13 found
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Signe Mezinska [16]S. Mezinska [3]
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Signe Mezinska
University of Latvia
  1.  24
    Research in Disaster Settings: A Systematic Qualitative Review of Ethical Guidelines.Signe Mezinska, Péter Kakuk, Goran Mijaljica, Marcin Waligóra & Dónal P. O’Mathúna - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):62.
    Conducting research during or in the aftermath of disasters poses many specific practical and ethical challenges. This is particularly the case with research involving human subjects. The extraordinary circumstances of research conducted in disaster settings require appropriate regulations to ensure the protection of human participants. The goal of this study is to systematically and qualitatively review the existing ethical guidelines for disaster research by using the constant comparative method. We performed a systematic qualitative review of disaster research ethics guidelines to (...)
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  2.  32
    Non-Equivalent Stringency of Ethical Review in the Baltic States: A Sign of a Systematic Problem in Europe?E. Gefenas, V. Dranseika, A. Cekanauskaite, K. Hug, S. Mezinska, E. Peicius, V. Silis, A. Soosaar & M. Strosberg - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):435-439.
    We analyse the system of ethical review of human research in the Baltic States by introducing the principle of equivalent stringency of ethical review, that is, research projects imposing equal risks and inconveniences on research participants should be subjected to equally stringent review procedures. We examine several examples of non-equivalence or asymmetry in the system of ethical review of human research: (1) the asymmetry between rather strict regulations of clinical drug trials and relatively weaker regulations of other types of clinical (...)
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  3.  25
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Kristina Hug, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  4.  55
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  5.  11
    Non-Equivalent Stringency of Ethical Review in the Baltic States: A Sign of a Systematic Problem in Europe? E. Gefenas, V. Dranseika, A. Cekanauskaite, K. Hug & S. Mezinska - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):435-439.
    We analyse the system of ethical review of human research in the Baltic States by introducing the principle of equivalent stringency of ethical review, that is, research projects imposing equal risks and inconveniences on research participants should be subjected to equally stringent review procedures. We examine several examples of non-equivalence or asymmetry in the system of ethical review of human research: the asymmetry between rather strict regulations of clinical drug trials and relatively weaker regulations of other types of clinical biomedical (...)
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  6.  61
    Sharing Responsibility in Gamete Donation: Balancing Relations and New Knowledge in Latvia.Signe Mezinska, Ilze Mileiko & Aivita Putnina - 2012 - Medicine Studies 3 (3):185-196.
    PurposeThis paper presents an ethnographic study of gamete donation in Latvia. The aim of the study is to describe and analyse the practice of applying responsibility in gamete donation cases from the perspective of anthropology and ethics.MethodsWe performed thirty semi-structured interviews with laypeople and five focus group discussions among adolescents. The third source of data was media analysis: 57 articles discussing assisted reproduction in Latvian electronic popular media as well as internet discussions among ART participants. The data were processed using (...)
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  7.  1
    Sharing Responsibility in Gamete Donation: Balancing Relations and New Knowledge in Latvia.Signe Mezinska, Ilze Mileiko & Aivita Putnina - 2012 - Medicine Studies 3 (3):185-196.
    PurposeThis paper presents an ethnographic study of gamete donation in Latvia. The aim of the study is to describe and analyse the practice of applying responsibility in gamete donation cases from the perspective of anthropology and ethics.MethodsWe performed thirty semi-structured interviews with laypeople and five focus group discussions among adolescents. The third source of data was media analysis: 57 articles discussing assisted reproduction in Latvian electronic popular media as well as internet discussions among ART participants. The data were processed using (...)
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  8.  24
    Ethical Issues in Genomics Research on Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Critical Interpretive Review.Signe Mezinska, L. Gallagher, M. Verbrugge & E. M. Bunnik - 2021 - Human Genomics 16 (15).
    Background Genomic research on neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), particularly involving minors, combines and amplifies existing research ethics issues for biomedical research. We performed a review of the literature on the ethical issues associated with genomic research involving children affected by NDDs as an aid to researchers to better anticipate and address ethical concerns. Results Qualitative thematic analysis of the included articles revealed themes in three main areas: research design and ethics review, inclusion of research participants, and communication of research results. Ethical (...)
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  9.  22
    Metaphors of the Infertile Body.Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko - 2012 - The New Bioethics 18 (1):36-49.
    The aim of this article is to analyse the role of metaphors for the infertile body in the context of assisted reproduction, using conceptual metaphor theory as a framework, and to evaluate the moral significance of these metaphors. This sub-study is part of a larger study examining the biosafety practices of new biotechnologies in Latvia. In the sub-study, special attention was paid to metaphors used by assisted reproductive technology users, egg donors and experts. It can be concluded that not only (...)
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  10.  2
    Public Awareness of and Attitudes Towards Research Biobanks in Latvia.S. Mezinska, J. Kaleja, I. Mileiko, D. Santare, V. Rovite & L. Tzivian - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundPublic awareness and engagement are among the main prerequisites for protecting the rights of research participants and for successful and sustainable functioning of research biobanks. The aim of our study was to analyse public awareness and attitudes towards research biobanks in Latvia, and to compare these data with the results of the 2010 Eurobarometer study. We also analysed the influence of awareness and attitudes towards biobanks on willingness to participate in biobank studies and on preferred type of informed consent.MethodsWe developed (...)
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  11.  35
    Risk Communication in Assisted Reproduction in Latvia: From Private Experience to Ethical Issues.Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko - 2013 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):79-96.
    The aim of this paper is to analyze the process of risk communication in the context of assisted reproduction in Latvia. The paper is based on a qualitative methodology and two types of data: media analysis and 30 semi-structured interviews (11 patients, 4 egg donors, 15 experts). The study explores a broad definition of risk communication and explores three types of risks: health, psychosocial, and moral. We ask (1), who is involved in risk communication, (2), how risks are discussed using (...)
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  12.  5
    ‘Women-Protective’ Language as a Tool of Exclusion: Debates on Oocyte Donation in Latvia.Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko - 2018 - European Journal of Women's Studies:1-14.
    ‘Women-protective’ language is broadly used as a frame in political discussions on women’s reproductive healthcare and labour rights. This article addresses the use of ‘women-protective’ language in online news articles in the Latvian media about the proposed prohibition of oocyte donation for nulliparous women. The main focus of the recent Latvian debate has not been on the technology itself, but rather on the female body and women’s rationality and decision-making capacity. The results of the analysis show that use of the (...)
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  13.  2
    ‘Women-Protective’ Language as a Tool of Exclusion: Debates on Oocyte Donation in Latvia.Ilze Mileiko & Signe Mezinska - 2019 - European Journal of Women's Studies 26 (4):421-434.
    ‘Women-protective’ language is broadly used as a frame in political discussions on women’s reproductive healthcare and labour rights. This article addresses the use of ‘women-protective’ language in online news articles in the Latvian media about the proposed prohibition of oocyte donation for nulliparous women. The main focus of the recent Latvian debate has not been on the technology itself, but rather on the female body and women’s rationality and decision-making capacity. The results of the analysis show that use of the (...)
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