Results for 'S. R. J'

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  1. David Lewis, Donald C. Williams, and the History of Metaphysics in the Twentieth Century.A. R. J. Fisher - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (1):3--22.
    The revival of analytic metaphysics in the latter half of the twentieth century is typically understood as a consequence of the critiques of logical positivism, Quines (...)naturalization of ontology, Kripkes Naming and Necessity, clarifications of modal notions in logic, and the theoretical exploitation of possible worlds. However, this explanation overlooks the work of metaphysicians at the height of positivism and linguisticism that affected metaphysics of the late twentieth century. Donald C. Williams is one such philosopher. In this paper I explain how Williamss fundamental ontology and philosophy of time influenced in part the early formation of David Lewiss metaphysics. Thus, Williams played an important role in the revival of analytic metaphysics. (shrink)
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  2.  26
    Kidney Transplant Tourism: Cases From Canada.L. Wright, J. S. Zaltzman, J. Gill & G. V. R. Prasad - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):921-924.
    Canada has a marked shortfall between the supply and demand for kidneys for transplantation. Median wait times for deceased donor kidney transplantation vary from 5.8 years (...)in British Columbia, 5.2 years in Manitoba and 4.5 years in Ontario to a little over 2 years in Quebec and Nova Scotia. Living donation provides a viable option for some, but not all people. Consequently, a small number of people travel abroad to undergo kidney transplantation by commercial means. The extent to which they are aware of the potential risks to their health and the health of the kidney vendors is unclear. Travel abroad to obtain a kidney commercially i.e. transplant tourism (TT), raises ethical issues which include the exploitation of the poor, uncertainty of donor informed consent to nephrectomy, poor clinical care and lack of follow up for the donor, commodification of the body and inequity of access to medical care for donors. Also, TT widens socioeconomic disparities in access to transplantation, differing from the Canadian system of universal coverage for healthcare. The Canadian transplant community has discussed how to respond to patients who plan to travel abroad for TT or return with a purchased kidney. Unease rests in the tension between the duty to care for legitimate Canadian residents and the unwillingness to enable TT. This paper discusses three anonymized cases and the Canadian responses to TT as recorded in academic literature and a formal statement by relevant professional bodies. (shrink)
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  3.  29
    Philosophies of Education: R. J. Haack.R. J. Haack - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (196):159-176.
    It is commonly supposed that the philosophy of education is not a reputable area of concern for a philosopher. I have never heard a coherent, sustained and (...)
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  4.  89
    Adjudication Under Bentham's Pannomion: J. R. Dinwiddy.J. R. Dinwiddy - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (2):283-289.
  5.  23
    Hume's Impressions: R.J. Butler.R. J. Butler - 1975 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 9:122-136.
    It is a pleasure to read Hume, and to watch him explore recalcitrant problems with agility of mind and grace of style. Ironically these twin abilities have (...)
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  6. Passive Avoidance Learning in Individuals with Psychopathy: Modulation by Reward but Not by Punishment.R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman - 2004 - Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic (...)and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point punishment specific to that number (i.e., the loss of 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). In line with predictions, individuals with psychopathy made more passive avoidance errors than the comparison individuals. In addition, while the performance of both groups was modulated by level of reward, only the performance of the comparison population was modulated by level of punishment. The results are interpreted with reference to a computational account of the emotional learning impairment in individuals with psychopathy. (shrink)
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  7.  44
    R.S. Peters and Moral Education, 1: The Justification of Procedural Principles.R. J. Royce - 1983 - Journal of Moral Education 12 (3):174-181.
    Abstract In this article, which is the first of two to examine the ideas of R. S. Peters on moral education, consideration is given to his justificatory (...)
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  8.  9
    De Psychologie van Het Grieksche Werkwoord, Beschouwing Over Oorsprong En Beteekenis der Vervoeging. By S. W. F. Margadant. Pp. Xiv + 90. 's-Gravenhage: J. Philip Kruseman, 1929[REVIEW]R. McKenzie - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (5):202-202.
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  9.  18
    Church's Thesis and Cognitive Science.R. J. Nelson - 1987 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 28 (4):581-614.
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  10. Aristotle Ethica Eudemia.R. R. Walzer & J. M. Mingay (eds.) - 1991 - Clarendon Press.
    BLWith new text and full apparatus criticus The Eudemian Ethics was one of two ethical treatises which Aristotle wrote on the subject of ethica or `matters to (...)
     
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  11.  9
    The Changing Work of Infant Teachers: Some Policy Issues.R. J. Campbell, L. Evans, S. R. St J. Neill & A. Packwood - 1992 - British Journal of Educational Studies 40 (2):149-162.
  12.  6
    Die Bergwerkssklaven von Laureion[REVIEW]R. J. Hopper & S. Lauffer - 1959 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 79:185-186.
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  13.  4
    J. S. Mill.R. J. Halliday - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (103):193-194.
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  14.  34
    Cagnat's Roman Antiquities Lexique des Antiquités Romaines, Rédigé Sous la Direction de R. Cagnat, Par G. Goyau, Avec la Collaboration de Plusieurs Élèves de L'École Normale Supérieure. Paris: Thorin. 1895. 7 Fr[REVIEW]S. R. J. - 1895 - The Classical Review 9 (04):229-.
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  15. Political Liberalism and Political Community.R. J. Leland & Han van Wietmarschen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):142-167.
    We provide a justification for political liberalisms Reciprocity Principle, which states that political decisions must be justified exclusively on the basis of considerations that all reasonable (...)citizens can reasonably be expected to accept. The standard argument for the Reciprocity Principle grounds it in a requirement of respect for persons. We argue for a different, but compatible, justification: the Reciprocity Principle is justified because it makes possible a desirable kind of political community. The general endorsement of the Reciprocity Principle, we will argue, helps realize joint political rule and relationships of civic friendship. The main obstacle to the realization of these values is the presence of reasonable disagreement about religious, moral, and philosophical issues characteristic of liberal societies. We show the Reciprocity Principle helps to overcome this obstacle. (shrink)
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  16. Equality of Opportunity for Welfare Defended and Recanted.R. J. Arneson - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):488–497.
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussens interesting criticisms of the ideal of equality of opportunity for welfare provide a welcome occasion for rethinking the requirements of egalitarian distributive justice.1 (...)
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  17. R. J. Benton, Kant's Second Critique and the Problem of Transcendental Arguments[REVIEW]J. S. Morgan - 1979 - Kant-Studien 70 (3):341.
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  18.  19
    A Mind of One's Own: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (266):457-471.
    Whatever good or ill it did to Guy Fawkes, his resuscitation at the hands of Bernard Williams has, by any utilitarian reckoning, been a Good Thing. A (...)
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  19. The Ethics of Piracy in the Music Industry.S. R. Ponelis & J. J. Britz - 2009 - Journal of Information Ethics 18 (2):14-26.
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  20.  47
    The Philosopher's Contribution to Educational Research.R. S. Peters & J. P. White - 1969 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 1 (2):1–15.
  21.  9
    Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism.R. J. Grayson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (1):214-215.
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  22. Wilhelm Ostwalds Energetics 1: Origins and Motivations[REVIEW]R. J. Deltete - 2006 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):3-56.
  23.  13
    The Changing Work of Infant Teachers: Some Policy Issues.R. J. Campbell, L. Evans, S. R. St John Neill & A. Packwood - 1992 - British Journal of Educational Studies 40 (2):149 - 162.
  24. Wilhelm Ostwalds Energetics 2: Energetic Theory and Applications, Part I[REVIEW]R. J. Deltete - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):265-316.
    This is the second of a series of essays on the development and reception of Wilhelm Ostwalds energetics. The first essay described the chemical origins of (...)Ostwalds interest in the energy concept and his motivations for seeking a comprehensive science of energy. The present essay and the next discuss his various attempts, beginning in 1891 and extending over almost 3 years, to develop a consistent and coherent energetic theory. A final essay will consider reactions to this work and Ostwalds replies, and will also seek to evaluate his program of research. Ostwalds projectto reconstruct physics and chemistryas a pure energetics” – is worth attending to for several reasons: first, because Ostwald did ground-breaking work in chemistry (he was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1909 for his studies in catalysis and rates of reaction); second, because an important school of physical chemistry formed around him at Leipzig, a school that promoted his ideas; and, finally, because he was a prominent and vigorous participant in debates at the end of the nineteenth century concerning the proper course of physical theory. (shrink)
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  25.  40
    On Davidson's Paratactic Theory of Oblique Contexts.R. J. Haack - 1971 - Noûs 5 (4):351-361.
  26.  21
    Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right'. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):131-132.
    Despite the enormous and growing interest in Marx and the availability of Marx's writing in paperback, it is scandalous how little care has been taken in (...)producing careful texts and English translations of Marx's work. O'Malley's edition is an outstanding exception. It is carefully and intelligently edited. The result makes available an extremely interesting text of Marx. A number of scholars have already argued that in this early critique, one can discover some of the earliest formulations of distinctive Marxian themes. Now the reader can judge for himself, for this is the first full English translation of Marx's Critique. But this Critique is not only extremely important for understanding Marx's intellectual development, it also helps to make Hegel's Philosophy of Right come alive. Marx's fundamental ambivalence toward Hegel is evidenced here. It is clear that Marx is still very much under Hegel's influence and we can see how deeply Hegel is shaping Marx's thought, but there is also a toughness and incisiveness in Marx's criticism of Hegel. O'Malley has provided a very extensive introduction which not only provides the necessary background for understanding this text but also explores the role of this work in the totality of Marx's development. Altogether this edition shows a care and judiciousness which is exceptional. It eminently serves the purpose of making an important text accessible.--R. J. B. (shrink)
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  27. The Tendency of Hume's Skepticism.R. J. Fogelin - 1983 - In Burnyeat (ed.), The Skeptical Tradition.
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  28.  3
    Secondary Teachers at Work.R. J. Campbell & S. R. St J. Neill - 1995 - British Journal of Educational Studies 43 (3):336-336.
  29.  30
    Life and Letters in Roman Africa. By E. S. Bouchier, M.A. Small 8vo. I Vol. Pp. 128. Oxford: R. H. Blackwell, 1913. 3s. 6d[REVIEW]S. R. J. - 1914 - The Classical Review 28 (1):26-27.
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  30.  43
    The Equestrian Officials of Trajan and Hadrian. Their Careers, with Some Notes on Hadrian's Reforms. By R. H. Lacey. Princeton, 1917[REVIEW]S. R. J. - 1918 - The Classical Review 32 (7-8):197-197.
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  31.  18
    An Historian's Approach to Religion.R. J. Adam - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (34):94.
  32.  48
    The Cambridge Companion to Galen.R. J. Hankinson (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Galen of Pergamum was the most influential doctor of later antiquity, whose work was to influence medical theory and practice for more than fifteen hundred years. He (...)
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  33.  6
    Archibald Campbell's Necessity of Revelationthe Science of Human Nature's First Study of Religion.R. J. W. Mills - 2015 - History of European Ideas 41 (6):728-746.
    SummaryThis article argues that Archibald Campbell's Necessity of Revelation can be viewed as the first application of thescience of human nature’, a characteristic branch of (...)the Scottish Enlightenment, to the study of religious belief. Adopting Baconian and Newtonian methodological principles, Campbell set hypotheses, collected historical data, and inferred conclusions about the capabilities of human nature to come to fundamental religious ideas without the aid of revelation. He did so not only to reject thedeistposition on the powers of unassisted human reason, associated with Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as the Creation, but also to refute Campbell's conservative critics within the Church of Scotland who had earlier tried him for heresy. Campbell's example is that of a university professor using the experimental study of religion to defeat both radical freethinking and Calvinist orthodoxy. His work is another instance of the complicated relationship between science and religion within eighteenth-century Scotland. (shrink)
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  34.  45
    Clinical Ethicists' Perspectives on Organisational Ethics in Healthcare Organisations.D. S. Silva, J. L. Gibson, R. Sibbald, E. Connolly & P. A. Singer - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):320-323.
    Background: Demand for organisational ethics capacity is growing in health organisations, particularly among managers. The role of clinical ethicists in, and perspective on, organisational ethics has not (...)
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  35.  38
    Language, Newspeak and Logic: S. R. Sutherland.S. R. Sutherland - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 30:77-87.
    Some books are like parents, grandparents or old friends. They have been with us from our earliest days and one treats them almost with familiarity. They belong (...)
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  36.  16
    Induction and Hypothesis. A Study of the Logic of Confirmation.R. J. Hirst & S. F. Barker - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (41):375.
  37.  14
    Which Words Compete? The Dynamics of Similarity During Spoken Word Recognition.James S. Magnuson, J. Dixon, M. K. Tanenhaus & R. N. Aslin - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1).
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  38. Butler's Philosophy of Religion Vindicated (Durham Cathedral Lecture).J. R. Lucas - 1978 - Dean & Chapter.
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  39. Toward Pleomorphic Reconfigurable Robots for Optimum Coverage.S. M. Bhagya P. Samarakoon, M. A. Viraj J. Muthugala, Mohan R. Elara & Selva Kumaran - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-10.
    Buildings are constructed for accommodating living and industrial needs. Floor cleaning robots have been developed to cater to the demand of these buildings. Area coverage and coverage (...)
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  40.  23
    Plato's Seventh and Eighth Letters - Plato's Seventh and Eighth Letters. Edited with Introduction and Notes by R. S. Bluck. Pp. 188; Map, Plan. Cambridge: University Press, 1947. Cloth, 7s.6d[REVIEW]J. Tate - 1948 - The Classical Review 62 (3-4):130-131.
  41.  7
    The Zoroastrian Faith: Tradition and Modern Research.J. R. R. & S. A. Nigosian - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):175.
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  42.  9
    Festschriften.R. J. H. Jenkins, D. Rounds & S. Dow - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:153.
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  43.  6
    Contemplation et vie Contemplative Selon Platon.R. S. & A. J. Festugiere - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):48.
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  44.  15
    Explaining John Freind's "History of Physick".R. J. J. Martin - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):399.
  45.  5
    A Model for in-Reactor Densification of UO2.S. R. Macewen & I. J. Hastings - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 31 (1):135-143.
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  46.  48
    Nietzsche: The Man and His Philosophy.R. J. Hollingdale - 1965 - Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press.
    This is the ideal book for anyone interested in Nietzsche's life and work who wishes to learn why he is such a significant figure for the (...) development of modern ... (shrink)
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  47.  43
    The Basis of Plato's Society: J. R. S. Wilson.J. R. S. Wilson - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):313-320.
    At the beginning of Book II of the Republic , Glaucon and Adeimantus ask Socrates to tell them what it is to be just or unjust, and why (...) a man should be the former. Socrates suggests in reply that they consider first what it is for a polis to be just or unjusta polis is bigger than an individual, he says, so its justice should be more readily visible. Now if we were to view in imagination a polis coming into existence, he goes on, we should see also its justice and injustice coming into existence, and this might help us to discover what these qualities are. (shrink)
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  48.  20
    Libet's Dualism.R. J. Nelson - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):550-550.
  49.  13
    Young's Modulus of Pyrolytic Carbon in Relation to Preferred Orientation.R. J. Price - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (117):561-571.
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  50. An Ethical Framework for Global Vaccine Allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a (...)COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as economic destruction. It proposes proceeding in three phases: the first addresses premature death, the second long-term health issues and economic harms, and the third aims to contain viral transmission fully and restore pre-pandemic activity. -/- To those who may deem an ethical framework irrelevant because of the belief that many countries will pursue "vaccine nationalism," we argue such a framework still has broad relevance. Reasonable national partiality would permit countries to focus on vaccine distribution within their borders up until the rate of transmission is below 1, at which point there would not be sufficient vaccine-preventable harm to justify retaining a vaccine. When a government reaches the limit of national partiality, it should release vaccines for other countries. -/- We also argue against two other recent proposals. Distributing a vaccine proportional to a country's population mistakenly assumes that equality requires treating differently situated countries identically. Prioritizing countries according to the number of front-line health care workers, the proportion of the population over 65, and the number of people with comorbidities within each country may exacerbate disadvantage and end up giving the vaccine in large part to wealthy nations. (shrink)
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