32 found
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  1. Aristotle's metaphysics.S. Marc Cohen - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title "Metaphysics" was the treatise by Aristotle that we have come to know by that name. But Aristotle himself did not use that title or even describe his field of study as 'metaphysics'; the name was evidently coined by the first century C.E. editor who assembled the treatise we know as Aristotle's Metaphysics out of various smaller selections of Aristotle's works. The title 'metaphysics' -- literally, 'after the Physics' (...)
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  2. Hylomorphism and Functionalism.S. Marc Cohen - 1995 [1992] - In Martha Craven Nussbaum & Amélie Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's De anima. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 57-73.
  3.  70
    Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H.S. Marc Cohen & Michael J. Loux - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (3):397.
    Review of Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H, by Michael J. Loux (Cornell University Press: 1991).
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  4. Aristotle on the Principle of Non-Contradiction.S. Marc Cohen - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):359-370.
    Critical discussion of Alan Code's paper "Aristotle's Investigation of a Basic Logical Principle: Which Science Investigates the Principle of Non-Contradiction?".
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  5. Kooky objects revisited: Aristotle's ontology.S. Marc Cohen - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (1):3–19.
    This is an investigation of Aristotle's conception of accidental compounds (or "kooky objects," as Gareth Matthews has called them)—entities such as the pale man and the musical man. I begin with Matthews's pioneering work into kooky objects, and argue that they are not so far removed from our ordinary thinking as is commonly supposed. I go on to assess their utility in solving some familiar puzzles involving substitutivity in epistemic contexts, and compare the kooky object approach to more modern approaches (...)
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  6. Essentialism in Aristotle.S. Marc Cohen - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):387-405.
    Quine, in an influential passage, characterizes a certain kind of metaphysical view as "Aristotelian essentialism." Recent work on Aristotle suggests that he may not have been an essentialist in Quine's sense. This paper examines the question whether, and to what extent, Aristotle is committed to the kind of essentialism Quine discusses. Various promising areas of Aristotle's thought (alteration vs. coming-to-be and passing-away, kath' hauto predication) are examined and found wanting as sources of essentialism. Instead, Aristotle is found to be committed (...)
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  7. The logic of the third man.S. Marc Cohen - 1971 - Philosophical Review 80 (4):448-475.
    The main lines of interpretation offered to date of the Third Man Argument in Plato's Parmenides (132a1-b2) are considered and rejected. A new, set-theoretic, reconstruction of the argument is offered. It is concluded that the philosophical point of the argument is different from what it has been generally supposed to be: Plato is pointing out the logical shortcomings in his earlier formulated principle of One-Over-Many.
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  8. The One and the Many.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  9. Socrates on the definition of Piety.S. Marc Cohen - 1971 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 9 (1):1-13.
    The central argument in the Euthyphro is the one Socrates advances against the definition of piety as "what all the gods love." The argument turns on establishing that a loved thing (philoumenon) is 1) a loved thing because it is loved (phileitai), not 2) loved because it is a loved thing. I suggest that this claim can be understood and found acceptable if we take "because" to be used equivocally in it. Despite the equivocation, Socrates' argument is valid, showing that (...)
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  10. Readings in ancient Greek philosophy: from Thales to Aristotle.S. Marc Cohen, Patricia Curd & C. D. C. Reeve (eds.) - 2016 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
    Soon after its publication, Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy was hailed as the favourite to become "the 'standard' text for survey courses in ancient philosophy. Over twenty years later that prediction has been borne out: Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy still stands as the leading anthology of its kind. It is now stronger than ever: This 5th Edition features a completely revised Aristotle unit, with new translations, as well as a newly revised glossary. The Plato unit offers new translations of (...)
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  11.  55
    Substance and Essence in Aristotle: An Interpretation of Metaphysics VII-IX.S. Marc Cohen & Charlotte Witt - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):838.
    Review of Substance and Essence in Aristotle: an Interpretation of Metaphysics VII-IX, by Charlotte Witt (Cornell University Press: 1989).
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  12. Individual and Essence in Aristotle's Metaphysics.S. Marc Cohen - 1978 - Paideia (Special Aristotle Edition):75-85.
    Aristotle's claim in Metaphysics Z.6 that "each substance is the same as its essence" has long puzzled commentators. For it seems to conflict with two other Aristotelian theses: (1) primary substances are individuals (e.g., Socrates and Callias), and (2) essences are universals (e.g., Man and Horse). Three traditional solutions to this difficulty are considered and rejected. Instead, to make the Z.6 equation consistent with (1) and (2), I propose that it be interpreted to be making something other than a straightforward (...)
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  13. Wants and lacks.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):455-456.
    Anthony Kenny says it is impossible to want what one already has and knows one has. We present a counter-example and then suggest that Kenny may have been misled by the fact that wanting expresses itself in goal-directed behavior. From the truism that one's behavior cannot be directed toward a goal that one knows one has already attained, Kenny may have been led to suppose that behavior directed toward an as yet unattained goal cannot express one's desire for what one (...)
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  14. Hylomorphism and Functionalism 1.S. Marc Cohen - 1992 - In Martha C. Nussbaum & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's de Anima. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Myles Burnyeat, Laurence Professor of Ancient Philosophy at Cambridge University, disputes functionalist interpretations of Aristotle. Moreover, he contends that a correct understanding of Aristotle’s philosophy of mind leads to the realization that the only thing to do with it is to reject it. This essay argues that Burnyeat has failed to refute either Aristotle or his functionalist interpreters.
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  15. Substances.S. Marc Cohen - 2008 - In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 197–212.
    This is a survey of Aristotle's development of the concept of substance in the Categories and Book VII (Zeta) of the Metaphysics. We begin with the Categories conception of a primary substance as that which is not "in a subject" -- i.e., not ontologically dependent on anything else -- and also not "said of a subject" -- i.e., not predicated of any item beneath it in its categorial tree. This gives us the idea of primary substances as ontologically basic individuals, (...)
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  16. Plato's Method of Division.S. Marc Cohen - 1973 - In J. M. E. Maravcsik (ed.), Patterns in Plato's thought. Dordrecht,: Reidel. pp. 181--191.
    Critical discussion of J.M.E. Moravcsik's paper on Plato's method of division.
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  17.  10
    Aristotle and Individuation.S. Marc Cohen - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 10:41-65.
    One of the roles of matter in Aristotle's philosophy, according to well-established historical tradition, is to provide a principle of individuation. This tradition has been challenged from time to time. Some historians, noting that it is form rather than matter that wears the metaphysical trousers for Aristotle, have tried to give form the role of providing a principle of individuation. Others have suggested that there is no such principle at all to be found in Aristotle's works. This ongoing dispute has (...)
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  18. Aristotle and Individuation.S. Marc Cohen - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy:41-65.
    It is traditionally maintained that according to Aristotle, matter provides a principle of individuation. Objections of several sorts have been raised against this interpretation. One objection holds that for Aristotle it is form, rather than matter, that individuates. A more radical objection is that Aristotle does not propose any principle of individuation at all. Any adequate discussion of this issue must make clear precisely what problems such a principle is meant to address. This in turn requires that several important distinctions (...)
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  19. Accidental Beings in Aristotle's Ontology.S. Marc Cohen - 2013 - In David Keyt, Georgios Anagnostopoulos & Fred D. Miller (eds.), Reason and analysis in ancient Greek philosophy: essays in honor of David Keyt. New York: Springer. pp. 231-242.
    This is an examination of Aristotle's notion of an "accidental being" -- something intermediate between a substance and a property. An accidental being (sometimes called "accidental compound" or "kooky object") is an ephemeral object, typically the compound of a substance and a property, that exists for only as long as its components are united. I set out the role that accidental beings play in Aristotle's solutions to several philosophical problems. I also investigate the similarity between these beings and the individual (...)
     
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  20.  22
    Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays.Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.
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  21. On Aristotle's Categories.S. Marc Cohen & Gareth B. Matthews - 1991 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. Edited by S. Marc Cohen & Gareth B. Matthews.
    Translation with notes of Ammonius' Commentary on Aristotle's Categories.
     
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  22. The Credibility of Aristotle's Philosophy of Mind.S. Marc Cohen - 1987 - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), Aristotle Today: Essays on Aristotle's Ideal of Science. Academic Printing & Pub.. pp. 103-121.
  23. Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and Gen. et Corr.S. Marc Cohen - 2012 - In Christopher John Shields (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oxford University Press USA. pp. 205.
    Aristotle takes up the topic of change (or coming-to-be and ceasing-to-be) in both the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione. He distinguishes between simple coming-to-be (substantial change), as when something comes into existence, and qualified coming-to-be (accidental change), as when an already existing thing alters, or moves, or changes in some other way. But he also maintains a persistence principle: that in every change, whether simple or qualified, there is something that persists throughout the change. I examine the question of (...)
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  24.  1
    Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione.S. Marc Cohen - 2012 - In Christopher John Shields (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oxford University Press USA.
    Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature and of natural objects. According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is, they are kinoumena, things that are subject to change. The first book of the Physics is largely devoted to this task. The account of substantial change in the Physics is devoid of any commitment to prime matter. Aristotle also takes up the topics of alteration and coming-to-be in De Generatione et Corruptione. (...)
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  25. Analyzing Plato's Arguments: Plato and Platonism.S. Marc Cohen & David Keyt - 1992 - In James Carl Klagge & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.), Methods of Interpreting Plato and his Dialogues. Oxford University Press.
    The historian of philosophy often encounters arguments that are enthymematic: they have conclusions that follow from their explicit premises only by the addition of "tacit" or "suppressed" premises. It is a standard practice of interpretation to supply these missing premises, even where the enthymeme is "real," that is, where there is no other context in which the philosopher in question asserts the missing premises. To do so is to follow a principle of charity: other things being equal, one interpretation is (...)
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  26. Analysing Plato's Arguments: Plato and Platonism.S. Marc Cohen & David Keyt - 1992 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy:173-200.
  27. Incorrigibility, Avowals and the Concept of Unconscious Desire.S. Marc Cohen - 1967 - Dissertation, Cornell University
     
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  28.  37
    Socrates, Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues.S. Marc Cohen - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):153.
    Review of Socrates, Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues, by Gerasimos X. Santas.
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  29.  26
    Divine Substance.S. Marc Cohen - 1982 - Noûs 16 (2):334-339.
    Review of Divine Substance, by Christopher Stead (Oxford, Clarendon Press: 1977).
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  30.  49
    Substantial Knowledge. [REVIEW]S. Marc Cohen - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):452-456.
    Review of Substantial Knowledge: Aristotle's Metaphysics, by C.D.C Reeve (Hackett: 2000).
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  31.  33
    Aristotle, "Metaphysics. Books 7-10. Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota". [REVIEW]S. Marc Cohen - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):312.
    Review of Aristotle’s Metaphysics: Books Zeta, Eta, Theta, and Iota, translation and commentary by Montgomery Furth (Hackett: 1985).
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  32.  53
    The Concept of Pleasure. [REVIEW]S. Marc Cohen - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (3):386-390.
    Review of The Concept of Pleasure, by David L. Perry (Mouton:1967).
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