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Sabine Salloch [33]S. Salloch [1]
  1.  22
    Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  2.  66
    Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: How Conceptual Accounts on Normative-Empirical Collaboration May Improve Research Practice.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.
    BackgroundThe methodology of medical ethics during the last few decades has shifted from a predominant use of normative-philosophical analyses to an increasing involvement of empirical methods. The articles which have been published in the course of this so-called 'empirical turn' can be divided into conceptual accounts of empirical-normative collaboration and studies which use socio-empirical methods to investigate ethically relevant issues in concrete social contexts.DiscussionA considered reference to normative research questions can be expected from good quality empirical research in medical ethics. (...)
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  3.  56
    The Normative Background of Empirical-Ethical Research: First Steps Towards a Transparent and Reasoned Approach in the Selection of an Ethical Theory.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):20.
    Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problematic, an ethical framework is needed to determine the relevance of the empirical data for normative argument. While issues of normative-empirical collaboration and questions of empirical methodology have been widely discussed in the literature, the normative methodology of empirical-ethical research has seldom been addressed. Based on our own research experience, we discuss one aspect of this normative (...)
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  4.  32
    Research Across the Disciplines: A Road Map for Quality Criteria in Empirical Ethics Research.Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an EE (...)
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  5.  30
    Same same but different: why we should care about the distinction between professionalism and ethics.Sabine Salloch - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  6.  20
    Methodological Reflections on the Contribution of Qualitative Research to the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):237-245.
    This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, (...)
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  7.  2
    Who Cares About Care? Family Members as Moral Actors in Treatment Decision Making.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):80-82.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 80-82.
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  8.  56
    Ethics by Opinion Poll?: The Functions of Attitudes Research for Normative Deliberations in Medical Ethics.Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):597-602.
    Empirical studies on people's moral attitudes regarding ethically challenging topics contribute greatly to research in medical ethics. However, it is not always clear in which ways this research adds to medical ethics as a normative discipline. In this article, we aim to provide a systematic account of the different ways in which attitudinal research can be used for normative reflection. In the first part, we discuss whether ethical judgements can be based on empirical work alone and we develop a sceptical (...)
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  9.  3
    Clinical Ethics as a Profession?Sabine Salloch - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):87-89.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 87-89.
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  10.  12
    Relationships and Burden: An Empirical‐Ethical Investigation of Lived Experience in Home Nursing Arrangements.Anna‐Henrikje Seidlein, Ines Buchholz, Maresa Buchholz & Sabine Salloch - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (4):448-456.
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  11.  29
    Morality and Moral Conflicts in Hospice Care: Results of a Qualitative Interview Study.S. Salloch & C. Breitsameter - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):588-592.
    Hospices consider themselves places that practise a holistic form of terminal care, encompassing physical and psychological symptoms, and also the social and spiritual support for a dying patient. So far, the underlying ethical principles have been treated predominantly in terms of a normative theoretical discussion. The interview study discussed in this paper is a qualitative investigation into general and hospice-related conceptions of morality among full-time and voluntary workers in German inpatient hospices. It examines moral conflicts and efforts leading to their (...)
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  12.  14
    Unsolicited Diagnosis of Mental Disorder: Epistemic and Normative Perspectives.Gustav Preller, Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):34-35.
  13.  9
    The Dual Use of Research Ethics Committees: Why Professional Self-Governance Falls Short in Preserving Biosecurity.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):53.
    Dual Use Research of Concern constitutes a major challenge for research practice and oversight on the local, national and international level. The situation in Germany is shaped by two partly competing suggestions of how to regulate security-related research: The German Ethics Council, as an independent political advisory body, recommended a series of measures, including national legislation on DURC. Competing with that, the German National Academy of Sciences and the German Research Foundation, as two major professional bodies, presented a strategy which (...)
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  14.  43
    Der Beitrag Qualitativer Sozialforschung Zur Handlungsorientierenden Medizinethischen Forschung. Eine Methodenreflexion Am Beispiel des ETHICO-Projekts.Jan Schildmann, Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch & Jochen Vollmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):33-41.
    ZusammenfassungMedizinethische Forschung wird häufig unter Verwendung sozialempirischer Methoden durchgeführt. Insbesondere die Anwendung von Methoden der qualitativen Sozialforschung hat eine breite Akzeptanz gefunden. Nach Kenntnis der Autoren fehlen allerdings bislang Untersuchungen, die den spezifischen Beitrag qualitativer Sozialforschung für medizinethische Untersuchungen unter Bezugnahme auf die Merkmale qualitativer Methoden darlegen. Ausgehend von einem handlungsorientierenden medizinethischen Forschungsvorhaben zur Unterstützung der Entscheidungsfindung in der Onkologie wird der Beitrag der verwendeten qualitativen Methoden für das Forschungsvorhaben unter Bezugnahme auf zwei Kennzeichen qualitativer Sozialforschung – Rekonstruktion der sozialen (...)
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  15.  37
    Was ist ein ethisches Problem und wie finde ich es? Theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Fragen der Identifikation ethischer Probleme am Beispiel einer empirisch-ethischen Interventionsstudie.Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (4):267-281.
    ZusammenfassungEine wichtige Aufgabe empirischer Sozialforschung in der Medizinethik besteht darin, bisher unbekannte ethische Probleme zu identifizieren und zu beschreiben. Die Frage, welche Sachverhalte in den Gegenstandsbereich der Medizinethik fallen, ist jedoch sowohl aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht voraussetzungsreich als auch in der Praxis umstritten. Im Beitrag werden theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Aspekte der Identifikation und Auswahl ethischer Probleme diskutiert und das Vorgehen am Beispiel einer konkreten empirisch-ethischen Studie illustriert. Der Schwerpunkt des Artikels liegt hierbei auf den Vorbedingungen sowie dem konkreten Vorgehen bei (...)
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  16.  17
    What Does Physicians' Clinical Expertise Contribute to Oncologic Decision‐Making? A Qualitative Interview Study.Sabine Salloch, Ina Otte, Anke Reinacher‐Schick & Jochen Vollmann - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):180-186.
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  17.  8
    Melanoma in the Shopping Mall: A Utilitarian Argument for Offering Unsolicited Medical Opinions in Informal Settings.Gustav Preller & Sabine Salloch - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):193-198.
    Doctors occasionally make diagnoses in strangers outside of formal medical settings by using the medical skill of visual inspection, such as noticing signs of melanoma or the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. This may cause considerable moral unease and doubts on the side of the diagnosing physician. Such encounters force physicians to consider whether or not to intervene by introducing themselves to the stranger and offering an unsolicited medical opinion despite the absence of a formal doctor-patient relationship. A small body of literature (...)
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  18.  14
    Who’s Afraid of EBM? Medical Professionalism From the Perspective of Evidence-Based Medicine.Sabine Salloch - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):61-66.
    Evidence-based medicine and medical professionalism are two prominent notions in current medical debates. However, proponents of professionalism fear a restriction in doctors’ freedom to make their best decisions for individual patients caused by the influence of EBM and highly standardised decision procedures. The challenge which EBM allegedly poses to physicians’ discretion forms the starting point for an analysis of the relationship between professionalism, as an inherent value system of medical practice, and EBM, as an approach to optimise the decision-making for (...)
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  19.  32
    Prinzip und Urteilskraft in der Medizinethik.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):251-268.
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  20.  23
    Medizin trifft Ökonomie. Werkstattbericht zu einem interprofessionellen Lehrprojekt.Sabine Salloch, Ina Otte, Caroline Ruiner & Jochen Vollmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):67-70.
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  21.  23
    Selbstbestimmung bis zuletzt – Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Autonomieausübung im stationären Hospiz aus der Perspektive haupt- und ehrenamtlicher MitarbeiterEnd-of-life autonomy—results of a qualitative interview study on opportunities and limitations of self-determination in in-patient hospices.Sabine Salloch & Christof Breitsameter - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):217-230.
    Hospize verstehen sich als Orte einer ganzheitlichen Sterbebegleitung, welche nicht allein die Behandlung körperlicher und psychischer Symptome, sondern auch die soziale und spirituelle Betreuung der Sterbenden beinhaltet. Eine zentrale Bedeutung innerhalb dieser umfassenden Begleitung am Lebensende hat die Idee der Selbstbestimmung. Dem Hospizgast soll ermöglicht werden, im Sinne einer größtmöglichen Autonomie über die eigenen Belange bis zuletzt selbst entscheiden zu können. Diese zentrale Zielsetzung der Hospizarbeit wurde in der Literatur bisher überwiegend in theoretisch-programmatischer Weise thematisiert, es liegen jedoch kaum Untersuchungen (...)
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  22.  14
    Professionals Watching TV and the Question of Moral Supererogation.Sabine Salloch - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):54-56.
  23.  13
    „Evidenzbasierte Ethik“? – Über Hypothetische Und Kategorische Handlungsnormen in der Medizin.Sabine Salloch - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (1):5-17.
    ZusammenfassungIm Zuge des „empirical turn“ der Medizin- und Bioethik ist von verschiedenen Autoren in den vergangenen Jahren die Idee einer „evidenzbasierten Ethik“ diskutiert worden. Die Analogie zwischen evidenzbasierter Medizin und „evidenzbasierter Ethik“ soll in diesem Beitrag kritisch diskutiert und dabei gezeigt werden, dass der Ausdruck „evidenzbasierte Ethik“ irreführend ist. Zentraler Ausgangspunkt der Kritik ist die unterschiedliche Bedeutung, die empirische Informationen für das medizinisch-klinische Urteil zum einen und das ethische Urteil in der Medizin zum anderen haben. Im medizinisch-klinischen Urteil können mit (...)
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  24.  24
    Illness and Disease: An Empirical-Ethical Viewpoint.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):5.
    The concepts of disease, illness and sickness capture fundamentally different aspects of phenomena related to human ailments and healthcare. The philosophy and theory of medicine are making manifold efforts to capture the essence and normative implications of these concepts. In parallel, socio-empirical studies on patients’ understanding of their situation have yielded a comprehensive body of knowledge regarding subjective perspectives on health-related statuses. Although both scientific fields provide varied valuable insights, they have not been strongly linked to each other. Therefore, the (...)
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  25.  12
    Reading Literary Fiction as Moral Enhancement.Katharina Fürholzer & Sabine Salloch - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):104-106.
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  26.  12
    Whose Autonomy? Which Obligations? Preserving the Right to (Professional) Self-Determination at the Margins of Viability.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):31-33.
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  27.  1
    Ethical Aspects of Time in Intensive Care Decision Making.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein, Arne Hannich, Andre Nowak, Matthias Gründling & Sabine Salloch - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-105752.
    The decision-making environment in intensive care units is influenced by the transformation of intensive care medicine, the staffing situation and the increasing importance of patient autonomy. Normative implications of time in intensive care, which affect all three areas, have so far barely been considered. The study explores patterns of decision making concerning the continuation, withdrawal and withholding of therapies in intensive care. A triangulation of qualitative data collection methods was chosen. Data were collected through non-participant observation on a surgical ICU (...)
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  28.  14
    Ethical Theories: The More, the Better?Sabine Salloch & Micha H. Werner - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):40-41.
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  29.  10
    The Importance of Trust and the Importance of Trustworthiness.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):27-28.
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  30.  6
    Who Decides? The Autonomy of First Respondents in Initiating Out-of-Hospital CPR.Sabine Salloch - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):57-59.
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  31.  8
    Schwerpunkt: Angewandte Ethik und Urteilskraft.Andrea Esser & Sabine Salloch - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):228-232.
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  32.  1
    Selbstbestimmung Bis Zuletzt – Möglichkeiten Und Grenzen der Autonomieausübung Im Stationären Hospiz Aus der Perspektive Haupt- Und Ehrenamtlicher MitarbeiterEnd-of-Life Autonomy—Results of a Qualitative Interview Study on Opportunities and Limitations of Self-Determination in in-Patient Hospices.Sabine Salloch & Christof Breitsameter - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):217-230.
    ZusammenfassungHospize verstehen sich als Orte einer ganzheitlichen Sterbebegleitung, welche nicht allein die Behandlung körperlicher und psychischer Symptome, sondern auch die soziale und spirituelle Betreuung der Sterbenden beinhaltet. Eine zentrale Bedeutung innerhalb dieser umfassenden Begleitung am Lebensende hat die Idee der Selbstbestimmung. Dem Hospizgast soll ermöglicht werden, im Sinne einer größtmöglichen Autonomie über die eigenen Belange bis zuletzt selbst entscheiden zu können. Diese zentrale Zielsetzung der Hospizarbeit wurde in der Literatur bisher überwiegend in theoretisch-programmatischer Weise thematisiert, es liegen jedoch kaum Untersuchungen (...)
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  33. " Evidence-Based Ethics"?-On Hypothetical and Categorical Norms in Medicine.Sabine Salloch - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (1):5-17.
     
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  34. Moralische Urteilskraft bei Kant und das Problem der angemessenen Situationsbeschreibung.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 2113-2120.
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