Results for 'S. M. J.'

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  1.  17
    S. M. Jørgensen And His Controversy With A. Werner: a Reconsideration.Helge Kragh - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Science 30 (2):203-219.
    The controversy between Alfred Werner and Sophus Mads Jørgensen over the structure of complex inorganic compounds is not among the best known of the many controversies in (...)
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  2.  95
    The Inference of Function From Structure in Fossils.M. J. S. Rudwick - 1964 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15 (57):27-40.
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  3.  18
    The Foundation of the Geological Society of London: Its Scheme for Co-Operative Research and its Struggle for Independence.M. J. S. Rudwick - 1963 - British Journal for the History of Science 1 (4):325-355.
    The Geological Society of London was the first learned society to be devoted solely to geology, and its members were responsible for much of the spectacular progress (...)
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  4. Darwin's Argument in the Origin.M. J. S. Hodge - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):461-464.
    Various claims have been made, recently, that Darwin's argumentation in the Origin instantiates and so supports some general philosophical proposal about scientific theorizing, for example, the " (...)semantic view". But these claims are grounded in various incorrect analyses of that argumentation. A summary is given here of an analysis defended at greater length in several papers by the present author. The historical and philosophical advantages of this analysis are explained briefly. Darwin's argument comprises three distinct evidential cases on behalf of natural selection, cases, that is, for its existence, its adequacy and its responsibility. Theorizing, today, about evolution by natural selection involves a similar structure of evidential and explanatory concerns. (shrink)
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  5.  27
    The Structure and Strategy of Darwin'sLong Argument’.M. J. S. Hodge - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (3):237-246.
  6.  3
    Hutton and Werner Compared: George Greenough's Geological Tour of Scotland in 1805.M. J. S. Rudwick - 1962 - British Journal for the History of Science 1 (2):117-135.
    George Greenough was one of the influential group of early nineteenth-century English geologists who rejected both Hutton's and Werner's attempts to propound all-embracing geological (...)theories, and followed a deliberately empirical approach. He travelled through Scotland in 1805, studying geological phenomena in the light of both the Plutonist and the Neptunist theories, and generally concluded that neither was entirely satisfactory as an explanation of the observable facts. He was also the first to suggest that theParallel Roadsof Glen Roy were the successive beach-levels of a former lake: this theory was later attacked by Darwin but ultimately vindicated by Agassiz's glacial theory. The more important geological passages from Greenough's MS. journal of the tour are reproduced and discussed in this paper. They illustrate some of the scientific problems that were involved in accepting either Hutton's or Werner's theory entire. (shrink)
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  7.  35
    Joint Action, Interactive Alignment and Dialogue.M. J. Pickering & S. Garrod - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):292-304.
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  8.  54
    Medical Studies with 'No Material Ethical Issues' - an Unhelpful, Confusing and Potentially Unethical Suggestion.S. M. Yentis & A. J. Dawson - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (4):234-236.
    Both the recent 'Warner' review of the UK research ethics committee (REC) system and the subsequent consultation document produced by the Central Office for Research Ethics Committees (...)
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  9.  12
    Why We Should Have Seen That Coming.M. J. Wolf, K. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2017 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (3):54-64.
    In this paper we examine the case of Tay, the Microsoft AI chatbot that was launched in March, 2016. After less than 24 hours, Microsoft shut down (...)
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  10.  55
    On the Meaning of Free Software.M. J. Wolf, K. W. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):279-286.
    To many who develop and use free software, the GNU General Public License represents an embodiment of the meaning of free software. In this paper we examine (...)
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  11.  11
    Essay Review: The Glacial Theory[REVIEW]M. J. S. Rudwick - 1969 - History of Science 8 (1):136-157.
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  12.  25
    Peter Lipton (9th October 195425th November 2007).M. F.-S. & N. J. - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):1-.
  13. Modeling the Reminiscence Bump in Autobiographical Memory with the Memory Chain Model.S. M. J. Janssen, A. G. Chessa & J. M. J. Murre - 2003 - In B. Kokinov & W. Hirst (eds.), Constructive Memory. New Bulgarian University.
     
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  14.  23
    The Secret Art of Managing Healthcare Expenses: Investigating Implicit Rationing and Autonomy in Public Healthcare Systems.S. M. R. Lauridsen, M. S. Norup & P. J. H. Rossel - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):704-707.
    Rationing healthcare is a difficult task, which includes preventing patients from accessing potentially beneficial treatments. Proponents of implicit rationing argue that politicians cannot resist pressure from strong (...)
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  15.  15
    Lamarck's Science of Living Bodies.M. J. S. Hodge - 1971 - British Journal for the History of Science 5 (4):323-352.
    As a historical figure, Lamarck proves a rather difficult subject. His writings give us few explicit leads to his intellectual debts; nor do they present his theories (...)
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  16.  16
    Automatic Detection of Bunches of Grapes in Natural Environment From Color Images.M. J. C. S. Reis, R. Morais, E. Peres, C. Pereira, O. Contente, S. Soares, A. Valente, J. Baptista, P. J. S. G. Ferreira & J. Bulas Cruz - 2012 - Journal of Applied Logic 10 (4):285-290.
  17. The Presocratic Philosophers a Critical History with a Selection of Texts /by G.S. Kirk, J.E. Raven, M. Schofield. --. --. [REVIEW]G. S. Kirk, J. Raven & Malcolm Schofield - 1983 - Cambridge University Press, 1983.
  18. A New Introduction to Modal Logic.M. J. Cresswell & G. E. Hughes - 1996 - Routledge.
    This long-awaited book replaces Hughes and Cresswell's two classic studies of modal logic: _An Introduction to Modal Logic_ and _A Companion to Modal Logic_. _A New (...) Introduction to Modal Logic_ is an entirely new work, completely re-written by the authors. They have incorporated all the new developments that have taken place since 1968 in both modal propositional logic and modal predicate logic, without sacrificing tha clarity of exposition and approachability that were essential features of their earlier works. The book takes readers from the most basic systems of modal propositional logic right up to systems of modal predicate with identity. It covers both technical developments such as completeness and incompleteness, and finite and infinite models, and their philosophical applications, especially in the area of modal predicate logic. (shrink)
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  19. Companion to the History of Modern Science.M. J. S. Hodge, R. C. Olby, N. Cantor & J. R. R. Christie - 1990 - In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge.
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  20.  33
    Capitalist Contexts for Darwinian Theory: Land, Finance, Industry and Empire[REVIEW]M. J. S. Hodge - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):399 - 416.
    When socio-economic contexts are sought for Darwin's science, it is customary to turn to the Industrial Revolution. However, important issues about the long run of England (...)'s capitalisms can only be recognised by taking a wider view than Industrial Revolution historiographies tend to engage. The role of land and finance capitalisms in the development of the empire is one such issue. If we historians of Darwin's science allow ourselves a distinction between land and finance capitalisms on the one hand and industrial capitalism on the other; and if we ask with which side of this divide were Darwin and his theory of branching descent by natural selection aligned, then reflection on leading features of that theory, including its Malthusian elements, suggests that the answer is often and largely, though not exclusively: on the land side. The case of Wallace, socialist opponent of land capitalism, may not be as anomalous for this suggestion as one might at first think. Social and economic historians have reached no settled consensuses on the long-run of England's capitalisms. We historians of Darwin's science would do well to import some of these unsettled states of discussion into our own work over the years to come. (shrink)
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  21.  3
    Book Review: Charles Lyell[REVIEW]M. J. S. Rudwick - 1963 - History of Science 2 (1):172-172.
  22. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics[REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in laymans terms the issues (...) of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the whole enterprise worthwhile whether or nota theory of everythingis forthcoming. (shrink)
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  23.  13
    The Universal Gestation of Nature: Chambers'Vestiges andExplanations.M. J. S. Hodge - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):127-151.
  24.  17
    The Universal Gestation of Nature: Chambers' "Vestiges" and "Explanations". [REVIEW]M. J. S. Hodge - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):127 - 151.
  25.  57
    Heres My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care.S. van der Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The (...)
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  26.  9
    The Annealing of Dislocation Loops in Neutron Irradiated Copper.M. J. Makin & S. A. Manthorpe - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (94):1725-1738.
  27.  18
    Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes.T. B. Ward, S. M. Smith & J. Vaid (eds.) - 1997 - American Psychological Association.
  28.  46
    Disguise and Recognition in the Odyssey.M. J. Alden & S. Murnaghan - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109:211-212.
    This book is a comprehensive study of the Odyssey's plot, which shows how the motifs of disguise and recognition are used to articulate the central values (...)of Homeric society. The story of Odysseus' homecoming is discussed in relation to family dynamics, heroic competition, the social institutions of marriage and hospitality, gender relations, and the enduring power of song. (shrink)
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  29. Autonomy, Religious Values, and Refusal of Lifesaving Medical Treatment.M. J. Wreen - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (3):124-130.
    The principal question of this paper is: Why are religious values special in refusal of lifesaving medical treatment? This question is approached through a critical examination of (...)
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  30.  18
    Law, Morality and Society.P. M. S. Hacker & J. Raz - 1978 - O.U.P.
    Collection of essays around the work of H.L.A. Hart.
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  31.  10
    M. J. Morgan's "Molyneux's Question". [REVIEW]George J. Stack - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (2):301.
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  32.  50
    Potter's Notion of Bioethics.Henk A. M. J. ten Have - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (1):59-82.
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  33.  4
    Generation and the Origin of Species : A Historiographical Suggestion.M. J. S. Hodge - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (3):267-281.
    Bernard Norton's friends in the history of science have had many reasons for commemorating, with admiration and affection, not only his research and teaching but no (...)less his conversation and his company. One of his most estimable traits was his refusal to beat about the bush in raising the questions he thought worthwhile pursuing. I still remember discoursing at Pittsburgh on Darwin's route to his theory of natural selection, and being asked at the end by Bernard what were Darwin's views on heredity. I answered with the conventional waffle to the effect that the theory concerned the populational fate rather than the individual production and transmission of heritable variation, so that whatever views Darwin had on heredity had only a subsidiary place in his theorizing. Bernard was not fooled. ‘I would have thought’, he said, ‘that in order to understand anyone's theorising about evolution it would be necessary to look at his views on heredity’. (shrink)
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  34.  3
    The Effect of Ordering on the Strength and Dislocation Arrangements in the Ni3Mn Superlattice.M. J. Marcinkowski & D. S. Miller - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (67):871-893.
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  35.  79
    Ethics and Sport.M. J. McNamee & S. J. Parry (eds.) - 1998 - E & Fn Spon.
    The issues surrounding ethical controversies in sport have filled the media recently. This book of invited original essays by mainstream philosophers as well as philosophers of sport (...)
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  36.  40
    Discussion Note: Darwin, Whewell, and Natural Selection.M. J. S. Hodge - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):457-460.
  37.  17
    Visual Search: The Role of Memory for Rejected Distractors.Todd S. Horowitz & J. M. Wolfe - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 264.
  38.  19
    Promoting Virtue or Punishing Fraud: Mapping Contrasts in the Language ofScientific Integrity’.S. P. J. M. Horbach & W. Halffman - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (6):1461-1485.
    Even though integrity is widely considered to be an essential aspect of research, there is an ongoing debate on what actually constitutes research integrity. The understanding of (...)
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  39.  19
    The Lying Stones of Dr. Johann Bartholomew Adam Beringer Being His "Lithographiae Wirceburgensis". Johann Bartholomew Adam Beringer, Melvin E. Jahn, Daniel J. Woolf[REVIEW]M. J. S. Rudwick - 1964 - Isis 55 (1):117-118.
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  40.  71
    Teachers and Teaching: Subjectivity, Performativity and the Body.M. J. Vick & Carissa Martinez - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2):178-192.
    It has become almost commonplace to recognise that teaching is an embodied practice. Most analyses of teaching as embodied practice focus on the embodied nature of the (...)
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  41.  28
    Moral Aspects of Bariatric Surgery for Obese Children and Adolescents: The Urgent Need for EmpiricalEthical Research.S. M. van Geelen, L. L. E. Bolt & M. J. H. van Summeren - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (12):30-32.
  42.  10
    Molyneux's Question.M. J. Morgan - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (2):301-303.
  43.  65
    Risk, Rights, and Restitution.M. J. Zimmerman - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (2):285-311.
    InImposing Risks,” Judith Thomson gives a case in which, by turning on her stove, she accidentally causes her neighbors death. She claims that both the (...)following are true: (1) she ought not to have caused her neighbors death; (2) it was permissible for her to turn her stove on. In this paper it is argued that it cannot be that both (1) and (2) are true, that (2) is true, and that therefore (1) is false. How this is so is explained, and the implications of this position regarding the relation between rights and duties is explored. (shrink)
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  44.  83
    Nietzsche on Tragedy.M. S. Silk & J. P. Stern - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive study of Nietzsche's earliest (and extraordinary) book, The Birth of Tragedy (1872). When he wrote it, Nietzsche was a Greek scholar, (...)a friend and champion of Wagner, and a philosopher in the making. His book has been very influential and widely read, but has always posed great difficulties for readers because of the particular way Nietzsche brings his ancient and modern interests together. The proper appreciation of such a work requires access to ideas that cross the boundaries of conventional specialisms. This is now provided by M. S. Silk and J. P. Stern in their joint study of Nietzsche's book. They examine in detail its content, style and form; its strange genesis and hybrid status; its biographical background and the controversy engendered by its publication; its value as an account of ancient Greek culture and as a theory of tragedy and music; its relation to other theories of tragedy; and its place in the history of German ideas and in Nietzsche's own philosophical career. (shrink)
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  45.  19
    Berkeley's Philosophy of Science. Richard J. Brook.M. J. S. Hodge - 1977 - Isis 68 (2):325-326.
  46.  18
    Visual Detection and Visual Imagery.M. J. Peterson & S. E. Graham - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):509.
  47.  81
    Interpreting Quantum Interference Using a Berrys Phase-Like Quantity.M. J. Rave - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1073-1081.
    We show that quantum interference can be interpreted in terms of a phase invariant quantity, not unlike the Berrys phase. Under this interpretation, closed loops in (...)time become fundamental quantum entities, and all quantum states become periodic. Decoherence is then seen to occur naturally as a consequence. This formalism, although counterintuitive, provides another useful way of assigning meaning to quantum probabilities and quasi-probabilities. (shrink)
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  48.  49
    A Hegel Dictionary.M. J. Inwood - 1992 - Oxford, Ox, Uk ;Blackwell.
    This book provides a comprehensive survey of Hegel's philosophical thought via a systematic exploration of over 100 key terms, from `absolute' to `will'. By exploring both (...)the etymological background of such terms and Hegel's particular use of them, Michael Inwood clarifies for the modern reader much that has been regarded as difficult and obscure in Hegel's work. (shrink)
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  49.  44
    Acceptability of Offering Financial Incentives to Achieve Medication Adherence in Patients with Severe Mental Illness: a Focus Group Study.S. Priebe, J. Sinclair, A. Burton, S. Marougka, J. Larsen, M. Firn & R. Ashcroft - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):463-468.
    Background Offering financial incentives to achieve medication adherence in patients with severe mental illness is controversial. Aims To explore the views of different stakeholders on the ethical (...)
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  50. Flow.S. Abuhamdeh, J. Nakamura & M. Csikszentmihalyi - 1990 - In Andrew J. Elliot & Carol S. Dweck (eds.), Handbook of Competence and Motivation. The Guilford Press. pp. 598--608.
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