Results for 'S. W. Kim'

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  1.  38
    Bad Company Objection to Joongol Kims Adverbial Theory of Numbers.Namjoong Kim - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3389-3407.
    Kim :10991112, 2013) defends a logicist theory of numbers. According to him, numbers are adverbial entities, similar to those denoted byfrequentlyandat 100 mph”. (...)He even introduces new adverbs for numbers: “1-wise”, “2-wise”, and so on. For example, “Fs exist 2-wisemeans that there are two Fs. Kim claims that, because we can derive DedekindPeano axioms from his definition of numbers as adverbial entities, it is a new form of logicism. In this paper, I will, however, argue that his theory is vulnerable to an analogue of the so-called Bad Company objection to neo-Fregeanism. This means that we cannot be sure that numbers are actually given to us by Kims definition; for, we dont know whether it is indeed a good definition. So, unless Kim, or somebody else, provides a demarcation criterion between good and bad adverbial definitions, Kims theory will remain incomplete. (shrink)
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  2.  32
    Correction to: Bad Company Objection to Joongol Kims Adverbial Theory of Numbers.Namjoong Kim - forthcoming - Synthese.
  3.  9
    Graecia Antiqua: Maps and Plans to Illustrate Pausanias's Description of Greece. Compiled by SirJames Fraser, with Explanatory Text by A. W. van Buren. Pp. 161 + 12; 70 Maps. London: Macmillan & Co., 1930. 25s[REVIEW]L. W. - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50 (2):347-347.
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  4.  45
    Arnold's New Latin Course. Parts I. and II. By R. M. Allardyce, M.A. 2 Vols. Pp. 117 and 216 Respectively. Maddox Street, W.: Edward Arnold. July, 1911. Part I., is. 6d.; Part II., 2s. 6d[REVIEW]L. P. W. - 1912 - The Classical Review 26 (01):32-.
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  5.  47
    Die Wolken des Aristophanes Erklärt Von W. S. Teuffel. Zweite Auflage, bearbeitet von Otto Kaehler. Leipzig. B. G. Teubner. 1887. 2 Mk. 70[REVIEW]W. M. W. - 1888 - The Classical Review 2 (07):205-.
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  6.  42
    Falernian Grapes (VVvac Falernae). An Inaugural Address on Horace by Professor R. S. Conway, with Six Short Papers by Members of the Leeds Branch of the Classical Association. Edited with a Postscript by W. Rhys Roberts. Cambridge University Press, 1917[REVIEW]H. D. R. W. - 1917 - The Classical Review 31 (01):30-31.
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  7.  19
    Tanis, Part II.—Nebesheh and Defenneh . By W. M. Flinders Petrie, with Chapters by A. S. Murray & F. LL. Griffith. London. 1888, 4to. With Numerous Plates[REVIEW]W. W. & W. M. Flinders Petrie - 1888 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 9:383-384.
  8.  6
    Falernian Grapes . An Inaugural Address on Horace by ProfessorR. S. Conway, with Six Short Papers by Members of the Leeds Branch of the Classical Association. Edited with a Postscript by W. Rhys Roberts. Cambridge University Press, 1917[REVIEW]H. D. R. W. - 1917 - The Classical Review 31 (1):30-31.
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  9.  19
    Kim, S., 121 Levy, N., 43 Robinson, WS, 277 Saul, J.A. Sennet, D. Jacobson, W. E. Jones, V. Tiberius & R. Wasserman - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 111 (296).
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  10. A Study of Perennial Philosophy and Psychedelic Experience, with a Proposal to Revise W. T. Staces Core Characteristics of Mystical Experience.Ed D'Angelo - manuscript
    A Study of Perennial Philosophy and Psychedelic Experience, with a Proposal to Revise W. T. Staces Core Characteristics of Mystical Experience ©Ed DAngelo 2018 -/- Abstract -/- (...)
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  11. Kim's Supervenience Argument and Nonreductive Physicalism.Ausonio Marras - 2007 - Erkenntnis 66 (3):305 - 327.
    The aim of this paper is to show that Kimssupervenience argumentis at best inconclusive and so fails to provide an adequate challenge to nonreductive (...)physicalism. I shall argue, first, that Kims argument rests on assumptions that the nonreductive physicalist is entitled to regard as question-begging; second, that even if those assumptions are granted, it is not clear that irreducible mental causes fail tosatisfy them; and, third, that since the argument has the overall structure of a reductio, which of its various premises one performs the reductio on remains open to debate in an interesting way. I shall finally suggest that the issue of reductive vs. nonreductive physicalism is best contested not in the arena of mental causation but in that in which the issues pertaining to theory and property reduction are currently being debated. (shrink)
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  12. Scraping Down the Past: Memory and Amnesia in W. G. Sebald's Anti-Narrative.Kathy Behrendt - 2010 - Philosophy and Literature 34 (2):394-408.
    Vanguard anti-narrativist Galen Strawson declares personal memory unimportant for self-constitution. But what if lapses of personal memory are sustained by a morally reprehensible amnesia about historical (...) events, as happens in the work of W.G. Sebald? The importance of memory cannot be downplayed in such cases. Nevertheless, contrary to expectations, a concern for memory neednt ally one with the narrativist position. Recovery of historical and personal memory results in self-dissolution and not self-unity or understanding in Sebalds characters. In the end, Sebald shows how memory can be significant, even imperative, within a deeply anti-narrativist outlook on the self, memory, and history. (shrink)
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  13. Kim's Functionalism.Marian David - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11 (s11):133-48.
    In some recent articles, Jaegwon Kim has argued that non-reductive physicalism is a myth: when it comes to the mind-body problem, the only serious options are (...) reductionism, eliminativism, and dualism.[1] And when it comes to reductionism, Kim is inclined to regard a functionalist theory of the mind as the best available optionmostly because it offers the best explanation of mind-body supervenience. In this paper, I will discuss Kims views about functionalism. They may be contended on two general grounds. First, some functionalists will object to being classified as reductionists. Second, Kim argues for a version (or a reading) of functionalism, conceptualized functionalism, that makes it rather similar to theoldmind-body identity theory it was designed to replace. Moreover, Kims conceptualized functionalism turns out to be a somewhat surprising brand of reductionisma reductionism with some eliminativist cut-outs and, possibly, some dualist leftovers. At the end of the paper I propose a construal of the more standard version of functionalism that obviates Kims argument for switching-over to his conceptualized version. (shrink)
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  14.  56
    The Limitations of Kims Reductive Physicalism in Accounting for Living Systems and an Alternative Nonreductionist Ontology.Slobodan Perovic - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (3):243-267.
    Jaegwon Kims exclusion argument is a general ontological argument, applicable to any properties deemed supervenient on a microproperty basis, including biological properties. It implies that the (...)causal power of any higher-level property must be reducible to the subset of the causal powers of its lower-level properties. Moreover, as Kims recent version of the argument indicates, a higher-level property can be causally efficient only to the extent of the efficiency of its micro-basis. In response, I argue that the ontology that aims to capture experimentally based explanations of metabolic control systems and morphogenetic systems must involve causally relevant contextual properties. Such an ontology challenges the exclusiveness of micro-based causal efficiency that grounds Kims reductionism, since configurations themselves are inherently causally efficient constituents. I anticipate and respond to the reductionists objection that the nonreductionist ontologys account of causes and inter-level causal relations is incoherent. I also argue that such an ontology is not open to Kims overdetermination objection. (shrink)
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  15.  12
    The Identifications of God in W. Goldings Novels.Yu A. Shanina & A. A. Fedorov - 2015 - Liberal Arts in Russiaроссийский Гуманитарный Журналrossijskij Gumanitarnyj Žurnalrossijskij Gumanitaryj Zhurnalrossiiskii Gumanitarnyi Zhurnal 4 (6):431.
    The comparative analysis of the W. Goldings novels demonstrates that the identification of God is the central problem in the works of the famous English writer. (...)Golding did not consider Divinity only in connection with Christian orthodoxy, rational view of the world. In his novels, God gets different embodiments according to the wide cultural tradition. The group of heroes is trying to determine Divinity by force of the religious ritual in such fables as Lord of the Flies, The Inheritors, Rites of Passage, Double Tongue, The Scorpion God. The writer was convinced that the base of any religion is violence and triumph of mass consciousness, it can lead to tyranny, totalitarian system. The heroes of novels Pincher Martin, Darkness Visible opposed God to the ego. To Cris and Sophy God becamethe black lighting‘, the death, the damnation. By the example of their fates, Golding revealed the cult of self-will and individual freedom as the main problem of the contemporary society. Paths to God of Goldings saints are different and profoundly individual, they are far away of any standards. They believe in spiritual foundation of the objective reality, they can reach the theophany and spread their consciousness to the compassion of other people. However, saints are exclusion, that is why the authors viewpoint is conveyed by the spiritual searches of Jocelin, Talbolt, Arieka. Each of them had come up the hard way from proud self-assurance to doubting and searching the truth. Golding supposed that the man cannot touch the ground of Divinity, but his aspiration for God is the root of human and morality. The author saw God as spiritual foundation of the objective reality that is becoming acquainted due to intuition, individual spiritual search and creativity. (shrink)
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  16.  88
    Are We Ready for Sexual Reorientation Therapy in the U.S. Military? A Response to David W. Lutz.R. W. Hierholzer - 2004 - Christian Bioethics 10 (2-3):227-238.
    In his paperThe Catholic Church, the American Military, and Homosexual Reorientation Therapy,” David W. Lutz ultimately concludes that it isappropriate, and highly ethicalfor the (...)
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  17.  23
    Historical Aspects of F. W. Putnam's Systematic Studies on Fishes.Ralph W. Dexter - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):131-135.
    As a student and collaborator of Louis Agassiz on the study of fishes, F. W. Putnam gave promise of becoming a leading ichthyologist with special interest in (...)
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  18.  30
    Some Greek Grammars Georg Curtius' Griechische Schulgrammatik, achtzehnte wesentlich veränderte Auflage bearbeitet von Dr Wilhelm von Hartel. Leipzig. 1888. Mk. 2.40. Methodik des Grammatischen Unterrichtes im Griechischen im Anschlnsse an W. v. Hartel's Neubearbeitung der Griechischen Sehulgrammatik von Georg Curtius, verfasst von Dr August Scheindler. Leipzig. 1888. Abriss der Grammatik des homerischen nnd herodotischen Dialekts, im Anschlusse an die 18 Auflage, von Dr. Curtius' Griechischen Schulgrammatik bearbeitet von Dr Wilhelm Von Hartel. 60 pf. Kurzgefasste griechische Schulgrammatik bearbeitet von Dr Bernhardt Gerth. Zweite verbesserte Auflage. Leipzig. C. F. Winter. 1 Mk. 60[REVIEW]W. Gunion Rutherford - 1888 - The Classical Review 2 (07):218-.
    Georg Curtius' Griechische Schulgrammatik, achtzehnte wesentlich veränderte Auflage bearbeitet von Dr Wilhelm von Hartel. Leipzig. 1888. Mk. 2.40.Methodik des Grammatischen Unterrichtes im Griechischen im Anschlnsse an (...) W. v. Hartel's Neubearbeitung der Griechischen Sehulgrammatik von Georg Curtius, verfasst von Dr August Scheindler. Leipzig. 1888.Abriss der Grammatik des homerischen nnd herodotischen Dialekts, im Anschlusse an die 18 Auflage, von Dr. Curtius' Griechischen Schulgrammatik bearbeitet von Dr Wilhelm Von Hartel. 60 pf.Kurzgefasste griechische Schulgrammatik bearbeitet von Dr Bernhardt Gerth. Zweite verbesserte Auflage. Leipzig. C. F. Winter. 1 Mk. 60. (shrink)
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  19. The Universe as Journey, Conversations with W. Norris Clarke, S. J.W. Norris Clarke & Gerald A. McCool (eds.) - 1988 - Fordham University Press.
    W. Norris Clarke's metaphysics of the universe as a journey rests on six major positions: the unrestricted dynamism of the mind, the primacy of the act (...)of existence, the participation structure of reality, and the person, considered as both the starting point of philosophy and the source of the categories needed for a flexible contemporary metaphysics. Reflecting on his conscious life and the universe around him, the finite person mounts by a two-fold path to its Infinite source, who, though immutable in His natural being, is mutable in the intentional being of His personal knowledge and love. The personal God is the efficient cause from whom the universe comes and the final cause to whom it returns.Less optimistic than Norris Clarke, John Caputo wonders about his metaphysics of the person. In a hermeneutical interpretation of the human face, the person through whom Being "sounds" discloses an ambiguous Being that both reveals and conceals itself. Far from grounding a casual ascent to God, hermeneutical phenomenology allows us no more than the right to interpret the world and its transcendent source through our own free decision.Although impressed by Norris Clarke's attempt to introduce mutability into God, Lewis Ford still finds Clarke's Thomistic God unacceptable. As a Whiteheadian, he proposes in place of Thomas' God, whose perfection consists in static unity, a God whose perfection consists in a never-ending process of unification. John Smith argues against the traditional dichotomy made between the ontological and cosmological arguments. Rather than opposed methods of proving God's existence, they should be taken as complementary journeys to the divine presence which discloses itself, although diversely, in the soul and in the world. There are parallels between Smith's historical study of two arguments and Clarke's two-fold path to God. Yet Smith is critical of Thomas' cosmological journey to God and does not share Clarke's confidence in its validity. Significant studies in their own right, the three essays as a group challenge Clarke's whole metaphysics of the universe as a journey. Meeting the challenge, Clarke clarifies and refines his own thought.An account of Clarke's philosophy by Gerald A. McCool, S.J. preceds this unified and stimulating philosophical discussion. (shrink)
     
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  20. The Supervenience Argument, Overdetermination, and Causal Drainage: Assessing Kim's Master Argument.Sven Walter - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):673 – 696.
    This paper examines Jaegwon Kim's Supervenience Argument (SA) against nonreductive physicalism, concentrating on Kim's response to two of the most important objections against the SA: First (...), the Overdetermination Argument, according to which Kim has no convincing argument against the possibility that mental causation might be a case of genuine or systematic overdetermination; second, the Generalization Argument, according to which the SA would entail that causation at any level gives way to causation at the next lower level, thereby leading to an untenable all-encompassing epiphenomenalism. It is argued that as of yet, Kim has failed to develop a coherent overall position, since various moves he makes in response to these criticisms are strangely at odds with other parts of his philosophical position. (shrink)
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  21. Comments on Jaegwon Kims Mind and the Physical World.Barry Loewer - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):655–662.
    NRP is a family of views differing by how they understandreductionandphysicalism.” Following Kim I understand the non-reduction as holding that some events and (...)properties are distinct from any physical events and properties. A necessary condition for physicalism is that mental properties, events, and laws supervene on physical ones. Kim allows various understandings ofsuperveniencebut I think that physicalism requires at least the claim that any minimal physical duplicate of the actual world is a duplicate simpliciter. Some complications aside this means that true mental propositions, e.g. Jaegwon is thinking about sailing, are metaphysically entailed by true physical propositions. Kim says that supervenience is too weak to capture the root idea of physicalism that mental property instantiations depend on physical property instantiations so he adds that the mental depends on the physical. One way in which this dependance might be spelled out is that mental properties are higher order functional properties whose instantiations are realized by instantiations of physical properties. An event is an instantiation of a property by an individual and a time. A mental event is the instantiation of a mental property. Not every predicate expresses a genuine property. Kim further suggests that properties are individuated, at least partly, by nomological and causal relations. For physicalism to have content something must be said about the difficult issue of characterizing the physical. Kims view seems to be that the micro-physical properties of ideal physics are physical. He also counts as physical properties that are conjunctions and aggregates of micro-physical properties and higher level properties defined over lower-level physical properties.. Since these latter two classes of properties supervene on the micro-properties and laws there is no need to include them in the supervenience base. (shrink)
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  22. Wśród Książek [Recenzja] J.D. Barrow, F. J. Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, 1986. J. D. Barrow, The World Within the World, 1988. General Relativity - An Einstein Centenary Survey, Red.: S. W. Hawking, W. Israel, 1979. Three Hundered Year[REVIEW]Michał Heller - 1990 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 12.
  23.  9
    Transformed Lives: Making Sense of Atonement Today by Cynthia S. W. Crysdale.Virginia W. Landgraf - 2018 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 38 (1):208-209.
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  24.  55
    Fitzwilliam Museum: Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins. by S. W. Grose, M.A. Vol. III. : Asia Minor, Farther Asia, Egypt and Africa. Pp. Vi + 507; 131 Collotype Plates. Cambridge : University Press, 1929. £5 5s[REVIEW]E. S. G. Robinson - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (06):241-.
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  25.  27
    Fitzwilliam Museum: Catalogue of the McClean Greek Coins. By S. W. Grose. Vol. II. Greek Mainland, Aegean Islands, Crete. Pp. 563; 248 Collotype Plates. Cambridge: University Press. £5 5s[REVIEW]E. S. G. Robinson - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (05):201-.
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  26. How Not to Refute Quine: Evaluating Kims Alternatives to Naturalized Epistemology.Benjamin Bayer - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):473-495.
    This paper offers an interpretation of Quines naturalized epistemology through the lens of Jaegwon Kims influential critique of the same. Kim argues that Quine forces a (...) false choice between traditional deductivist foundationalism and naturalized epistemology and contends that there are viable alternative epistemological projects. However it is suggested that Quine would reject these alternatives by reference to the same fundamental principles that led him to reject traditional epistemology and propose naturalism as an alternative. Given this interpretation of Quine, it is essential that a successful critic of naturalism also examine Quines aforementioned principles. The divide between naturalist and nonnaturalist epistemology turns out to be defined by the divide between more fundamental naturalist and nonnaturalist approaches to semantics. (shrink)
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  27.  25
    Koncepcja historii kosmologii w Krótkiej historii czasu S.W. Hawkinga (cz. 1).Edwin Przeszłowski - 1996 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 19.
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  28.  20
    Koncepcja historii kosmologii w Krótkiej historii czasu S.W. Hawkinga (cz. II).Edwin Przeszłowski - 1997 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 20.
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  29. Causal Overdetermination and Kims Exclusion Argument.Michael Roche - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):809-826.
    Jaegwon Kims influential exclusion argument attempts to demonstrate the inconsistency of nonreductive materialism in the philosophy of mind. Kims argument begins by showing that the three (...) main theses of nonreductive materialism, plus two additional considerations, lead to a specific and familiar picture of mental causation. The exclusion argument can succeed only if, as Kim claims, this picture is not one of genuine causal overdetermination. Accordingly, one can resist Kims conclusion by denying this claim, maintaining instead that the effects of the mental are always causally overdetermined. I call this strategy theoverdetermination challenge’. One of the main aims of this paper is to show that the overdetermination challenge is the most appropriate response to Kims exclusion argument, at least in its latest form. I argue that Kim fails to adequately respond to the overdetermination challenge, thus failing to prevent his opponents from reasonably maintaining that the effects of the mental are always causally overdetermined. Interestingly, this discussion reveals a curious dialectical feature of Kims latest response to the overdetermination challenge: if it succeeds, then a new, simpler and more compact version of the exclusion argument is available. While I argue against the consequent of this conditional, thereby also rejecting the antecedent, this dialectical feature should be of interest to philosophers on either side of this debate. (shrink)
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  30.  18
    Democracy and the Quaker Method. By F. E. Pollard, Beatrice E. Pollard and R. S. W. Pollard. (London: The Barnesdale Press. Pp. 160. Price 8s. 6d.). [REVIEW]J. W. Harvey - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (94):277-.
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  31.  25
    The Cost of Power J. H. Bishop: The Cost of Power: Studies in the Aeneid of Virgil. (University of New England Monographs, 4.) Pp. Iv + 369. Armidale, N.S.W.: University of New England, 1988. Paper[REVIEW]S. J. Harrison - 1990 - The Classical Review 40 (02):264-266.
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  32.  9
    On the Occurrence of Upper Cretaceous Marine Fossils Near Bogenfels, S.W. Africa.S. H. Haughton - 1930 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 18 (4):361-365.
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  33. WILLISTON, S. W. - American permian vertebrates[REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1915 - Scientia 9 (17):105.
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  34. Williston, S. W. - American Permian Vertebrates[REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1915 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 9 (17):105.
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  35.  8
    Comments on Jaegwon Kims Mind and the Physical World.Barry Loewer - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):655-662.
    NRP is a family of views differing by how they understandreductionandphysicalism.” Following Kim I understand the non-reduction as holding that some events and (...)properties are distinct from any physical events and properties. A necessary condition for physicalism is that mental properties, events, and laws supervene on physical ones. Kim allows various understandings ofsuperveniencebut I think that physicalism requires at least the claim that any minimal physical duplicate of the actual world is a duplicate simpliciter. Some complications aside this means that true mental propositions, e.g. Jaegwon is thinking about sailing, are metaphysically entailed by true physical propositions. Kim says that supervenience is too weak to capture the root idea of physicalism that mental property instantiations depend on physical property instantiations so he adds that the mental depends on the physical. One way in which this dependance might be spelled out is that mental properties are higher order functional properties whose instantiations are realized by instantiations of physical properties. An event is an instantiation of a property by an individual and a time. A mental event is the instantiation of a mental property. Not every predicate expresses a genuine property. Kim further suggests that properties are individuated, at least partly, by nomological and causal relations. For physicalism to have content something must be said about the difficult issue of characterizing the physical. Kims view seems to be that the micro-physical properties of ideal physics are physical. He also counts as physical properties that are conjunctions and aggregates of micro-physical properties and higher level properties defined over lower-level physical properties.. Since these latter two classes of properties supervene on the micro-properties and laws there is no need to include them in the supervenience base. (shrink)
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  36. On Kims Exclusion Principle.Neil Campbell & Dwayne Moore - 2009 - Synthese 169 (1):75-90.
    In this paper we explore Jaegwon Kim's principle of explanatory exclusion. Kim's support for the principle is clarified and we critically evaluate several versions of the (...) dual explananda response authors have offered to undermine it. We argue that none of the standard versions of the dual explananda reply are entirely successful and propose an alternative approach that reveals a deep tension in Kim's metaphysics. We argue that Kim can only retain the principle of explanatory exclusion if he abandons his longstanding critique of nonreductive physicalism. (shrink)
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  37.  7
    The Power of Absence: Dialectical Critical Realism, MetaRealism and Terrence W. Deacons Account of the Emergence of Ententionality[REVIEW]Mervyn Hartwig - 2013 - Journal of Critical Realism 12 (2):210-243.
    This essay calls attention to robust synergies between Roy Bhaskars philosophy of dialectical critical realism and Terrence W. Deacons recent investigation of the geo-historical emergence (...)
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  38.  18
    Kims Dilemma: Why Mental Causation is Not Productive.Andrew Russo - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2185-2203.
    Loewer has argued that the nonreductive physicalist should respond to the exclusion problem by endorsing the overdetermination entailed by their view. Kims argument against this reply (...)is based on the premise that mental causation must be a productive relation in order to sustain human agency. In this paper, I challenge the premise that mental causation is a productive relation by appealing to the underlying double prevention structure of the physiological mechanisms of human action. Since the causal pathways from an agents mental events to bodily movement involves an absence, mental causation is not productive. This places Kim in a troublesome dilemma in his debate with Loewer: either surrender mental causation or deny that causation is a productive relation. With the support offered for productive mental causation undermined, responses to the exclusion problem based on accepting overdetermination remain viable options for the nonreductive physicalist. (shrink)
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  39.  58
    Kim's Supervenience Argument and the Nature of Total Realizers.Douglas Keaton - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):243-259.
    Abstract: I offer a novel objection to Jaegwon Kim's Supervenience Argument. I argue that the Supervenience Argument relies upon an untenable conception of the base physical (...)properties upon which mental properties are supposed to supervene: the base properties are required to be both ordinary physical/causal properties and also unconditionally sufficient for the properties that they subvene. But these requirements are mutually exclusive; as a result, at least two premises in the Supervenience Argument are false. I argue that this has disruptive consequences both for the reductive position that Kim defends and the non-reductive position that he attacks. Neither side in the debate over the status of functionally conceived mental properties comes out unscathed. (shrink)
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  40.  24
    E. W. MacBride's Lamarckian Eugenics and its Implications for the Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge.Peter J. Bowler - 1984 - Annals of Science 41 (3):245-260.
    E. W. MacBride was one of the last supporters of Lamarckian evolution, and played a prominent role in thecase of the midwife toad’. Unlike most Lamarckians, (...)
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  41.  40
    Second Order Properties: Why Kim's Reduction Does Not Work.Simone Gozzano - 2003 - Logic and Philosophy of Science 1 (1):1-15.
    The paper sets forth an argument against Kim's distinction between levels and orders.
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  42.  24
    The Absence of Ottoman, Islamic Europe in Edward W. Saids Orientalism.D. Bryce - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (1):99-121.
    Edward W. Saids Orientalism has attained canonical status as the key study of the cultural politics of western representation of the East, specifically the imaginative geographies (...)underwriting constructions such as the Middle East and the Islamic world. The Ottoman Empire overlapped both European and exteriorized Oriental space during much of the period that Said dealt with, yet while the existence of the empire is referred to in Saids study, the theoretical implications of that presence for his critique of Orientalist discourse are not. The material presence of the Ottoman state, in the Arabic-speaking lands, but also crucially, and for a longer period, much of south-east Europe and Anatolia, highlights long-standing Oriental geopolitical and cultural agency in the face of unidirectional narratives of western encroachment. Attention to the specific discursive manoeuvres undertaken by the West to handle that disruptive, intrinsic Ottoman presence in Europe itself may add traction to the notion that the Orient was imagined as a radically exterior point of comparison. It is argued that the history of western representation of the Ottoman Empire constitutes a pre-Orientalist discourse, whose dual, perennial purpose is to make pragmatic accommodation for an Ottoman Oriental material presence in Europe yet never to fully acknowledge its discursive presence as being of Europe. I argue that by supplementing Saids critique with a full consideration of the Ottoman legacy, a reformulation is possible that integrates the Islamic Orient as an intrinsic component of historically informed notions of European space, while dissolving notions of the absolute distinction of that latter construct from the wider milieus in which it is embedded. (shrink)
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  43.  92
    Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism, by Gary E. Varner * The Philosophy of Animal Minds, Edited by Robert W. Lurz.K. Andrews - 2014 - Mind 123 (491):959-966.
    A review of Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hares Two-Level Utilitarianism, by Gary E. Varner. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp (...). xv + 336. H/b £40.23. and The Philosophy of Animal Minds, edited by Robert W. Lurz. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. 320. P/b £20.21. (shrink)
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  44.  50
    A Passion for Justice’: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s and G. W. F. Hegel onWorld-Historical Individuals.Jim Vernon - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (2):187-207.
    In this article, I explicate Martin Luther King, Jr.’s account of emancipatory history and activism by examining the influence of G. W. F. Hegels account of (...) world-historical individuals on his thought. Both thinkers, I argue, affirm that historys spiritual destiny works through individuals who are driven by the contingencies of their subjective character and given situation to undertake particular actions, and yet who nevertheless freely and decisively break the new from the old by forsaking subjective satisfaction to spur events forward to a more rational state of affairs. This synthetic unity of abstract freedom and concrete embodiment reflects thecivil warbetween the universal and infinite essence, and particular and finite passions, that King and Hegel identify as equally constitutive of human will. Through an examination of Kings account of Rosa Parkspivotal arrest, I develop the consequences of thisHegelianview for our understanding of political action and historical progress. (shrink)
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  45.  61
    Kims Dilemma: Why Mental Causation is Not Productive.Andrew Russo - 2015 - Synthese.
    Barry Loewer (2001, 2002, 2007) has argued that the nonreductive physicalist should respond to the exclusion problem by endorsing the overdetermination entailed by their view. Jaegwon Kim (...)s (2005, 2007) argument against this reply is based on the premise that mental causation is a productive relation involving theflowortransferof some conserved quantity from cause to effect. In this paper, I challenge this premise by appealing to the underlying double prevention structure of the physiological mechanisms of human action. Since the causal pathways from an agents mental events to bodily movement involves an absence, mental causation cannot be productive. Kim therefore faces a troublesome dilemma: either surrender mental causation or deny that causation is a productive relation. With the support offered for productive mental causation undermined, responses to the exclusion problem based on accounts that allow for non-productive causation remain viable options for the nonreductive physicalist. (shrink)
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  46.  89
    The Legacy of Neoplatonism in F. W. J. Schelling's Thought.Werner Beierwaltes - 2002 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 10 (4):393 – 428.
    F.W.J. Schelling, one of the essential thinkers in the development of German Idealism, formed his own thought not only in a critical dialogue with Kant's (...)
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  47.  98
    Various Concepts ofSupervenienceand Their Relations: A Comment on Kim's Theory of Supervenience.Xiaoping Chen - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):316-333.
    Supervenience was first used by Donald Davidson to describe the dependent and independent relationships between the mental and the physical. Jaegwon Kim presented a more precise definition, (...)
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  48.  94
    How Does Downward Causation Exist?—A Comment on Kims Elimination of Downward Causation.Xiaoping Chen - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):652-665.
    The importance of downward causation lies in showing that it shows that functional properties such as mental properties are real, although they cannot be reduced to physical (...)
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  49.  1
    The Voice That Crieth in the Wilderness: F. W. J. Schelling and Toni Morrisons Primordial Longing.Jared Kenrick Nieft - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):70-82.
    This paper explores the relationship between Toni Morrisons 1987 novel, Beloved, and F. W. J. Schellings 1813 draft of Ages of the World. It shows that (...) Die Weltalter, contrary to much recent scholarship, which often stresses the many ways Schelling anticipated the antimetaphysical trends of post-Hegelian thought, should be first approached as a genuine attempt tobe faithful to the event of first creation and timesindivisible remainders”. The paper will show that Schellingsindivisible remainders”, the forgotten anddisrememberedof history, force his thought to the limits of Romantic and idealist reflection and toward the traumatic encounters of Beloved. Morrisons depiction of the irrepressible longing for life and recognition amid the pain and ugliness of American slavery parallels Schellings efforts to understand the tremendous need for life and fellowship that first urged god toward creation, when primordial longing was overcome in a child and a god entered time. (shrink)
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  50.  3
    New Studies In the Philosophy of Charles S. Peirce:W. B. GallieThe Pragmatic Philosophy of C. S. PeirceStudies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce[REVIEW]Irwin C. Lieb - 1954 - Review of Metaphysics 8 (2):291-320.
    None of Peirce's most recent interpreters fall clearly into only one of these classes. All are expositors, critics, and innovators. Yet their emphases differ, and the (...)classification serves to highlight them. W. B. Gallie, for instance, is mainly interested in introducing the general reader to the broadest line of Peirce's thought on pragmatism. He does this appreciatively, with skillful fluency. Yet he also advances a critical thesis about the meanings Peirce gave to "pragmatism," and he tests the compatibility of Peirce's metaphysical and logical writings with suggestive results. Manley Thompson's book has, on the other hand, a more formal cast throughout. It is "offered as an essential propaedeutic to the determination of Peirce's place in the history of ideas". With closest care it traces the development of Peirce's pragmatic philosophy, setting out an ordered, definitive statement of what Peirce said, driving finally to a brief evaluation of the whole philosophy in which the pragmatic maxim is a principle. Lastly, the Studies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce contains essays of all three emphases: there are biographical, historical, and elucidating essays; there are critical ones that quibble to distraction and critical ones that excite to construction; and finally, there are a few that go through Peirce to continue inquiry on topics in ethics, logic, and metaphysics. (shrink)
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