction.Judith Holler, Kobin H. Kendrick, Marisa Casillas & Stephen C. Levinson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  22.  76
    WEIRD Languages Have Misled Us, Too.Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):103-103.
    The linguistic and cognitive sciences have severely underestimated the degree of linguistic diversity in the world. Part of the reason for this is that we have projected assumptions based on English and familiar languages onto the rest. We focus on some distortions this has introduced, especially in the study of semantics.
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  23.  80
    Exploring the Cognitive Infrastructure of Communication.Jan Peter de Ruiter, Matthijs L. Noordzij, Sarah Newman-Norlund, Roger Newman-Norlund, Peter Hagoort, Stephen C. Levinson & Ivan Toni - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (1):51-77.
    Human communication is often thought about in terms of transmitted messages in a conventional code like a language. But communication requires a specialized interactive intelligence. Senders have to be able to perform recipient design, while receivers need to be able to do intention recognition, knowing that recipient design has taken place. To study this interactive intelligence in the lab, we developed a new task that taps directly into the underlying abilities to communicate in the absence of a conventional code. We (...)
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  24.  8
    Constitutional Faith.Sanford Levinson - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):185-187.
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  25.  14
    Exploring the Cognitive Infrastructure of Communication.Jan Peter de Ruiter, Matthijs L. Noordzij, Sarah Newman-Norlund, Roger Newman-Norlund, Peter Hagoort, Stephen C. Levinson & Ivan Toni - 2010 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 11 (1):51-77.
    Human communication is often thought about in terms of transmitted messages in a conventional code like a language. But communication requires a specialized interactive intelligence. Senders have to be able to perform recipient design, while receivers need to be able to do intention recognition, knowing that recipient design has taken place. To study this interactive intelligence in the lab, we developed a new task that taps directly into the underlying abilities to communicate in the absence of a conventional code. We (...)
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  26.  17
    Conversation, Cognition and Cultural Evolution.Seán G. Roberts & Stephen C. Levinson - 2017 - Interaction Studies 18 (3):402-442.
    This paper outlines a first attempt to model the special constraints that arise in language processing in conversation, and to explore the implications such functional considerations may have on language typology and language change. In particular, we focus on processing pressures imposed by conversational turn-taking and their consequences for the cultural evolution of the structural properties of language. We present an agent-based model of cultural evolution where agents take turns at talk in conversation. When the start of planning for the (...)
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  27.  25
    Immanuel Kant Among the Tenejapans: Anthropology as Empirical Philosophy.Stephen C. Levinson & Penelope Brown - 1994 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 22 (1):3-41.
  28.  24
    Studying Spatial Conceptualization Across Cultures: Anthropology and Cognitive Science.Stephen C. Levinson - 1998 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 26 (1):7-24.
  29.  4
    Cut and Break Verbs in Yélî Dnye, the Papuan Language of Rossel Island.Stephen C. Levinson - 2007 - Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
  30.  76
    Universals in Cognitive Theories of Language.Paul Smolensky, Emmanuel Dupoux, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):468.
    Generative linguistics' search for linguistic universals (1) is not comparable to the vague explanatory suggestions of the article; (2) clearly merits a more central place than linguistic typology in cognitive science; (3) is fundamentally untouched by the article's empirical arguments; (4) best explains the important facts of linguistic diversity; and (5) illuminates the dominant component of language's nature: biology.
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  31.  1
    Multimodal Language Processing in Human Communication.Judith Holler & Stephen C. Levinson - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (8):639-652.
  32.  6
    A Welcome Defense of Democracy.Sanford Levinson - 2014 - Critical Review 26 (1-2):92-100.
    ABSTRACTAgainst critics of capacious notions of democratic rule by “the many,” Hélène Landemore vigorously defends what she calls “democratic reason” because of the epistemic value of active deliberation by diverse groups of people. Deliberation is necessary to overcome isolated reasoning, and diversity is necessary to overcome the potential echo chamber created by conversations in a group of “the best and the brightest.” The best way to create optimal democratic rule may involve greater reliance on random selection of decision-making bodies than (...)
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  33.  58
    Returning Language to Culture by Way of Biology.Bjorn Merker, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):460.
    Conflation of our unique human endowment for language with innate, so-called universal, grammar has banished language from its biological home. The facts reviewed by Evans & Levinson (E&L) fit the biology of cultural transmission. My commentary highlights our dedicated learning capacity for vocal production learning as the form of our language endowment compatible with those facts.
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  34.  24
    A Biological Infrastructure for Communication Underlies the Cultural Evolution of Languages.J. P. de Ruiter & Stephen C. Levinson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):518-518.
    Universal Grammar (UG) is indeed evolutionarily implausible. But if languages are just to a large primate brain, it is hard to see why other primates do not have complex languages. The answer is that humans have evolved a specialized and uniquely human cognitive architecture, whose main function is to compute mappings between arbitrary signals and communicative intentions. This underlies the development of language in the human species.
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  35. With Diversity in Mind: Freeing the Language Sciences From Universal Grammar.Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):472-492.
    Our response takes advantage of the wide-ranging commentary to clarify some aspects of our original proposal and augment others. We argue against the generative critics of our coevolutionary program for the language sciences, defend the use of close-to-surface models as minimizing cross-linguistic data distortion, and stress the growing role of stochastic simulations in making generalized historical accounts testable. These methods lead the search for general principles away from idealized representations and towards selective processes. Putting cultural evolution central in understanding language (...)
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  36.  7
    Studying Spatial Conceptualization Across Cultures: Anthropology and Cognitive Science.Stephen C. Levinson - 1998 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 26 (1):7-24.
  37.  45
    Language Does Provide Support for Basic Tastes.Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):86-87.
    Recurrent lexicalization patterns across widely different cultural contexts can provide a window onto common conceptualizations. The cross-linguistic data support the idea that sweet, salt, sour, and bitter are basic tastes. In addition, umami and fatty are likely basic tastes, as well.
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  38.  8
    Immanuel Kant Among the Tenejapans: Anthropology as Empirical Philosophy.Stephen C. Levinson & Penelope Brown - 1994 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 22 (1):3-41.
  39.  33
    Is Liberal Nationalism an Oxymoron? An Essay for Judith Shklar:Liberal Nationalism. Yael Tamir.Sanford Levinson - 1995 - Ethics 105 (3):626-.
  40.  16
    Implicature Explicated?Stephen C. Levinson - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):722.
  41. Introduction: Linguistic Relativity Re-Examined.John J. Gumperz & Stephen C. Levinson - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--18.
     
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  42.  54
    Responsibility for Crimes of War.Sanford Levinson - 1973 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (3):244-273.
  43. Interpreting Law and Literature a Hermeneutic Reader.Sanford Levinson & Steven Mailloux - 1988
  44.  16
    Introduction to Part I.John J. Gumperz & Stephen C. Levinson - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21--36.
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  45.  21
    Review: Is Liberal Nationalism an Oxymoron? An Essay for Judith Shklar. [REVIEW]Sanford Levinson - 1995 - Ethics 105 (3):626 - 645.
  46.  28
    Commentary/Christiansen & Chater: Language as Shaped A Biological Infrastructure for Communication Underlies the Cultural Evolution of Languages.J. P. De Ruiter & Stephen C. Levinson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):5.
  47. Evolution and Morality.James E. Fleming & Sanford Levinson (eds.) - 2012 - NYU Press.
    Part I. Naturalistic ethics -- Part II. Law and behavioral morality -- Part III. Biopolitical science.
     
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  48.  9
    Legal Rhetoric and Cultural Critique: Notes Toward Guerrilla WritingCultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to KnowA Guide to Critical Legal StudiesInterpreting Law and Literature: A Hermeneutic ReaderZoot Suit. [REVIEW]Carl Gutierrez-Jones, E. D. Hirsch, Mark Kelman, Sanford Levinson, Steven Mailloux & Luiz Valdez - 1990 - Diacritics 20 (4):57.
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  49.  7
    Rhetoric and the LawFeminism as CritiqueThe Politics of Law: A Progressive CritiqueInterpreting Law and LiteratureFeminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and LawLaw and Literature: A Misunderstood RelationThe Critical Legal Studies MovementHeracles' Bow: Essays on the Rhetoric and Poetics of the Law.Victoria Kahn, Seyla Benhabib, Drucilla Cornell, David Kairys, Sanford Levinson, Steven Mailloux, Catharine A. MacKinnon, Richard A. Posner, Roberto Mangabeira Unger & James Boyd White - 1989 - Diacritics 19 (2):21.
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  50. An Argument Open to All: Reading "the Federalist" in the 21st Century.Sanford Levinson - 2015 - Yale University Press.
    _From one of America’s most distinguished constitutional scholars, an intriguing exploration of America’s most famous political tract and its relevance to today’s politics_ In _An Argument Open to All,_ renowned legal scholar Sanford Levinson takes a novel approach to what is perhaps America’s most famous political tract. Rather than concern himself with the authors as historical figures, or how _The Federalist_ helps us understand the original intent of the framers of the Constitution, Levinson examines each essay for the _political_ wisdom (...)
     
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